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Julius Caesar

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Kimberly Ventura

on 20 March 2015

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Transcript of Julius Caesar

100 BC
44 BC
The Life of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
Full Name: Gaius Julius Caesar
Date of Birth: July 12 or 13th, 100 BC
He was born into an aristocratic family
His parents were Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta
His uncle was the famous general, Marius
Caesar in the Political World
First Triumvirate
The First Triumvirate was the political alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus.
Unlike the Second Triumvirate, the First had no official status. Their influence was strictly unofficial. It was formed in 59 BC and lasted until Crassus' death in 53 BC.
His Wives & Children
The End of Caesar
Daughter of Lucius Cornelius Cinna
Born in 97 BC
Died 69 BC
Married from 84-69 BC
Had one child with Caesar, Julia Caesaris, his only legitimate child
(Latin for investigator) the lowest ranking regular magistrate in ancient Rome
Traditional responsibility was the aerarium (public treasury)
During royal periods, kings would appoint
quaestores parricidi
to handle murder cases
Alternate Title: consules
Romans invented this position of power in 181 BC-limited to men only
Was a civil and military magistrate with almost unlimited power
Elected through an assembly
Had the power of a king
Power was restricted by a one-year term and the authority of the other consul
Had to be at least 42 years old
Also responsible for fiscal administration
Until 242 BC there was only one praetor, after that a second praetor was established to handle matters where one or both party were foreign
The original office was called praetor urbanus and the new office was called praetor peregrinus
A judicial officer who had broad authority in cases of equity
Was responsible for the production of the public games
In the absence of consuls, exercised extensive authority in the government
Julius Caesar held many titles throughout his life. He was hailed imperator by adoring troops, aedile, elected pontifex maximus. He was most known for his military victories in Gaul, dictatorship and civil war.
Marcus Licinius Crassus
Grew up as the son of a consul and distinguished general
Was born in 115 BC
Died in 53 BC
It is said that when Crassus died, his head was severed and melted gold was poured into his mouth as a mark of his greed
Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
"Pompey the Great"
Military leader and politician during the fall of the Roman Republic
Born in 106 BC
Died on September 28, 48 BC
Military career started in the Social Wars (91-89 BC)
By 70 BC he was a very experienced man but was too young for consulship and had not yet held the positions of quaestor or praetor
Was stabbed to death as he disembarked at Alexandria
Caesar's second wife
They were married from 68-63 BC
Had no children together
Daughter of Quintus Pompeius Rufus and Cornelia*
Born in 75 BC, Rome, Italy
Caesar's third and final wife
Was married from 59-44 BC
Also never had any children with Caesar
Daughter of Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus
Was born in 69 BC
Married her brother (Egyptian tradition)
Highly intelligent
Astute politician
Ruled Egypt from 51 BC-30 BC
Was exiled by her brother
Servilia Caepionis
Born in 104 BC
Died in 42 BC
Half sister of Marcus Porcius Cato the Younger
Married and had a son, Marcus Junius Brutus
Besides being a powerful leader, Julius Caesar was known for other things, like his promiscuity. He was guilty of having many affairs throughout all his marriages. While some of his mistresses were insignificant to history, others would live throughout history.
The Assassins
The Ides of March
Marcus Junius Brutus
Gaius Cassius Longinus
Prime conspirator in the assassination of Julius Caesar
Was quaestor in 53 BC
Thought to be a good soldier
Had a strong temper and sharp tongue and wasn't really liked by many
Born in Rome in June 85 BC
The son of one of Caesar's mistresses
Two wives were named Claudia Pulchra and Portia Catonis
Father was brutally killed by Pompey the Great
On March 15, 44 BC, Julius Caesar was viciously murdered and betrayed by his own senators in a meeting hall next to Pompey's Theater. He was stabbed 23 times, even once by his protege, Brutus. Some historians have claimed that his last words were "Et tu Brute?" although that is not 100% certain. It is said that as many as 60 nobleman were in on the conspiracy against Caesar.
Born on September 23, 63 BC
The son of Gaius Octavius
Julius Caesar was his adoptive father
His reign as emperor of Rome lasted from Jan. 27 BC-Aug. 14 AD (41 years)
Full transcript