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Transcript: How to argue well. . . APA Format Journal: All authors; last name, first initial. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Volume, Pages. URL or DOI. Example: Irving, L. M. (2000). Eating disorders prevention through research, community involvement, and media activism. Heavy Weight Journal, 14, 86. Retrieved from: Book: Author; last name, first initial. (Year). Book Title. City of Publication. Publisher. Example: McKenzie, F.R. (2008). Theory and practice with adolescents: An applied approach. Chicago, IL: Lyceum Books. MLA Format Journal: Author; last name first. Title of article. Journal Title. Volume, Issue. (Year): Pages. Database name. Medium. Date of Access. Example: Heyen, William. "Sunlight." American Poetry Review 36.2 (2007): 55-56. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. Book: Author; last name first. Book Title. City of Publication. Publisher. Date. Medium. Example: Sacks, Oliver. Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain. New York: Knopf, 2007. Print. Do not PLAGIARIZE : Exception: Using ideas from "The Declaration of Independence" is not plagiarism because it is freely circulated and part of the public domain Final Notes and Ideas Steps 1. Know where to get information 2. Send to the right person 3. Include name, address, and phone number 4. Be timely 5. Address properly 6. Name Bill 7. Share expert knowledge 8. Give reason (evidence) 9. Be constructive 10. Be brief 11. Be focused 12. Do not be a perfectionist Steps 1. Know publication 2. Content: make 1 point 3. Method: be timely 4. Style: brief, courteous, edited 5. Professional format Truth in: Find truth through our research See many sides, can decide what is right Transformation of: Writing Skills Perspectives Understanding Character Group Skills End of our journey . . . Just the beginning: What to do: Almost there . . . Our Goals = Definition: Do cite your SOURCES correctly! Explicit: Writer directly states it Implicit: Writer does not directly state it, implies it FEEDBACK: Truth Know how to write a good research paper Think for ourselves NNU Values Lanham Paramedic Method: 1. Circle passive verbs (is, where, are, to, be) 2. Ask, who is doing what? 3. Put action into direct active verb DO: give constructive, specific feedback Understanding of paper topic Rogerian Argument What not to do: How to use emotional appeal responsibly Use a quote from someone without giving proper citation How we survived! How to write an effective letter to a legislator DO NOT: do the corrections for them Unfair use: Demonize opposing view Disrespectful or smart aleck Excessive Offensive False A+ Transformation Fair use: Use to draw attention to an issue Relevant Accurate Unfair use: Too dramatic Does not relate to topic Over use Discriminatory or false Distracting from issue Sentence needs to: 1. Take a stand (Tell where paragraph is going) 2. Be specific enough Cite all sources from which you borrowed ideas Fair use: Use to grab attention Address the situation Evoke a personal memory Prepare audience by suggesting to them how to feel How to use satire or humor well How to write an effective letter to a newspaper editor Do cut excess WORDS! Using ideas, opinions, and words from another person without giving them credit How doe English 2020 serve these goals? Ask a librarian if you have questions! Information Overload! Example: Before: Brooklyn and Bailey are fighting, because they do not agree how to put the dishes in the dishwasher. After: Brooklyn and Bailey fight over the dishes. First Notes Do have a strong, arguable topic sentence To Do: & Not to Do: Final Steps Other tips: 1. Cut passive voice 2. Be specific 3. Eliminate "stuffing" words The many notes taken, late nights working on homework, and assignments turned in . . . was all worth it! Through English 2020 Our Journey. . . Hard D! Doable A? D = Over scheduling yourself Do not revise A = Plan your time TALK to someone if you are have questions or are having trouble Time Management Time Savers: 1. Stick to your schedule 2. Make to do lists Time Wasters: 1. Procrastinating 2. Phone distractions Identifying Assumptions Assumption: unexamined belief or claim without evidence Top Sources 1. Wall Street Journal 2. New York Times For Nursing: 1. CINAHL 2. Medline Top Databases For Psychology: 1. Psych INFO 2. PsychARTICLES Critically Thinking A religious believer might want to be a critical thinker because they can explore the truth behind their religion and understand why they believe what they do. A religious believer may not want to be a critical thinker because they will question their beliefs which could result in rejecting their faith Logos: using logic or reason Ethos: appeal to character of audience or speaker/writer Pathos: emotional appeal Appeals Arguments using: 1. Examples: real events or invented situations 3. Statistics: quantitative evidence 4. Authoritative Testimony: citation or quotation of authorities 2. Analogy: kind of comparison, showing how they are

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Transcript: Virginia Opossum Animals in the Park Black Tailed Prairie Dog Food Chain Food Pyramid Coyote = Buffalo Tracks = Coyote Tracks = Red Fox Tracks*royalty-free-animal-tracks-clipart-illustration-218312.jpg/ = Bobcat Tracks = White Tailed Deer Tracks = American Beaver Tracks = Eastern Cottontail Tracks = Virginia Opossum Tracks = Prairie Dog Tracks Ladd, Douglas M., and Frank Oberle. Tallgrass Prairie Wildflowers: A Falcon Field Guide. Helena, Mont.: Falcon, 1995. Print. = Flowers Ladd, Douglas M., and Frank Oberle. Tallgrass Prairie Wildflowers: A Falcon Field Guide. Helena, Mont.: Falcon, 1995. Print. = Buffalo = Bluebunch Wheatgrass = Plains Bison = Eastern Cottontail = White Tailed Deer = Tree = American Beaver = Prairie Dog = Coyote = Bobcat = Red Fox = Virginia Opossum The Past of the Park Citations Brazos Bend Park Facts Red Fox Food Web Bobcat Environmental Facts One of the more famous animals in the prairies are the Plains Bison. These can grow up to 6 and 1/2 feet tall and weigh up to a ton. In order to sustain themselves, they must eat 30-50 pounds of vegetation each day. Another famous plains animal is the Prairie Dog. These are essential animals as other animals also depend on them. Burrowing Owls use their empty burrows as shelter, and predators such as hawks, ferrets, and foxes that feasted on these animals will move away if they cannot find food. White Tailed Deer Eastern Cottontail The tall grass prairies were formed around 8,000 years ago. Over 100 different plant species can be found in just 5 acres of land in a prairie. One of them is the national flower, the Bluebonnet. Roots can grow up to 12 feet deep in prairies, and every year some die. This gives the land more organic matter making it rich and fertile. Prairie fires ironically also helped prairies be maintained. These prevented the prairies from becoming full fledged forests. The damage from the fires also aren't very catastrophic as the fire cannot reach the stem of the grass where it grows from. The Brazos River provided a solid foundation for the coastal plains by bringing sediments into a shallow ocean. After the ocean receded, a great grass prairie grew into its place. Within the park, visitors have an opportunity to explore small communities of native grasses that only hint of days gone by. Around the mid-1800's much of Texas was covered with "tall grass" 8-10 feet tall! Unfortunately, today less than 2% of the native prairie exists undisturbed. Examples of animals that almost went extinct because of the European settlement were the bison, who ranged in 60 million, and then drastically went down to less than 600, and the Prairie Chicken, which went almost extinct but now has bounced back to around a population of 400,000 in the entire country. Buffalo American Beaver

Presentation Notes

Transcript: Total sales needed to cover fixed and variable costs: $43,433.34 COFFEE HOT DOGS Fixed Costs per Game Salaries for food services $20,000 Sq ft stadium space price $4,800 6 staff/booth x 6 booths x 5 hrs x $7/hr $1,260 TOTAL $26,060 Concession Sales Directors Bo Pitterno SOFT DRINKS The portion of fixed cost allocated to each sales item (percentage of the $26,060 fixed cost per game) Soft Drinks 25% = $6,515 Coffee 25% = $6,515 Hot Dogs 20% = $5,212 Hamburgers 20% = $5,212 Misc. Snacks 10% = $2,606 Snacks needed to be sold to reach break-even point: $4,343.33 SOUTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY HAMBURGERS Thank You! Any Questions? The 2013 Football Season at Southwestern University promises to be exciting! Variable cost per coffee: $.50 Revenue per coffee: $2.00 New Football Coach for 2013: Hamburgers needed to be sold to reach break-even point: $8,686.67 What is the break-even sales point for each item to cover the portion of the fixed cost allocated to each of these items? presented by: Food and Beverage Projected Sales Report Southwestern University Football Games 2013 Antonia Anderson Jennifer Bentahir William Plessinger Variable cost per hot dog: $.80 Revenue per hot dog: $2.00 Potential revenue if average sales per person for 35,000 holds for 60,000 attendance: $74,400 Soft Drink needed to be sold to reach break-even point: $13,030.00 Variable cost per snack: $.40 Revenue per snack: $1.00 Hot Dogs needed to be sold to reach break-even point: $8,686.67 Average Attendance 2012: 25,000-29,000 Projected Attendance 2013: 35,000+ Potential Attendance: 60,000 Sales needed per person by attendance: 25,000/$43,433.34 = $1.47 per attendee 35,000/$43,433.34 = $1.24 per attendee 60,000/$43,433.34 = $.72 per attendee SNACKS Variable cost per hamburger: $1.00 Revenue per hamburger: $2.50 Variable cost per soft drink: $.75 Revenue per soft drink: $1.50 Coffee needed to be sold to reach break-even point: $8,686.67

notes presentation

Transcript: thermal energy and heat How is heat transferred. key questions Heat is transferred from warmer objects to cooler objects by 3 methods. The 3 methods are conduction, convection, and radiation. what determines the temperature of an object temperature is the measure of the average kinetic energy of an objects particles. what is thermal energy thermal energy is the total energy of all an objects particles. vocabulary vocabulary Celsius scale: A heat measurement form where the freezing point is at 0 degrees and the boiling point is at 100 degrees Fahrenheit: a heat measurement form that most countries don't use. Kelvin scale: a heat measurement form where absolute zero is 0 degrees. Temperature: A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object. Absolute zero: the lowest temperature possible Heat: The transfer of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cooler object. Hurricanes are formed when very warm moist air rises quickly. this creates an area of lower air pressure below. As the air rises, water vapor in the air condenses, and releases a huge amount of thermal energy, which causes swirling winds which continue to feed the storm. hurricanes hurricanes heat forms heat forms Convection: A heat transfer that occurs only in fluids such as water and air. Radiation: The transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. Conduction: The transfer of heat between one particle of matter to another within the same object or between two objects. This is the difference between Celsius and Fahrenheit pictures That's what happens when particles heat up Heat transfers from warm to cool objects 1: Thermal energy is measured in joules 2: Thermal energy is difficult to transfer into other forms of energy 3: Objects cannot contain heat, they can only contain thermal energy 4: To transform thermal energy to other forms of energy, a machine is needed 5: the amount of thermal energy is not dependent on the amount of work extra facts extra facts video link Turtlediary. “Science for Kids: Heat Energy Video.” YouTube, YouTube, 21 July 2015,

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