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Transcript of Hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is located above the midbrain and below the thalamus.
What Controls the Hypothalamus?
This doesn't really apply to the hypothalamus.
Problems with Hypo- and Hypersecretion
Hypothalamus dysfunctions are caused by radiation, trauma and tumors.
Dysfunctions include Bulimia and Anorexia.
Bulimia and Anorexia can be treated by using the Maudsley Approach. This method involves the family of the patient, using psychiatric means.
This includes 3 phases:
Phase 1: weight restoration. (Family attempts to “spoon feed”)
Phase 2: Return patient’s control of eating.
Phase 3: Maintain identity of patient.
Treatments for Conditions
Bulimia and Anorexia affect teens from the ages of 14 to 18, but it also affects adults. Over 10 million women and 1 million men are experiencing them.
Who It Effects
80% of women who answered a People magazine survey responded that images of women on television and in the movies make them feel insecure.
In one study, three out of four women stated that they were overweight although only one out of four actually were.
In 1970 the average age a girl started dieting was 14; by 1990 the average dropped to 8.
One half of 4th grade girls are on a diet.
81% of ten-year-old girls are afraid of being fat.
Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of all mental illnesses. The mortality (death) rate for eating disorders is approximately 18% in 20-year studies, and 20% in 30-year follow up studies.
Bulimia can cause damage to the reproductive system, kidney failure, cardiac arrest, and ulcers of the intestinal tract.
A study found that adolescent girls were more fearful of gaining weight than getting cancer, nuclear war or losing their parents.
Release of Hormones
It links the nervous system to the endocrine system.
The hypothalamus controls other glands, not the other way around.