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Transcript: Results & Conclusions The test building was a segmentation of an existing three-story frame structure built in 1983, in which the external walls of the first-story were built in 1955 and other walls were built in 1983. It can be observed that relative deformations of the damper are proportional to the energy dissipation of the control mechanism. Pin supported wall for enhancing the seismic performance of building structures. Seismic response & conclusions. Proposed model For structures with a timber upgrade the increase of total mass is about 20%, hence causing a lower increase of horizontal forces and displacements. Building A is a weak wall-strong frame structure, whereas building B is a strong wall-weak frame system. Results and discussion In all design parameters combinations the energy dissipation is more than 60%. Strengthening of frames structures with hinged walls is effective in reducing the maximum story drift demands and producing a more uniform distribution of story drifts over the height of the structure. Seismic response & conclusions. Adaptable dual control systems for earthquake resistance. Most important is that, in such cases, cracks are formed at very low values of acceleration (of the order of 0.04g, which corresponds to even smaller values of PGA, of the order of 0.01-0.02g, that means very frequent earthquakes. Proposed ADCS relies on the performance of braced frames with cables or tension only rods, following a closed circuit and hysteretic dampers. Methodology Before and after retrofitting was evaluated with ABAQUS 6.8. A strength degradation was introduced in the steel fiber, beyond ultimate deformation stress-strain drops with a negative stiffness. Results & Discussion The stiffness values of the test building were detected by the pulse method. A numerical study on response factors for steel wall-frame systems. Edge column foundation rocking depends mainly on the dynamic properties of the surface layer not on its depth. Rocking on the wall depends on both because an increase of foundation rotation is observed even increasing layer thickness. Inner column seems to be independent on the soil deposit. If flexible boundary is assumed,the box racking would be about half the shear strain of free-field soil. The box racking would be reduced by 50% further, if quiet boundary is assumed. Racking deformation of a station box does not conform to the shear deformation of free-field soil when distinct soil and structure regions are swayed apart under strong motions. According to these plots, it is evident that the ductility reduction factor decreases with an increase in the frame load share. Results & Conclusions The longitudinal reinforcing steel in A is lower than B. The reinforcement ratio of building A is much larger. Lateral capacity of the frames in building A is higher. Overall lateral capacities of the two are identical. SSI increases the lateral deformability of the whole structure. Progressive Collapse Resistance of Two Typical High-Rise RC Frame Shear Wall Structures. The numerical study consisted of 1600 time history analyses employing three-dimensional finite elements. All 40 structures were separately analyzed for elastic and inelastic response by subjecting them to the selected suite of earthquake records. Interstory drifts, top story drift, base shears resisted by the wall, and the frame were collected during each analysis. It is important to mention that the beams were not damaged at all, either on site or in the analyses. The severe column damage necessitating the complete demolition of the low-rise part of the building was due to three major design concepts that were not respected. Firstly, the columns were clearly weaker than the beams. Secondly, the transverse reinforcement was improperly detailed. Thirdly, column shear capacity was inadequate to develop any rotational plastic hinges, therefore leading to fragile failures Study's aim Racking deformation. When comparing different events, structural racking does not increase in proportion to input motion intensity. In particular, the increase in racking due to a 20% rise in Tcu-ew quake is more than double due to a 20% rise in kobe-ew-quake. The present paper proposes modern approaches, nonlinear static and dynamic analysis procedures based on the Applied Element Method, to assess a progressive collapse problem of a RC frame structure with infill walls. Developed of a simplified lumped-parameter analytical models that were created to run in the ZEUS-NL environment and that consisted in beam elements, rigid bars and non-linear springs. A flexible and quiet boundary conditions are separately applied to the side boundary of soil to allow comparison of effects between wave reflection and radiation damping on the maximum structural response during severe earthquakes. Single steel MRFs showed a seismic performance very closed to dual steel frames in terms of overall displacements. Structures designed for soft soil are characterized

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Background Presentation

Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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