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The History of Popular Music

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Pauline Reilly

on 6 May 2015

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Transcript of The History of Popular Music

The History of Popular Music
Swing
Read about Swing in page 5 of your booklet and watch the clip below of 'In The Mood' by Glen Millar
Ragtime
Ragtime
Blues/Jazz
Reggae
Gospel
Rock
Pop
Rap
History of Popular Music
History of Ragtime

• Invented in New Orleans.
• Developed in the 1890s in the saloons, gambling halls and cafes of the Southern States of the USA.


• A melody with a ‘ragged’ rhythm, which is set against a very steady bass.
• The ‘ragged’ rhythm is known as syncopation.
• The accompaniment uses a vamp.
What Is Ragtime?
Maple Leaf Rag
Understanding Jazz
By the end of this short unit you should recognise and describe the following concepts:

Melodic
: scat singing,

Rhythm/tempo
: dotted rhythms, moderato

Texture/structure/form
: walking bass

Timbre/dynamics
: clarinet, con sordino (muted), pizzicato (plucked), trombone, trumpet

Style
: swing

JAZZ

• A style which uses
improvisation
as a key element.
• Combines ‘blue’ notes,
syncopation
and different rhythms all playing together (polyrhythms).

What Is Jazz?
History of Jazz
Improvisation
Listen to a piece performed by NYJO and work out which instrument(s) have an improvised solo. Also, as you listen, try and pick out as many different instruments as you can
Try the improvisation task on page 10 of your booklet
SCAT SINGING
Listen to Ella Fitzgerald using Scat singing and read the information in your booklet
Louis Armstrong
Read your notes on Louis Armstrong and listen to Basin Street Blues
Miles Davis
Read about this trumpet legend in your booklet and listen to him playing
Reggae
You will work on your own or as part of a group, learning to play
3 Little Birds by Bob Marley
.

Success Criteria: You can play or sing your part accurately and in time with others, where appropriate. You can recognise strengths and areas for improvement in your playing.

Performing Reggae
Through reading information and carrying out practical tasks, you will learn about the history and development of reggae music.
Success Criteria: You can recognise and describe the following concepts:

Rhythm
/
tempo
:,syncopated.

Style
: reggae

Understanding Reggae
Listen To 3 Little Birds by Bob Marley
Success Criteria: You can recognise and describe the following concepts:

Melodic
: vamp

Rhythm/tempo
: syncopation

Style
: ragtime
Watch the video clip animation of this ragtime piece by Scott Joplin and follow the score in your booklet

• Christian music with dominant vocals, typically depicting personal religious experiences and stressing the importance of salvation.
• Four-part harmony, with the melody in the highest voice.
• Catchy, often syncopated rhythms.
• Generally strophic, in major tonality.
• Common instruments used include piano or Hammond organ, drums, tambourine, bass guitar and electric guitar.

Gospel
Sister Act

The films Sister Act and Sister Act II have a musical focus on gospel music.
At the start of the following excerpt a lead singer alternates with
backing vocals
. There is also
imitation



Understanding Rock
: Through reading information and carrying out practical tasks, you will learn about the history and development of rock music.
Success Criteria: You can recognise and describe the following concepts:

Timbre/dynamics
: distortion, pitch bend, reverb, rolls

Style
: rock

Rock
Learning Outcomes: You will use the internet to research more information on rock guitarists. You may be given homework to find out more about famous rock bands.
Success Criteria: You can prepare a demonstration of your knowledge and understanding of the given areas in your own words, using your own choice of format, e.g. visual presentation, by giving a talk etc.

Technology/Literacy

• A style influenced by many genres such as rock ‘n’ roll, rhythm & blues, country, folk, jazz and classical music.
• Often features electric or acoustic guitars, with a strong rhythm section of bass guitar, drum kit and keyboard instruments such as piano, organ or, since the 1970s, synthesisers.
• Saxophone and blues-style harmonica are sometimes used as solo instruments.

What is Rock?
Interesting Facts About Rock
The electric guitar was invented in 1931, to allow jazz musicians to play more loudly. It uses a magnetic pickup to convert the vibration of its strings in to electrical impulses. The signal is then amplified and the resulting sound is played through a loudspeaker.
• The rock style influenced the creation of the Rock Band and Guitar Hero games
Jimmy Hendrix
Listen to the clip of Hendrix playing Purple Haze and refer to your booklet for further information

Listen to Voodoo Child and see if you can spot
Pitch Bend
and
Distortion
Effects being used
Jimmy Hendrix
Rock Research
Complete the research and Homework Projects on Rock as described in your booklet
Learning Outcomes
: Through reading information and carrying out practical tasks, you will learn about the history and development of pop music. You will learn more about
chord progressions
.

Success Criteria
: You can identify where the chord changes, and begin to be able to recognise chords I, IV, V or VI. You can recognise and describe the following concepts:

Texture/structure/form
: chorus, middle 8, verse
• T
imbre/dynamics
: backing vocals

Style
: pop, rapping


Pop
Composing and Technology/Literacy
Composing Skills
You will create your own
rap
.
Success Criteria: You can write appropriate lyrics and perform them clearly, in time with the beat.

Technology/literacy
You may wish to use the internet and to find drum samples and loop them.
Success Criteria: You can select a suitable drum loop as a basis for your rap and successfully loop it enough times to create a 1-2 minute
ostinato.

What is Pop Music?
• A style often geared towards the youth market.
• Relatively short and simple love songs, with a cheerful feel to the music.
• Songs are usually
strophic
and structured using
verse and chorus.
• Songs sometimes also include a middle 8, for voices and instruments or just instruments.

History:
• Began in the mid-1950s.
• Created as a softer alternative to rock ‘n’ roll.

Interesting information:
• Many pop singers perform under new names: Katy Perry is really Katheryn Hudson, Jay-Z is Shawn Carter, Bruno Mars is Peter Hernandez, Jessie J is Jessica

Katy Perry
Listen to Katy Perry singing Hot n Cold and complete the Chord Exercise in your booklet
Take That
Listen to the clip of Up All Night by Take That and complete the activity in your booklet

• Spoken or chanted rhyming lyrics, which are performed in time to a beat.
• The rhythm and rhymes of the lyrics and how they interact is called the “flow”.
• Lyrics often use alliteration, similies and metaphors.

History:
• Most common in hip-hop music, from the end of the 1970s.
• Has become popular feature of popular music in recent years.

Interesting information:
• Rapping is also known as MCing.
• A successful rapper must have vocal presence, clear enunciation and good breath control.
• There are different categories of rap, e.g. party rhymes, social and political issues, crime and materialism.

Rap
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