Transcript: Advertisers use this regularly Hypothesis: The participants will have a better memory of a target when in attention span than when not in attention span Participants performed slightly better on the recognition test when the brand name was outside the visual attention span than when inside Mini experiment Horver Borger Master Thesis Defense Business Communication and Digital Media 2017 Triumph T. Odita The Influence of Gaze Cue on Visual Attention Span in Advertisements Eye-tracking Recognition study & To determine if viewers recognize objects inside their visual attention span To establish how viewers process images with a gaze cue 71% 73% 29% 27% Results The Visual Attention Span 20 Images which were used as experimental items in the recognition study "the visual field from which useful information is derived during a fixation" Rayner (1998) Conclusion Gaze Cue "When people believe that useful information about the objects or resources in the environment can be obtained by observing the direction or location of the other’s attention" Bayliss, A., Bartlett, J., Naughtin, C., & Kritikos, A. (2011) The hypothesis is not supported "From an early age, children begin learning to respond to these kinds of nonverbal hints" Chris Moore (2008) Horver Borger Questions? Thank You. Horver Borger
Transcript: Master Thesis Defense Sarah Anna Bradler BA MEM 2015 28/09/2017 Differences in leadership in Austria und Taiwan (R.O.C): A cross-cultural analysis focusing on leadership and discrimination AGENDA 1 Introduction Introduction Literature review Literature review Methodology Methodology Results Results Data Interpetation and Discussion Data Interpetation and Discussion Limitations and suggestions for further research Limitations and suggestions for further research Introduction 2 was raised.. during stay abroad in Taiwan and travelling throughout South East Asia by the challenging political situation worlwide... and intense discussion with locals in Austria and Taiwan Research Motivation Research Motivation Problem Statement Problem Statement Cross-cultural team work in the global environment Cross-cultural team work in the global environment Leadership have to deal with complex tasks have to adapt to a challenging set of competencies to be effective in motivating and leading multinational teams who are able to manage these diverse stressors at a workplace, increase the physical and mental health of the employees on a daily basis and therefore will increase their work performance (Nilsson, Andersson, Ejlertsson, & Troein, 2012, p. 2). Leadership Discrimination omnipresent part of organizational life basically neither positive nor negative but very complex defined as to be a behavior of an individual, organization or a group in which some people are treated differently from others. (Cooper & Cooper, 2016) appears either in a physical or psychological way based on race, ethnicity, culture, religion,…. can lead to severe disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Discrimination Research Question 1 What are the main differences in Leadership of Teams in Austria compared to Taiwan? Research Question 2 Do employees and leaders perceive discrimination as a present challenge in companies in Austria and Taiwan? Research Question 3 Which steps have to be taken in order to reduce or eliminate discrimination at a workplace in Austria and Taiwan? Research Questions Research Questions Literature review 3 Hofstede`s Cultural Concept Trompenaars Cultural Theory Hall Globe Study Criticism on Theories Culture Culture Hofstede`s Indices Hofstede`s Indices Lewins Leadership Styles Globe Study Leadership Styles Leadership and Cross- Cultural Teamwork Leadership in Taiwan (R.O.C) and Austria Leadership in Taiwan (R.O.C) and Austria Democratic/Participative Leadership Style (Morgan,2013,p.1) Leadership in Austria Leadership in Austria Leadership in Taiwan (R.O.C) Leadership in Taiwan (R.O.C) Discrimination at the workplace Discrimination at the workplace Discrimination is the unfavorable treatment of an individual or a group of individuals based on personal characteristics such as gender, race, color or ethnic or national origin, age, or because of any requirements or conditions that confront the principles of fairness at the workplace. In addition, direct and indirect discrimination as well as harassment and victimization are also included. (edited by the author) Definition Definition created upon the following definitions: United Nations` International Labor Organization (ILO) (‘Convention C111’, 2016); UNESCO (‘Discrimination’, 2017); The Human Rights Commission (Santana, 2017); (Sue et al., 2007); (Marchiondo, Ran, & Cortina, 2015); (Cheung et al., 2016, p. 122); Austrian Equal Treatment Act (GIBG) Austria Austria wealthy modern welfare state about 8 million inhabitants German recognized minorities: Slovenes, Croats, Slovaks, Hungarians, Czechs as well as Roma late 1960s: attracted young workers from Turkey and earlier Yugoslavia early 1990s: Balkan crises with 150000 Bosnian refugees since 1990`s: political rise of FPÖ - openly communicated the idea of a “natural” dominance by so called “true-born” Austrians and “open hostility towards immigrants of Islamic faith” (Publications Office of the European Union, 2016, p. 4) Public Anti-Semitism remains a taboo Age discrimination Homosexuality Disability Gender related discrimination Education and training Income gap Parental leave Discrimination in Austria Discrimination in Austria increasing awareness two separated but correlated legal regimes deal with employment discrimination (foreign workers, gender equality) Women in workforce Gender pay gap Sexual harassment Pregnancy discrimination - “fetal protection policies” Race-based employment discrimination Aborigines Language / Rural dialects Disability Discrimination based on religious belief is seldom Taiwan Taiwan Methodology 4 Research Design Research Design - Secondary Research Secondary Research Anonymous Online Survey Questions: 41 (open questions, Likert-Scale) Language: English, German, Taiwanese based on 42 companies doing business in Austria and Taiwan (list provided by chamber of commerce) Further companies included after intense research 30 respondents Quantitative Analysis Comparisons and Correlations Qualitative
Transcript: Introduction Developments in Labor Governance Approaches to the Study of Compliance with International Labor Standards Literature Review state hybrid Theory and Hypotheses Institute for Labor Studies Fostering Voluntary Compliance: An Assessment of the Labor Laws Compliance System 2015 Theory: Performance Assessment of Labor Governance Regimes Historical Comparison Research problem and objectives Relevance and importance of the study Summary and Conclusions "Why do firms comply (or do not comply) with international labor standards?" Developments in Labor Governance Findings and Analysis Approaches to the Study of Compliance with International Labor Standards Normative Framework on Workers' Rights and Labor Standards Methodology SINGLE CASE STUDY The operation of the normative framework tightens the network of rules and reduces labor laws circumvention... However, it has not yet fully pushed enforcement of ILS to a regime that goes beyond self and voluntary regulatory strategies as typified in the Philippines... The Changing Behavior of Firms Findings and Analysis self Literature Review Limitations Anke Hassel and Nicole Helmerich Institutional Change in Transnational Labor Governance: Implementing Social Standards in Public Procurement and Export Credit Guarantees 2016 Performance Assessment of Labor Governance Regimes Research hypotheses Rationale (Relevance and Importance of the Study) How the behavior of firms changed in the points of transition to a new labor governance regime despite the existence of international labor standards... even with sophistication of compliance systems... the horrors of the Kentex tragedy still continue to haunt workers under precarious working conditions... Hypotheses Research Design Hypothesis 2 The Philippine government transitioned to a voluntary labor governance regime because of the increasing pressure from transnational standard-setting institutions. This served as a window of opportunity for the ruling administration at the time of transition to re-establish its credibility and relevance in labor governance. Further, contrary to theory (Hurd 2003, Hassel 2008), firms comply more with the traditional regime of labor regulation than the private regime. Further Research Further research should look at the use of other methods Observational methods can be used to establish a causal link on the effect or impact of labor governance regime (mandatory, voluntary or hybrid) to the behavior of firms A transition to another regime may provide the opportunity to use econometric tools such as difference-in-differences to establish the effect of transnational regime (treatment) to the behavior of firms versus the effect of voluntary regime (control/counterfactual). Researchers can also look at the aspect of corruption in analyzing why labor laws compliance systems fail to protect the rights of workers. Rapid evolution of the labor market due to technological change and the consequent increase of non-standards forms of employment (worthwhile field of further research: labor laws compliance) THANK YOU Hypothesis 1 The normative framework on workers’ rights and labor standards demands different levels of commitment from firms addressed at so many levels – global, national and firm – that tightens the web of rules and reduces the possibility of circumventing labor laws. However, this normative framework did not push state enforcement to a regime that goes beyond self and voluntary regulatory strategies. Contributions Different factors induced the transition from one labor governance regime to another. Firms comply more with the traditional regime of labor regulation than the private labor governance regime. Literature Review How do international and domestic level standards, rules and regulations affect labor governance at the level of state enforcement? Anke Hassel The Evolution of a Global Labor Governance Regime 2008 Case Selection 1. The extent the country has mainstreamed ILS to the national level 2. Prevalence of work-related accidents 3. Transition from a mandatory to a voluntary labor governance regime How international and domestic level standards, rules and regulations affect labor governance at the level of state enforcement Summative Assessment of Firms' Compliance with International Labor Standards Normative Framework on Workers' Rights and Labor Standards The Evolution of Labor Governance and the Changing Behavior of Firms Mechanisms of Enforcement and Compliance with International Labor Standards: What Do They Demand from and Offer to Firms? Summative Assessment of Firms' Compliance with International Labor Standards Miguel Luis U. Arias Why do firms comply with international labor standards? How the mechanisms induced compliance with ILS Theory and Hypotheses Case Selection and Limitations How the demands of the mechanisms correspond with the behavior of firms Unit(s) of Analysis: Labor governance regimes (VEF, LSEF and LLCS) Research Design The Evolution of Labor
Transcript: Give space to lead Prioritize Staff Care Encourage self-reflection Prioritize National Staff Make leadership training practical Prioritize Leadership Coach the leaders Recommendations Staff Mental Health in Emergencies How to Care in a Cowboy Culture? Background Methodology/Set-up Theoretical Framework Interview Results Recommendations "Leadership in-country, that provides a clear vision and objectives for the humanitarian response to a specific crisis (whether at the program, organizational or system-wide level, focussed on the affected population and building a consensus that brings aid workers together around that vision and objectives. It also means finding ways of collectively realizing that vision for the benefits of the affected population, often in challenging and hostile environments." (ALNAP 2011) Methodology Results of the Interviews How do operational humanitarian leaders perceive their role regarding duty of care? Which challenges have they experienced and which good practices are they applying? How do operational humanitarian leaders perceive organizational support? Unstructured, depending on the individual Operational Humanitarian Leadership 7 semi-structured Interviews transcribed, coded & analyzed Software used: Skype, F5 Addition: Short field trip to Sierra Leone Qualitative study about staff care in humanitarian missions Research angle: Operational humanitarian leaders/Organizational change Main Research question: How can humanitarian organizations strengthen operational leadership to provide better staff care? Why? Legal/Ethical Master Thesis Defense Carla Weymann Critical Incident Management Team Culture Resonable Workplace Living space Recognition, Motivation Duty of Care Staff Care Background Thank you! Theoretical Framework Security, Psychological safety Lack of funding Lack of training Humanitarian Culture National Staff
Transcript: Master thesis defense Pricing process of other works of art How do specialists working at auction houses determine the price estimates of paintings? General conclusion Method Qualitative research method Semi-structured interview Interview questions Collection of data Empirical research Velthuis (2002, 2005) Hypotheses Hypothesis one: specialists working at auction houses use pricing scripts to determine the estimates of paintings. Hypothesis two: specialists pay attention to different price determinants to determine the price estimates of paintings. Hypothesis three: specialists pay attention to different price determinants when they need to determine the price estimates of Old Master paintings and Contemporary paintings. Hypothesis four: specialists pay more attention to artist- or artwork or market- or macro level factors. Hypothesis five: the personal taste of specialists has an influence on the price estimates of paintings. Hypothesis six: potential buyers have the biggest influence on the hammer prices fetched at auction. 'a set of routines which function as a cognitive manual for the variety of pricing decisions that a dealer needs to make in different stages of an artist’s career’ (Velthuis, 2002, p.52). Research questions Confirmed: Pricing scripts are helpful tools to determine price estimates, but potential buyers will always have the final word when it comes to the hammer prices fetched at auction. Hypothesis two: specialists pay attention to different price determinants to determine the price estimates of paintings. Hypothesis three: specialists pay attention to different price determinants when they need to determine the price estimates of Old Master paintings and Contemporary paintings. 1. Do specialists working at auction houses use pricing scripts when they determine the price estimates of paintings? 2. Do experts pay attention to different price determinants when they determine the price estimates of paintings? 3. Do specialists pay attention to different price determinants when they determine the price estimates of Old Master paintings and Contemporary paintings? 4. Which factor has the most influence on the price estimates of paintings according to the specialists? 5. Does the taste of experts has an influence on the price estimates of paintings? 6. How is it possible that hammer prices are not always in line with the price estimates stated by art specialists? Hypothesis one: specialists working at auction houses use pricing scripts to determine the estimates of paintings. Hypothesis five: the personal taste of specialists has an influence on the price estimates of paintings. Hypothesis six: potential buyers have the biggest influence on the hammer prices fetched at auction. Pricing scripts Primary art market versus secondary art market Limitations and recommendations for further research Socially and academically relevant Find out if these experts use ‘pricing scripts’ and if differences can be found in the decision-making process between specialists working at different auction houses. Hypothesis four: specialists pay more attention to artist- or artwork or market- or macro level factors. Determine estimates during the interview Limitation of the research Inspiration and motivation Not entirely confirmed: Priceless or worthless? A qualitative research on how price estimates are determined in the secondary art market Aim and relevance Manou Lourens 319142 Conclusion empirical research Provide a better insight in the pricing process that specialists run through to determine the price estimates, before a painting is put up for auction. Rejected: How do specialists working at auction houses determine the price estimates of paintings? Auction houses in the Netherlands Specialists Interviews Auction houses operating in the UK or China Thank you for your attention!
Transcript: Investment in Student Housing in Europe with a focus on Germany Understanding students’ preferences in terms of student housing and the potential of micro-units for student housing Master Thesis Defense Summary Camille Wajsblat - 24.10.2017 Introduction Why student housing ? Why student housing ? 1st reason Personal and direct interest in the topic (being confronted to it directly in different markets/places/contexts) 2nd reason Awareness of the interest of professionals for this expanding market 3rd reason Already a good inside-knowledge about the German student housing market Literature review Literature review Decision-making process Decision-making process Abundant literature and research about irrationality of investors Irrationality in real estate inevitable because of the limitation of models In real estate, research about: influence of sentiments/feelings and past experience challenges and "best practices" for investors influence of mental accounting and false reference points Student Housing Student Housing Main research conducted towards: expected outcomes and negative aspects of on-campus living the meaning of "home" and housing pathways impact of socio-physiological background of students on their housing preferences single vs. collective housing Very little research conducted about off-campus housing Studies are not linked to the supply/investment side Micro apartments Micro apartments GBH Mikroapartments - Körnerstraße, Hannover Extensive literature about: reasons for attractiveness: price, location, mobility expected benefits: attract students and young professionnals, efficiency , sustainability Barriers to development: potential negative social effects regulations financing Still have a strong potential for students Research preparation decision-making models not applicable in concrete life studies about SH are rarely linked to the supply/investors side reconcile the supply and the demand side of the student housing market What did I want to find out ? Preparation of research Preparation of research Which method(s) fit(s) best ? What are current students’ expectations regarding student accomodation ? Are investors aware of these expectations ? Students: direct questions through survey Real estate professionals: direct questions through interviews Timeline Timeline 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 May August July June Reading academic papers/research Running survey Creating survey Writing Form registration Creating interviews Running interviews Review Handover e7143f Field Research Field Research Questionnaire Benchmark to select the best channel Questionnaire Premium subscription: unlimited questions, unlimited questionnaires, analysis tools, Excel/PDF exports Channel used: After collection of results, own analysis on excel with pivot tables Goals: 1. identify patterns between preferences of respondents given three parameters: gender, country of study and level of study 2. Confront answers of respondents and answers of interviewees Interviews Interviews Elaborated following the analysis of the questionnaires’ results Breached the topic of micro units Q1. SH has become a real asset class, it is not a niche market anymore for investors. What do you think triggered this new attractivity ? Q2. How do you think investments in SH will evolve on a short/middle term ? Q3. How are the most active investors in SH in Germany ? Q4. Are you aware of micro-units as one of the latest trends in development ? Q5. Why would you consider a micro-apartment an attractive investment for developers/investors ? Q6. What potential have micro-units into the SH market ? Q7. Can you order the following characteristics in order of what you think is more important for a student who has to select a student accommodation ? (1- most important, 12- least important) Q8. Can you order the following list of amenities by level of importance what a student housing should offer according to you ? (1- most important, 5- least important) Q9. What would you say is a reasonable budget for rent per month for a student in Germany ? Q10. 24% of students who still live with their parents in Germany say they are dissatisfied with their situation and would like to move out but cannot. What do you think is the biggest obstacle for finding a suitable student housing in Germany ? Results Results of the study Mean Ranking MK MS Amount of rent 3,53 1 1 4 Short walking distance to 3,31 2 2 2 public transportation Proximity to a grocery store 3,30 3 6 9 Possibility to easily end the 3,17 4 8 6 renting contract Proximity to the university 3,14 5 3 1 Proximity to the city center 3,02 6 4 11 Furnished accommodation 2,96 7 7 5 Quiet location 2,84 8 12 7 Proximity to green areas 2,60 9 10 8 Interaction with the landlord 2,23 10 11 12 Proximity to night-life district 2,18 11 5 3 Possibility to park in the area 2 ,08 12 9 10 Analysis Analysis regarding the general backroung of respondents Gender: girl students live closer to university, male students used more often a
Transcript: Changing the world to what it should be Lower debt ratios, because: - Threatening liquidation is bad for the image of the CEO (Hirshleifer & Thakor, 1992) - More control over the company (not bonded by debt covenants). But is this really true in reality? Mastery Agenda Thinking as an individual Where does the CEO come from? Conservatism Autonomy 97.35% Results & discussion Inequality Conservatism 2.65% Hierarchy Egalitairianism Mastery Harmony Research question Review of academic studies Results & discussion Conclusion Equality Lower debt ratios, because: - Less agency problems - CEOs are more concerned with liquidation costs (Titman, 1984) - Threatening liquidation is bad for the image of the firm (Chui et al., 2002) - More uncertainty and therefore more risk averse (Offermann & Hellmann, 1997; Riddle, 1992) CEOs are afraid of bankruptcy and care about either their own image or the image of the firm CEOs from countries with a high mastery value use more debt in their firm Tenure and age of the CEO are not related to each other but are also of an important factor by capital structure decisions Older CEOs use more debt in their firm - Less willing to take risk - Younger people hang more onto a target debt ratio CEOs with a longer tenure use less debt in their firm. - More worried about their long-term relationship with stakeholders Through the Eyes of Schwartz: How Cultural Background Influences Capital Structure in the United States Nationality Accept the world as it is 98.44% Schwartz value types No evidence that the conservatism-autonomy dimension is related to capital structure CEOs from countries with a high mastery value use more debt in their firm. However, this result is not significant for CEOs with a foreign educational background More debt is more control over the shareholders, so more space to change the firm to what you think it should be! Thinking as a group Where does the CEO come from? Conclusion How does cultural background influence capital structure in the United States? Educational background Martijn den Blanken Master thesis defense – MSc Finance & Investments 14 March 2013 1.56% Results & discussion
Transcript: Master Thesis Project "A master thesis focused on discovering balanced scorecard categories to be implemented within the elderly/home care organizational context to foster business process innovation" 1. Introduction Introduction A research within MeanderGroep Trends Trends & Developments Elderly/home care organization Shift to more care at home Technology & Innovation Small sclare care giving environments Trends up to 2020 E-health solution Effects Business process restructuring Manage employees Higher effiency in use of resources Implment innovation and many more... Effects BPM Business Process management BPM & Innovation BPM Performance Measures Enabler of Business Process Innovation Strategic management tool Balanced Scorecard (BSC) Significant part within is... Specific context Elderly/home care organization context Non-profit & additional characteristics Non - Profit Different purpose Different ownership Different control Accountability Additional characteristics Non-standard B2C situation Stakeholders Research question Main research question & sub research questions “Which balanced scorecard categories have to be implemented within the business pro-cess landscape of the elderly/home care organization MeanderGroep to foster business process innovation?” 1. “What is the current business maturity level of MeanderGroep” 2. “Which performance measures are desired by MeanderGroep” 3. “Which BSC categories substantiates the desired performance measures” 4. “Which issues have to be concerned when implementing these BSC categories” 5. “How are these BSC categories implemented within current or new business pro-cesses to create innovative practices?” Business relevant sub-research questions; 2. Literature Literature General BPM Business process management Business process management contextual factors & Six core elements Goal-dimension Process-Dimension Organization-dimension Enviroment-dimension BPM contextual factors** **"Schmiedel, Vom Brocke, & Recker, 2013" Six core elements*** 1. Stretgic allignment 2. Governance 3. Methods 4. Information Technology 5. People 6. Culture ***"Schmiedel, Vom Brocke, & Recker, 2013" BPM lifecycle* **"Dumas, La Rosa, Mendling, & Reijers, 2013" BPMM Business Process Maturity Model (BPMM) Context + core elements = BPMM *"Business Process Maturity Model (BPMM), (OMG, 2008)" Level 5: Innovating Level 4: Predictable Level 3: Standardized Level 2: Managed Level 1: Initial Innovation management Capability management Process management Work-Unit management Inconsistentmanagement Innovative practices Optimized practices Standardized practices Repeatable practices BSC Process identification Process discovery Process analysis Process redesign Process implementation Process monitoring and controlling Process architecture A-is process model Insigth on weakenesses and their impact To-be process model Executable process model Conformance and performance insigths BSC combi-nation Balanced Scorecard Combination 3. Methodology Finance Results Results Upcoming Events Upcoming Events 4. Results HR New Faces New Faces Upcoming Events Upcoming Events 5. Advice for Implmentation Other... Results Results PHASE 1: PHASE 2: PHASE 3: Upcoming Events Upcoming Events 6. Discussion Other... Results Results PHASE 1: PHASE 2: PHASE 3: Upcoming Events Upcoming Events 7. Future research & Limitations Other... Results Results PHASE 1: PHASE 2: PHASE 3: Upcoming Events Upcoming Events
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