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Pediatric Critical Care Poster Presentation

Transcript: Complementary and Alternative Therapies (CAT) Aromatherapy Massage Team Debriefings and therapist support available Hermeneutic phenomenological study was conducted using 12 PICU nurses. Personal anecdotes were used as well. There is not enough research on the perspective and training needs for nurses who care for children with terminal illness in pediatric intensive care units (PICU). Method LIVING WITH DYING IN THE PEDIATRIC INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: A NURSING PERSPECTIVE Problem Statement Stayer, D. & Lockhart, J. (2016). Living with dying in the pediatric intensive care unit: A nursing perspective. American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, 25(4), 350-356. doi: 14037/ajcc2016251 Components of the Study: Summary of Analysis: Results Overall, PICU nurses highlight inadequate communication between physicians and parents, prolonged denial from grieving parents which sometimes leads to extended aggressive treatment, the challenge of expressing inner feelings of nurses to the hopeless and grieving parents, colleagues, or nurses’ spouses or loved ones, and the absence or total disregard of the dying child wishes or point of view in their own care. Critique of Article: Article Authors: Debbie Stayer, RN-BC, PhD, CCRN, and Joan Such Lockhart, RN, PhD, CORLN, AOCN, CNE Presentation: Frederick Maniraho and Kristina Pansa To paint the picture of what a PICU nurse goes through while caring for children and their parents during the life-threatening illnesses. Wright, N., Zakarian, M., & Blake, H. (2016). Nurses’ views on workplace wellbeing programmes. British Journal Of Nursing, 25(21), 1208-1212. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2016.25.21.1208 This study organizes the experiences that PICU nurses face, including challenges related to end-of-life care, helping parents grieve the loss of their children, providing adequate care to multiple sick children simultaneously, and communicating effectively with families. Nurses need support systems and formal education to interact with families and process their own grief in healthy and constructive ways, and this support is often not formally present in PICU settings. Objective Small participant pool, but data saturation was achieved Limited demographic Few recommendations for further research Chen, M., Fang, S., & Fang, L. (2015). The effects of aromatherapy in relieving symptoms related to job stress among nurses. International Journal Of Nursing Practice, 21(1), 87-93. doi:10.1111/ijn.12229 Integration of Holistic Nursing PICU nurses find it important to comfort and support the families during the dying process of their child. Nurses find it helpful to be able to be open with each other, discuss cases, and determine how best to provide families with peaceful endings. More research is need to help PICU nurses to effectively cope with the stress of caring for a dying child and to emotionally and therapeutically communicate with grieving parents and respect their personal and cultural view of end of life care. More research is needed regarding the perspective of families of a dying child so that interdisciplinary care can be further improved. Conclusion and Application: “The importance of maintaining open and honest communication with the child and child’s family and physicians could not be overstated by the nurses.” References: Discussion

Poster Presentation of Research.

Transcript: Research showed how differentiating the instruction of vocabulary words in a science course could have an effect on student achievement. Although there is a large volume of material on DI, there is little evidence of which elements of differentiation do or do not benefit particular students and to what degree and under what circumstances benefits do or do not accrue. (Tomlinson and McTighe, 2006). Wetzel (2009) found that having students explain new vocabulary words in the students’ own term was an effective strategy used in order to increase exposure. The student had to use background knowledge to form a definition. Once vocabulary words have been discussed in a variety of ways, and students had been exposed to the words numerous times, students had a larger background knowledge and depth of meaning of the vocabulary words. Students then had to use higher level thinking skills to synthesize a definition. A pretest was administered at the beginning of the three weeks, and a post test at the end in order to detect any changes or achievement in comprehension of content base on the strategy used to teach the vocabulary words. The researcher introduced the vocabulary words as the unit developed and used the Frayer Model to help the students learn the new words. Introduction Frayer Model References Differentiated Instruction, as a means of academic achievement can be an important factor on how a school plans its curriculum. This study showed that by simply incorporating a new strategy, students where not only better able to comprehend science vocabulary words, but where also able to store the information into long-term memory. Brummitt-Yale, J. (2009). Effective strategies for teaching vocabulary. Retrieved from Lehr, F., Osborn, J., & Hiebert, E. H. (2010). A focus on vocabulary. Pacific Resources for Education and Learning. Retrieved from Marzano, R., Pickering, D., & Pollack, J. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Webb, S. (2007). The effect of repetition on vocabulary knowledge. Applied Linguistics, 28(1), 46-65. Wetzel, D.R. (2009). Vocabulary building techniques in science teaching strategies for making connections with science concepts. Retrieved from ____ 1) Uniformitarianism A) Solid crust found below the soil ____ 2) Superposition B) Occurs at a predictable rate ____ 3) Absolute age C) Mountain building ____ 4) Relative age D) Buried erosional surface ____ 5) Overturn fold E) Time needed for 50% to decay ____ 6) Unconformity F) The present is the key to the past ____ 7) Vein G) Older or younger ____ 8) Correlation H) Leaves evidence in the rock record ____ 9) Outcrop I) Oldest layer is on the bottom ____ 10) Bedrock J) Good geologic time marker ____ 11) Fossil K) Changes in species over geologic time ____ 12) Index fossil L) Can be found by radioactive dating ____ 13) Volcanic ash M) Exposed bedrock at the surface ____ 14) Geologic event N) Used to date recent events ____ 15) Orogeny O) Younger than the rock it is in ____ 16) Radioactive decay P) Contains carbon living ____ 17) Half-life Q) Evidence of previous life ____ 18) Carbon-14 dating R) Can put older rock layers on top of younger layers ____ 19) Organic S) Matching up rock layers ____ 20) Evolution T) Easily preserved, lives for a short time with wide distribution Results Was to evaluate the effect of differentiated instruction on science vocabulary acquisition that will benefit students in a high school physical science course in the South Bronx. The instrument used was the Frayer Model to demonstrate differentiate instruction. promotes critical thinking and helps students to identify and understand unfamiliar vocabulary. draws on the students’ prior knowledge which helps them build connections among new concepts and creates a visual reference by which they can learn to compare attributes and examples. Brummitt-Yale (2009) affirmed that learning through association, by drawing a picture or symbol, was one of the four main strategies for acquiring new vocabulary. A reader was able to connect a new word to prior knowledge. These “…. nonverbal representations could be a powerful tool for student learning” (Fries-Gaither, 2009, para. 9). Students acquired understanding of the vocabulary term by associating the concepts with ideas that are already understood by each individual student. The learning was personalized and was based on previous knowledge hence better connections were made within the students’ minds. The Effect of Differentiated Instruction on Science Vocabulary Acquisition among Participants in a High School Physical Science Course Topic: GEOLOGIC HISTORY VOCABULARY QUIZ Purpose Literature Research

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