Transcript: Middle Ages sources: 1.Inventions in the Middle Ages. (n.d.). Middle Ages. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/inventions-in-the-middle-ages.htm 2.Ross, C. (n.d.). China - Gunpowder. Welcome to Four Rivers Charter Public School. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://fourriverscharter.org/projects/Inventions 3.Middle Ages History. (n.d.). Middle Ages. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/middle-ages-history.htm 4.Black Death. (n.d.). Middle Ages. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/black-death.htm 5.How did the eyeglasses made an impact on our society ever since it was invented? - Yahoo! Answers. (n.d.). Yahoo! Answers - Home. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=1006060126563 6.Glasses - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glasses 7.Review of Clocks and Culture. (n.d.). Technology and Society Book Reviews index page. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://www.techsoc.com/clocks.htm 8.Four Inventions of Ancient China: Paper Making, Gunpowder, Printing, Compass. (n.d.). China Travel Agency with 24/7 Tour Service - TravelChinaGuide. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/focus/inventions 9.How did the invention of paper impact the economy. (n.d.). The Q&A wiki. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_the_invent 10.How did the invention of paper effect society. (n.d.). The Q&A wiki. Retrieved October 11, 2012, from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_the_i 11.Research The Use of Hindu-Arabic Numerals Aids Mathematicians and Stimulates Commerce | BookRags.com. (n.d.). BookRags.com | Homework Help, Book Summaries, Study Guides, Essays, Lesson Plans, & Educational Resources. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.bookrags.com/research/the-use-of-hindu-arabic-numerals-ai-scit-02123/ 12.The Printing Press. (n.d.). The History Guide -- Main. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/press.html 13.How did the compass impact history? How is it used today? - Yahoo! Answers. (n.d.). Yahoo! Answers - Home. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091121075540AAeWHiA Research The Use of Hindu-Arabic Numerals Aids Mathematicians and Stimulates Commerce | BookRags.com. (n.d.). BookRags.com | Homework Help, Book Summaries, Study Guides, Essays, Lesson Plans, & Educational Resources. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.bookrags.com/research/the-use-of-hindu-arabic-numerals-ai-scit-02123/ 14.James, V. (n.d.). The Impact of the Astrolabe | eHow.com. eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.ehow.com/info_8789654_impact-astrolabe.html sources (continued...) 15.Bose, D. (n.d.). Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. Buzzle. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/inventions-of-the-industrial-revolution.html 16.Miller, A. (n.d.). Economic Effects of Windmills | eHow.com. eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.ehow.com/list_6861085_economic-effects-windmills.html 17.Why do horses need to wear horseshoes. (n.d.). The Q&A wiki. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_do_horses_need 18.Wyley , S. F. (n.d.). Siege Warefare, The Art of Attack and Defence. Angelfire: Welcome to Angelfire. Retrieved October 12, 2012, from http://www.angelfire.com/wy/svenskildbi 19.Bellis, M. (n.d.). The History of Eye Glasses or Spectacles - Contact Lenses. Inventors. Retrieved October 15, 2012, from http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinvent 20.Who Invented The Clock ?. (n.d.). TimeKeepingSite History. Retrieved October 15, 2012, from http://www.timekeepingsite.org/clock_invent.html 21.paper inventor . (n.d.). Secrets of the World - Children Encyclopedia . Retrieved October 15, 2012, from http://www.worldstory.net/en/paper.html 22.blos. (n.d.). Hindu–Arabic numeral system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 15, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu%E2%80%93Arabic_numeral_system 23.Bellis, M. (n.d.). Johannes Gutenberg - Printing Press. Inventors. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventors 24.Bellis, M. (n.d.). History of the Compass. Inventors. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://inventors.about.com/od/cstartinventions/a 25.Astrolabe. (n.d.). Universe Today — Space and astronomy news. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www.universetoday.com/41624/astrolabe 26.century, t. s., Buckminster, T., Dade, J., century, G. F., bestsellers, E. a., 400., et al. (n.d.). Almanac - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from
Transcript: Middle ages Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr What was a monk? The word monk comes from Greek roots and means a person who practices religious asceticism, living either alone or with any number of other monks, while always maintaining some degree of physical separation from those not sharing the same purpose. The concept is ancient and can be seen in many religions and in philosophy. That is what a monk is. Who were serfs? Serfs were just peasants there is not much to say about them. Serfs were not slaves, serfs got a little bit of the food they planted. Serfs were tied to the land they lived on. Serfs as I said before were just peasants but, they were not slaves. Who was Saint Patrick? Saint Patrick was about 16; he was captured by Irish raiders and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After entering a church Patrick returned to Ireland as an ordained bishop in the N, W of the island. Saint Patrick’s Day is on March 17 the day he died. What was a Manor? Manors were sort of like a castle but much smaller. The manor would have belonged to the lord. The manor was the lord’s castle home and served for other purposes. The manor probably held the people during war with other lords land. The manors could be big and I am not joking. Explain feudalism Feudalism was like a pyramid. At the top was royalty, royalty consisted of kings, queens, princesses, and princes. Just below that were lords, lords owned some of a part of land and gave it away to knights in return for crops and protection. Below lords were knights, knights were given a patch of land in exchange for protection to the lord and food for the lord. Then at the very bottom sat serfs, serfs were just peasants. Explain what the middle ages were. Centuries of Roman rule in Western Europe came crashing down. In 476 A.D. the Emperor was driven from his throne by barbaric enemies. There starts’ the early middle ages. Many terms have been used for that particular time period Dark ages, Middle Ages, Medieval Ages All these terms. The middle ages was a time for war, castles, jousting, jokers, Kings, Queens, princes, princesses and so much more. Who was Charlemagne? Charlemagne was a great emperor of the middle ages he tried to bring Rome back from its fall. He also brought back classical learning. Charlemagne was a great leader. He was a great leader in battle too. He did not have much education himself but he opened many schools. Charlemagne as I stated before was a great leader who brought back classical learning even though he did not have schooling himself he opened many schools. Kings and queens Kings and queens were royalty. They had fine clothes and lovely feasts. They lived in a castle as sturdy as steel. They gave their lords land they gave orders too. They had so much fun. Until war came. During war time the king had to stay in his fortress. There in the tower (his bedroom) he could do his work by the fire the queen, she had other business to attend to. What years in history did it cover? The middle ages occurred about 1000 A.D to about 1500A.D. Scientists have recorded records of their writing and they have found out about their trends and styles of writing. The middle ages occurred also after the fall of Rome. What were knights? Knights were people who fought on horseback and had a lot of money so they could train on horseback. Knights in Europe were called the most elite soldiers. Knights fought in wars and killed many people. Knights were well respected and were depended on for protection
Transcript: Textiles were among the most important goods manufactured in the Muslim World. Produced iron goods typically weapons, horseshoes, and tools. Arab scholars began to create detailed world maps in the seventh century CE. -List Maps -Zonae Maps -Nondiagrammatic Maps -Map Illustration -Portolan Charts Ancient astronomers used serveral branches of mathematics to study the stars, make astrological predictions, and fix the calender. The homeland of the Maya included tropical rain forests in the South and volcanic highlands Christians in Europe viewed all apects of human life as being in the hands of God, and so the first response to illness was prayer. In the upper strata of all medieval societies, those who held the reins of power were disproportionately men. The Merovingian kings ruled over much of Gaul and parts of Germany from about 481-715 C.E. A Military Order was an organized group of knights who had taken monastic vows of chasity, poverty, and obedience and promised to defend Christians- by force if necessary. Copper was mined in parts of Britain, Spain, Germany, and Africa. Modern scientific expalinations for causes of such phenomena as diseases and natural disasters were not available to people in the Middle Ages. (Asia & Africa) Chinese emperors were regarded as "sons of heaven." Both the Greeks and Romans used coins, but after the fall of the Roman empire, the monetary system in western Europe declined. Origins and Aims: During the twelfth century the Mongols lived as a nomadic tribal group ont he steppe lands of the present day, Republic of Mongolia Contains no furniture, pictures, or statues. It could be said that Muhammad had a mystical experience that led to the establishment of Islam. All over the medieval world kings, queens, and employers kept court musicians to accompany banquets, ceremonies, and dances. Is a tradition based on the belief that the pursuit of an individual relationship with God is a key part of religious life. The population of Nan Madol was probably between five hundred and one thousand people. The site was divided into tow areas: Madol powe, in the northeast, housed royal tombs and the homes of priests and Madol pah, in the southeast columns were probably transported by raft to the site and then stacked like logs to form outer walls. THE END Manufacturing in China Used hieroglyphs Merovingians Mosques Miracles Had always been a part of Christianity. Silk was extremely popular to manufacture in China. Music Among the peasantry men worked in the fields alongside women. Inscribed stone columns and slabs record the names of kings and the dates of wars Arab Mapmakers collected and copied the maps of Ancient Greeks. The direction in which muslims face when they pray is known as qublah. Mysticism Arab Mapmakers Since hospitals in the modern sense did not exist in Ancient Greece and Rome, the care of the sick some ways represented real advance. Types of Maps: Economics of Marriage: in most places miarriage was a financial arrangement as well as a social bond. Money Typically, each stage was carried out by a laborer who specialized in the particular skill that was required. Mongols Music Sufism arose in the 600's as a reaction against the material comfort of the Umayyad's, the first great dynasty to rule the empire (661-750) following Muhammad's death. Military Orders Hence, an agreement to marry was often made in front of witnesses. Technological advances improved manufacturing. Manufacturing Exploring the Middle Agles Mining The Mayans worshiped around 150 gods. Silver and Lead came from Spain and parts of Germany. Mathematics Many mosques have a domed roof. Marriage Manufacturing in Muslim World Ironworking tools were too heavy to carry from village to village, there was a blacksmith in every village. Types of Music: -notating music -sac red music -complex sound Muhammad By: Gianna Leffew & Riley Stovall Miracles were a popular subject of art and literature in many cultures. Nan Madol Religion, Language & Writing of Maya Instruments: -percussion -lyre -harp -vielle(fiddle) -flute -recorder -shawm -pipe organ Mayan buildings were constructed on platforms connected by broad avenues. Coins were made out of gold, silver, and copper. Maya Barter consists of exhanging one object for another. Men In Ancient Rome, the emperopr had been seen as quasi-divine. As the value of gold rose and fell, so did the exchange rate between the two currencies varried Parents or official matchmakers frequently arranged marriages. During the Middle Ages, manufactured products were made in several stages. They are a muslim place of worship structure. Cloth workers made everyday products as well as special cloths used for official & religious purposes. Music was a regular part of university study, along with arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy. Nan Madol Blacksmiths Monarchs Medicine and Healing
Transcript: Political system of the Middle Ages. Exchange of land for military services. Three primary components; lords, vassals, and fiefs. Lords: owned the land Vassals: borrowed land from the lords Feifs: land Wife Mother Peasant Artisan Nun Abbess Queen regnant A person granted the honor of knighthood Provides military services to the monarchy and country. Associated with the code of chivalry Symbolic in literature as romance A moral, religious, and socail code of knightly conduct. Idealization of life and the manners of the knights while there at home. There are three basic literary areas: Duties to countrymen and fellow Christians Duties to God Duties to Women Series of conflicts between England and France England tried defeating France and their many allies for the French throne after the King had died. Four phases of the war: Edwardian War Caroline War Lancastrian War Several other small wars in between. French victory Time of military evolution Ended the "Age of Chivalry" Also known as the black plague Caused by the pathogen Yersinia Pestis bacterium. Believed to originate in China; traveled by silk road on fleas. The fleas would infect rats and they carried the disease. Killed 30-60% of Europes population Most common syptom was the appearance of buboes (swollen lymph nodes) filled with pus. Father of English Literature Greatest Englsih poet of the Middle Ages Worked throughout his lifetime as an author, philosopher, alchemist, and astronomer. Best known for his works "The Canterbury Tales". These tales helped shape English literature Wrote in continental accentual-syllabic meter. Invented the rhyme royal, and was the first English poet to use the five-stres line. Considered the source of the English veracular tradition. A collection of stories, mostly written in verse, that tell the story of a group of pilgrams as they travel together. Written by Geoffrey Chaucer Some question as to if the poems are finished This collection of stories is built around a frame narrative; a common and already established genre of its period. Reflects diverse views of the Church in Chaucer's England. Knights Black Death The Canterbury Tales 100 Years War Chivalry Women Feudalism Geoffrey Chauncer
Transcript: Medeval Times By: Ragan Michelle Brown Type of medeival weapon used for short distance could be longer 5 feet or shorter 1 foot. A polearm is a type of medeival weapon. Its 4 to 14 feet long. Probably used for long distance. A Battle axe is a middle ages weapon. Longer is 1 to 5 feet, shorter is about 30 centimeters. It is 14 to 18 inches long. Originally used as a farming tool!!! weighs between 3 and 5 pound. And it was about 30 to 45 inches Mace Polearm Battle axe Katar Weapons
Transcript: William ended up ruling England by winning over the people. He was important because he was the son of a ruler that conquered Normandy and he rules Normady. The Pope was tired of seeing nobles and kings interfering with church afairs, so he stopped them. The Pope and King Henry got into a big argument and the King declared Gregory was no longer the pope, then Pope Gregory declared Henry was no longer the king. The nobles of Germany were on Gregory's side so he became pope again after Henry left to Italy.They had a couple of a battles between eachother, but in the end Henry apoligized to the Pope. Although the Pope did accept Henry's apolige, the nobles of Germany picked a new king. Pope Gregory VII was important because he stopped the interferings during mass. The Catholic church was important to daily life because everything revolved around the Catholic church. Priests ran schools and hospitals. They also recorderd births, performed weddings, and conducted burials. The Friars were missionaries. They were created to preach, beg, and teach christainty to people. Women enterd church because they wanted to be nuns and to help the church. They also joined the church to travel and study. The church gave them protection. The Jews were treated very bad. Church leaders persecuted Jews as activley as the punished heritecs. Many Europeans hated jews for not acepting Chrishtianty. Joan of Arc was a girl that persuaded Prince Charles to let her go with a german army. She said her favorite saint had urged her to free France. Joan's faith stirred the soldiers and they took the city. Then Charles became king. A few months later the English captured Joan and burned her at stake. She was important because she was so honest that the german army trusted her enough to let her guide them. England Joan of Arc France had a bad realtionship with the english because Phillip went to war against England and conquerd most of their terriotries. France didn't like it because forieng people. The hundred years war is important because the first major battle of the hundred years war took place at Crecy after Edward invaded France. English archers defeated the French Army and forced the french king to give up some of his kingdom. Under a new king, however the french slowly won back their land. Then in 1415 Henery V. of England went on the attack. England's archers again won the battle and left the English in control of northern france. The three estates are: Cergy, which are the people that are preists. Nobles are the second estates, and towns people and peasents are the third estates. The meeting with Phillip was important because it was the first step in France toward repersnative gouvernment they need each other to survive. King John was the ruler of England in 1199. He punished his enemies without trial and a lot of nobles resented him. The nobles refused to obey him unless he agreed to guaranteed certain rights. The nobles and King John met at a meadow called Runnymede in 1215 to make an agreement. This agreement took some powers away from King John. He was important because he was a king that got some of his powers taken away by the people. Middle Ages The vikings were a group of people that came from Scandinavia. They invaded Europe because there population was too big to support itself at home. They traveled by longboats oversea. Education The form of Christianty that took hold in Russia was Eastern Orthodox Christian everyone was declared an Eastern Orthodox. Mongolians were important in Russian history because the Mongolians destroyed nearly all the major cities and killed many people. The Russian rulers had to pay tribute to the Khan, the Mongolian leader, and acepet the Mongols as their rulers. Czar means emperor. They were totally diffrent people. The Middle Ages Feudalism The plauge started in the Gobi,Desert and the time that it started was 300s. The plauge was passed on by fleas. The plauge was passed on by fleas. These fleas infested in black rats and in the middle ages these rats were everywhere. With the plauge Europes population went down with their economy. Everything went down it disrupted the system of loyalty created by feudilism. Serf vs. Slave King John (Magna Carta) Loyalty Anglo-Saxon rule was important in England because the Anglo-Saxons were resisting to obey Williams rule so the Anglo-Saxons were natives and could take William out of England. Also, they could revolt againts William and take power away. Russia Charlemangnne believed in education and started a school were his students learned religion, latin, music, literature, and arithmetic. He was important because the pope declared him the new roman emperor when Rome had no emperor and the Catholic church was running the empire. The first two univerites were in Bolonga, Italy, and Paris, France. The students learned about grammer, logic,arithmatic, geometry, music and astronomy. It took four to six years to complete a degree. It took them 10 years to become
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