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OHSU Internship Presentation

Transcript: Center of mass computation for the data that I processed in Cortex Learn to use EMG system Get involved in more data collections here It's been great working here! We aim all 8 cameras at the force plate to capture all 4 markers on the L-Frame We use a focus card to adjust things like threshold and brightness. Markers!! A wand is then used for dynamic calibration to check that all the cameras are seeing the capture volume, which is the area where the experiment is performed. Cortex Motion Collection and Analysis (Brief Overview) AIM: Determine whether the MS subjects can learn to improve their balance with variable magnitude surface perturbations Hypothesis: MS subjects with cerebellar lesions will not learn to improve their balance as opposed to subjects without such lesions What we learn from this may some day help us in treating these MS subjects differently in physical therapy. One group with lesions on their cerebellum and the other group without Balance Disorders Lab At OHSU with: Garrison Guptill Data collected on Cortex We look at how the subject reacted when they were perturbed I noticed that for bigger perturbations I used a hip type strategy to get back to normal body position Then I noticed that for smaller perturbations I would use an ankle type strategy to get back to normal body position Notes Walking Data Markers Force Plate Then we use the L-frame for static calibration This used to define the origin/reference point for the capture volume Camera Calibration/Set-Up Troubleshooting/Complications Ampyra Drug Motion Capture with Reflective Markers and Cameras Reflective markers are used to track human subjects movements They have reflective material so the the infrared cameras pick them up For our study we use 21 markers for the body and 2 flat markers on the floor as reference points Camera Calibration/Set-Up Data Collection and Analysis Motion Analysis Reflective Markers Force Plate Motion Analysis Ampyra Data Processing (Opals) Data Collection Configure Cameras Human Subject recorded in a specified volume with markers Data Analysis Balance Training in Multiple Sclerosis Cortex Motion Analysis Data Collection Data Analysis Experimental Set-up/Testing Camera Calibration/Set-Up Camera Set-Up Background: Alleged to improve the myelin sheath of muscles in MS subjects It has been shown to improve walking speed We expect features like Stride Velocity to increase, Double Support decrease, Swing time increase, Gait Cycle time decrease Are they faster or slower? Track reflective marker data Background: Multiple sclerosis involves scaring of the central nervous system at variable locations. One of the probable sites of lesions is in the cerebellum. But, some and not all MS subjects have the lesion in their cerebellum We think this will affect the way that they learn a new task. In the present study, we will test their ability to learn to improve their balance control through motor learning tasks involving surface perturbations Force plate was used to give subject surface perturbations (Discrete and Continuous) A forward perturbation results in backwards sway and then in order to maintain your balance your tibialis anterior muscles contract A backward perturbation results in forward sway and then in order to maintain your balance your gastrocnemius muscles contract Cameron et. al, 2008 A few features of Cortex Any Questions? Aims and Hypothesis Camera aiming Threshold adjustment Brightness Focus Card Future Directions Preliminary Ampyra Data

OHSU: Status

Transcript: "Envisioning a multifunctional and sustainable campus as a framework for urban design in Portland" CONTEXT + HISTORY What about the project? Goals + Objectives Goal 1: designing for future educational and healthcare spaces Goal 2: Integrate OHSU into the urban landscape Goal 3: Create multifunctional urban spaces Goal 4: Generate a sustainable framework adding the element of landscape urbanism why landscape urbansim? whats so fab about that? 3 scales to the project urban design scale: diagraming relationships creating interventions near the site campus scale: higher level of detail more critical relationships explored full programming critical detail areas: exploring how small areas function looking at stormwater materials used Programming: activities + elements what will be in the campus Activities: plazas/gathering space waterfront promenade flexible spaces commercial functions Elements: different types of seating landscape systems lighting and wayfinding green roofs moving past the first schematic in order to move forward, you have to move backward the reality of the site this may be a constraint, but at the same time it is a huge opportunity looking at urban systems these are only a few systems to look at... the conceptual layout and design Is it all connected? Can these systems work together to ehnace the design? I'll let you decide.... but the answer is yes moving forward....but like how?? develop a strong concept analyize the relationships design to enhance those relationships translate the concept into a form and build upon it why is this important? A different direction for urban design A FOUNDATION TO BUILD UPON: STATUS OF THE PROJECT OHSU


Transcript: References Questions? OHSU Conclusion OHSU Independent Foundations The OHSU Foundation The Doernbecher Children's Hospital Foundation $203 million raised in 2013 and 2014. $110 million for innovative cancer research. A Worthy Cause, A Healthy Investment History Feet/Legs Anatomy of a Business OHSU Discovery Developing an HIV/AIDS Vaccine Providing an unprecedented 3-D view of the NMDA receptor. Identifying new genetic risk factors for Autism OHSU Community Service 200 Health Care Programs Total Community Contribution: $365.5 million Care for Underserved: $ 159.8 million OHSU Strategic Communications, (2015, April). At a glance. http:/ U.S. News and World Report (2015). Oregon Health Sciences University. Retrieved from http:/ OHSU Integrity Program, (Revised 2010). Code of Conduct. http:/ http:/ http:/ http:/ OHSU Vision OHSU is a unique resource for Oregonians and the place where healing, teaching and discovery come together. OHSU Dual Purpose (Health/Education) OHSU Mission OHSU strives for excellence in education, research and scholarship, clinical practice and community service. Through its dynamic interdisciplinary environment, OHSU stimulates the spirit of inquiry, initiative, and cooperation among students, faculty and staff. OHSU History Lungs October 20, 2015 Brain Heart Vision Hands/Arms OHSU Guiding Principles Provide Top Quality Education and Reinvent Health Education Provide Leading Edge Research Develop Policy and Care Delivery Solutions Develop community-based solutions to health care needs. A worthy cause. A healthy investment. Spine Guiding Principles Presented by John Kinsky, Stacey Kleier, Sheila B.L. Powell, Sarah Goodling Russell and Gabriel Zirkle Mission OHSU Healing 267,475 Total Patients 987,098 Office Visits 1/2 of patients use public assistance or had no insurance OHSU Teaching Total Current Students 2,861 Ranked 5th primary Care Education Established 1887 Numerous manifestations Mergers and acquisitions Only public health education and research university in Oregon Legacy

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Background Presentation

Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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