Transcript: Brian Jones P3 Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia is an eating disorder that causes people to obsess about weight and what they eat. What is Anorexia What is Anorexia There are also two types of Anorexia. The restricting type - A person who restricts their food intake on their own The two types of Anorexia The two types of Anorexia The Binge eating / Purging type - A person who self-induces vomiting.
Transcript: Mental Health Education Serves to raise awareness Allows them to better recognize symptoms and provide support Want to educate the Priory community about mental disorders prevalent in teens Lasting educational curriculum We give good insight into what students need to know Coordination with Sources Provides a better support structure Encourages better understanding of their problems We can set up multiple meetings in advance through email and phone calls to make sure we talk to the people we need to. We can also communicate through email. 1. Conduct research into mental illness awareness courses and Priory's specific needs 2. Actual course proposal 3. Presentation Addressing the Problems Remaining Questions & Concerns Look at successful programs (Castilleja) The Price of Privilege Our therapists Priory community needs to be educated about mental health, especially regarding teens New health curriculum implemented at Priory in fall of 2013 Units will involve sex education, alcohol awareness, and mental health education Mental health unit is not planed out at the moment Feasibility The Users To have kids understand common mental disorders that affect adolescences To create a comprehensive curriculum for a mental health program To create a presentation that will adequately explain our program while creating awareness for the issue How can we educate the Priory community about mental health? Talk to Mr.McWright about what unit should cover Meet with Mr.Schlaak and Mrs.Wood for approval Design a unit on mental health! PAC Availability Competition for final school presentation Goals: We hope that students will be properly educated about mental health Outcomes Inside of Priory Benefits The size of our unit. Want the unit to cover every important and relevant aspect of mental health Want to make a lasting curriculum Vision: Is it possible for us to complete? We can advertise our senior project presentation on our presentation day and we can make a presentation for just the faculty or maybe for the incoming Priory students Further Research Viability Our vision is Priory as an educated community that provides support to those who need it, and trains its members to recognize the symptoms of mental disorders, both in themselves and others, and react in an appropriate and supportive manner. Complaints from students wanting education on mental health Health class was tried as elective but there wasn't much interest Good response from assembly on depression Spark student interest in mental health as possible career path Students will be fully informed of mental disorders and the affects on teens Stigmas about mental disorders will be reduced Is it possible to achieve our goals? We can make sure the unit will be interesting and fun. To do this we can make time for individual research projects on a mental disorder or have a flexible curriculum that can focus on what the students want to learn about Action and Ideation Plan NPO Three Steps: Students suffering from mental disorders General Students Curriculum may include Want unit to be interactive, interesting, fun, but still educational Our Plan Will the class get to everything we plan? What are the students most interested in learning about regarding mental health? By doing our presentation as part of a project presentation, we can easily reach the whole school in an event that's already scheduled Enthusiasm Attempts Outside of Priory Coordination with sources Competition for final school presentation Lack of enthusiasm for mandatory health course Lack of PAC availability Problems Depression Eating disorders Self harm Anxiety Chronic stress Learning differences Concerns Questions
Transcript: Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, and other Cognitive Disorders by Abbie Paloucek Delirium Delirium is characterized by an acute change in cognition and a disturbance of consciousness. common symptoms acute change in mental status agitation attention impairment memory impairment and disorientation emotional breakdowns visual hallucinations Dementia *Dementia is not a disease itself, but rather a group of symptoms that are caused by various diseases or conditions.* Common symptoms -hallucinations -confusion and disorientation -deterioration in emotional control -memory loss -change in behavior Amnestic Amnestic disorders involve the loss of memories previously established, loss of the ability to create new memories, or loss of the ability to learn new information. common symptoms -Difficulty recalling remote events or information -Difficulty learning and then recalling new information -The patient in some cases is fully aware of the memory impairment, and frustrated by it -In some other cases, the patient may seem completely oblivious to the memory impairment or may even attempt to fill in the deficit in memory with fabrications that one believes to be facts Dementia is an acquired global impairment of intellect, memory and personality, but without impairment of consciousness. How to be diagnosed -impairment in short- and long-term memory -your memory impairment along with intellectual impairment causes significant social and occupational impairments causes of delirium withdrawal medication side effect electrolyte imbalance organ failure how to diagnose -if the person realizes that his or her memory loss is present they go get checked out or a friend, relative or employer might become aware and concerned of the person’s memory loss. -cognitive tests also may be done How to be diagnosed Disturbance of consciousness (reduced clarity of awareness about the environment) with reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention. A change in cognition (memory deficit, disorientation, language disturbance) or development of a perceptual disturbance that is not better accounted for by a preexisting, established, or evolving dementia. The disturbance develops over a short period of time (usually hours to days) and tends to fluctuate during the course of a day. How to be treated When delirium is diagnosed or suspected, the underlying causes should be sought and treated with use of drugs called antipsychotics stop taking medication that causes delirium Causes of dementia -substance abuse (illicit drugs and alcohol) -Diseases that cause degeneration or loss of nerve cells in the brain such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's. -Diseases that affect blood vessels, such as stroke, which can cause a disorder known as multi-infarct dementia. An estimated 2 million people in the United States suffer from severe dementia and another 1 to 5 million people experience mild to moderate dementia. A cognitive disorder affects the ability for your brain to think, to process and store information, and to solve problems. Hospital delirium is common and often goes unrecognized, reports Harvard Women’s Health Watch (May 2011) What is a cognitive disorder? Presenile dementia is the term used for patients under 65 Senile dementia is used for older patients Dementia is used to refer to the primary dementing illness called Alzheimer's disease. How to be treated true dementia cannot be cured -medications are often used to slow the condition down -regular routines can help causes -stroke -traumatic brain injury -accidents that involve oxygen deprivation to the brain or interruption of blood flow to the brain (such as ruptured aneurysms ) -alcohol abuse how to treat -since the causes of amnestic disorder are other brain conditions and injuries, in some cases, treatment of the underlying disorder may help improve the accompanying amnesia. -memory exercises may be helpful.
Transcript: Psychological Disorders By Brianna Lopez, Crystal Hilaire and Aaron Lawrence Depressive Disorders Topic 1 Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Persistent Depressive Disorder (dysthymia) Major Depressive Disorder Subtopic 1 Most common type of depressive disorder Several symptoms associated with major disorder, at least 5 need to be evident to be diagnosed. Biology of depression Text Genetic Factors The Brain Hormones Pictures Subtopic 2 Subtopic 2 Chart Chart Timeline Timeline YEAR Anxiety Disorder Anxiety Disorders People with anxiety disorders have excessive fears that interfere with everyday activity which differ from normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness. To be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder a person must: Be out of proportion to the situation or age inappropriate Impede ones ability to function normally Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders, affecting almost 30% of adults and being most apparent in women by an approximate ratio of 2:1. There are several types of anxiety disorders. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Types of anxiety disorders In 2% estimated percent of U.S. adults persistent and excessive worry that interferes with daily activities. Panic Disorder In 2 to 3 % estimated percent of U.S. adults reoccurring unexpected panic attacks with no apparent trigger. Specific Phobias In 7 to 9% estimated percent of U.S. adults fear of a specific object of situation that sparks a panic attack. Phobias can be understood by looking at evolution. Agoraphobia Types of anxiety disorders In 2% estimated percent of U.S. adults the fear of being in situations where escape is difficult or embarrassing including: using public transportation being in open or enclosed spaces standing in a line or being in a crowd being outside of the home alone social anxiety disorder In 7% estimated percent of U.S. adults fear of being in a social situation that can result in being watched by others which can arise in activities like presenting and having an intimate conversation separation anxiety disorder In 1 to 2% estimated percent of U.S. adults fear of separation from home or attachment figures may refuse sleep away from home or without that specific person, and may potentially have nightmares of possible separation Symptoms vary for each individual and differ based on the disorder, however the most commonly described physical symptoms, especially in panic disorder, are: Rapid heart rate Sweating Trembling Chest pain Chills or hot flashes Nausea or abdominal pains Shortness of breath Symptoms Anxiety Disorder Symptoms Fearful anticipation Restlessness Depression Irritability The cause for these disorders are unknown but it is likely the combination of genetic, environmental, psychological and developmental factors. Psychological symptoms Psychological symptoms There are many effective ways people can treat anxiety disorders depending on their diagnosis and type of disorder. Most disorders respond to two types of treatment: psychotherapy and medications. Treatment Anxiety Disorder Treatment Psychotherapy or “talk therapy” includes: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) relaxation response training mindfulness meditation training Medications can not cure disorders but can relieve symptoms. The most common ones are: antidepressants. anti-anxiety medications Beta-blockers Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder According to the national institute of mental health.gov “Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.” Two main classes: Bipolar I and Bipolar II Bipolar I - Mostly Manic episodes (also known as mania), experiences high energy, less need for sleep etc. You Can also experience depressive episodes but not as much as manic episodes. Manic episodes last at least 7 days Bipolar II - Repeated depressive episodes that last at least two weeks and at least one hypomanic episode (Less severe version of mania) Depressive episodes last at least 2 weeks Symptoms Bipolar Disorder Medications generally used to treat bipolar disorder include: ~Mood stabilizers ~Atypical antipsychotics ~Antidepressants Psychotherapy - also called talk therapy Forms of Psychotherapy - 1. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)- Focuses on changing unhelpful cognitive distortions and behaviors. 2. Psycho-education - Therapeutic intervention for patients and their loved ones. Brain stimulation therapies - Involve activating or inhibiting the brain directly with electricity. Treatment Bipolar Disorder (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) ~A condition marked by the symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. ~ADHD begins in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. ~As many as 2 out of every 3 children with ADHD continue to have symptoms as adults. ~More common in boys. Boys are also more likely to be associated with impulsivity and hyperactivity. Video
Transcript: bipolar Brad Edwards mad sad Tired Disorder Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes. What is bipolar disorder? happy People having a manic episode may: Symptoms -Feel very “up,” “high,” or elated -Have a lot of energy -Have increased activity levels -Feel “jumpy” or “wired” -Have trouble sleeping -Become more active than usual -Talk really fast about a lot of different things -Be agitated, irritable, or “touchy” -Feel like their thoughts are going very fast -Think they can do a lot of things at once -Do risky things, like spend a lot of money or have reckless sex People having a depressive episode may: -Feel very sad, down, empty, or hopeless -Have very little energy -Have decreased activity levels -Have trouble sleeping, they may sleep too little or too much -Feel like they can’t enjoy anything -Feel worried and empty -Have trouble concentrating -Forget things a lot -Eat too much or too little -Feel tired or “slowed down” -Think about death or suicide confused This shows past year prevalence of bipolar disorder among U.S. adults aged 18 or older. An estimated 2.8% of U.S. adults had bipolar disorder in the past year. Past year prevalence of bipolar disorder among adults was similar for males (2.9%) and females (2.8%). An estimated 4.4% of U.S. adults experience bipolar disorder at some time in their lives. Population of Bipolar angry Genetics and Environmental Environmental Factors in Bipolar Disorder. A life event may trigger a mood episode in a person with a genetic disposition for bipolar disorder. Even without clear genetic factors Some research suggests that people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. But genes are not the only risk factor for bipolar disorder, altered health habits, alcohol or drug abuse, or hormonal problems can trigger an episode. Treatment and Medication Treatment helps many people, even those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder, who gain better control of their mood swings and other bipolar symptoms. An effective treatment plan usually includes a combination of medication such as mood stabilizers, atypical anti-psychotics and antidepressants. Psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy”) which can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorder. It can provide support, education, and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families. Some psychotherapy treatments used to treat bipolar disorder include: -Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) -Family-focused therapy -Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy -Psychoeducation https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml Work cited
Transcript: Common Comorbid Disorders Treatment The Prevalance Rate for schizophrenia is approximately 1.1% of the population over the age of 18. As many as 51 million people worldwide suffer from schizophrenia Diagnostic Criteria Mental Disorder Presentation: Schizophrenia By: Andrea Torres, Alexi Martinez, Bianca Verducci p.6 Symptoms Social stress Isolation during childhood Genetics Schizophrenia: symptoms -Eduard Einstein (Albert Einstein's son) -John nash (mathematician) -Andy Goram (Scottish soccer player) -Lionel Aldridge (Superbowl winning football player) -Syd barrett (Pink Floyd) Schizophrenia is a disease begins in early adulthood, between the ages of 15 and 25. Men tend to get develop schizophrenia slightly earlier than women. Statistics on prevalence Factors that contribute to the disorder -Specific medications help successfully to control symptoms in a majority of patients. -Psychotherapy can also be effective in reducing symptoms. -However, Schizophrenia is a lifelong illness which an individual may never fully recover from. Examples of people with the disorder -social isolation -compulsive behavior -self-harm -false belief of superiority -inability to feel pleasure -inappropriate emotional response -hallucinations -paranoia -hearing voices, -depression -incoherent speech, anxiety PTSD OCD According to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR),three diagnostic criteria must be met: 1.Characteristic symptoms 2.Social or occupational dysfunction 3.Significant duration
Transcript: By: Matthew Patel Mental Disorder Presentation Background of Misophonia Background Misophonia means hatred of sound this was determined by Jasterboff. How Misophonia is diagnosed Diagnosis doctors have trouble with diagnosing misophonia it is sometimes mistaken for anxiety, bipolar, or obsessive compulsive disorder. Treatment Treatment The treatment for misophonia is therapy by having noise free spaces within their living space and lifestyle recommendations. Symptoms Symptoms People with symptoms of misophonia may experience irritation, panicked, or enraged when they hear trigger sounds. Trigger sounds for misophonia may include crunching, joint cracking, slurping and others like these. Number Afflicted in the U.S. less than 200,000 people are affected by misophonia that is about 1 in 1,500 people are affected. Affected How Effective is Treatment Treatment is Effective because as long as therapy can help them get over their fear of loud sounds they can be treated. Treatment Effectiveness Interesting Facts misophonia is more likely to ocurr in females mimicking triggers is a coping mechanism misophonia may have some risk factors misophonia is a chronic disease Starts usually when people are younger Interesting Facts Demographic Misophonia is most common in females Misophonia is most common in the ages of 8-13 Misophonia is does not have a common race Demographics www.psychologytoday.com www.webmd.com http://www.neurologytimes.com www.activebeat.com Work Cited
Transcript: DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS AMNESIA A common plot device in movies or on television is when someone get amnesia and then has no sense of who they are anymore. Does this happen generally to people who have amnesia in real life? Dissociative Amnesia is more common in men than in women. *Two or more distinct identities or personality states must be present and recurrently take control of the person's behavior. *Since in most cases Fugue is brought on by a traumatic event, its necessary for them to deal with the event in order to recover *Fugue could be linked to severe stress or might be a result of a traumatic event DIAGNOSES AND TREATMENT *They may also have problems with daily functioning (due to episodes) and have extreme distress *it refers to the loss of memories, which can include facts, information, and experiences Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) TREATMENTS!! *Relatively rare disorder, that tends to increase during stressful or traumatic periods What are some different types of Amnesia? *People with amnesia usually know who they are and are lucid *Treatments may involve long-term therapy or counseling, individual psychotherapy, or medications *In some cases patients will never recover from their amnesia *May be able to recall experiences from their childhood or know past presidents but not current ones and might not remember the month or even what they ate for breakfast *People with DID literally dissociate themselves by creating two or more personalities in order to cope with a situation or experience too traumatic, violent, or painful to assimilate with their conscious selves *However, people will remember who they are and recognize people they know well SYMPTOMS *having highly distinct memory variations, which fluctuate with the person's split identities *Disturbances are not due to a general medical condition or an effect of a substance use *May have the inability to recall key personal information, that is much more that forgetfulness *they may experience the inability to recall past events, important information from their lives *Their recall of important personal events is too extensive to go beyond ordinary forgetfulness *Use or abuse of alcohol and certain drugs may also be factors What is it ??????? *recent memories are most likely to be lost, however old ones may be spared * It is a sudden, temporary episode of memory loss *People with this amnesia may also drawn a blank to events that happened a day, a month or even a year ago ACTUALLY IT IS FICTION!!!!! *when a person has the presence of two or more distinct personality states or split identities that continually have the power over the persons behavior *Lot of people will experience problems with short-term memory, new information will not be retained *May have the inability to recall past events and previously familiar information (Retrograde) *Memories can be recovered on their own sometimes or memories may be triggered by something in their surroundings *Can involve Psychotherapy Some may include: There are many causes of amnesia, every cause resulting in something slightly different. What causes amnesia ????? *People with fugue may also create new identities, because they are often confused as to who they are SYMPTOMS *A person may go on a sudden unplanned travel *A disorder in which the person suffers from severe dissociation and they are able escape reality in ways that are involuntary and unhealthy * it is also called Amnestic Syndrome AMNESIA DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMNESIA CAUSES What is Fugue? Is Amnesia the same as dementia???? CAUSE *No specific treatment for amnesia FUGUE *Some treatments used are: psychotherapy, cognitive therapy, medications and clinical hypnosis CAUSES OF AMNESIA *Once severe brain damage occurs, healing may be very slow and the prognosis poor *Dissociative Amnesia formulates when someone block out certain information which is usually associated with traumatic or stressful event, that causes them to forget important personal information *A few types are: Retrograde, Anterograde, Emotional/Hysterical,Lacunar, Korsakoff syndrome, Posthypnotic, Transient Global and Dissociative Amnesia FUGUE *People temporarily lose their sense of personal identity and impulsively travel or wander away from their homes or work places Recovery depends on multiple factors; how they received the amnesia and what type they have. *Therapist help teach them to cope with the stressful experiences that caused the Fugue and remember it FACT OR FICTION ?????? *This type of Amnesia is more common in women TRANSIENT GLOBAL AMNESIA *May be confused or have memory loss of identity, possibly assuming a new one *It is a rare case, that is unlikely to occur again, is seemingly harmless, usually short-lived and after your memory is fine Mental illnesses involving breakdowns or disruptions of memory, consciousness, awareness, identity, and/or perception. *No, generally amnesia doesn't cause a loss of self-identity MAIN SYMPTOMS OF AMNESIA WHAT IS
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