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Transcript: Carl Steinberg Nathan Stoppelmann Ann Tran Neuroplasticity.... Brain Science and Leadership Neuroleadership David Rock (Author/Leadership Consultant) and Jeffery Schwartz (UCLA Research Scientist) Applying neuroscience concepts to leadership Management Rewired Educational Leaders Practice and Emotion causes change in our brain when we learn Daniel Pink 7 Reasons Why Carrots and Sticks Don't Work 1. Kills Intrinsic Motivation Sawyer Effect - "hidden costs of rewards" loss of autonomy 2. Diminish Performance 3. Crush Creativity **note: this does not hold true for algorithmic tasks 4.Crowd Out Good Behavior 5. Encourages Cheating, Shortcuts, and Unethical Behavior 6. Becomes Addicting 7. Fosters short-term thinking mastery not attainable! But these goals limit... Evolution of Motivation Motivation 1.0 Motivation 2.0 Motivation 3.0 Practical Implementations CREATIVITY! Risk Seeking the Dr Robert Cooper > Stanford Business School – Karl Dunker's Candle Experiment type I vs type X engaging in Socratic dialogue Higher incentives leads to worse performance. ex. Donating blood Bottom of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Needs Motivation from Need for Survival but people aren't! We're PURPOSE maximizers the -Intrinsic motivation -Autonomy -Mastery -Sense of purpose -Best motivation for complex situations -Facilitates creativity, innovation Three Brains: Head, Gut and Heart Brain Science and Leadership - "Carrot and Stick" Idea - Respond to External motivators - Motivation by receiving rewards, avoid punishments - Best used for performing simple tasks John Medina > Molecular Biologist – "the brain is so sensitive to external experiences that you canliterally rewire it through exposure to environmental influences. Neglect ingredients of genuine motivation (Autonomy, mastery and purpose ) may receive negative side effects is mallable or "plastic"... Begin to expect reward >>“Now that rewards” >> Nontangible Rewards - i.e. compliments Economics = maximization of wealth right? Exercise, practice, and exposure to new stimuli increase neuroplasticity How to Create a Motivation 3.0 Environment BA from Northwestern University, JD from Yale Law School Career - Chief Speechwriter for Vice President Al Gore from 1995 to 1997 - Articles published in NYT, Harvard Business Review, Fast Company and Wired - Contributing Editor for Wired - Regular business column for UK’s The Sunday Telegraph Author >> Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us >> A Whole New Mind: Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future >> The Adventures of Johnny Bunko: The Last Career Guide You Will Ever Need >> Free Agent Nation: The Future of Working for Yourself Currently lives in Washington, DC Took 3 1/2 minutes longer to solve when given incentive!** - Give employees autonomy over what they are doing and how they do it - Give them an opportunity to master it - Give their work a higher purpose - Tangible rewards can stifle creativity! Charles Jacobs “The traditional command-and-control style of management doesn't lead to permanent changes in behavior. Ordering people to change and them telling them how to do it fires the prefrontal cortex’s hair trigger connection to the amygdala . The more you try to convince people that you’re right and they're wrong, the more they push back. The brain will try to defend itself from threats. Our brains are so complex that it is rare for us to be able to see any situation in exactly the same way as someone else. The way to get past the prefrontal cortex’s defenses is to help people come to their own resolution regarding the concepts causing through their prefrontal cortex to bristle.” Focus on solutions and not problems. Create new behaviors rather than trying to fix old ones Disclaimer

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Transcript: Wisdom does not flow like water Plato’s Critique of Pederasty Pederasty Background Symposium Pederasty My Project Pausanias' Speech Pausanias' Speech Two Aphrodites Uranian Heavenly Pandemos Common Text Text Pictures Pictures "Here, Socrates, lie down alongside me, so that by my touching you, I too may enjoy the piece of wisdom that just occurred to you while you were in the porch. It is plain that you found it and have it, for otherwise you would not have come away beforehand." Agathon and Socrates “It would be a good thing, Agathon, if wisdom were the sort of thing that flows from the fuller of us into the emptier, just by our touching one another, as the water in wine cups flows through a wool thread from the fuller to the emptier. For if wisdom too is like that, then I set a high price on my being placed alongside you, for I believe I shall be filled from you with much fair wisdom. My own may turn out to be a sorry sort of wisdom, or disputable like a dream; but your own is brilliant and capable of much development, since it has flashed out so intensely from you while you are young; and yesterday it became conspicuous among more than thirty thousand Greek witnesses." "You are outrageous, Socrates," Agathon said. "A little later you and I will go to court about our wisdom, with Dionysus as judge, but now first attend to dinner." how water flows Principle at play When they do engage in a contest about love Timeline YEAR Alcibiades' Speech Socrates, he claims, is like “those silenuses that sit in the shops of herm sculptors, the ones that craftsman make holding reed pipes or flutes; and if they are split in two and opened up they show they have images of gods within.” (215b) Alcibiades' Speech You, in my opinion,' I said, 'have proved to be the only deserving lover of mine; and it seems to me that you hesitate to mention it to me. Now I am in this state: I believe it is very foolish not to gratify you in this or anything else of mine—my wealth or my friends—that you need; for nothing is more important to d me than that I become the best possible; and I believe that, as far as I am concerned, there is no one more competent than you to be a fellow helper to me in this. So I should be far more ashamed before men of good sense for not gratifying a man like you than I should be before the many and senseless for gratifying you.' Seduction Scene 'Really, my dear Alcibiades, you're no sucker if what you say about me is really true and there is some power in me e through which you could become better. You must see, you know, an impossible beauty in me, a beauty very different from the fairness of form in yourself. So if, in observing my beauty, you are trying to get a share in it and to exchange beauty for beauty, you are intending to get far the better deal. For you are trying to acquire the truth of beautiful things in exchange for the seeming and opinion of beautiful things; and you really have in mind to exchange "gold for bronze." But blessed one do consider better: Without your being aware of it—I may be nothing. Thought, you know, begins to have keen eyesight when the sight of the eyes starts to decline from its peak; and you are still far from that.' Conclusion conclusion If Socrates were to have sex with Alcibiades, he would perpetuate: 1) the idea that people can make each other wise. impact: prevent Alcibiades from realizing his ignorance about wisdom 2) Alcibiades belief that his physical attractiveness is the most important thing about him impact: the belief could harm Alcibiades as he begins to decline from his physical peak, when “Thought begins to have keen eyesight.” (219a) 3) Socrates would be no better than the sophists who cannot acknowledge the ways in which they are ignorant, and thus, risk self-deception. Advantages Advantages to my account: -Fits with the well-known picture of a Socrates who: 1) proclaims his own ignorance. 2) critiques the Sophists for i. both not acknowledging what they do not know ii. exchanging money for wisdom -Makes explicit the way Plato critiques the customs of his time -Throws into question a vision of Socrates as someone who consistently denies bodily urges -Makes clear that the container model is supposed to function in opposition to the image of pregnancy and birth. Accounts of “Plato’s Appropriation of Reproduction” run these two images together.

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