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Project Background

Transcript: 0m Extensive environmental impact Important question in New World Archaeology Pre-Columbian Amazon-Scale Transformations (P A S T) Drone to Scan Amazonia VUX-1 LIDAR Scanner – Point Density @ 550KHz Vegetation/Forest Removal Algorithm Applied – Geoglyph Detected Projeto Geoglifos - CNPq Remote sensing Origin of Amazonian Landscapes The Payloads Live video and telemetry Amazonian Dark Earths Lower Amazon Tapajos Culture 1000-1600 A.D. The Remote Sensing System Airborne LiDAR Data Acquired on 16/09/2013 Possibly a smaller Geoglyph The Potential of Airborne LiDAR Technology in Finding Amazonian Archaeology Under Forest Ethnohistory Botany Tall The Remote Sensing part of the project aims to address the following questions: IMU/GNSS accuracy – The drone’s built-in IMU is relatively poor in accuracy Looking for a cost-effective survey grade IMU/GNSS system e.g. xNAV250 roll/pitch 0.05 deg and heading 0.1 deg @ min 2m separation of L1/L2 GNSS antennas Travassos - Exeter Brazilian UAV – NAURU 500B Brazil da Silva - Acre Deforestation 450+ Geoglyphs Construction/maintenance Fertile terra preta soils, human-made, productive until today Amazonian forest site in Acre, Brazil – Bonal Municipality What was the nature and geographic scale of the environmental disturbances? Did pre-Columbian land use have a lasting effect on modern forests? And, if so, how can it inform modern conservation and sustainable agricultural practices? VUX-1 LIDAR Scanner – Max. Meas. Range @ 550KHz Large scale biomass removal/burning RIEGL Survey-grade VUX-1 Laser Scanner Europe Dr. Heiko Prümers - German Archaeological Institute, Bonn, Germany Prof. Martti Pärssinen - University of Helsinski, Finland Prof. Per Stenborg - University of Gothenburg, Sweden Prof. Francis Mayle - University of Reading, UK Dr. Stephen Rostain - CNRS, France Latin America Prof. Denise Schaan - Universidade Federal do Para, Belem, Brazil Dr. Charles Clement - INPA, National Institute of Amazonian Research, Manaus, Brazil Dr. Luiz Aragão - INPE, National Institue of Space Research, São Paulo, Brazil Dr. Araujo Murakami - Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz, Bolivia 3 @550KHz meas. ranges above 250m become ambiguous) Khan Exeter Forest Structure over archaeological sites Soil Science Deforested Geoglyphs ~ 450+ Archaeology IMU System Status Large, numerous, hierarchical, complex socities 5-band Multispectral Camera R,G,B, RE, NIR with Shutter Controller Schaan – Para Use multispectral data to find spectral signatures of ADEs 2 VUX-1 Ring ditches 500m Project Background Remote Sensing System System status Challenges Short Geoghyph Builders 1 A.D.-1400A.D. Upper Purus - Interfluves Payload1: VUX-1 LIDAR Scanner Minimal impact on environment Ring Ditches Villages 1200-1400 A.D. Baures - Bolivian Amazon Cultural parkland Amazonian Dark Earths (ADEs) / Spectral signatures/ health Middle Purus – Madeira Interfluves Use vegetation removal algorithms on LIDAR point clouds to detect under-forest ancient earthworks – e.g. geoglyphs and ring ditched DGPS (L1/L2), IMU mems based Five fixed cameras – video transmission Top view LANDSCAPE CHARACTERISATION Small bands of hunter gatherers, shifting cultivators ‘Virgin’ wilderness Major Remote Sensing Goal – Under forest archaeology Maezumi - Exeter Aragao INPE GNSS Antenna Data terminal 20-30 km LOS Limited resources/Small scale biomass burning 1 Ground Control Station Payload2: XniteElph110-5 Band 32 Megapixel Optical Camera Specifications: Light weight ~ 3.85 Kgs Compact - 22.5 x 18.0 x 12.5 cm Max PRR 550 KHz Max effective meas. rate 500, 000 meas./sec 200 scans/sec, parallel lines Unlimited echoes/Ambiguity resolution Accuracy 10 mm Max. FOV 330o 240GB internal SSD Max. altitude AGL 350m -> safer drone operation Pristine, primeval, untouched and LIDAR point cloud to find forest structural features Current Challenges Specifications: One B-G-NIR (680-800nm) camera One G-R-NIR (800-900nm) camera Light 480g with controller and batteries Compact 19.0 x 7.5 x 2.7 cm NDVI, ENDVI, Spectral Signatures Rectangular Geoglyph 4 Ground Control Station Bestel -Exeter Palaeoecology The support equipment includes: transport case, fuel tank with fuel pump, starter, battery charger, field keys, chair, fan for engine cooling. Nature and Scale of Pre-Columbian Impact? 500m NAURU 500B UAV - Airframe Salman Khan and José Iriarte Department of Archaeology, College of Humanities, University of Exeter Archaeobotany 0m Outline Ericksen - Helsinski Drone under production in Brazil VUX1 LIDAR in procurement process 5-band RS camera acquired VUX1 LIDAR training in July Flight training, sensor/drone integration, and testing in August and September in Brazil First field season in October – Santarem and Acre, Brazil NAURU 500B UAV – Support Equipment Global climate effects HISTORY 5-band Multispectral Camera RGB, RE, NIR 500m Fixed-wing -> Amazonia is huge Easy maintenance -> wooden Only day flights in dry season Autonomy 4-5.5 hrs. Max.

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

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