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Transcript: Presented By: Tierra Williams Helping Build Lives: Career and Life Development of Gifted and Talented Students By: Meredith J. Greene, Ph.D THE BEGINNING Who Gifted and Talented Students are. Career and Life Developemnt Factors that influence Career and Life Development Career Counseling of Gifted Students Purpose/Introduction Purpose/Introduction Giftedness can be demonstrated by a variety of behaviors and in many different domains. Gifted and talented vary as much as the individuals who are assigned those labels and are influenced by social, political, economical and cultural factors. Who Are Gifted and Talented Students? Who Are Gifted and Talented Students? A career is a means of self-expression that reflects one's values and one's identity. Career decision-making is a lifelong process, not a one-time choice of occupation. Work is defined by skills and values. It is more important than ever to recognize the importance of developing the "soft skills" needed to succeed in the modern work world. Career and Life Development Career and Life Development Factors Factors that Influence Career and Life Development Multipotentiality Early Emergence and Foreclosure Personality Traits and Characteristics Emphasis on Traditional Academic Domains and Conventional Training Routes Expectations of Others Special Populations The ability to do many things at very high levels of competence and enjoyment. A child's hobbies and leisure pursuits are important expoloratory experience that may be highly intellectual endeavors and may be strong indicators of possible career directions. Become involved and successful in diverse activities allowing them to explore many facets of their personality and creativity. Multipotentiality Multipotentiality Gifted individuals are capable of or demonstrate superior performances. She learned to read at the age of two and a half years old. She skipped Kindergarten after writing a note to her teacher on the first day of school saying that she belonged in first grade. After that year, she was promoted to third grade. Says that her father saved her life. Her father was strict and provided her with guidance, structure, rules and books. She was required to complete book reports. She became an excellent student, participating in drama club, debate club and student council. In an Elks club speaking contest, she won a full scholarship to Tennessee State University. Her success skyrocketed after the success of The Color Purple. She owns her own network and a leadership academy for girls in South Africa. She is now one the wealthiest women in America and the highest paid entertainer in the world. She learned to read at the age of two and a half years old. She skipp... ??? ??? Oprah Winfrey Gifted students who are early emergers discovers their passions and begin to develop unusally strong talents and avoid interests as early as elementary school. Gifted or talented children may seem mature for their age, but they may not be able to make mature career decisions. Early Emergence Early Emergence and Foreclosure Students who foreclosure too early do not learn to expand their experiences and develop new talents. If children are unchallenged in their one chosen field, they could develop a pattern of perfectionism or failure avoidance that inhibits them from taking risk and trying new experience. Early Emergence and Foreclosure Contintued... Early Emergence and Foreclosure Contintued... Abilities, interest, and values should not be the only consideration in career/life development and planning for gifted and talented individuals. John Holland's model can be helpful when discussing personality fit of gifted students and their possible careers. Personality Traits and Charcteristics Personality Traits John Holland's Model John Holland's Model Was born in Syracuse, New York. He grew up in near poverty, and had a Catholic upbringing. The family was dominated by his abusive father. He became involved in drama in the fourth grade. He breifly attended a Franciscan seminary in Ohio on a church scholarship and aspired to become a Catholic priest, before his interest in acting. He is an advocate for dyslexia. He is well know for his role in Mission: Impossible. Was born in Syracuse, New York. He grew up in near poverty, a... ??? ??? Tom Cruise Expectations of Others Expecations of Others: Achieving Students To gain approval of hold love, some gifted students may choose to behave according to the expectations of others rather than pursue personal fulfillment. Pressured to select careers and colleges that others deem sufficiently challenging or esteemed, rather than ones based on thier own personal strengths and interest. If identification procedures for gifted programs rely soley on available academic data, such as subject grades or achievement test scores, many underachieveing students who may be gifted will not be identified as such and will not recieve appropriate career counseling. Expectations of Others: Unachieving

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Transcript: Junior Elite Female Soccer Athletes Nutrition Status Researchers Jennifer C. Gibson, Lynneth Stuart-Hill, Steven Martin & Catherine Gaul RESEARCH Nutrition Adolescent female athletes Growth & development RESEARCH WHAT? Purpose Evaluate Compare HOW? Method 33 adolescent females 4-day food records Hematological analysis FINDINGS FINDINGS Daily energy intake lower than expenditure 2,079 ± 460 kcal VS 2,546 ± 190 kcal 50% consumed less carbs than recommended Micronutrients below DRI recommendations Surprisingly they were still healthy WHY? Importance of Nutrients MACRO MICRO CARBOHYDRATES PROTEINS VITAMINS 51.5% consumed less than 5g/kg Effect on growth & development Main source of fuel for the body Vitamin B --> energy metabolism red blood cell production, protein synthesis & tissue repair Vitamin E --> powerful antioxidant & cell membrane protection Vitamin D --> development, maintenance & repair bones IRON Female adolescents are at a higher risk for depletion & deficiency --> growth, training & loss from menses 27.3% consumed less than 1.2g/kg Needed to support (lean) muscle protein synthesis & repair Potential energy source THINKING THOUGHTS Reliable sources Proper recordings Real life Mention what could have gone better Talks about male athletes Usages of the word adolescent Serving size reference FUTURE Not compare with male FUTURE research Influence of environment Influence of diet changes Paper: develop a strong base of evidence on which to formulate specific dietary recommendations ESSENTIAL IMPORTANT 1 2 4 Intake of micronutrients, carbs & protein Influence of environment 3 Targeted nutrition can enhance training Growth & development besides training

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