Transcript: Hypothesis: Students who report more frequent or more satisfying sexual behaviors will have less anxiety. Anxiety and Frequency- Negative correlation, very insignificant The higher the frequency of sexual behaviors, the lower anxiety (barely) Bidirectional Anxiety is highest for females who engage in sexual behaviors fewer than 5 times a month. Males show low anxiety with greater frequency of sexual behaviors (20+) Definition of sexual behaviors intentionally ambiguous Satisfaction with last sexual experience Mean: 4.28 (after N/As filtered out) leaning towards "slightly satisfied" Std. Deviation: 1.53 r= -.003 p=.979 The Relationship Between Sexual Behaviors and Anxiety Anxiety and Number of Sexual Partners in the Past Year Anxiety Mean = 58.33 Anxiety Deviation = 15.335 Highest Possible Score = 102 Partners Mean = 2.70 Partners Deviation = 4.951 Cap = 30 Demographics Anxiety Mean = 58.33 Anxiety Deviation = 15.335 Highest Possible Score = 102 Masturbation Mean = 1.94 Masturbation Deviation = 2.226 Max = 7 Limitations Hypothesis: People who are more anxious are less likely to go home with someone they had recently met at a party. Results: N = 100 r = -.193 p- value = .054, p >.05 (almost significant) Demographics While the trend was negative the correlation was not significant and rejects the null hypothesis. The number of people who answered, "Not likely" and "Very likely" almost the same. Other factors can occur as to why someone may/may not want to go home with stranger, not just anxiety. WebMD Social anxiety was negatively related to sexual satisfaction, especially for women. Women might associate this dissatisfaction with negative evaluation and avoid future sexual behaviors. Women with high social anxiety have sex less frequently while men with high social anxiety have sex more frequently. Men are more likely to seek out pleasurable activities to distract from negative or anxious feelings while women are more likely to ruminate. Positive correlation, meaning the more anxiety they had the more sexual partners they had in the past year *Surprising, but not significant* ---- opposite of what lit review suggests Negative correlation, meaning the more anxiety they had, the less frequently they masturbated *Not significant* NHS Discussion (cont.) Jenna's Results Survey Presentation Lit Review Sexual attractions occur during states of strong emotion "Love on a Bridge" study with Thematic Apperception Tests. Shock experiment (Dutton & Aron 1974) NBC r = 0.106, p = 0.294 Lit Review Jessica's Results References Jessica's Discussion Questions? Thank you :) In each ethnic group, except Asian/Pacific Islander, females had higher anxiety levels than males Comparing the White population to Black/African American, the levels were fairly proportional *Surprising* Jessica's Discussion Social desirability bias Not random sampling People could have different definitions of sexual behavior Many of our participants were not and never have been sexually active (one third) Difficult to measure anxiety in a short survey Lit Review Look at specific types of anxiety Define sexual behaviors Ask about current relationship status Interview style Francesca's Discussion Terleki et al (2017) reported that: Higher Social Anxiety (HSA) college students reported more frequent alcohol-influenced sexual risk including regretted sexual situations, unprotected sex, sex with unwanted partners, unwanted sex, pressured/forced to have sex, and pressured someone to have sex. Coping motives significantly interacted with social anxiety group in the prediction of risky sexual behaviors except regretted sexual situations, such that HSA students with greater coping motives experienced more frequent sexual risk when drinking. Leary & Dobbins (1983) reported that: Highly anxious people were less sexually experienced, engaged in sexual activity less frequently, and had fewer sexual partners Kenney et al (2014) reported that: College men are more motivated to engage in hooking up behaviors relative to their female peers, regardless of the specific motivator Jenna Patel, Francesca Peavie and Jessica Bimstein Jessica's Results Jenna's Discussion Satisfaction and Anxiety almost no correlation, almost no significance Less satisfied, more anxiety Bidirectional Limited by N/A group Females are more satisfied, males are less satisfied 32 males, 68 females Kashdan et al (2011) found that: Demographics Lit Review We surveyed 101 undergraduate and graduate students at a small, mid-Atlantic, liberal arts college by sending a link to the survey to group chats, text messages, and Facebook groups. We conducted a pilot study which was successful. We recoded anxiety to be a sum of Likert scale responses. We excluded one participant. Dutton, D. G. & Aron, A. P. (1974). Some evidence for heightened sexual attraction under conditions of high anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30(4), 510-517. Kashdan, T. B., Adams, L., Savostyanova, A., Ferssizidis, P.,
Transcript: We questioned an equal number of girls and boys which would give us a better sample of the population. 66.7% of the people with divorced parents said they found there relationship quality to be excellent which supports the idea that having divorced parents does not effect the quality of their childrens relationships. From a sociological perspective, the factors that affect people with divorced parents does not seem to harm the quality of there relationships. We were able to conclude that having divorced parents does not affect the quality of there childrens relationships. Some difficulties that we encountered were trying to get an equal number of people with both types of parents, together and apart, and getting a majority of people in a relationship. Our survey could be expanded further to include more detailed or personal questions or with observations of these people. Having divorced parents effects childrens relationships. Hypothesis
Transcript: Piercings The average shoe size is 9.50. We are 95% confident that shoe sizes generally fall between the ranges of 10.84 and 8.16. Shoe Size The average grade is 10.36. We are 95% confident that the overall grade falls between the range of 11.062 and 9.656. Gender Eye Color Age Hair Color Grade Survey Presentation Gender Braces The average number of piercings 1.76. We are 95% confident that the amount of piercings falls between the ranges of 3.87 and 0. Ethnicity The average age is 15.79 years old. We are 95% confident that the age falls between the range of 16.399 and 15.181. We are 95% confident that 94.3% of people have an inny belly button. Inny or Outty We are 95% confident that 47% of the students have now, or have had braces.
Transcript: Chris Thomson 21 years old Resides in Hilo Celebrations: Christmas, New Year, Thanksgiving, Wedding, Baptism, Funeral Foods served in the celebration: Steamed Fish, Poke, BBQ, Salad (Caesar or Greek) NO! Family does not hold special gathering for welcoming those who just arrived from the Philippines NO! family does not send money to relatives in the Philippines. Superstitious belief: "Dont whistle at night; its bad luck." Cultural Practices: "Visit the graveyard every month, pour beer over grave and bring flowers." Helen Arellano - 61 years old - Cebuano/Visayan - Lived in Hilo for about 41 years - Pancit *knows how to cook *eats it only on special occasions Vivencio Varrios - 60 years old - Tagalog - Lived in Hilo for about 34 years - Sinigang *knows how to cook *once a month Arielle Castillo 17 years old Resides in Wainaku Celebrations: Christmas, New Year, Thanksgiving, Lent/Holy Week, Wedding, Death Anniversary, Baptism, Funeral, & Birthdays Foods served at these celebrations: "Common in all celebrations would be Pancit." YES! Family holds special gathering welcoming those who have just arrived from the Philippines YES! Family sends money to relatives in the Philippines during the holidays Superstitious Beliefs: "eating pancit on birthday, goodluck=long life" Cultural Practices: "7 Days/Nights before funeral we have a dinner gathering each night at the house of the one who passed." Sierrah Cabantiaj - 26 years old - Ilocano - Lived in Hilo for about 16 years Pinackbet *everyone in the family cooks *once a week Language Survey - 21 years old/ Male - POB: Guam - Citizenship: US - Place of origin of Parents: *Mother: Bagvio City *Father: Bagvio City - Number of years in Hawaii/USA: 21 - Language: English Survey presentation Cuisine Survey Janjake Abedania 21 years old Family does all the celebration listed "usually what people normally serve during holiday or special events." NO! Family does not hold special gathering for welcoming people from the Philippines YES! Family sends money to relatives in Philippines during holidays Superstitious beliefs: "Catholic stuff like Jesus and what not" Cultural Practices: "not really, we just go to church and have a funeral. It's pretty normal Chris Thomson - 21 years old/Male - POB: Torrence, CA - Citizenship: YES - Place of Origin of Parents: *Mother: Keaukaha *Father: Kohala - Number of Years in Hawaii/USA: 1/2 Languages: English ; little bit of Japanese and Hawaiian Arielle Castillo JanJak Abedania - 17 years old/Female - POB: Hilo, Hawaii - Parents Place of Origin: *Mother: Cayapa, Philippine *Father: Abra, Philippine - Number of years in Hawaii/USA: 17 - Languages: English Culture Survey
Transcript: Respondents Questions Reasons See Excel sheet Montreal want to pour 8 billion liters of waste water into the St-Lawrence. According to CBC.ca, Montreal want to pour waste water to move a snow dump now located beneath the expressway. Problems Results 10 questions total Mix of demographic, attitudinal and behavioural Survey conducted over a week period Asked questions orally in person 2/5 persons is ready to pay more for another way Background Looked at people's opinions about the waste water, comparing people who work in a department related to ecology and people who watch news. Purpose Results 2 2/5 persons agree with the situation because they believe the acidity of the St-Lawrence will neutralize the waste water 2/5 persons disagree with the situation because they think this is not good for the environment 1/5 person disagree with the situation but there is other reasons Field of study? Nature science Results 1 2/5 persons agree with the situation 4/5 people that i asked questions was not really good in english so i needed to translate some questions. 5 people over 5 2 persons who work in a department related to ecology and 3 persons who watch news. Survey about the 8 billion liters of waste water that the city wants to pour into the St-Lawrence
Transcript: Caileigh Dintino, Elise Coberly, Jessica Lin, Yusra Mohammed Extroversion & Fit To William and Mary Fit & Extroversion What were we looking at? Comparing the introversion / extroversion levels of W&M students to how well they fit to W&M Would higher extroversion levels mean they like W&M less? More? Idea from observational interactions among William and Mary Students Researched characteristics of a larger school vs smaller school Researched behavioral tendencies of introverts vs extroverts This helped us create questions that would accurately assess personality type and fit to W&M as a characteristically small school Background Background Various friends/classmates and group chats Small sorority groupchat Black females on campus groupchat Chinese Students groupchat Research methods classmates Science classes Dorm groupchats WM college students Who did we ask? Participants Extroversion Examples of EXTROVERSION QUESTIONS Fit EXAMPLES OF FIT QUESTIONS Made them rank what aspects of schools that were most important and whether or not they were characteristic of a small or large school Background research on what makes someone an introvert/extrovert and characteristics of a small school Now, what we look at Getting Started GOAL: compute two variables: an Extroversion Score and a Fit to William and Mary score and see the correlation between the two scores. 1. Question that is irrelevant Q1: How many midterms have you had this week? Questions Deleted Before we code... 2. Question that yields a consensual answer Q6: Do you prefer to have your class taught by a TA/professor 3. Question that involves a lot of confounding variables Q3: Rank where you would prefer to live while attending William and Mary (Ludwell, on/off campus, Tribe Square) - Near friends - Depends on majors - With a bike/car The Questions The Questions Fit to WM Extroversion v17+ Q5+ Q12 (2) +Q2+ Q4 + Q11+ Q19 v24+Q28+Q18+Q27+Q25+Q29+Q30 The higher the score the better fit your preferences are to William and Mary A spectrum from Introvert to Extrovert. The higher the score, the more extroverted you are. How we coded How We Coded - Assign the large school characteristic: 0 - Assign the small school characteristic: 2 - Less than 20% difference between the two characteristics: 1 Is there a correlation between the Total Extroversion and Total Fit? The Big Question The Findings Introversion/Extroversion Changes High school vs. College I/O 60 total 39 total 20 flipped 8 flipped Introverts in HS Extroverts in HS About a third of students switched in college Correlation? Correlation? No. These findings show that Asian and White people are more extroverted than Black, other, or Hispanic student population (which had the least amount of extroversion) Ethnicity Findings Ethnicity These findings are similar to the findings of the simple bar of extroversion by ethnicity. Asian and White people fit to W&M better than Black, other, or Hispanic students (who were ranked the lowest) Ethnicity Findings Continued These findings look at how much people of the ethnicities listed below fit to W&M Breakdown Relates to previous bar graphs you were shown People of the minority make up a small percentage of the ethnicity on this campus Lower percentage of Hispanic students might occur because we did not send the survey out to any Hispanic groups on campus Higher populations like White and Asian people and have higher extroversion rates than groups not highly represented on campus Ethnicity Breakdown of Ethnicity More "Introversion/Extroversion" questions than "Fit to William and Mary." The Questions... The Limitations Had to throw out several "Fit" questions because everyone answered similarly... Gender Our biggest limitation is that we are asking William and Mary students about school size preferences and other characteristics key to the hallmarks of William and Mary. They will most likely approve of similar characteristics Generalizability Generalizability Did not reach out to any hispanic ethnic groups. Lower responses from them could skew the data of the relationship between ethnicity and extroversion/fit Other than that we got survey results from most of the other ethnic groups Who We Sampled Participants 90 females and 10 males. Could effect correlation of gender differences and introversion/extroversion Gender Used 0, 1, 2 Helped us calculate an overall score but eliminated variability. This is important since both "fit" and "extroversion" were intended to act as spectrum Coding Effects Coding Limitations Only looked at first choice/rank for some questions (Community Aspects, First Dates), even though these are also graded responses. How we coded inhibited our ability to make charts and calculate averages. Questions or Comments? Thank you!
Transcript: Collaborative Survey Data Analysis To gather statistics on a sample group regarding ownership of certain electronic devices and compare it with national data How? We developed a plan on how to approach the community using our own strengths and asked them some questions regarding their digital ownership! We managed to survey sixteen people and asked them basic questions such as Do you own a Computer? Do you have dial up or high speed internet? Do you own a mobile phone? etc. We also asked them some other questions such as Your age? to really understand our audience and seek the trends on different age groups Collected Data Surveys Our study showed that adults and children between the ages of 16 and 36 used their electronic devices on a regular basis in all mediums from entertainment to business More than half of those surveyed had each device listed And Surprisingly Everyone surveyed owned a computer and had high speed internet! Reasons Development of cellphones to smart phones cutting edge improvements to speed of processing focused marketing & profit for consumer electronics Graphed Survey Examples Thank you for Consulting with Us! GOAL Why so much technology?
Transcript: Conduct a survey involving trends in music consumption that compares the responses of two age-based demographic samples Now, those who were born digital don’t hold the works of art, they embrace the iPod. And, when they encounter the collection, while they do still pour over it, and investigate it, as they scroll through it, that sense of awe and reverence is lost. Using survey monkey and a mixture of open and closed questions we have created a survey with the aim of gathering the appropriate individual information to create an accurate set of results. Open question: Would you agree with the statement “different age groups have different preference’s in the way they access music?” Yes or No. if yes please elaborate. Closed question: Which category below includes your age? 17 or younger 18-20 21-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60 or older our expected results The social and professional groups we have sent the survey out to will generate apposing responses.
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