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Politics in Anglo-Saxon England

Group Members:Madeline, Claire, Hanna, Lauren, Ean, Kiran, Emma
by

Emma DeLosReyes

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Politics in Anglo-Saxon England

WulfStudies Presents :
Politics in Anglo-Saxon England

Politics in Anglo-Saxon England
Geography in Politics
Anglos took over the North and Middle section of England while the Saxons took over Southern England
Wessex was the only kingdom of England that was not taken over by the Vikings when they came to England
Two tribes, the Brythons and the Gaels, took over what is now Britain and Ireland
Romans established many roads and towns in Britain
Some Brythons and Gaels traveled to different cities, such as Cornwall and Wales, while others went to other countries such as Scotland and Ireland
Law in Anglo-Saxon Politics
The Vikings were not great conquerors, but worked hit and runs, raiding buildings with riches and treasures
After the Danes were out of power,Edward the Confessor, a English king takes power in 1042
But in 1066, he dies. After this, the Normans overpower the Anglo-Saxons, ending the Anglo-Saxon period
Social structure Of Anglo-Saxon England
Kings -
with the ruler of Wessex having precedence by long established tradition.
Ealdormen-
Held great amounts of power being responsible for administering justice within their lands. They administered various shires and lead the Fryd (militias formed from the locals in times of war
Thanes-
Professional military who is in service to either the king or his Ealdormen. A Thanes duties were to provide the kingdom with a foundation for the army. And oversee the local infrastructure, military & civil
Ceorls-
Who were Crafts men and Farmers. Some were land owners but the majority were little more than serfs. Ceorls were required to service in the Fryd. It was possible for a Ceorl to become a Thane.
Bondsmen-
Had few rights under the law and could be punished or killed without resource. For example prisoners of war- Britons, Saxons who were facing hard times who sold themselves, people who went into slavery to escape debits.
Conclusion
All in all, the Anglo-Saxon period was the foundation to modern day literature, politics, religion, and culture. Specifically one can relate politics from the Anglo-Saxon period and modern politics. And how years ago those who lived in the Anglo-Saxon period lived in a democracy of sorts where the people could voice their opinions. Even though now we are not under the rule of a king, there are still similarities between Anglo-Saxon Politics and modern day. Along with its connection to modern day , Anglo-Saxon politics are intertwined with laws, geography, and social structure. All in which are important factors in politics.
More Geography in politics
Cited sources
The law of Anglo-Saxon is made up of legal principles. These principles prevailed from the 6th century to 1066 which is also the time period of the Norman Conquest. The law of Anglo-Saxon was written in the Vernacular, and it was also relatively free of the Roman influence found in continental laws that were written in Latin. Due to the Viking invasions of the 8th and 9th centuries, there was a Scandinavian influence on the law. In the 10th century legal system rested on the fundamental opposition between folkright and privilege. Folkright is the aggregate of rules. In origin it is tribal and is differentiated on highly localized bases. Folkright regulated the order laws of real property, succession, contracts, and compositions. People of the communities had to declare and apply the law. An individual's actions were considered as acts of his or her kinship group before the 10th century. An important feature of the Anglo-Saxon was the preservation of peace. The rule of an authority with in a specific region was thought as peace. Because the king was the ultimate authority, there was a gradual evolution of stringent rules and regulations against violating the king's peace.
How do geography, social structure, and law converge to create politics?
More on Law in Anglo-Saxon England
• They are generally perpetuated by custom and oral tradition
• Earliest laws contain amendments of older unwritten custom
• By 1042 the Danes were out of power and king Edward became throne
• In 1066 the Normans over power the Anglos
• There is a lot of the throne being passed down and overthrowing
"Anglo-Saxon Law." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
"Anglo-Saxons: Alfred the Great." BBC News. BBC, 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
"The Avalon Project : Anglo-Saxon Law - Extracts From Early Laws of the English." The Avalon Project : Anglo-Saxon Law - Extracts From Early Laws of the English. Lillian Goldman Law Library, 2008. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
"Great Britain, 8th Century, Anglo-Saxon England." GROLIER ONLINE ATLAS. Scholastic Inc., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
"Horrible Histories The Anglo Saxon Report." YouTube. YouTube, 12 July 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
"The Social, Political, and Legal Structure of Anglo-Saxon England." Coffeeshopthinking. WordPress, 26 Sept. 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
"Sutton Hoo." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 July 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.
Group Members: Claire, Lauren, Emma, Hannah, Madeline, Ean, Kiran
More Social Structure in Anglo-Saxon Politics
All free men had the right to what was known as a "Moot" which is now more commonly known as a meeting to have their voice heard- kind of like our government
Fryd- was not a professional army and was poorly armed
Full transcript