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Isaac's Storm Presentation

Transcript: October 1, 2018 Isaac's Storm: A Man, A Time, And the Deadliest Hurricane in History by Erik Larson Tommy Bartley & Robert Bischof Summary Summary The book Isaac's Storm covers the events of the Galveston Hurricane, also known in the region as the Great Storm of 1900. To this day, the storm remains the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history, totaling about 8,000 fatalities. The book begins on a September night in the year 1900, prior to the hurricane achieving landfall. The narrartor introduces Isaac Cline, a meterologist working for the U.S. Weather Bureau who lives in Galveston, Texas. Isaac possessed a deep understanding of storms and their tendencies, but he also had a huge ego and was overconfident. Isaac felt that he was a top tier meteorologist in the region, but he lived during a time in which much about nature and weather was unknown. Many, if not all meteorologists of the time were actually clueless as to how and why a hurricane forms. There was speculation of a hurricane coming towards Galveston, but Cline felt that it was an impossibility. He even published an article stating so. The U.S. Weather Bureau was tracking the storm but had little concern of it hitting Galveston. However, Cuban meteorologists knew that the storm was coming. The U.S. Weather Bureau had no way of getting Cuba's data though because they had banned communications with them. Despite the experience and accuracy of Cuban meteorologists, the Weather Bureau felt that the Cubans would sabotage them. While the hurricane was what literally caused mass destruction and the loss of lives, it was the pride and arrogance of the American Meteorologists that allowed for it to occur. The story mainly focuses on Isaac by explaining his actions before, during, and after the hurricane, but it also includes accounts of the disaster from other people of Galveston. This allows for the destruction and impact that the hurricane had on the area to be told entirely. Important Themes/Arguements Themes/Arguements -Dangers of Blind Patriotism: There are many instances in the book where there are consequnces due to American pride and patriotism. For example, the people of Galvelston are unprepared to face the storm due to the American's unwillingness to work with the Cuban weather services. Unlike the weather itself, America is in control of whether or not they cooperate with the Cubans. -Consequences of Having a Large Ego: Isaac Cline has a very large ego and hubris. In the days and hours leading up to the storm's arrival, he misinterprets and misses clear signs, yet he is still confident in his desicion. Because of this, he grossly underestimates the storm and thus puts thousands of lives at risk. Although he could have recognized the true danger of the impending hurricane, there was no way Isaac Cline could have stopped it, or lessened its intensity. Also, even if he had been able to warn the city of Galveston, he would not have saved everybody in the storm's path. Not only that, but making accurate weather predictions with the weather technology available in the year 1900 is incredibly difficult to say the least. Becuase of all these factors, Isaac Cline is not entirely responsible for the events of the book, and he doesn't deserve a lot of the harsh critiscim he recieves from readers. Counter Arguments Counter Arguements Relating to the essential for the first quarter, "What does it mean to be stewards of the earth, and how are we affected by the environment?" Isaac's Storm has some valueable insights. While the story doesn't directly explain anywhere what it means to be a steward of the earth, it does provide an example of how we are affected by the environment. The story shows how the environment is far more powerful than humanity, and is capable of destroying us and everything that we create. The main reason that all of this occurs, is because of the meteorologists. The meteorologists of the U.S. Weather Bureau failed to respect nature and the signs that it showed of a hurricane, and many people died as a result of it. In this instance, people were harmed by the environment due to the lack of respect towards it. Interpret this however you may like, but to me this could mean that in order to be a steward of the earth, one must respect nature. Essential Question Essential Question The book Isaac's Storm has taught me many things regarding hurricances, and also about what American society was like in the beginning of the twentieth century. By learning about the knowledge on hurricanes in 1900, I have come to gain a very basic understanding on the way science has evolved in this area. In 1900, it was unknown how hurricanes started. Some meteorologists even believed that something as insignificant as a butterfly flapping its wings could start a chain reaction that would lead to the formation of a hurricane. Today, meteorologists are able to pick up the formation of a hurricane weeks before its arrival to land due to having much better instruments

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Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

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Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

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Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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