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The CHANGE Project
Transcript of The CHANGE Project
The CHANGE Project By:
INTRODUCTION: Raihan Chowdhury E-Waste E-waste is a overlooked and fast growing problem we face today. While researching the issues that arise from E-waste, we have discovered that large amounts of E-Waste are disposed of in countries of poverty, such as China or India. As residents of our planet, it is our mission to stop the mishandling of E-waste. What is E-waste? E-waste is a shorthand for "Electronic Waste". E-waste is the remains of broken or unused electronic devices. All electronic devices become E-waste Illegal dumping or improper disposal of E-Waste is a growing problem in our world. A History of E-waste The concept of E-waste first began in the 1800s when Alessandro Volta had created the first electric cell, which lead to the invention of the battery. The making of batteries evolved into the production of light bulbs, cars, cell phones, and computers resulting in various E-waste Getting Rid of E-waste 80% of Americans simply toss out their E-waste This causes massive problems in our landfills, as the toxic substances will flow into rivers, and oceans, and eventually, back to our drinking water. Cathode Ray Tubes Cathode Ray Tubes, or CRT’s, are often found in monitors and these tubes contain around 8 pounds of toxic lead People who dismantle the electronics containing these tubes suffer from various cancers. Proper methods of E-waste disposal have been created to deal with these issues. What happens to E-waste? Approximately four hundred thousand tons of E-Waste goes to recyclers each year, but 80 percent of that E-Waste is simply sorted and sent to China, India, Southeast Asia, and West Africa. Many toxic chemicals are released when residents dismantle this E-waste, harming the village. E-waste in third world countries E-Wastes are often illegally shipped overseas to third-world countries. These countries include:
West Africa Illegal Waste in China A container of E-Waste from a Colorado junkyard was followed by a team of experts until it was tracked back to a village in China, Guiyu. “The team pursuing these tubes ended up in the small village of Guiyu where they discovered women heating circuit boards over a fire, men using a medieval acid recipe to extract gold, and seven out of ten children having too much lead in their blood.” - Granatstein Illegal E-waste in India “Although the Indian Supreme Court had banned the import of E-Waste in 1967, 600 tons of E-Waste entered India in the last six months.” – Mok India’s regulatory body, the Central Pollution Control Board, continues to deny that E-Waste is coming into India. However, it has been confirmed traders and recyclers are exploiting legal loopholes. What is wrong with E-waste? Old computer monitors, that aren’t flat screen, contain Cathode Ray Tubes, or CRT’s, which can hold up to 7 or 8 pounds of lead in a single monitor. The chemicals from computer chips and circuit boards are not biodegradable, and therefore will stay buried in the soil. As well as lead, Thallium is common in E-waste. Crops take in Thalium easily and passes it on to the consumer who eventually dies. E-Waste Statistics 80% of Americans simply throw away their E-waste.
20% of E-waste collection companies “collecting” E-Waste send their E-waste to third world countries for a profit.
In 1920, 2 percent of all energy went into creating electricity. Today, about 41 percent of all energy is used in the making of energy and this number is increasing as our technology increases. Discussion
Michael Hahn How much E-Waste does the average American have
at home? Toxic Heavy Metals The problem with recycling electronic waste in local areas improperly is that it does not only include lead, it also contains chemicals such as arsenic, antimony, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, and zinc.
These chemicals are classified as toxic heavy metals and are toxic to the environment. At least 40 percent of all toxic heavy metals in the world are from electronic waste, and it is estimated that approximately 70 percent or 3.2 million tons of these electronic wastes end up in landfills.
Vincent Ho Service Hours Each of our team members had worked for 7 hours at an E-Waste drive, which they had helped to host. E-waste in OUR Neighborhood. Our Service Project Storyline December ~ February – Talked to Jan Rice at Universal Waste Inc.
December ~ February – Worked with her for 3 months.
February – Acquired permit from Jan Rice, to turn in to Weibel Elementary.
We had originally planned to host an E-Waste event by ourselves, with her.
February – Our permit was held onto for too long by Weibel Elementary, therefore, we decided to join an E-Waste drive instead of host one.
Our Service Project Storyline (Cont.) March – We joined Mrs. Farhia Khan from the Weibel PTA, working with C&T Recycling Inc.
March – We negotiated terms with them, and got 25% of the profits which we donated to non-profit organizations, and the IHS Chess Club.
March 13th – We went to our E-Waste event and worked 7 hours at Weibel Elementary collecting cables, CRT Materials, and other wastes.
Jan Rice & Universal Waste Inc. We first worked with Mrs. Rice from December, and last contacted her in February, where we started working with Weibel.
During these 3 months, we worked extensively with her, planning our an E-Waste event.
In the last month, when everything was going well, our permit was not processed by Weibel Elementary, which then made us late for our deadline, and therefore, we couldn’t host our E-Waste event on our desired date, the only one that was open with that company.
Farhia Khan & C&T Recycling. In early March, after our team had left Mrs. Rice, we joined up with Mrs. Khan from the Weibel PTA.
We negotiated to have 25% of the proceedings to go to us, where we would determine where to donate it to.
Our team then went to our E-Waste event, and collected E-Waste for 7 hours.
We then donated the $300 to various places that we thought deserved it, such as non-profit organizations, and the IHS Chess Club, but never to What Did We Collect? At our E-Waste drive, we collected items such as:
And almost every other type of electronics short of appliances
CRT Material Our group had collected 11,713 pounds of CRT Materials.
Cables We collected 117 pounds of cables, including power, and Ethernet cables.
Addition Information: In total, we collected $1200 worth of E-Waste.
Of this amount, our Change Project group is getting 25% which we have donated to non-profit organizations, and the IHS Chess Club.
Our Possible Change Project Topic Choices E-Waste
Removing Non-Native Plants
Fixing Animal Homes
Tule Ponds We all mutually agreed on our decision in selecting E-waste. For example, some of us are allergic to flowers, therefore limiting us if we chose to do a service project pertaining to flowers. We were all comfortable with working with an E-waste based topic. Conclusion Aditya Kumar
The Problem E-Waste is not One-Dimensional
Can't be solved “simply”
Needs immediate and correct attention
Incorrect herd mentality
“If I go to a drive, everything is fixed”
Not the case
May cause further problems
The Solution Step 1
Educate Step 3
Treat Electronics Carefully Hosting Drives - Step One Hosting E-Waste drives is the most obvious method of action
It helps the planet directly.
However, some “drives” do not actually help the planet. Some companies “recycle” these wastes to third world countries where they are then melted for materials, causing further issues in the environment.
Educating Others - Step Two Most crucial step
People must know about E-Waste problems in order to attend drives and help the planet.
People are not aware of innocents in locations being harmed by E-Waste
Ex. Guiyu, China
They are not aware of the amount of E-Waste generated per year
30 million tons!
Overused electronics break easily
Overusing leads to E-Waste
Some of these include:
Treating Electronics Carefully – Step Three I
D Cell Phones Computers Much more... Appliances A Special Thank You Mrs. Sharma and Mrs. Cohen
For guiding us every step of the way.
Maya Litvak, Gabriel Block, Lilian Yang, Kelly Chang, and Shanel Xian
For helping us with the drive
For providing us with locations and materials
For working with us in removing E-Waste
from our community.
Jan Rice and Universal Waste Management Inc.
Thank you for allowing us to work with you and attempting to host
an E-Waste drive.
For hosting an E-Waste drive with us and giving us a chance to save the planet
Weibel Elementary and Dora Vasquez
For letting us use their facilities for the drive
You – The Audience
For being a part
of this change.