Transcript: By C1C Erin McAlister and C1C Taylor Watson AFI51-402 - devices designed to kill, injure, or disable people, or to damage or destroy property. Destroying Iranian centrifuges in the Natanz nuclear facility. Qualifies as a weapon. Harold Koh, Legal advisor to the State Department defined "use of force" for Cyber Activities as: “Cyber activities that proximately result in death, injury, or significant destruction would likely be viewed as a use of force” There is no significant destruction in Iran Domestic Authorities Natanz Nuclear Facility UN Charter Article 41- the Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed, and that it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply these measures. The Article establishes that the measures include interruption of economic and diplomatic relations and communications LOAC Title 10 - governs DoD which governs USAF. Cyber Command dual-hatted but team is made up of USAF personnel Sec Def created US Cyber Command with a memo on June 23, 2009 International Legal Implications Legal Implications of Cyber Operation Plan Resolution 1696, July 2006 - demanded Iran halt Uranium enrichment process Passed Resolutions 1737(2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008) and 1887 (2009) Resolution 1929, June 2010 - enacted even greater sanctions on Iran for its consistent violations of the NTP and IAEA Does it Deploy a Weapon Target: Natanz Nuclear Facilities SCADA programmable logic control systems (PLCs) Location: Afghanistan CIA outpost Payload/Weapon System: Logic bomb carried by a worm titled Stuxnet. Deploy zero days Desired End State: Destroy centrifuges and render nuclear facilities inoperable Weapon Design and Deployment Team: 24th Air Force, 67th network warfare wing, Capts McAlister and Watson, and select other members of US Cyber Command Questions, Comments and Concerns Existing Resolutions Method of Introduction Introduced in Afghanistan through the internet Path taken to target Worm travels through network on restricted nodes Physical effects Disabled uranium enrichment centrifuges Destruction of property within Iran Article 2(4) Concerns Military necessity - An attack or action must be intended to help in the military defeat of the enemy, it must be an attack on a military objective, and the harm caused to civilians or civilian property must be proportional and not excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated. Distinction - The acts of war should be directed towards enemy combatants, and not towards non-combatants caught in circumstances they did not create. Proportionality - An attack cannot be launched on a military objective in the knowledge that the incidental civilian injuries would be clearly excessive in relation to the anticipated military advantage Humanity - least possible expenditure of life, time, and physical resources. Chivalry - waging of war in accord with well-recognized formalities and courtesies. Does This Constitute an Attack? Does it constitute an attack UN resolutions UN Charter Sovereignty considerations Weapon LOAC Cyber Plan: Iranian Disruption of uranium processing and enrichment (IDUPE) UN Charter Sovereignty Concerns
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
Transcript: He was attacked once before, but on November 28th, 1994, Dahmer was killed by a fellow inmate, Christopher Scarver. He was beaten with a broom stick and died on his way to the hospital. Jeffrey Dahmer Case http://criminal-law.freeadvice.com/criminal-law/violent_crimes/degrees.murder.htm http://www.chicagotribune.com/topic/entertainment/jeffrey-l-dahmer-PECLB001255.topic The most serious homicide, thatindicates that a person calmly decided to kill another person, decided how to do it, and carried out their murderous plan. These are intentional murders, Especially where the killer plans the killing. These are typically the capital form of homicide. On July 22, 1991, Jeffrey was attmepting to create another victim, but it didn't work out so well for him. The man was able to escape and get the police. Once Jeffrey's aparmtent was searched, they found many disturbing things, including human sculls, and dismembered body parts. Dahmer was kept at the Columbia Correctional Institute in Wisconsin. Done By: Andrew Guitar Cont.. The Jeffrey Dahmer Case Case Study Bibliography Dahmer was indicted of 17 murders, which was later recuded to 15. Trial began on January 30th, 1992. Dahmer pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. http://karisable.com/skazdahmer.htm After 2 weeks of trial, he was found sane and guilty of 15 counts of murder. Dahmer was sentenced 15 life sentences, 957 years in prison. Between 1978 and 1991he had killed 17 men and boys. The first killing being when he was only 18 years old. The murders consisted of rape, dismemberment, necrophilia and canibalism. Dahmer was a sever alcoholic, and gradually his killing became more of a routine. Homicide is a broader statement than murder. When someone commits homicide, it could be criminal, but it could also be an act of self-defense. Criminal homicide is classified as murder or manslaughter, and at different degrees. Grade 11 Open Law Arrest 2nd Degree Murder This is less intentional murder. These can include unforeseen brawls where someone pulls a weapon, where a spouse comes home to find their partner being unfaithful, or where an ordinarily peaceful person is provoked to suddenly lash out. Manslaughter Not guilty by reason of insanity means that he's trying to say that he is not responsible for his actions because of a mental illness. Death http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/dahmer/index.html What is homicide? Cont.. Homicide Trial He had photos all over his room of the murders, and an alter or candles and human skulls in his closet. By Andrew Guitar 1st Degree Murder What are the different types of homicide? Throughout his trial, Dahmer expressed extreme remorse and guilt, and even stated he wishes death apon himself. His murders caught up with him, and Christopher Scarver felt satisfied with his killing. Killing that is basically unintentional but that is so negligent that society punishes it. This could include something like a driver who speeds recklessly, loses control, and kills someone else on the roadway; the driver did not intend to kill anyone and probably did not even know the victim, but he was intentionally neglecting laws that are meant to keep people safe on the roadways and caused a death through that law-breaking negligence. Thanks for Watching! The deliberate and unlawful killing of one person by another; murder. Background January 16th, 2012
Transcript: nesra's last day at kindergarten 2 years old 4 years old ( soon to be 5) NESRA- 3 YEARS OLD AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY OF PRIMARY SCHOOL
Transcript: Welcome to Our World Mohd Zuhdi Zakaria NurAidiAdha Yaa'kob Anuar Syafiq Idrus Said Azaha Kamaruzzaman Created by eddy callahan contact me @ FB : Mohd Zuhdi You Can Refer Page 53 Lina Joy's parents Her appeal was dismissed 2-1 by Chief Justice Tun Ahmad Fairuz Sheikh Abdul Halim and Datuk Alauddin Mohd Sheriff. The ruling stated that "a person who wanted to renounce his/her religion must do so according to existing laws or practices of the particular religion". In Malaysia, the Shariah Court alone has the power to deal with Islamic issues, including legal recognition for conversion to and from Islam. Conversely, the Shariah Court has no jurisdiction over those who are not Muslims. Lina Joy Bye...Bye,.. Born Azlina Jailani in 1964 Malay convert from Islam to Christianity Converted at age 26 In 1998, she was baptized, and applied to have her conversion legally recognized by the Malaysian courts. Though her change of name was recognized in 1999 and so noted on her identity card. That's All from Us.... n_n Thank You Her change of religion was not (since it is without the Mahkamah Syariah confirmation document). She filed suit with the High Court in 1999, bypassing the Syariah Court (Islamic court). In a majority verdict delivered on May 30, 2007, the Federal Court rejected her appeal.
Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas
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