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Medical History

Transcript: Middle Ages (800-1400 A.D.) 1493-1541- Paracelsus wrote a book on the relationship between medicine and surgery. This is important because we now know to medicate people while doing surgery, and he helped to figure that out. 1510-1590- Ambroise Pare pioneered the treatment of gunshot wounds. During wars, many lives can be saved that would've previously been lost if the cure to this injury had not been invented. 1951- George Gey propagated first cancer cell line, HeLa. This marks the first time cancer was discovered, and from then on people have been searching for cures. 1949- The National Institute of Mental Health was established. After this, people with mental disabilities were treated better and not imprisoned. Dark Ages (400-800 A.D.) 1603- Girolamo Gabrici studied leg veins and noticed that they have valves which allow blood to flow only towards the heart. This allowed for a better knowledge of the mechanisms of the heart, leading to further procedures such as heart transplants. 1796- Edward Jenner developed a smallpox vaccination method. Smallpox is not currently an extremely life threatening condition, as many people are vaccinated in their youth. 1975- Present 865-925- Rhazi made the first clear distinction between smallpox and measles in his al-Hawi. This helped doctors, even today, to know the difference between the two and prescribe treatments accordingly. 1018-1087- Michael Psellos, a Byzantine monk, writer, philosopher, politician, and historian, wrote several books on medicine. He contributed to the knowledge of uses of medication for present day and in the past. 1752- Smellie publishes his findings on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery. This is important because in his text he provides a new scientific basis for the ancient skills of the midwife. 1796- Jenner tested his theory of immunization. This is important because now we can get vaccinated against certain diseases to remain a healthier population. 1997- At the Roslin Institute, Dolly the sheep was cloned from an adult cell. This is the first step in cloning other items, and could clone hearts, blood cells, or other items that are needed. 2013- A Japenese engineer created a trash can that moves on its own to catch your trash. Soon, surgeons will not have to look up from their surgery when needing to throw something into the trash can. September 2014- Invisibility cloaks were perfected. These are to be used to eliminate blind spots in cars, as well as let surgeons see through their hands during difficult operations. November 2014- Hearts are now able to be 3D printed to help surgeons save babies' lives. December 2014- A new technique called 4D printing was invented, allowing researchers to print out 3D structures that are capable of changing their shape. A heart could be printed, and, over time, grow with the child. 18th Century 1900 to 1945 1928- Alexander Fleming invented penicillin. Penicillin is useful for curing illnesses in a quicker time frame. 1935- The first vaccine for yellow fever was made. This is important because it helps prevent us from getting the yellow fever virus. 1896- Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity. Because of this, we know to be safe around dangerous radioactive items and the effects of radiation. 1870- Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch established the germ theory of disease. This is important because we now know where germs come from, so we wash our hands and take cautionary measures against them. Medical History 400- The first hospital in Latin Christendom was founded by Fabiola at Rome. This is important because it set a basis for the way people are cared for in hospitals today. 536- Sergius of Reshaina (died 536), a Christian theologian-physician, translated thirty-two of Galen's works into Syriac and wrote medical treatises of his own. This allowed people to read and know of his medical research and possible diagnoses. By Avery Davis, Cristina Gomez, Jia Jari, and Abi Thiru 16th and 17th Century Renaissance (1350-1650 A.D.) 19th and 20th Century 1945 to 1975

History Template

Transcript: HISTORY TIMELINE 1914-1933 1914-1933 Agustin Ingrassia Begin the WWI War reaches stalemate Zeppelins The battle of Marne The battle of Ypres The race to the sea Crushing victory for Germany Japan declared war on Germany Germany declared war on France Germany declared war on Russia Murder in Sarajevo The division of the two alliances 1914 mood in 1914 Mood in 1914 The stalemate continues Italy entered the war Second Battle of Ypres Zeppelin bombing Galipoli mixed fortunes against the Austrians 1915 Verdun And Somme Success and failure for Brusilov Romania enter the war Battle of Jutland 1916 New war commander Reinforcements sent to Italy German U-boat campaign USA declares war on Germany Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1917 Battle of Amiens Allies recover France and Belgium Kaiser abdicated 1918 Paris peace conference Treaty of Versailles signed 1919 First meeting of the League of Nations held in London. Official end of World War I. The Paris Peace Conference ends. Conference of Sanremo, Italy, about League of Nations mandates in former Ottoman territories of the Middle East Treaty of Sèvres between the Allies and the Ottoman Empire. The treaty is not recognized by the Turkish national movement, which considers the Istanbul government illegitimate The League of Nations holds its first general assembly. 1920 United States signs separate peace treaties with Germany, Austria, and Hungary. 1921 the first German officers travel to the Soviet Union for the purposes of military cooperation between Germany and the Soviet Union. Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Treaty of Rapallo The Russian Civil War (ongoing since 7 November 1917) ends in Bolshevik victory with the defeat of the last White forces in Siberia. 1922 France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr in an effort to compel Germany to step up its payments of war reparations. The great inflation of 1923, the value of the German mark is destroyed. The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Turkey and the Entente powers. It marks the end of the Turkish War of Independence and replaces the earlier Treaty of Sèvres. the Corfu incident: Italy bombards and occupies the Greek island of Corfu seeking to pressure Greece to pay reparations for the murder of an Italian general in Greece The Corfu incident ends; Italian troops withdraw after the Conference of Ambassadors rules in favor of Italian demands of reparations from Greece. 1923 Leader of the Soviet Union Vladimir Lenin dies The United Kingdom extends diplomatic recognition to the Soviet Union. Adolf Hitler is sentenced to 5 years in jail for his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch (he serves only 8 months). France begins withdrawing its troops from the Ruhr in Germany. 1924 Retired Field Marshall Paul Von Hindenburg is elected President of Germany Hitler's autobiographical manifesto Mein Kampf is published. The Locarno Treaties are signed in London (they are ratified 14 September 1926). The treaties settle the borders of western Europe and normalize relations between Germany and the Allied powers of western Europe. 1925 Theodoros Pangalos declares himself dictator of Greece. British and Belgian troops leave Cologne, Germany. Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos is elected president. The Treaty of Berlin is signed by Germany and the Soviet Union, which declares neutrality if either country is attacked within the next five years. Germany joins the League of Nations. 1926

Medical History Presentation

Transcript: Medical History Diana Martinez-Juarez Date 1 Ancient Times This time period of medical history is the least advanced compared to common medicine/medical treatments but they made a lot of progress during their time which started everything off. Ancient Times ROAD MAP Road map The ancient Chinese Beliefs They believed that the needed to cure and nourish the entire body. Back then people used to believe that diseases and illnesses were caused by the gods as a punishment for their sins. The ancient Egyptians The ancient Greeks The ancient Egyptians were the first to write down health records. They began modern medical science by observing the human body and the effects of disease. The ancient Romans They were the first ones to organize medical care by providing for injured soldiers. Father of Medicine Hippocrates is known as the father of science because he did many things in his lifetime. Father of Medicine Dark Ages and Middle Ages Dark Ages and Middle Ages After the fall of the Romans the study of Medicine fell which caused many disastrous things to happen. ROAD MAP Road map The Dark Ages The Middle Ages The study of Medicine was prohibited. The faith of their gods and worship was used instead. The Greeks and the Romans regained interest in medicine. A pandemic happened. The Renaissance The Renaissance This time in medical history is often referred as the "rebirth of the science of medicine." New information was discovered during this time period. ROAD MAP Road map 1475-1564 1514-1564 1452-1519 Dissection of the body allowed a more in depth understanding of the body. This helped us improve anatomy and physiology The first anatomy books were published by Andreas Vasalius Lenardo da Vinci used dissection to draw the human body more realistically. 16,17, and 18th century The 16th, 17th, & 18th century Everyday medicine became more scientific and exact. Many inventions led to more thorough and effective diagnosis of patients. Timeline Timeline Release 1590 The compound microscope was created by Zacharius Janssen 1543 Andreas Vasalius dissections of the human body led him to release and create the first accurate illustration of the human bodies anatomy. 1592 The Thermostat was created 19th Century 19th Century Commonly known as the Industrial Revolution. Timeline Timeline 1781-1826 The stethoscope was invented by Rene Laennec. Allowed people to listen to the internal body sounds. Release 1632-1723 The first version of the microscope was invented by Anton Van Leeuwenhoek. This allowed people to see small things that they weren't able to see before. 1820-1910 Florence Nightingale is known as the founder of modern nursing because she led/helped people during the Crimean War. She also started a school to become a nurse. 1822-1895 Louis Pasteur is known as the "Father of Microbiological sciences and Immunology" because of his work in microorganism that caused illnesses. He developed theories, vaccines for many illnesses, and principles for sanitation which helped people not be infected by illnesses as much. 20th century They had rapid growth in health care in which they were able to use new inventions. They also made a lot of new medicine. They were also able to understand how the body works. 20th Century Timeline Timeline Release New inventions Physicians created new machines such as the X-ray. They also created new medicines such as insulin, antibiotics, and vaccines. 1821-1912 Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross. She volunteered to help soldiers during the Civil War. 1950s Francis Crick and James Watson described the structure of DNA and how it carries genetic information as in to how the body should be made and repaired. This discovery begin the development of gene therapy. 21st century This century is the most recent. In this century there was a new virus and there are new inventions and technology that help modern people. 21st century Timeline Timeline Release 2008 A gene screen for Cancer was developed. 2000s The rough draft of the Human Genome was released. This led people to wonder what roughly 23,000 genes do. 2019 Covid-19 was created which caused a lot of people to get sick. Future Advancements Future Advancements One of the future advancements that I think we will have in the future is the cure for Alzheimer's disease. Sources Sources https://arkalexandra.org/sites/default/files/Ancient%20Greek%20Medicine.pdf https://www.worldhistory.org/Greek_Medicine/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGiZXQVGpbY&list=PLH2l6uzC4UEUljwdcu8_x8df9GDr3lNcq&index=10 https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323633 http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/h/health-and-medicine-in-the-19th-century/ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323533#middle-ages https://www.knowitall.org/document/medicine-dark-and-middle-ages-500-1400s-kids-work https://www.knowitall.org/document/medicine-renaissance-1400-1600s-kids-work https://www.britannica.com/science/history-of-medicine/Medicine-in-the-20th-century Simmers DG0: Health

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