Transcript: Gabe Van Arkel Waves Waves: Introduction Waves Waves come in many forms. They come in the form of light. Or they come in the form of Earthquakes. They are not just the cool things in the ocean. There are two types of waves, transverse waves and longitudinal waves. Transverse Transverse Particles in transverse waves travel at right angles in the direction the wave is moving Picture Explaination Explanation The image showed all the parts of a transverse wave. The Crest is the very top of a wave. The Trough is the lowest point in a wave. The equilibrium is the middle of a wave. The amplitude is the distance from the equilibrium in the wave to either the crest or trough. Wavelength is the distance between one point in a wave to the nearest similar point. Longitudinal Longitudinal Waves Longitudinal waves travel in a circular motion that mimics a slinky. Wavelength is the distance between one point in a wave to another indentical point. Compression is the area of highest density, and is where there is a lot of the wave at one time. Rarefaction is the area where the wave is the least dense, meaning that there is very little of the wave in that area. Picture Explaination Picture Explaination
Transcript: Visible Light 700 nm - 400 nm Only electromagnetic waves we can see, we see these waves as the colors of the rainbow Each color has a different wavelength Ex: Colors, Light Bulbs Frequency Radio 30 kHz - 3 GHz Longest wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum Carry signals Ex: Telescope, radio stations Infrared lies between the visible and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum Has a range of wavelengths Far infrared waves are thermal Ex: Remote, Infrared lamps Frequency- Number of waves made per cycle. Measured in Hertz. Relationship: Increasing frequency increases wavelength. Absorption Photons from light hit atoms and molecules causing them to vibrate Darker objects absorb more light Diffraction Bending & spreading of waves around an obstacle Most pronounced when light wave strikes an object with a size comparable with its own wavelength Refraction When light waves change direction as they pass from one medium to another Different wavelengths of light are slowed at different rates Change in speed bends light Gamma 200 kev - mev Most energy of any other wave in the electromagnetic spectrum Generated by radioactive atoms and in nuclear explosions Can kill living cells Ex: Sterilizing medical equipment, CT scans Micro 300 MHz - 300 GHz Good for transmitting information from one place to another Ex: satellite, microwave at home Waves Presentation Electromagnetic Waves Waves A wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through a medium from one point to another. Two types of waves are Transverse and Longitudinal. The energy of a wave is carried through solids, liquids, or gases. A medium is the substance that transports the wave from its source to another location. Longitudinal Waves' displacement is parallel to the direction of the wave and Transverse waves are perpendicular to the direction of the wave. Crest- Highest point of a wave. Trough- Lowest point of a wave. Positive Amplitude- Amplitude above the medium. Negative Amplitude- Amplitude below the medium. Wavelength- Distance between one crest or trough of a wave to the next. Waves that do not require a medium to propagate. Can travel not only through air and solid materials, but also through the vacuum of space. Electromagnetic Spectrum - the range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromagnetic radiation extends. X-rays 100 ev - 200 ev Higher energy than ultraviolet waves Small wavelengths X-ray light tends to act more like a particle than a wave Ex: x-rays, Ultraviolet 400 nm - 10 nm These waves are invisible to the human eye 3 Regions: the near ultraviolet, the far ultraviolet, and the extreme ultraviolet Ex: Sun rays, Tanning bed Behavior of Waves Terms Reflection When light hits an object and bounces off Smoother surfaces reflect more Color is waves of light reflected Behavior of Waves Scatter When light bounces off an object in a variety of directions Amount of scattering depends on the wavelength, size, and structure of object Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic Waves
Transcript: Constructive- If two waves meet in a way where the crests line up with one another it becomes a constructive interference. Diffraction Reflection Transverse Waves Longitudinal Waves Refraction is the change in direction and wavelength when a wave moves from one medium to another. Amplitude is the measure of displacement of the wave from it's rest position. Wavelength is the distance between two points of a wave. For example, the distance from between two crests. A longitudinal wave is a wave where the disturbance travels in the same direction as the wave. waves Crest Example: An example is an S Wave which is a wave that causes earthquakes. Example: An example of a surface wave is an ocean wave. Example: An example of a longitudinal wave is a sound wave. refraction A trough, opposite of a crest, is the lowest part of a wave. Wavelength Trough Diffraction is when a wave remains in the same medium, but bends around an obstacle. Amplitude and Frequency Frequency is the number of times per second that a wave cycles. If there is a high frequency waves will be closer together. But if there is a low frequency they will be farther apart. So someone with a low frequency would have a deep voice but if someone had a high frequency their voice would sound high. Surface waves A transverse wave is a wave where the disturbance moves perpendicular to the direction of the wave. by caitlyn khut Reflection occurs when a wave bounces off a boundary, changing direction but remaining in the same medium. Amplitude Destructive- If two waves meet and the trough and crest go over each other and create 0 it becomes a destructive interference. A surface wave is a wave that travels along the surface of a medium. A surface wave moves in a circular motion. A crest is the highest point of a wave. interference wave characteristics Wave interaction A wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space. Mechanical WAVES frequency MECHANICAL Wave
Transcript: DVDs & Waves CONCLUSION A sonogram is a noninvasive medical procedure that helps diagnose and treat health conditions. The method uses high frequency sound waves to produce a specific image of the patient's body. They don't use radiation, so it's much safer than an x-ray since patients don't have to worry about the possible side effects of radiation exposure. (Two Views LLC) General Info! Compact Disk The CD was invented by James Russel in 1965 An audio CD or a CD-ROM has information coded in tiny pits on its surface. A laser light is focused to get information on the sequence of those pits. The Blue Ray disc was invented by the Blu-Ray disc association Its name was derived from the underlying technology, which uses a blue-violet laser to read and write data. Its correct abbreviation is BD, not BR or BRD! The spelling is NOT a mistake! In "Blu-ray" the letter 'e' was purposefully dropped so that the term could be registered as a trademark. There isn't any possible way to actually prevent a tsunami from happening. However, there are many ways to prepare for one in areas where tsunamis are active. With an effective warning system, people can be evacuated, and damage can also be prevented. Tsunami walls, flood gates, & channels are three common ways that tsunamis are potentially prevented. CD, DVD, & Blu-Ray Technology Credit Cards Driver's Licenses Used on some barcodes to prevent things from getting stolen the medical field (X-ray holography, Endoscopic holography, Etc.) Waves How to Prevent Tsunamis Caused when the ocean is suddenly displaced on a large scale by an underwater disturbance (earthquakes); the ocean floor is raised or dropped & large tsunami waves can be formed Holograms Sonograms Seismic Waves & Tsunamis Where is holography used? General Info! General Info! Digital Versatile Disc Invented in 1995 by Phillips, Sony, Toshiba & Time Warner. Storage Capacity from 4.7 GB to 17 GB Access rates differs from 600 KB/s to 1.3 MB/s Kenzie Peacock, Cheyenne Kovacsy, & Amy Figurski - 3rd period (CD) As the disc spins, the ray of radiation passes over tiny differences in elevation, which alters the the wavelengths of the reflected waves. These waves pass back through the system of lenses, which are refracted in a different direction and in turn alter an electrical current that is "read" to produce sound. Additionally, CD players use infrared light, which means the spaces on the CD must be far apart enough to allow for infrared's relatively large wavelength. DVD players go more in-depth on this concept by relying on visible red light, which has a shorter wavelength than infrared. Blu-Ray Discs use blue visible light, which have an even shorter wavelength. Principles of holograms: interference & diffraction of light waves Described as a "window with memory" Waves are used in many different ways, and are often a big part of our daily lives. Most of the time, we don't even realize they're being used! CD's, DVD's, Blu-Ray disks, holograms, seismic waves, tsunamis, and sonograms are just a few examples out of the abundance that exist! How do DVDs, Blu-Ray disks & CDs use waves?? Sonography can be used to examine the: uterus, ovaries, liver, kidneys, spleen, thyroid, pancreas, gallbladder and bladder. It is useful for seeing the inside of the heart to determine any blockages or abnormal structures, measuring blood flow, detecting kidney stones and identifying cancers early. It can also be used to guide other slightly invasive procedures with limited visibility like a needle biopsy or needle aspirations. (Sanford-Brown)
Transcript: First, there is a medium that carries the disturbance from one location to another. The frequency of a sound wave is how fast the wave passes through a medium. Frequency is measured in hertz. 1 Hertz = 1 vibration per second. Sound Waves Sound waves are apart of our everyday lives, anything you can hear are sound waves. They are created by vibrating objects and spread through a medium from one location to another. What are examples of a medium? Sound is a Mechanical Wave. Sound is a mechanical wave and can not travel travel through a vacuum. Sound waves are longitudinal, waves in which the motion of the individual particles of the medium is in a direction that is parallel to the direction of the energy transport. speed = how fast frequency= how often. Second, there is an original source of the wave, some vibrating object capable of the medium. A medium is typically air but can be anything from water to steel. The sensation of a frequency is known as the pitch. In simpler words, pitch is how good the sound is. When objects vibrate, they tend to vibrate at a particular frequency or a set of frequencies which is called natural frequency. To change the natural frequency, there must be an alternation of speed or wavelength. A medium is whatever the wave passes through. Third, the sound wave is transported from one location to another by means of particle-to-particle interaction. Waves Presentation Pitch of a sound wave. What is a medium? What does it take for a sound wave to happen? Frequency of a Wave.
Transcript: Waves Presentation Electric Guitar Type of guitar that uses other outside amplifiers to make sound instead of a sound hole Electric Guitar Types of Waves Waves Microwave- Pickups under the strings transmit the vibrations to the amplifier Amplifier increases energy level and frequency to make louder sounds Pictures Pictures Fiber Optic Cables Fiber Optics Cables Network cables designed for more long-distance and high performance data networking Waves Used - Visible Fiber optics use light instead of electricity Data can travel a broad range of frequencies Higher energy usage than other cables Waves Colorblind Correction Glasses Colorblind Correction Glasses Glasses that have special lenses for correcting color blind peoples visions Waves Waves Visible- Lens are coated in special material that will remove overlapping wavelengths to distinguish colors Toaster Ovens Toaster Oven Smaller version of an oven Waves Waves - Infrared Rays Raising temperature increases frequency Energy level depends on temperature Pictures Pictures
Transcript: Lydia & Caitlin Waves A wave is an oscillation accompanied by a transfer of energy that travels through a medium (space or mass). Frequency refers to the addition of time. Define wave? 1 Slinky FOCUS AREA 1 THE PROBLEM THE PROBLEM JAN FEB MAR $ #1 #2 #3 2017 PLAN PLAN TIMELINE #1 #2 #3 TIMELINE Trombone 2 FOCUS AREA 2 THE PROBLEM THE PROBLEM $ JAN FEB MAR #1 #2 #3 2017 PLAN PLAN TIMELINE #1 #2 #3 TIMELINE FOCUS AREA 3 FOCUS AREA 3 THE PROBLEM THE PROBLEM $ JAN FEB MAR #1 #2 #3 2017 PLAN PLAN TIMELINE #1 #2 #3 TIMELINE
Transcript: Waves Presentation By: Yashica and Emma What is a Wave? What is a Wave? A wave is a disturbance that transfers energy and travels through space and matter. They are generated when a source of energy forces the matter in a medium to vibrate. Only energy and not matter is transferred as a wave moves. There are three main types of waves and that is transverse waves, longitudinal waves, and surface waves . Types of Waves Different types of Waves? Mechanical Waves Mechanical waves are waves that must travel through a medium. Mediums are solids, liquids or gases . Mechanical Waves Common examples of this is sound waves and shock waves. Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves can travel through empty space unlike Mechanical waves . Electromagnetic Waves A common example is visible light. Longitudinal Waves Longitudinal Waves Longitudinal waves move the particles of the medium parallel to the direction that the wave travels. The medium just moves back and forth in the same direction . Transverse Waves Transverse Waves Transverse waves are waves that move the medium perpendicular to the direction of propagation . How do Waves travel through different Mediums? How do Waves travel through different Media? A medium is a material which a wave travels through. A media or medium can be a solid, liquid or gas. A medium could be the ocean, Slinkies or air. When a wave travels through a medium the molecules will bump into each other and transfer the energy from one to the next. When waves travel through the medium it will not carry the particles of the medium through the wave. For example, “Waves are created by energy passing through water, causing it to move in a circular motion” . All waves can transmit energy through a medium. Electromagnetic waves can even transmit energy through empty space. The speed of a wave or how fast it travels is determined by the properties of the medium. The wave speed will be constant if the medium is uniform [23, 24]. How media travel through electromagnetic waves Electromagnetic waves do not need a medium to transfer their energy, however they can still use one. Electromagnetic waves travel through air, solid objects and space. Even though they can travel through a solid media they are fastest traveling through empty space. The propagation of electromagnetic waves are because of the mutual changes in the electric and magnetic field. This means the variations can cause the transfer of energy, which is carried by the electromagnetic wave [20, 21]. How medium travels through electromagnetic waves How media travel through mechanical waves. How medium travels through mechanical waves Mechanical waves need a medium (in other words an initial energy output) to be able to transport their energy from one place to another. After this initial energy the wave will travel through the medium until all the energy is transferred. Mechanical waves require particle interaction. They need this to be able to transport their energy, that is why they can’t travel through empty space/void of particles [18, 19]. Parts of a Wave Parts of a Wave Transverse and longitudinal waves are broken up into crest, trough, amplitude, wavelength, compression, rarefaction, and resting position/equilibrium. Both waves have a crest, trough, wavelength, and resting position/equilibrium. However in longitudinal waves the crest and trough are so compressed that the part of the wave is referenced as compression. Longitudinal waves also have rarefactions instead of amplitude like transverse waves have. The resting position/equilibrium and wavelength are located in corresponding spots on both waves. Transverse Transverse Crest- A crest is the highest point a medium rises to or in other words where the medium is at a maximum. Trough- The trough is the lowest point the medium sinks to. Amplitude- Amplitude is the difference between the resting position/equilibrium to the crest or trough. Wavelength- Wavelength is the difference between two adjacent crests or troughs. Resting position/equilibrium- The resting position/equilibrium is state the wave would be in if there was no disturbance moving though it . Longitudinal Longitudinal Compression- The area in a wave when the particles are close together or compressed. Rarefaction- The area in a wave when the particles are far apart or spread out. Wavelength- Wavelength is the difference between two adjacent compressions. Resting position/equilibrium- The resting position/equilibrium is state the wave would be in if there was no disturbance moving though it . The Electromagnetic Spectrum The Electromagnetic Spectrum Gamma Ray Gamma Rays consist of the shortest wavelengths of 10 pm and under, highest frequencies, and highest photon energy of the Electromagnetic Spectrum. Gamma rays are more penetrating, in matter, and can damage living cells due to their high energy. They are used in medicine (radiotherapy), industry (sterilization and disinfection) and the X-Ray
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