Transcript: north Korea's capital and its largest city is Pyongyang North Korea is a country in East Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. The Korean Demilitarized Zone serves as the buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea. The Amnok, or Yalu, and the Tumen rivers form the border between North Korea and China. A section of the Tumen River in the far northeast is the border with Russia. North Korea also has the power of WMD.s AKA. weapons of mass destruction and South Korea is a little worried. This picture was taken 27 days ago. The peninsula was governed by the Korean Empire until it was seized by Japan after the Russo-Japanese War in 1910. It was divided into Soviet- and American-occupied zones in 1945, after the end of World War II. North Korea refused to participate in a United Nations–supervised election held in the south in 1948, which led to the creation of separate Korean governments for the two occupation zones. The population is about 25 million people. The area of North Korea is 47,918 sq. mi. the Religions are Buddhism, Confucianism, Shamanism, Chongqing, and Christianity. the religions have been severally restricted. The terrain is About 80% of land area is moderately high mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys and small, cultivated plains. The remainder is lowland plains covering small, scattered areas. by: Jackson Abel this is north Korea's dictator his name is the Korean flag this is awesome lazr face Kim Il-sung NORTH KOREA south Korea
Transcript: Democratic People's Republic of Korea 3. Chief of State: Kim Jong Un Head of Government: Pak Pong-ju Economy 5. Three Branches of Government 4. Political Parties a. Korean Worker's Party [KWP] b. Chondoist Chongu Party c. Social Democratic Party Government 1. Child education promoting socialism 2. Naming with words that symbolizes communist revolution 3. the "civilized language" 4. Religious organizations to attract foreign aid History Government/ Economy Yaeshin Kim, Rose Lee Work Cited https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html http://www.heritage.org/index/country/northkorea http://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/north-korea/government http://unibook.unikorea.go.kr/?cate=1&sub_num=51&pageNo=6&recom=0&ord=2009&state=view&idx=117 http://keia.org/sites/default/files/publications/04Deok-ryong.pdf http://www.kidmac.com/ 7. North Korean Constitution (1948) a. Fundamental ideology: Chuch'e 5. Factors contributing to poor economic performances Life Style History 2. Foundation of DPRK a. Kim Hyong Jik : Anti-Japanese National Liberation movement b. Kim Ill Sung: Korean War (1950-1953) c. Kim Jung Ill d. Kim Jung Un * Sources of GDP per capita (2011) 1. Communist State one-man dictatorship 2. Civil law system 6. A family Succession 4. Three main economies a. Official economy b. Private economy c. Military economy 6. Trade with foreign countries a. Major countries: China, South Korea, India, Russia b. import commodities: petroleum, coking coal, grain c. export commodities: minerals, armaments d. Special Economic Zone (SEZ) e. Kaesong Industrial Complex 1. Choseon (1392-1910) Japanese's Annexation of Korea (1910-1945) 1.Strict Socialist & managed economy a. Chapter 7 Article 24 2. experiment of private economy a. example: private "farmer's market" 3. Ideology: Chuch'e a. self-reliance b. promoting a self-sufficient economy
Transcript: Sadly, not much movement occurs in North Korea. If the people even try to leave, the government provides consequences. The government has total control and they decide where people are, and how everything works and flows. South declares independence, sparking North Korean invasion. Human Environment Enteraction "North Korea." 2013 Index of Economic Freedom. The Heritage Foundation, 23 Apr. 2013 Web. 14 May 2013 Democratic People's Republic of Korea proclaimed. Soviet troops withdraw. GDP ~＄40 billion GDP Growth 8.75% (2012) GDP per capita ＄1,800 (2010 est.) GDP by sector 43.1% in industry, 33.6% in services, 23.3% in agriculture and fisheries (2008 est.) Change of Territories in Korean Peninsula Head of government The economy is centrally planned system Role of market allocation is limited Limited attempts at decentralization since mid 1993 Reports of economic liberalization after Kim Jong-un assumed the leadership in 2012 is conflicting Legislative North Korea has a centralized government under the rigid control of the communist Korean workers party KWP. All government officials belong to this party. A few minor political parties are allowed to exist in name only. Little is known of actual line of power and authority in the North Korean government despite the formal structure set in the constitution. Kim Jong-Il was named general secretary of the KWP in October 1997. The president of presidium of the Supreme people assembly (SPA). Kim Young-nam serve as the nominal head of state. North Korean 1972 constitution was amended in late 1992, September 1998 and April 2009. Following the death of Kim Jong-Il in December 2011, his son Kim Jong-un became the Supreme commander of a Korean people’s army. North Korea withdraws from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), a key international agreement aimed at preventing the spread of atomic weapons. North Korea Physical Features/map 1400~1950 North Korea population is approximately 24 million 90% are Koreans and 10% are Vietnamese, Japanese, Chinese and European Since 1950, the female population is higher than the male The ratio is 100% vs 97.1% One of the reasons is because the males have been busy in war fronts since 1950s Region 1. Geographical Information 2. Historical Background 3. Economical Information 4. Government Information 1948 After the death of Kim Jong Il in December 2011, North Korea was called on to orchestrate only the second leadership transition in its sixty-five year history. The previous time, in 1994, the situation had been bleak. The ‘Arduous March’ period was well under way: tens of thousands of people were dying every month from the effects of malnutrition, and the economy was in meltdown, as factories, farms and workshops closed due to the scarcity of a wide range of inputs, including electricity. The government went into limbo as Kim Jong Il spent three years mourning his father - he did not officially take over the reins of power until autumn 1997. This time, with barely a 100-day pause for mourning, Kim Jong Un has become the head of a new collective leadership that appears firmly in control; and this time it’s a leadership that talks. In fifteen years as leader Kim Jong Il uttered only a single sentence in public, while on 15 April 2012 Kim Jong Un gave a carefully crafted twenty minute speech that was effectively Pyongyang’s ‘State of the Union’ address. "History of Korea." Korea Be Inspired. KOREA TOURISM ORGANIZATION, Feb. 2013. Web. 14 May 2013 Continuity Through Change Of North Korea\ Area of Focus #2 Movement Place/ Area of Focus #1 500~700 Contents 2003 Pak Pong-ju (born October 24, 1939) served as the Premier of North Korea since elected by the DPRK's Supreme People's Assembly on September 3, 2003, until April 11, 2007 and again since April 2013. Rapid industrial growth. 1991 Location Background Info How are they selected? North Korea, like areas surrounding it are centered culturally among the people by Buddhist, Hindu or a Confucist form of religion. Asian characteristicts are common among the population and similar forms of agriculture are common too, along with land features and city set-ups. North Korea Yes. Officially the D.P.R.K, Supreme People’s assembly is the highest organ of state power. Its members are elected every 4 years. They hold only two meetings annually. The SPA only agrees to the decisions made by the ruling KWP. North Korea Is Sending Anyone Who Didn't Mourn For Kim Jong-II To A Labor Camp 1953 "Kim Jong-il Biography. "Who2Biographies. Who2llc, 01 Jan. 2011 1950 Ⅲ. Historical Information Brought to you by Masaya Chogo Little is known about the judicial system. The rule of law is uncertain. North Korea has an unusual legal system based upon German civil law and influenced Japanese legal theory. North Korea judiciary is headed by the central court of North Korea and consists of a Chief Justice and two People’s Assessors; three judges nay be present in some cases. The judicial system is theoretically held
Transcript: North Korea : A Brief History David Pasmanik - Península split into North and South following WWII - 1948 DPRK formed - 1950 begining of Korean War - 1953, armistice is signed - 1991 North/South Korea join U.N - 1994 Kim Il Sung Dies. North Korea agrees to freeze nuclear programme in return for $5bn worth of free fuel and two nuclear reactors. - 1996 Sever Famines - 2002 Axis of Evil - 2006 North Korea Claims to have sucess with nuclear weapons. - 2007 North and South Korea's prime ministers meet for the first time in 15 years. -Combination of Radicalism and Constructivism -Bourgeoisie & Proletariat - Juche - Principal Actorsb Last of the Cult of Personality States "North Koreans enjoy the best human rights regime of any country" Febuary 2014 September 2014 -The U.N issues a 372 page report detailing the various human rights violations it has found within the DPRK. - Violations include "extermination", forced abortion, rape, and widespread abduction in South Korea and Japan. - Findings are based on satellite imagery and testimony gathered from more than 80 victims and witnesses over the 11 months prior to the report - North Korea issues a 53,000 page Human Rights report in response to U.N According to North Korea, these were "serious misunderstandings." The country, it says, actually "has the world's most advantageous human rights system." North Korea & The 2014 U.N Human Rights Report
Transcript: West-rolling hills, flat plains, good farming, industrial use Central-heavy forest and mountains, good mines and forestry East-bordered by Sea of Japan, low hills, fishing, farming South-487 mile DMZ North Korea is a very poor Communist country. Kim Jong Il spent much of the countries money on the army. Millions of North Koreans have starved to death since the mid-1990s because of food shortages. The country's poverty was never mentioned to the people of North Korea. North Koreans do not know what is happening in the world. The government controls the music people listen to, the TV shows they watch, and the newspapers they read. Very few North Koreans are even allowed to use the Internet. Many people who speak out against the government are held in concentration camps and can face torture until they agree with the Workers Party beliefs *People cannot tell how they really feel *Christians are punished because of their beliefs *North Korean citizens usually cannot freely travel around the country. *Leaving the country is forbidden. 100 BC-1600 The History of North Korea http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar751407&st=north%20korea http://abcnews.go.com/International/video/north-korea-answering-childrens-questions-18960378 http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/18/world/asia/north-korea-missiles/index.html Lack of Freedom The Korean War began when Kim II Sung sent his army into South Korea. The East No Freedom of Speech This is Kim Jong-Un's father Kim Jong-Il He died in December 2011. Bibliography He is 29 years old. Current leader of Korean Worker's Party The Arts Damage from monsoons Western part of North Korea WWII 25% of population lives here Climate Democratic People's Republic of Korea The Korean Workers Party http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/north-korea-facts/ The DMZ is a demilitarized strip of land that is a buffer between north and south Korea Love of Nature 1388-war left only two tribes; Goguyeo and Silla a divided Korea Kim Jong-Un The Head of the Worker's Party The DMZ-South Border Kim Jong Un The Korean Worker's Party 1945: WWII ends and North Korea gains its independence from Japan President Kim Sung Il 3 Tribes: Goguryeo, Silla and Baekye The war ended in ceasefire in 1953. The country was divided my the UN. Population: 24,000,000 50% of population lives here The Land No Human Rights South Korea 1910: Japan takes over Korea All party members are appointed by Kim Jon Un Language: Korean Kim II Sung becomes the leader of North Korea. He is Kim Jong-Un’s grandfather. 1950-1953 The World Food Program, a division of the United Nations. It makes sure to keep an eye on the amount of food North Korean's have Propaganda The Korean Workers Party North Korea has entered a "state of war" with neighboring South Korea, and is threatening to launch nuclear attacks. The United Nations has warned North Korea of the consequences. CRISIS CRISIS North Korean Dance Tribal Korea Developing nuclear weapons attack and aggressive acts to world. The Korean War 1945-1950 Latest News 25% of population lives here 50% of the population lives here North Korea lacks basic electricity in most areas. Famine
Transcript: “Since 1990 the number of North Koreans fleeing the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea (DPRK or North Korea) has escalated. Approximately thirty thousand to fifty thousand North Koreans are estimated to have migrated to China. At the end of May 2010 the number of North Koreans currently residing in South Korea had risen to nineteen thousand” (Lee & Kim 2011, p. 59) Perspectives on migration North Korea China South Korea Future problems of migration Security issue for both North Korea and the International Community. Contradicts International Treaties Increases risk of a Security Dilemma and Nuclear War Admittance by Kim Il Sung in 2002 Identity theft for North Korean agents, Forcing the abducted to train agents how to act 'Japanese' Fate of hostages has become a key political point for the Japanese government. Food Crisis The most pressing human security area in North Korea? Economic Crisis “The North Korean economy is one of the world’s most isolated and bleak. It was completely bypassed by the “economic miracles” of the past quarter century that brought modern economic growth and industrialization to South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong-Kong” (Kihl & Kim, 2006, p.119) North Korea : Focus is on settlement of the past in the form of reparation. It views the hostage situation as resolved. BBC World Service Poll (2013 :35): 92% of Japanese hold a negative view of the DPRK, and no respondents expressed a positive view. This is the most negative outlook in the survey, with the global average at 54% negative, 18% positive, and 28% neutral Do you agree that the major security problems in North Korea can be examined by focusing on issues of identity? “The Japanese side regards, in a spirit of humility, the facts of history that Japan caused tremendous damage and suffering to the people of Korea through its colonial rule in the past, and expressed deep remorse and heartfelt apology” South Korea Migration China “Security and insecurity are no longer considered as conditioned only upon geopolitics and military strength, but also on social, economic, environmental and cultural issues” (Burgess, 2008, p.61) Causes of the rise in importance? UN Human Development Report (1994) Constructivism and human security 1910-1945 Lee (2013, p.59) highlights that 50% of Chinese scholars believe a unified Korea will pose a threat to China with reunification, would become nationalistic could ignite territorial claims over "Gan-do", today's Manchuria - as many Koreans see this as their lost territory undermines Chinese nationalism + identity Importance of Japan North Korea Major US ally in the region (Auslin 2011:196) Third largest economy in the world (IMF, 2013) Key player in terms of regional stability Major role in Six Party Talks Stridently anti-proliferation Japanese Hostage Situation Creates the necessary room for the identities and interests of international actors to take a central place in theorizing international relations. North Korea North Korean Nuclear Programme - source of insecurity Reinforced by identity Without WMD "Rogue State" - illegitimate (Becker, 2005,pix) Accumulation of WMD affirms "Roguish identity" - no legitimacy Cyclical relationship (Shearman, 2013, p148) Undermines power of International Community Human Security Issues Japanese Colonial Era Opposition to Japanese rule as a significant source of Korean identity. Personality Cult of Kim Il Sung, Identity - cause of Nuclear Proliferation Juche, self-reliance: central focus of authority on the state (BBC, 2013/Cumings, 2012, p217) Power and Sovereignty key for state legitimacy (Bluth in Shearman, 2013, p147) Withheld by the International Community Aim of Kim regime - gain legitimacy Engage International community through Nuclear Weapons - only source of leverage (Bluth in Shearman, 2013, p146) Environmental Crisis Deforestation Natural Disasters Pollution Personal & Political Security Freedom House Survey North Korea & Japan Why is human security important? Is the claim that significant elements of international relations are historically and socially constructed, rather than consequences of human nature. Food and Economic Crises in North Korea Summary of Human Security Reunification By Becky Godfrey, Alex Morrison, Robert Morten & Torey Pitman Constructivist Theory Human security and the focus on security for the individual Interrelated nature of human security in North Korea Knock on effects Ideology of self-reliance, 'Juche' Colonial era cultural policy designed to "eradicate individual ethnicity of the Korean race" and can be seen as an example of cultural genocide (Matsumura & Ishida 2004) Identity plays a key role in security threats within the whole region Security threats are subjective and depend on how each state constructs its perception of the issues. Domestic identity impacts foreign policy and thus influences perceptions by the international community According to its constitution 'sole legitimate Korea'; unification is its
Transcript: North Korea Brief History Was under control of the Soviet Union. Stalin had made it into a communist country. Current type of Government They have a communist government. Communism is where private property is owned by the government Who is the leader? Kim Jong-un. He is unliked by his people. What the country is famous for? What do they produce? The Cold War They produce corn and rice The Culture and Rights that citizens have. Rights: No cars except for military and government personnel No internet except for government functions Can vote when 17 Culture: Mostly rural Limited electricity Self reliant no religion The role the US has in North Korea Have no roles in North Korea The citizens feeling towards the United States They are taught to hate Americans in kindergarten. Major Problems North Korea faces 1. North Korea violates their constitution involving human rights. 2. Food shortages 3. Inhumane Treatment and Torture 4. Labor rights 5. Forced Labor Camps 6. Executions People escape from Korea because they aren't allowed to leave. Enemies and Allies Allies: Russia China Pakistan Enemies: United States South Korea Japan US foreign policy "Strategic Patience" We are waiting until they want to negotiate again.
Transcript: N North Korea K L Disputes between the North and the South Disputes between the North and the south During... The Korean War This invasion was pushed back on by the United Nations, in request of the United States, causing them to retreat for some while. However, China, North’s strongest alliance blocked this and supported North Korea to continue fighting for an extensive three years causing 3 million deaths. North Korea during this time consumed all their economic power in enhancing their weaponry collection and illuminating the opposition, they even attempted to assassinate the president of the South, but later failed. The build up to the war Sparking controversy North and South Korea’s leaders both claimed authority over the whole peninsular which sparked much controversy, with a peace treaty never being signed. With allies lost and in attempt to defeat the other province, North Korea invested in mining and steel production which economically outweighed the South. Furthermore, with imperialistic views rising tensions, North Korea gathered support from the Soviet Union and China to invade South Korea. This sparked the 1950 Korean War. North Korea's secrecy Secrecy How secretive are they? Korean isolation In present days, North Korea is almost completely separated from international society, even their years are differentiated to the rest of the world; they follow the Juche calendar (this year being year109) which began at the rise of first leader, King Il Sun. The Juche idea is based off the philosophical theory that ‘man is the master of everything and decides everything’ which represents the strong self-authority and dictatorship the Kim family has held against themselves and their people. Domestic secrecy has made North Korean citizens unable to access foreign television, nor internet. All legal televisions are state controlled and tuned to strictly only domestic programming. It’s 25 million residents have to request state permission in order to leave the country, enforced and supported by all three generations of Korean presidency. The reasoning behind the seclusion Why so secretive? During 1991 Kim Jong-Il withdrawled from the global community whilst allies were changing, like China, who in fact has influenced the country to stay that way. ‘Why are they so secretive?’ One would ask. It is a strong part of their national interest, a personal veiw of the dictators in a nation partly communist. It is alleged that Korea is so feared from previous invasions (like France and Japan) that they have become isolated to prevent any further overthrows. This theory makes logical sense as the Kim’s priorities tend to circle around maintaining a strong power and influence, as much dictatorship as one can possess. Korea has always maintained seclusion, they support national and ethnic pride, and maintain political independence which is in some way respectable. However, Kim Jong Un is loosening these restrictions with international arrivals on the rise. Here, we see Chanel 4 News document their experience traveling through North Korea, and the way the country forms a false illusion of itself to disclose any possible information to the international public. Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-h_h0Tp6vZk North Korea in the early days North Korea in the early days Who is North Korea? Who is north Korea? North Korea is located between the Eat Sea and the Yellow Sea (shown on map in the goegraphy section) and is formally known as The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea which is considered ironic as the State is developing into much of a dictatorship. It is known as one of the most secretive states that is kept isolated from the international community. Current leader, Kim Jong Un, has set a strong barrier to complete world safety amoungst his developing nuclear program and strong conflict with other States which formed after World War II. When the South separated from the North Korea's division Prior to World War II, Japan had annexed the Korean Peninsular for 5 years following the Russo-Japanese war. However, after the United States dropped bombs in both Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered from their ownership in 1910. Therefor, the US and Soviet Union divided Korea into North and South provinces. The South was taken control by Syngman Rhee, a strong communist in Seoul. Considering the Soviets were upon influence of North Korea, they appointed a communist-style government and selected Kim Il-Sung who created the leadership party as a ‘personality cult’, so that leadership was hereditary. Kim Il Sung was the beginning of a 3 generation precedent. He held power from 1948-94 when his son, Kim Jong-il took over until 2011 when Kim Jong Un took leadership. Later development Later development After the war After the war By 1980, Kim had built his military into one of the world’s strongest even as many of his people became poorer. Therefor by then, North Korea has outlived the South's economy. It was this same year in
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