Transcript: -Farmers clearly saw that farming was hard work and needed numerous children As more and more settlers headed west, the Native Americans got fustrated and began fighting back. They were losing all thier land -Miners had to face rough conditions "Farmers." Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. No rancher has the right to sell, or own, what God meant to be free. The Range must always remain open.- BBQ Bill Shankelbean , 1855 -The native americans were getting driven out of their land -The populist party was based on the poor and white cotton farmers in the south - Native Americans made land treaties with the american colonists Native Americans Ranchers - Despite the risks a successful cattle run was very profitable to everyone "Related Quotes." Percy Montrose Famous Quote about Excavating, Forty, Mine, Miner, Niner. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. Miners "Thomas E Watson Quotes." Thomas E Watson Quotes (Author of Bethany; A Story Of The Old South). N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. Before Ranchers did it to maintain food on the table and have some money to buy supplies. now they are doing it mainly for their wealth and to gain as much of it as possible. The Populist -The gold rush radically changed the California economy and brought in an array of professionals - They would have to farm enough food to make it through the winter Farming looks mighty easy when your plow is a pencil, and you're a thousand miles from the corn field. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) Thirty-fourth President of the USA. - The terms "populist" and "populism" are commonly used for anti-elitist appeals in opposition to established interests and mainstream parties. - The spanish cattlemen were called Vaqueros Farmers -Once the cattle was fattened they drove them to a local railroad site -Sheep gazing was also very popular “You are kept apart that you may be separately fleeced of your earnings. You are made to hate each other because upon that hatred is rested the keystone of the arch of financial despotism which enslaves you both. You are deceived and blinded that you may not see how this race antagonism perpetuates a monetary system which beggars both.” Thomas E Watson By: Miguel G. - Very few single men tried to operate a farm - During the early years of settlement women worked in the field also, but left the field to attend the house -49ers went to California in search of gold "Each man is good in the sight of the Great Spirit" Life of a miner was hard, the immigrants that became miners had to adapt to their new environment and learn how to live. Some became wealthy and some stayed poor. Farmers have changed significantly. They have started to grow cash crops mainly for their gain. They obtained much land from the homestead act The Old West - There were savage clashes between american colonists and native americans -If Farmers would grow enough crops they could sell them for money "Sitting Bull." Sitting Bull. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. <http://www.powersource.com/gallery/people/sittbull.html>. “In a cavern, in a canyon, Excavating for a mine Dwelt a miner, Forty-niner, And his daughter, Clementine” -Percy Montorose - A Sioux war party ambushed and killed the army of Captain William J Fetter man -The funding for the cattle industry came largely from British sources -A People's Party grew out of agrarian unrest in response to low agricultural prices in the South The populist stuck with their idea of farmers needing help. There wasn't much change with them except they eventually dissolved in 1908 - There was hostility between populist and bankers - The black hills was taken from the Native Americans in the search for gold - They would sometimes come together with labor unions "Old West Wisdom, Old Sayings, and Famous Cowboy Quotes." Old West Wisdom, Old Sayings, and Famous Cowboy Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. -Supplies were expensive and food was poor
Transcript: By: Samantha Fountain “Hired by the Montana Tuberculosis Association, between 1916 and 1918, Dr. Lanza examined more than 1,000 miners and found among the several hundred with lung disease, more than five dozen who had tuberculosis.” – Dr. Jim Kornberg Mining became prevalent in the 19th century in the United states The General Mining Act of 1872 was put in place to encourage mining of federal lands. Manifest Destiny had many driving factors but one main one was the California Gold Rush. Many Traveled west in search of work opportunities. Many Western Cities were Established as mining cities such as Denver and Sacramento. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States#History http://www.truewestmagazine.com/jcontent/history/history/frontier-doc/2964-the-misery-of-mining-in-the-old-west http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People's_Party_(United_States) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Frontier#Social_history http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining#North_and_South_America http://quotes.dictionary.com/search/populist+party?page=1#HkAOcOg6IUBxhWT1.99 “The first farmer was the first man. All historic nobility rests on the possession and use of land.” ~Ralph Waldo Emerson Very few single men attempted to operate a farm or ranch. farmers understood the need for a hard-working wife, and numerous children, to handle the many chores, including feeding and clothing the family, managing the housework, child-rearing, and feeding the hired hands. During early settlement famers wives majorly stayed in the fields to work the crops. After about a generation or so women began to leave the fields to become familiar with more domesticated chores. Sewing and washing began to play an important role in the domestic lives of the women of the households. many believe that rural upbringing allowed many children to break away from urban scale of age and gender and become more self-reliant, adaptable and responsible. “Party honesty is party duty, and party courage is party expediency. ” – Grover Cleveland The Party grew due to low agricultural prices in southern America. The party was very popular among southern farmers but faced many problems with the monopoly of the Democratic Party. The Populists followed the Prohibitionist party by actively involving Women in political affairs. By 1896 many of the Populist's causes had been taken up by the Democratic Party. The populists endorsed William Jennings Bryan who was the Democratic candidate because he was already technically their candidate too. The Populists “Natural freedom is the only object of the policy of the [Native Americans]; with this freedom do nature and climate rule alone amongst them ... [Native Americans] maintain their freedom and find abundant nourishment... [and are] people who live without laws, without police, without religion.”—Jean Jacques Rousseau Many Native Americans lived as hunter-gatherer societies and told their histories by oral traditions. After the colonists settlement in the Americas, the early written history of the Native Americans was created by the European settlers. There was much political tension, violence and disruption between Native Americans and European settlers due to the many cultural differences. After the Establishment of the United States and the American Revolution President George Washington and Henry Knox came up with the idea to Civilize the Native Americans in preparation for being assimilation into the US. Many factors contributed to the decline of Native American Population such as: Diseases brought from Europe, War and Genocide, Displacement of land, Intermarriage and enslavement Native Americans were using Mined copper as far back as 5000 years ago to make arrowheads and other artifacts, "Sit tall in the saddle hold your head up high, keep your eyes fixed where the trail meets the sky and live like you ain't afraid to die, don't be scared just enjoy your ride” ~Chris LeDoux song settlers from the United States that moved west brought cattle breeds developed on the east coast along with them and adapted their management to the drier lands of the west by borrowing factors of the Spanish vaquero culture. The prairie and desert land of the western US and Mexico were known as the open range. The use of live stock branding allowed the cattle of different ranchers to be identified and sorted. In 1862 the Homestead act made it easier for Americans to move west to set up ranches and farms. The end of the open range was due to over grazing instead of crop farming. The Farmers The Old West The Ranchers Native Americans The Miners Cited Work
Transcript: 2000 1990 2005 Old West Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often bob wir in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strands. It is used to construct inexpensive fences and is used atop walls surrounding secured property. It is also a major feature of the fortifications in trench warfare as a wire obstacle. 2010 Exodusters was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of blacks following the Civil War. President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act on May 20, 1862, to spur Western migration. How did a person get 160 acres of one's own? You had to be a U.S. citizen and 21 years of age. By paying a filing fee of $10 and residing on your new farm in the West for at least five years, the land would be yours. Exoduster Importance of BarbedWire Homestead Act of 1862 1995
Transcript: The demands of western farming fueled the swift growth of the farm equipment industry, which, in turn, brought more land under cultivation. Between 1870 and 1900, more land came under cultivation than in the previous 250 years, and the era of the American frontier came to a close. Cowboys Today As the West became more and more settled, cowboys began to lose their relevance. However, they never completely went away. The rodeo is considered by many to be the last home for true cowboys. The cowboy aura and image have grown into an American legend over time, thanks to things like the Wild West shows in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and the immensely popular Western film genre The mining industry of the American West not only created fortunes and disappointment for the individual miners, but also played an important part in American labor history, mining technology, and the growth of geological knowledge A People's Party grew out of agrarian unrest in response to low agricultural prices in the South and the trans-Mississippi West It has become much more capital intensive requiring larger and larger operations to justify the equipment. Modern practices, particularly fertilization, have increased the overall production of crops and also increased the quality. Things like "organic" labeling have detracted from this. Over time the indian began to be americanized into American culture and became citizens in 1924 Many tribes’ adult men were warriors and raiders without mercy. What’s more, they were proud of it. They would cringe to hear the cuddly, kinder labels that many of the modern Indian Lovers give them. By 1850, the total population of the U.S. had grown to more than 23 million people, and farmers made up about 64% of the labor force. The farming culture of the original colonies had pushed its way westward to the Great Plains, while Spanish colonists had introduced agriculture into the Southwest as early as the sixteenth century. The party flourished most among farmers in the Southwest and Great Plains, as well as making significant gains in the South, where they faced an uphill battle given the firmly entrenched monopoly of the Democratic Party. What a clover-field is to a steer, the sky to a lark, a mud hole to a hog, such are the new diggings to a miner. -- The Oregonian, 1862 The buffalo was an important animal to the native americans and when the transcontinental railroad was expanding it was depleting the forests and land leaving no land or homes for the buffalo. Mining in the west caused a lot of changes, mostly destructive, to the sources of fresh water, including rivers, streams, and aquifers. During the gold rush of 1849 in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains of eastern California, huge amounts of sediment were washed down the rivers from mining operations. These operations used high pressure water to blast the gold from the sandstone. The sediment was flowing downstream and causing serious problems for agriculture as well as life in the rivers and San Francisco Bay. Upstream of the mining operations, streams were diverted from their natural channels to provide the water for mining. This entailed habitat loss for the organisms that lived in the diverted channels. Today, the third largest gold mine in the world is operating in northern Nevada. It is drawing out groundwater from a open pit operation that is digging below the water table. When the mining operation is done, it is estimated that it will take over 200 years for the aquifer to be recharged by rain. Cowboy CodesThe cowboys of the West lived by a code that was meant to keep their honor. The codes dealt with respect for fellow cowboys (things such as always greeting your fellow cowboy on the trail), respect for women (the well-known "never swear in front of a woman" code) and respect for their horses. In U.S. history, a political party was formed primarily to express the agrarian protest of the late 19th century. In some states the party was known as the People's party. Geronimo (1829-1909) An Apache leader who fought fiercely against Mexico and the U.S. for expanding into his tribe’s lands. Geronimo began inciting countless raids against the two parties, after his wife and three children were slaughtered by Mexican troops in the mid-1850s. Origin Even though the typical cowboy look wasn't prevalent from the outset, cowboys are as old as America itself. Colonists who owned a large amount of cattle used techniques learned from the Spanish to move their herd across large amounts of land. However, the traditional cowboy didn't develop until American settlers began migrating westward, and mingled with Mexicans. Borrowing some parts of the Mexican ranchers' attire, American cowboys began fashioning their own image that is well-known almost 200 years later. Chief Joseph (1840-1904) While many Native American war leaders and chiefs were known for their combative resistance towards the U.S.'s westward expansion, Chief Joseph, Wallowa
Transcript: The Old West 1) 59'ers (Miners) searched the rockies for wealth. 2) They also poured into Nevada due to the Comstock lode. 3) Both men and women were involed as miners. 4) California was not the only place that had gold to mine. 5) Mining interfered with indians. Everyone had become cowboys; African-Americans, Whites, and Mexicans, all except chinese. The End! Farming had become a larger business because people were getting large amounts of land to farm on; but that soon began to wear out. Native Americans Native Americans started to altar and be "Americanized" as they influenced by American ways. 1) The cowboys of this time had been mostly settled throughout the Great Plains. 2) Indians were also a race that had become apart of the ranchers. 3) Cowboys came from many backgrounds. 4) Their jobs consisted of tending and protecting the wild herds of cattle . 5) Cowboys worked hard with low-pay. 1) There were many farmers after the civil war. 2) Indians were deeply involved with farming. 3) The Government gave native americans land with bad soil and little precipitation. 4) The Homestead Act gave Indians 160 acres of land. 5) Many indians and other people gave their land back to the government because of its condition. The eagerness and craving of Americans to mine for gold/silver later slowed down and people had less interest in it. 2) Native Americans used mostly bison to survive. 3) Sioux indians considered Little Bighorn as a sacred place. 4) 200 indians die because of a war fought over their sacred "Ghost Dance" 5) Whites make a law and deal of land with indians but they didn't fall through with good land. 1) Populists was known as the "People's party" 2) Populists stood for the farmers and the working class against the wealthy. 3) The Populist party came about in 1892. 4) Populists had a nickname as the "Popocrats". 5) Ignatius Donnelly was the leader of the Populist movement. Miners Populists Cowboys The populist party (people's party) later faded into a "nothing" party. 1) Native Americans used the Ghost Dance to preserve their own way of life. Farmers
Transcript: The Transcontinental Railroad A rail link between the east and the west Congress supported the Railroad in two ways: It provided money in the form of loans and made land grants, giving builders wide streaches of land, altering each side of the track route. Immagrants played a big part in helping to build the railroad. The human cost for building the railroad was high. They often burried the dead along side of the railroad. Upon completion of the railroad the effects were far reaching. It tied the nation together, moved products and people, and spurred industrial development. The railroads also stimulated the growth of towns and cities. Railroad intinsified Settlement The Railroad intensified the demand for indians land and brought white settlers who overwhelmed Mexican American communities in the southwest. Allowed waves of pioneers to move west.
Transcript: "When a white army battles Indians and wins, it is called a great victory, but if they lose it is called a massacre." - Chiksika, Shawnee Jacob May - APUSH Picture: https://sites.google.com/a/cojusd.org/chapter-17-section-1/ Quote: http://cowboysandcowgirlsrule.tripod.com/id14.html Picture: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/251709066650500814/ Quote: http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-words5.html Farmers 1. Gold was found in 1858 in Colorado and "fifty-niners" rushed to try and get rich. 2. Mining attracted population to the West. 3. The Comstock Lode was found in Nevada in 1859. 4. When the surface gold was taken, the gold-bearing quartz was smashed to get the gold out. 5. Boomtowns popped up around mining operations. Native Americans The Native Americans were pushed off of their land and made to live in reservations that the government set up. Many Indians were killed from revolting against the US. "If I owned Hell and Texas I'd rent out Texas and live in Hell." - General William Tecumseh Sherman "Beating up on the so-called elite media has a nice populist ring to it." -Bill Keller “In a cavern, in a canyon, Excavating for a mine Dwelt a miner, Forty-niner, And his daughter, Clementine” -Percy Montrose The Populists Many came with optimism for finding gold but left with nothing and were extremely devastated. Even though the political party was shortlived, they brought up things that would later be changed by different groups such as the implementation of secret ballots, immigration restriction, and a graduated income tax. Ranchers Picture: https://www.yyoutube.com/watch?v=Wgk5XeXM2ao Quote: http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-quotes.html At first they believed that the land was infertile but they realized that is was very fertile and began to plant crops that could survive the harsh arid climate. 1. Grew different crops out west that could survive the arid climate. 2. Believed the land out west was infertile. 3. Used dry farming to get to the nutrient-rich soil. 4. There wasn't much water in the West. 5. Used the railroads to ship their goods to eastern markets. 5. Barbed wire fences ended the open range. 4. Favorite terminal points were Abilene, Kansas, Ogallala, Nebraska, and Cheyenne, Wyoming. Initially used the "Long Drive" to get herds across land but had to stop because the open range had people living on it and barbed wire fences blocked off the pathways across the land. 1. The Populist party was established in 1891. 2. William Jennings Bryan was a famous Populist. 3. Also known as the "peoples" party. 4. Advocated for the free coinage of silver and a graduated income tax. 5. Held their own convention in Omaha, Nebraska. 1. Killed just what they needed to survive. 2. Native Americans were nomadic. 3. Used every part of the bison that they killed. 4. Fought back against the US to try and retain their land. 5. The US government set up areas called reservations for the Indians to live. Miners 2. Whites, blacks and Mexicans were ranchers. Old West 3. Used railroads to ship the meat to the stockyards. 1. Used the "Long Drive" to get herds to the slaughterhouses over the open range. Picture: https://robin-ellis.net/tag/miners/ Quote: http://thinkexist.com/quotes/with/keyword/miner/ Picture: http://sageamericanhistory.net/gildedage/documents/PopulistPlat1892.html Quote: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/populist_2.html "There are three kinds of men: The ones that learn by reading. The few who learn by observation. The rest of them have to pee on the electric fence." -Unknown
Transcript: TASK 3: Presentation Target Audience Purpose What is the purpose of your presentation? Success Criteria Create a background style using - Slide Master (1 mark) Add Slide Transitions to all slides (1 mark) TIPS: Does the purpose of your presentation fit in with the ethos and house style of the company? Print screen and annotate your work to earn the marks Homework: Explain the purpose of your presentation and what it will feature Year 11 - Tuesday 25th Jan Year 12 - Tuesday 25th Jan Gender Age Range Ethos Image Product Mission
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