Transcript: https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=imagination&view=detailv2&&id=8C14C72A121D5AE7D95B2AE4B55F30A0F7D1774F&selectedIndex=7&ccid=S6UR3OFY&simid=607997805109381763&thid=OIP.M4ba511dce158b9483f3683fca93aaeabo0&ajaxhist=0 https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Ffictionfanblog.files.wordpress.com%2F2015%2F10%2Fthe-tell-tale-heart-illustration-2.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Ffictionfanblog.wordpress.com%2F2015%2F10%2F06%2Ftuesday-terror-the-tell-tale-heart-by-edgar-allan-poe%2F&docid=EzyquFJECkzgjM&tbnid=7wfB7dml4uoUpM%3A&vet=1&w=605&h=800&safe=strict&bih=655&biw=1366&q=the%20tell%20tale%20heart&ved=0ahUKEwjty9_O_8vRAhULw4MKHXOWAicQMwg4KAEwAQ&iact=mrc&uact= Men and women should be influenced by warm emotions rather than set rules “Nature always wears the colors of the spirit” Nature Commitment to individualism Reading Art Music Normal life in 1800 "Nature is something beautiful" the breath of God fills both man and the earth To see God Through Nature By: Samantha Eyers Individualism Imagination URL Imagination takes priority over logic and facts Imagination https://cdn0.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/crp5ylUJlMMPUfp-jSWCTxHfB0A=/0x41:800x491/1600x900/cdn0.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_image/image/30291399/800px-thoreaus_quote_near_his_cabin_site__walden_pond.0.jpg http://blogs.forteana.org/system/files/walden-pond.jpg http://focusfirm.zenfolio.com/img/s1/v5/p882858106-3.jpg https://cdn0.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/crp5ylUJlMMPUfp-jSWCTxHfB0A=/0x41:800x491/1600x900/cdn0.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_image/image/30291399/800px-thoreaus_quote_near_his_cabin_site__walden_pond.0.jpg http://blogs.forteana.org/system/files/walden-pond.jpg http://focusfirm.zenfolio.com/img/s1/v5/p882858106-3.jpg https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=kids+playing+in+nature&view=detailv2&&id=B977F1D7D851B4BF76C6EB3DAAFBB0396B60A21D&selectedIndex=0&ccid=77WK0kmg&simid=608034423999628056&thid=OIP.Mefb58ad249a031afe612c1f13f17c8c0o0&ajaxhist=0 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Children_Exploring_Nature.JPG https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=children+outside&view=detailv2&&id=20E69D3E766BB6A7EC995B9CC89E9872AF17E8BA&selectedIndex=6&ccid=GVcVTc5%2b&simid=608039693943048670&thid=OIP.M1957154dce7e9fd0327c2d1c2a0bad71H0&ajaxhist=0 -Henry David Thoreau Nature Childhood URL page 2 Spirituality Romantic Era Presentation Values feelings -Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcript: Romantic Era By: Danielle & Ariella Music and Theatre - expressive - operas - composers - instruments - emotions rather than intellect - seating arrangements -realistic sets Relgion - apocalyptic texts - cristianity rebuilding - churches and monasteries rebuilt Literature - Lyrical Ballads - Jane Austen - Percy Shelley, Lord Byron, John Keats - William Shakespeare Economics - society altered - middle class - industrial revolution Political -spirit of age - french revolution - rich and poor (bourgeois and proletariat) Social - small villages -skilled craftsmen or agriculture - jobs in factories - move to towns and cities - bohemian artist Architectural -Gothic Revival - churches and collegiate buildings
Transcript: Romantic Era -During the 18th century in Europe -Strong reaction to the Indutrial Revolution -Revolt against the Age of Enlightenment and scientific rationalization in nature -Huge regard for love, nature, innocence -Return to "old" values Symbols of Romanticism Connection: This lamb resembles the innocence of a child who was alive during the Industrial Revolution. William Blake wrote many poems, some using the lamb. During the Industrial Revolution, many chilren were killed, worked to the point of death, and abused. They were kicked onto the street to fend for themselves. In "The chimney Sweeper", by William Blake, William uses the lamb to symbolize the lost innocence from the child. This picture symbolizes the many authors and pieces of literature that was written during the Romantic Era. Romantic Era Art -John Constable -William Turner During the Romantic Era, many artsits painted landscapes much like John Constable and William Turner. Romantic Era paintings were dark, had shadows, and were full of nature. Words/Phrases/Lines from what we have read "And mark in every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe." [William Blake, London, Line 3-4] "Little Lamb God bless thee" [William Blake, Lamb, line 19] "A little black thing among the snow Crying "weep," "weep," in notes of woe! "Where are thy father and mother? say?" "They are both gone up to the church to pray." "In "The Queen of Spades," Alexander Pushkin combines familiar elements of Romantic fiction-the penniless young woman; the ambitious, passionate young man; the decayed beauty; and the ghost-in a tale with intense ironic overtones" [Queen of Spades, Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, 1799-1837] "He questioned "Why I failed"? "For Beauty", I replied- "And I-for Truth-Themself are One- We Brethren, are", He said-" [Emily Dickinson, 449, Line 5-8] Connection: During the Romantic Era, many people sought to truth as a huge regard. Authors from Across the Globe -British Author -1729-1797 -British Author -1788-1824 -German Author -1749-1832 Musical Work Famous Quote "Hope is the thing with feathers, that perches in the soul, and sings the tune without words, and never stops at all." -Emily Dickinson George Gordon Byron Edmund Burke Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Transcript: The Romantic Era What kind of instruments were there? Hector Berlioz There were many instruments such as the organ, harpsichord, basoon, flute, oboe, contrabasoon, clarinet, bass clarinet, piccolo, English horn, trumpet, horn, trombone, tuba and many other instruments including instruments from the string and percussion family and improved or newly-invented wind instruments. It was mostly homophonic. What did they wear? His last words were "Enfin, on va jouer ma musique"—"At last, they will now play my music.". Did he have any other jobs? Hector Berlioz at 29 years old (1832) Hector Berlioz at 52 (1855) Hector Berlioz at 60 (1863) In the Late Romantic Era, the nationalism that had been an important strain of Romantic music became formalized by political and linguistic means. The dramatic increase in musical education brought a still wider, sophisticated audience, and many composers took advantage of the greater regularity of concert life. There was an expansion in the sheer number of symphonies, concertos, and "tone poems", which were composed, and the number of performances in the opera seasons in Paris, London, and Italy. What way of transportation was the most popular? What was his personal/ family life like? He became proficient at playing the guitar, flageolet, and flute when he was younger. Yes, most countries had and used slaves during most of the Romantic era. He was friends with Luigi Cherubini, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Liszt, Gaspare Spontini, Ernest Legouve, and Mikhail Glinka. Other than a composer, he was a music critic, conducter, and author. How did he die? http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/ http://www.syncrat.com/articles/romantic-period http://www.fashion-era.com/romantic_era.htm http://www.cahairadditions.com/hairstyles.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/The_most_popular_means_of_transportation_in_the_mid-1800s_was http://home.southernct.edu/~rossog1/BritishRomanticStudies/romanticism_religion.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_invented_in_the_1800s http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_inventions_were_invented_in_the_romantic_period http://www.markville.ss.yrdsb.edu.on.ca/history/west/pat/joc/index.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1840s_in_fashion http://www.oldhouseweb.com/style-gallery/other/romantic-houses http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_1800%E2%80%931899 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texture_(music) Notes from General Music Notebook http://cnx.org/content/m20170/latest/ http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_types_of_instruments_did_they_have_during_the_romantic_era http://www.chacha.com/question/what-food-was-most-popular-during-the-romantic-era-in-europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romantic_music Marie Recio Hector Berlioz at 47 (1850) He aimed for "A renewal of music through its closer union with poetry.". His music was viewed as both serious and original and an eccentric novelty. He involved huge orchestral forces in his works and performed several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. Europeans had a fascination with the 'Orientalism' of food, Chinese and Indian food. He was married two times. He was married to Harriet Smithson from 1833 to 1854 and Marie Recio from 1854 to 1862. What instrument was the most popular? Did it change throughout the era? Which instruments did he play? Italian Farmhouse Did they have slaves? He died in Paris, France. How long did it last? Where did he live? The piano was the most popular because it had the ability to provide both melody and harmony and could by played alone. Chinese Food How old was he when he died? Antique Piano from Late 1800's Was is homophonic or poliphonic? Did he have any children? Women wore dress bodice waistlines that took on a V-pointed form with wider skirt hemlines and many varieties of unique sleeves and collars. They also wore large, romantic, and wide hats and bonnets ornately trimmed with feathers, loops of ribbons and bows, which completed the shoulder lines of the 1830's-1840's, and unique robes and mantles. Men's fashion plates show the lowered waistline taking on a decided point at the front waist, which was accompanied by a full rounded chest. Upper class gentlemen continued to follow the trend of earlier decades with full shoulders and chest, and a tightly-cinched waist. What was his race/ethnicity? What were the lifestyles of the people? What are some descriptions of it? Who were his inspirations and influences? Hector Berlioz at 42 years old (1845) They performed their music at homes, concerts, or plays. It was the first time that the public had the opportunity to attend these events. What was his music like? His father forced him to study medicine but he was interested in music instead. He began to become inspired and influenced by many composers and encouraged to enter the music industry by Luigi Cherubini, a music director, and Jean-Francois Le Suer, a music director and professor. He finally devoted himself into composition and pursuing a career in music. Romantic Era Section's Pictures Resources How did
Transcript: From 1650- 1700 Enlightenment began to spark throughout Europe. Enlightenment was the belief that humans were blessed with reason, and that they could fight ignorance and sin of reason. The Enlightenment flourished until about 1790–1800. After this time period, Romanticism began to give way. People started out using their ideas to speak for the church, but ended up opposing it. People wanted more freedom and less strict rules throughout creativity and society. Soon, they were abandoning the philosophers' strict rules and the Enlightenment which they imposed on society. The Enlightenment thinkers and the Romantics were similar in the way that they both appreciated nature, however the philosophers were more of the idea that nature was subject to laws of the universe- including Newton's laws. When the French Revolution began to peak, chaos broke out in both politics and society. Then the Industrial Revolution came which created more unrested. Composers and Artists used Romanticism to express how they felt. The Romantic era is during a period of great change and emancipation. Previousley, in the Classical era, there were strict rules and laws describing how all artists were to carry out their skills. Beethoven rejected previous strict formulas for symphonies and sonatas, and introduced this whole new approach to music, giving his works references to other aspects of life. With these new freedoms, birth was given to some of the most creative techniques in a long time. People were given the opportunity to experiment their skills and techniques. When it came to art, artists used heavy use of colors to disiplay a strong and heavy emotion. Because of the political backround of the Romantic Era, composers and artists wrote and painted about escape from political oppression. Mostly, the mood of the artwork would portray a feeling of lonliness, death, and depression. Painters of the Time A French painter who introduced the neoclassical style in France. He was a leading exemple from the time of the French Revolution to the fall of the French Emperor Napoleon. David studied under the painter Joseph-Marie Vien at the Académie Royale. David quickly evolved his own individual neoclassical style, by basing form and gesture on Roman sculpture, and drawing subject from ancient sources. From 1799 to 1815, David was Napoleon’s official painter. His neoclassical style greatly influenced pupils Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Antoine-Jean Gros, and his heroic and patriotic themes paved way for the romantics. The Death of the Socrates Thomas Gainsborough was an English painter. He was born in Sudbury, Suffolk on May 14, 1727. His artistic ability was shown at an early age of his life. French engraver, Hubert Gravelot was someone Thomas looked up to in painting and got advice from. In 1746, Gainsborough married Margaret Burr, and she brought £200 ($312) to the marriage, which helped him to start his career as a portrait painter in Ipswich. Gainsborough often like to paint his wife and family. He was one of the original members of the Royal Academy of Arts, in 1774 he got an invitation so he painted portraits of King George III and the Queen. In his lifetime he painted more than 500 painting more than 200 being portraits. Thomas Gainsborough died of cancer on August 2, 1788. The Artist's Wife Delacroix was born on April 26, 1798, at Charenton Saint Maurice, and he studied under the French painter Pierre Guérin. He was trained in the formal Neo-Classical style of the French painter Jacques-Louis David. he was strongly influenced by the more colourful, opulent style of such earlier masters as Peter Paul Rubens and Paolo Veronese. Girl Seated in a Cemetary Francisco Goya, was born on March 30, 1746 in the small Aragonese town of Fuendetodos. Goya’s mother and father were very good artists, so they6 trained him well. He is very well known for all his paintings, and is often identified as one of the great Spanish masters of the period. When Goya painted it impacted m,any things around him then but it’s less now. Goya died on April 16, 1828 in Bordeaux. The Family of Carlos IV Winslow Homer, was born on February 24, 1836 in Boston, Massachuasetts. He taught himself how to paint and brought it with him for many years. During the Civil War Homer painted after traveling to the Virginia Font. Starting in 1873 Homer found watercolors very interesting. During that tine he liked to paint sceneries of farms and gardens, etc… Homer died in Prout’s Neck on September 29, 1910. Today he is still seen as a dominant influence on the American realist style of painting. Boys and Kitten Joseph Mallord William Turner is renowned for his dramatic and vibrant treatment of natural light and atmosphere. He was born in London in 1775, Turner studied at the Royal Academy of Arts. Turner’s early paintings were watercolors of landscapes, and then later he did oil paintings. Turner’s work fell into 3 time periods. The first period, 1800-1820 was mostly historical
Transcript: Enlightenment: stressing the importance of existing ideas and social institutions -Late 1700's-Early 1800's Industrial Revolution in England Religion in Literature Entertainment Literature The •King George III 1760 - 1820 •King George IV 1820 - 1830 •King William IV 1830 - 1837 William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote the first poem called "Lyrical Ballads" . GENDER ROLES The lady of Shalott is an 1888 painting by the english Pre-Raphaelite painter John William Waterhouse . It is a representative of a scene from painted three different versions of this character in 1888, 1894 and 1915. It is one of his most famous works. The style of Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood -People thought alot about how they were in common with the world Ways of Life Great Britian vs. United States The style and ideas of the romantic era were largely influenced by the writings of enlightenment scholars such as John Locke , Adam Smith, and Voltaire. These writers preached the importance of democracy (as well as the evil of monarchy and the importance of individual. However much of the romantic era was also a backlash to others enlightenment ideas that seemed to promote tolalitarianism In the foreground a young man stands upon a rocky precipice with his back to the viewer. He is wrapped in a dark green over coat and grips a walking stick in his right hand. Though the wrath of fog forest of trees can be percieved atop these escarpment . The painting is composed of various elements from the Elbe sandstone mountain in Saxony and Bohemia skected in the field but in accordance with usaul practice rearranged by Friedich himself in the studio for the painting . -Women and children employed for cheap/painstaking work Liv believed all people should be able to appreciate art and literature Tara Literature -list of complaints The War of 1812 Jane Austen was a leading author of a great reputation. Jane wrote about humor and irony of English country life. She wrote many know novels that include, Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, Emma, and many more. Cora Ways of Life -Upper Class: Old Noble class. Business owners. -Upper Middle Class: Business workers & professionals. -Lower Middle Class: Other professionals workers. -Working Class: Factory workers and small farmers. Rulers Cora Kayla Tara Kayla During the Romantic era many writers were drawn to religious imagery in the same way they were drawn to other ancient traditions in which they no longer believed. Writers felt free to write about Biblical themes with the same freedom as their predecessors had on classical mythology. Literature cont. Cora Kennedy Kennedy Literature 1. Samuel Taylor Coleridge 2. William Wordsworth 3. Edgar Allan Poe 4. William Blake 5. Percy Shelley 6. John Keats Romantic poems usualy had a powerful meaning Napoleon: Took over french government in 1799, declared emperor in 1804 and captured at Waterloo in 1815. Wars and Alliances People were able to create medicines , people became healthier. More jobs became available for people since factories began to appear everywhere. In the romantic era some inventions that came about were the steam engine and the railroads were still popular . These two inventions helped people to get supplies around to different parts of the country faster. People were also able to travel and visit people easier. -Gothic literature had an unmistakable appeal during the Romantic era. With its eerie, supernatural style, this type of literature reflects the renewed interest in mysticism during the Romantic period. British, Dutch, German forces allied against Napoleon WORK FORCE Literature Bread Butter Potatoes Bacon Canned and jarred foods became available towards the end of the era Sir Walter Scott was a Scottish novelist, poet, historian, and biographer. There are three ways to analyze poets. Romantic Era Tara Cora Key novelist included: Jane Austen Maria Edgeworth Sir Walter Scott -Textile mills, factories, some agriculture Art Combination of romantic poetry, voice and piano Style: Warm and personal melodies Symbolized freedom and harmonic color Musicians: Beethoven, Verdi, Schubert and Berlioz -Novels still began to thrive during the romantic time period. Political beginning Sir Walter Scott Act of Union -United Kingdom of Great Britian and Ireland 6 major romantic poets France declares war on England in 1793. Luddites riots Britain and allies beat Napoleon at Waterloo Reform Act Ways of Life After industrial revolution, men focused more on working than religion Lived in a social change which caused people to rebel, because of this people wrote their feelings down describing what they thought their rights should be. According to Sporre, architecture during the Romanic Era was generally based on combining different styles from other eras all into one. For example, there are gothic motifs, fantasy, picturesque style and eastern influence as well. The reason for this is because during this time architects were experiencing with
Transcript: Romantic Era "I a child & thou a lamb, We are called by his name." William Turner: The Angel, Standing in the Sun (1846) Monastery Graveyard in the Snow, 1817-19 Jacques Louis David Emily Dickenson Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin Mary Shelly "Ah, death is like the long cool night, And life is like the sultry day. Dusk falls now; I grow sleepy; The day makes me tired of night." Heinrich Heine, Ah, Death is like the long cool night. "But the woman in white glided across the room and suddenly appeared before him -- and Hermann recognised the Countess" ~The Queen of Spades, Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin Supernatural idea "And mark in every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe." ~William Blake, London People during the Industrial Revolution were unhappy with living and working conditions. The End The Lamb, William Blake Return to supernatural, old values The United States poet The Queen of Spades Russia British William Wordsworth "Come forth into the light of things, let nature be your teacher." People during the Industrial Revolution were not pleased with living conditions. Frankenstein Frédéric Chopin, Predude in E minor
Transcript: 93'- French Revolutions moves into Reign of Terror 99'- Rosetta stone makes makes it possible to decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphics 03'- U.S. purchases Louisiana Territory from France; Ludwig Van Beethoven 04'- Napoleon crowns himself emperor 08'- German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes his first part of Faust 20'- Russian romantic poet Heinrich Heine publishes his first volume of poetry 26'- Joseph-Nicephore Niepce produces first successful photograph 31'- Victor Hugo publishes The Hunchback of Notre Dame World Culture and Events 1790 1820 1810's 94'- "An Ode to Liberty" and "My Love is Like a Red, Red Rose" written by Robert Burns 98'- First edition of lyrical ballads published by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge 00'- The Act of Union creates the United Kingdom 03'- Richard Trevithick develops first railway steam locomotive 05'- The British defeat Napoleon's navy at the Battle of Trafalgar 07'- Britain abolishes the slave trade 11'- George the third is declared insane, and this was the start of Regency and many riots came after 15'- Duke of Wellington leads final defeat of Napoleon 19'- 11 died in Peterloo Massacre 92'- Britain issues a proclamation against all seditious writings 93'- War breaks out between Britain and France 96'- J.M.W. Turner exhibits his first oil painting; Edward Jenner develops a vaccine against smallpox 98'- Rebellion fails to win Irish independence 1800 1820 1810's 1810's 1800 10'- Latin American Nations begin declaring independence 12'- Napoleon invades Russia; the Grim brothers publish their first collection of German Fairy Tales 19'- First steamship crosses the Atlantic Ocean Historical Content 1820's 1810 1800's British Literature Milestones Background of Romantic Era 1790 1800 1820's 1790's Characteristics and Traits 1810 20'- The regency ends when George the third dies 21'- John Constable points The Hay Wain 29'- The Catholic Emancipation Act frees Catholics from many restrictions 32'- Reform Bill extends voting rights to middle-class, which at the time only affects 5 percent of population 1790's-1820's 1820 Romanticism 1800's 12'- Lord Byron wins fame with Childe Harold's Pilgrimage 13'- Jane Austen anonymously publishes her novel Pride and Prejudice 18'- Mary Shelley, also anonymously, publishes Frankenstein 19'- Percy Shelley writes "Ode to the West Wind" and John Keats writes his greatest poems Interests in Nature Strong emotions/feelings Sympathetic to past Individualism Fascination with youthful thinking 1790 1820's 00'- Dorthy Wordsworth begins writing Grasmere Journal 02'- The influential literary magazine The Edinburgh Review begins to publish 05'- Sir Walter Scott wins fame with Scottish Border, which is a poem 1810 1790's 1790's 21'- John Keats dies of tuberculosis at age 28 22'- Percy Shelby drowns off coast of Italy at age 29 23'- Lord Byron joins the Greek War of Liberation 24'- Lord Byron dies of a fever 1800's A movement in art and literature in the eighteenth century. This time period emphasizes individualism, freedom, and it was common that people believed in imagination instead of reasoning.
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