Transcript: MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS Some of the earliest known examples of coloured window glass, datable to c. 800–820, were recovered in excavations at the Abbey of San Vicenzo in Volturno, Italy. Glass of the same colour ranges and similar date is also found in England, at the monastic sites of Jarrow and Monkwearmouth, and at other sites in the north of England. These examples are not painted. However it was not until the advent of the monumental cathedral and church building campaigns in the 11th and 12th centuries that the demand for coloured glass began to increase significantly, reaching its highest level in the 14th and 15th centuries. The oldest surviving stained glass windows still in situ are thought to be the Prophet Windows in Augsburg Cathedral, of c. 1065. The King's College Chapel Medieval Stained Glass Made by John and jaydon sTAINED GLASS kINGS COLLAGE CHAPEL The King's College Chapel was built in phases by a succession of kings of England from 1446 to 1515, a period which spanned the Wars of the Roses. The chapel’s large stained glass windows were not completed until 1531.The chapel is an active house of worship and home of the King’s Collage Choir.
Transcript: Fourth Century “Stained Glass Windows.” St. Laurence, ECatholic, stlaurence.org/stained-glass-windows. salvation coming down into the world How God is revealed through creation Corbis, Tony Correa, Patrick Danczewski, Chris Danielson, Konrad Fiedler, John Glover, Peter Mauss, Chris La Putt, Chris Sheridan and Zvardon. “Photo Albums.” St. Patrick's Cathedral, ECatholic, saintpatrickscathedral.org/photoalbums. expensive- loopholes? 2 hidden symbols (abstract) Hand Stained St. Laurence Catholic Church Scaled with France's High Gothic churches Saints glorify God Windows depict Saints glorifying God Windows glorify God Cathedral Colored glass “Stained Glass for Church & Sanctuary Remodeling & Renovations.” Church Interiors, Inc., Church Interiors, Inc., www.churchinteriors.com/stained-glass/. sun-divine light , brings life into creatures in glass phoenix- ancient symbol for immortality, soon in Christianity with resurrection Used Old World methods Represent glorified bodies in Heaven St. Cecilia, St. Thomas More Comes alive, moves with the light of day Monasteries in Europe- monks (ash, river sand, organic materials) Bibliography Invisible to the surrounding world We see Saints, Saints see God (also transformed by heavenly vision) St. Patrick's Cathedral, NYC Saints hold items associated with their significance Stained class Twelfth-thirteenth Idealized furca (fork)- medieval symbol for trinity Opalescent Resurrection Window General types "picture photographers" Pope Benedict Beautiful inside Stained Glass Bou-si Valentin Catches sun, reflect, refract, magnify Didn't have the technology perfect, better than reality Analogy Qualities When? Purpose and Meaning Why not Realistic? Examples
Transcript: . Sources Gothic Stained Glass Windows In Catholic Churches and Cathedrals STAINED GLASS WINDOWS IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH . The Fascade Windows and La Belle Verriere from Chartres Cathedral Parts of the Ascension Scene from Le Mans Cathedral The Symbolism of Colors in Stained Glass Windows in the Catholic Church Panel 14 "An angel shows God the rich palace Thomas was building his brother in heaven" The acts of charity Thomas was doing in the King's name was 'paying for' the spectacular palace that would have awaited the king once he passed away. Romanesque Stained Glass The Romans varnished glass into windows in the first century AD. At this time, their glass was inconsistent and was nontransparent. One of the oldest examples of numerous pieces of glass put together to create a glass window were excavated at St. Paul's Monastery in England, established in 688 AD. The oldest European windows that are completely finished are in Augsburg Cathedral. Lewis F. Day believes that Byzantine, Moorish or Arabian glass could have began around the 10th century AD. It is regarded by others that Arabian glass windows began to be known around the second half of the 13th century. In 1878 in a burial ground that was deserted around 1000 AD at Sery les Mezieres, France, Jules Pilloy discovered about 30 pieces of glass that were hurt from an apparent fire, a lead strip with two channels and a small slab of bone surrounded some charred wood. Edmond Socard laid out the glass into a small, simple window. This work of art was well-liked from the sixth to the ninth centuries. Pieces of a very early head of Christ were revealed at Lorsch Abbey in Germany in 1932. "Stained Glass" Panel in Stained Glass Window of Chartres Cathedral The Great Figures in the Choir Clerestories of Canterbury Cathedral The well-known name for the glass used in the process of creating colored windows is "stained glass". The term usually used to describe this is a "misnomer". Stained glass is more the outcome of a procedure rather than glass itself. It is constructed by painting upon a glass (clear or colored) with the oxide of silver. This penetrates the glass when exposed to heat and gives off a yellowish reaction. For constructing a stained glass window, a diversity of glass can be used, but most of the time only one kind is employed. Renaissance Stained Glass in Catholic Churches and Cathedrals Romanesque architecture is more constant than the stained glass that enhances it. Today Romanesque windows seem to look darker because of corrosion. The primitive stained glass windows are more straightforward looking and uncommon. They portray widely known saints or stories from the Bible. High regard for the Virgin Mary is often seen at this time and in Romanesque art, she is frequently represented as queen. The windows use stylized vegetal ornament and ornamental beading around the scenes and figures. The colors are red and blue are mostly used in Romanesque art. This method of stained glass appearsd to have expanded from cloisonne enamels and smaller paintings. Few Romanesque windows remain today. Those that do remain are frequently found in books as illustrations. "The Great Crucifixion" from Poitiers Cathedral The medieval Church was the most prominent patron of the arts. During the Gothic period, stain glass windows went from simple to complicated. They began to be an intricate iconography. As it advanced, it began to use symbolism derived from bestiaries (also called "unnatural history") and on complex typology. The image of heraldry in these stained glass windows indicate the growing significance of nonreligious families. As the advancement of stained glass windows continued, the emergence of recently developed religious orders said that more buildings were needed. Therefore, many cathedrals and churches were constructed with these windows. The Gothic style also progressed outside of France at this time. The stained glass window inside of the Cathedral of Lausanne in Switzerland portrays a distinct French influence. The international Gothic style made its way to Vienna and Prague late. The earliest known stained glass that survived is in Assisi, Italy. It is the work of German glaziers. In the Cathedral of Siena, the oculus is called the "first modern window". In this circled stained glass, the subjects are considered as detached scenes. Gothic Stained Glass Renaissance Stained Glass Panel 1 "The Incredulity of Thomas" This scene shows where the Thomas, the apostle, thrusts his finger into Christ's side-wound. The Beginning of Stained Glass Julia Hagan (Pd. 1) Panel in Stained Glass Window of Chartres Cathedral http://stainedglass.org/?page_id=169 http://www.patheos.com/Library/Roman-Catholicism/Ritual-Worship-Devotion-Symbolism/Symbolism?offset=1&max=1 http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14241a.htm http://www.medievalart.org.uk/chartres/Chartres_default.htm White & gold signify purity and light. Black symbolizes mourning. Green stands for hope. Red symbolizes
Transcript: My first step was to make a pattern. Next was to find the glass. After that I had to cut out the pattern pieces and trace them onto the glass. Next I had to apply flux so that the solder has a lower melting point. once the flux was applied I had to solder. Solder is the metal that holds all of it together. Next was grinding and trying to get all the pieces to fit together. For my project I chose to do a stained glass piece. This is something that I have always enjoyed doing. By K. Reimold Once the pieces all fit together, I had to wash and dry each piece to remove the powder made by the grinding process. After cleaning I had to wrap the pieces in copper foil. The foil is there so that the solder can stick to the glass. Designing my own stained glass and making it from three sheets of glass and a few spare materials, it gave me total control over what I did and I found great joy in the process of making something out of things that seemed like nothing. After covering the piece with the flux, I finally got to do the soldering This is my favorite part of making stained glass. Stained Glass Conclusion This is the glass that I chose During the course of this project, I learned that I am capable of doing anything I put my mind to. By doing a stained glass piece I was able to express my creativity. Being able to express that will help me in my career to becoming a great chef by giving me confidence to finish what I set out to do. Then I had to cut the glass
Transcript: Types of Glass Used to Make Stained Glass No one is sure where stained glass originated, but its probable that ancient egyptians where the first to find glass. However, stained glass was first used by Romans in their homes. Some of the oldest pieces of stained glass were found and are still in shape, even though they are dated back to 686 AD. by Carli, Lucy, and McKenna The Origin Of Stained Glass Famous Stained Glass Stained Glass Several different types of glass are used to make stained glass. Those include antique, drawn antique, scribed antique, baroque bevels, cathedral glass, catspaw, crackle, dichronic, and drapery glass. It wasn't until around, 1850 that artists started recreating the lost art of stained glass. However, it was cut short because of the depression and World War II. In the recent 3 decades, though, stained glass picked up once again and has since become a popular hobby and skill. In order to make stained glass, people mixed sand with other materials at 300 degrees Fahrenheit and add powders for color. The artist has blue prints of what it should look like. After flatttening the glass into sheets, artists would use their print to cut it into the appropriate sizes. Later, fine details were painted on and the glass was cut in cames, or "H-shaped" strips of lead. From there they were put into the wall to be veiwed by thousands. Food Stained Glass How Stained Glass Was Made Revival Today
Transcript: - Many of us don't know about it. Cranberry Stained Glass Studio Cost: $15 per hour , $120 per 10 hours $1,000.00 Sainte-Chapelle, Paris Thanks-Giving Square, Dallas What's stained glass? wall decoration Add: 102 chain lake Dr, Vantage point 1A, Halifax - Important for decorating the walls, windows and doors in the holy places. Stained Glass $400.00 Porpose of the studio Location -Feel comfortable and relax. Why we chose this topic? The most beautiful in the world necklace How to make..? Time: 9:30 to 4:30 Logo
Transcript: Stained glass Stained glass originated in Europe. The art of stain glass reached it height in popularity between 1150-1500. Everything we know today about stain glass comes from a 20th century German monk who liked to call himself Theophilus.
Transcript: By: Anna Rademacher mix soda, sand and lime heat it up Uses: Church Windows Pots and Vases Stained Glass Uses: http://www.mathpuzzle.com/23Dec2010.html http://longisland.about.com/od/landmarksattractions/ss/Cathedral-Of-The-Incarnation-Garden-City-Ny_5.htm Church windows How it is made: Made people think to be more connected to God. Today: Usually fused glass used
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