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George Berkeley Presentation

Transcript: By Daniel T. Clemons George Berkeley's Principles Concerning Human Knowledge - Introduction and Sections 1-33. Berkeley's Philosophy Berkeley's Philosophy Philosophical vantage point Empiricist Immaterialist and “Subjective Idealist” Occasionalist Nominalist (later on, seeming Platonism present in Siris) Early proponent of Instrumentalism Life Life 12 March 1685 – Born in Kilkenny, Ireland 1696 – Kilkenny College 1700 – Trinity College 1704 – Bachelors of Arts 1707 – Masters and Junior Fellow at Trinity 1710 – Ordained as an Anglican Priest 1716-21 – Toured Europe as a tutor (Lost Part 2 of The Principles) 1720s-30s – Attempted to establish a college/seminary in America with a promised grant 1724 – Resigned from Trinity College 1728 – Married Ann Forester – sailed to America to await grant 1731 – Promise of a grant for starting the college fell through Philosopher; Psychologist; Theologian; Linguist Works Works 1706-9 – Wrote Philosophical Commentaries (two notebooks) 1709 – Published An Essay toward A New Theory of Vision 1710 – Published Part 1 of A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge 1712 – Published Passive Obedience 1713 – Published Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous 1721 – Published De Motu 1732 - Published Alciphron 1734 - Published The Analyst The Principles of Human Knowledge The Principles of Human Knowledge Introduction: Contra Abstract Ideas Sec. 1-5 Fundamental problem in Philosophy: Philosophy is the study of wisdom and truth, however, if this is so, then why are the philosophers the most skeptical and the common (sense) man the one at epistemological ease? Most philosophers attribute the difficulty to the obscurity of truth or the natural weakness of our senses and/or faculties. Perhaps it is not the weakness of our senses or faculties so much as our using them poorly. “This would not be agreeable to the accustomed indulgent methods of Providence…” Introduction: Contra Abstract Ideas Skeptical Chihuahua Sec. 6-9 Abstraction as a false principle and source of error: Berekeley attributes the foundation of a great deal of error and scepticism in philosophy to the notion of abstraction. Per Berkeley, everyone agrees that qualities do not exist completely separate from other qualities and their object, though, some believe that humans can conceptualize certain qualities alone and, by conceptualization, form abstract ideas. Extension/Color/Velocities: the mind examines goups of particular qualities, finds what is common to the group, and then abstracts that common feature by conceiving of it individually. Man/Animal: likewise, the mind considers those simple qualities which are common to complex ideas, like Peter and James, or birds, fish, and men, and then extracts an abstract notion for each group. Sec. 10 We are not capable of true abstraction “I can consider the hand, the eye, the nose, each by itself abstracted or separated from the rest of the body. But then whatever hand or eye I imagine, it must have some particular shape or color… And it is equally impossible for me to form the abstract idea of motion distinct from the body moving." Locke: Abstraction provides a “perfect distinction” between men and animals as there is no evidence that animals do abstract things. It seems that they could not abstract because they do not use words or language. “words become general by being made the signs of general ideas.” Berkeley: “words become general by being made the sign, not of an abstract general idea, but of several particular ideas, any one of which it indifferently suggests to the mind. (divisibility of extension, changes in velocity) An idea, like a word, “becomes general by being made to represent or stand for all other particular ideas of the same sort.” "Algebraic Variable" model of general ideas Sec. 11-12 Locke on abstraction and Berkeley’s replacement theory Sec. 13-14 Abstraction creating incoherent ideas Locke’s example of an abstract idea of a triangle, which embodies all qualities of all triangles at once. Can anyone really conceptualize this? The concept seems incoherent and implausible. Locke says that such a process of learning to abstract is undertaken into adulthood. If this is true, however, then we would have the memory of it. Surely, it wasn’t undertaken in our infant years for the sheer difficulty of the task. Sec. 15-16 Further development of the Algibraic theory of general ideas Q: If the representational idea of a triangle does not embody all qualities of all triangles, then how might one know anything about all triangles? A: The only thing needed to know something of all triangles is the properties which make something a triangle in the first place, so any representative triangle will do. Sec. 17-21 On the origin of abstract ideas as a concept “[I]t is thought that every name has, or ought to have, only one precise and settled signification, which inclines men to think there are certain abstract, determinate ideas, which constitute the true and We

Lawrence Presentation

Transcript: ______________________________________________ Perks of Being a Wallflower * What is The Glade surrounded by? Have you ever wondered ... what it would be like to be clueless? Questionaire! ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ _______________ * What is the biggest rule in The Glade? Stephen Chbosky James Dashner * Born November 26th, 1972 * Loving Husband and father of four kids. * Resides in the Rocky Mountains. * Charlie, the main character, has to deal with one of his friends committing suicide. * Typical High school experience, but does not understand how people and the world works. *Eventually ends up having a mental breakdown and ends up hospitalized. * Loves someone he cannot have, named Sam. She is a senior and will soon be leaving for college. * Blinded by sadness and confusion. *Does he end up getting the girl? ______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________ * Why was Charlie hospitalized? * Who is the girl that Charlie is in love with? * Born January 25, 1970 * Not married with no kids. * Resides in Los Angeles, California. The Maze Runner Author of The Maze Runner I need a volunteer! * The main character in this book, Thomas, wakes up with no memory of his family, friends, or where he is. * Since he has no memory, he is willing to do whatever it takes to find out his past. * Wakes up in a place called The Glade. It is surrounded by a gigantic maze filled with monsters. * Spontaneously, he breaks the biggest rule of The Glade and goes out in to the maze at night and risks his life. *Becomes a "Runner" of the Maze outside of the Glade, and figures out the entire thing is set up. _________________________________________________ _________________________ Author of The Perks of Being a Wallflower

Class Action Lawsuit: Lawrence Berkeley

Transcript: Found the secret medical tests to be in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights act and federal constitutional privacy guarantees. The tests were determined to be both discriminatory and personally invasive. The US Department of Energy changed its policies and required more clear communication with employees regarding the nature of medical exams. Berkeley halted the syphilis and sickle-cell-trait screenings and women were checked for pregnancy only if they signed a consent form. Berkeley settled for 2.2 million dollars. What Happened? 7 people filed a lawsuit in district court charging the Berkeley Lab with four counts: Failing to provide adequate safeguards to protect the test results from being known to others. Violating Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. Violating the American Disabilities Act. Violating the right to privacy. What was the verdict? Appeals Court The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (run by the U.S. Department of Energy) was performing secret medical testing on employees. What happened in the court case? How did they use the test results? Latinos and African American employees were retested for syphilis during periodic exams. No whites were retested with the exception of one white man who had married a black woman. African Americans were tested several times for the sickle-cell-trait. Women were tested for pregnancy during each exam. Would you consent to having any tests done by your employer? If so, what tests woulds be permissible in your mind? Is there a situation where tests done by an employer could be beneficial, or even necessary? The Lab claimed they posted a sign informing workers of testing. Mark Covington said they withheld information. After the Human Genome Project finished in 2003, efforts were reignited. Congress and the government wanted citizens not to be afraid of having genetic testing done for their own health and the benefit of society. A Bloody Mess at One Federal Lab: Norman-Bloodsaw v. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Reference Articles The federal district judge Vaughn Walker ruled that: There was a lack of demonstration of harm under Title VII. Even though the lab failed to provide a legitimate purpose for the tests, they were still only minimally intrusive. There was also no proof of a connection between the tests and employment status. Several incidents, including the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory secret testing, also made the case for legislation. It was never disclosed whether test results were used as a basis for decisions about hiring, firing, or promotions. The laboratory did say that employee medical records were "considered valuable epidemiologic research records" leading some workers to believe that they were part of a study tracking disease patterns in minority groups. . Who was targeted for retesting? Marya Norman-Bloodsaw recognized the syphilis testing code and was horrified. She then asked several colleagues to request their own medical records so they can compare notes. She and the other employees enlisted the help of Vicki Laden of the Legal Aid Society who combed the medical records of about 70 current and former Berkeley laboratory employees. If a cure for sickle cell anemia had been discovered, would that make what Berkeley did okay? Does the end justify the means? In 2008, after a unanimous vote by the Senate and a near unanimous vote from the House, President George Bush signed into law legislation preventing employers from using genetic material to make hiring, firing or promotion decisions. http://law.jrank.or/pages/23480/Norman-Bloodsaw-v-Lawrence-Berkeley-Laboratory-impact.html#ixzz2qPbQqwc6 Legislature Discussion Questions Discussion Questions: There have long been government efforts to protect against genetic discrimination. For over a decade Congress attempted to enact federal standards. Results sickle cell trait pregnancy syphilis What

UC Berkeley presentation

Transcript: Football baseball, basketball, crew, cross country, football, golf, gymnastics, rugby, soccer, swimming, tennis, water polo, boxing, wrestling, field hockey, lacrosse, softball, and volleyball The Big Game The Sather Tower is 307 feet tall and can be seen from almost any point on campus. This is one of the most known places on campus. Its nickname comes from its resemblance. UC Berkeley is ranked the 4th in the world by Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and 9th globally by Times Magazine. As of 2012, there are 71 Nobel laureates associated with Berkeley. 28 alumni are Nobel laureates. 9 Nobel laureates are faculty members The Big Game Week precedes the playing of the much-anticipated Stanford-California football game each fall, and continues to be the campus's most popular tradition. Early manifestations included the singing of California songs for five minutes at the start of each class, spontaneous rallies between classes, and a rally on the night before the game. "Blue Monday," a day on which students who were discovered wearing red, Stanford's color, were singled out for public embarrassment University of California, Berkeley Colleges and Schools 4.0 Ball: The stone ball in front of the Campanile is more than a century old, but the tradition associated with it is much newer. Nobody knows exactly when students began referring to the sphere as the "4.0 ball." Apparently, rubbing it right before taking an exam is good luck, along with wearing your lucky socks and getting a good night's sleep. Berkeley was founded during the gold rush by leaders that formed the newly 31st state Berkeley was made up of two institutions: the private college of Oakland, and the mechanical arts college. It received its name from an eighteenth century irish philosopher George Berkeley. The Sather Tower (the Campanile) Nobel Laureates Motto: Fiat Lux "Let There be Light" UC Berkeley has 350 degree undergraduate programs and over 7000 courses. Examples of degree programs are: Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Computer Science, and Bioengineering. Tuition "4.0 Ball" UC Berkeley is located in Berkeley California. What is UC Berkeley? California residents: Resident=$32,886 Non-residents=$28,492 Living with relatives= $23,772 Berkeley's Early Stages Sather Gate is a prominent landmark separating Sproul Plaza from the bridge over Strawberry Creek, leading to the center of the campus. The gate was donated by Jane K. Sather, a benefactor of the university, in memory of her late husband Peder Sather. Student Life Berkley has many different dining options for residents and non residents. some of the options include: Crossroads, Cafe 3, Foothill, and Clark Kerr. All of these places have executive chefs and are only available to residents. There are also many other dining options for non-residents and residents. Dining Hall Involvement of Berkeley in World War II The Sather Gate There are a total of 36,142 students attending Berkeley. (As of 2011) Berkeley has 14 different colleges and schools for students to attend to. The most attended schools are the Hass School of Buisiness, the College of Engineering, and the School of Law. Courses and Degree Programs The students at Berkley all stay in dorms, like everywhere else. There are multiple dorms, with multiple levels. The students are paired up with a roommate and share a room. Students are responsible for themselves and their chores. Non- California residents Resident=$55,764 Non-Resident=$51,370 Living with relatives=$46,650 Founded in 1868, UC Berkeley is the flagship campus of the UC System. 10 faculty members and nearly 40 students made up the new University of California when it opened in Oakland in 1869. Construction of South Hall and North Hall on the northern site was promptly begun. In September 1873, the University and close to 200 students, led by UC President Henry Durant, moved to the new campus in Berkeley. Academics Berkeley's whole campus is 1,232 acres, but its central campus is 178 acres. The eastern portion of the campus is within the city of Oakland. The Northern portion of Berkeley is taken up by high quality restaurants. Last but not least, the south portion of the campus is a shopping district. Famous Alumni Cal Athletics The California Memorial Stadium Traditions at Berkeley Berkley has many programs for disabled students, students that have medical needs, and for people that have financial trouble. Berkeley's History Can Take You To New Hights UC Berkeley physics professor J. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942. Berkeley's male undergraduates had to go through military training and there was even an armory on campus. The football team began in 1885, and have played their games in memorial stadium since 1923 The program has produced seven NFL players, including Aaron Rogers (Green Bay Packers) The Dorms About the Campus Robert Gordon Sproul served as president from 1930 to 1958. By 1942, the American Council on


Transcript: UC Berkeley is ranked of the top three engineering schools in the world they are said to have a program that offers dynamic ,interdisciplinary, hands on education. very educated professors UC Berkeley wants students that have taken part in AP/IB class,leadership positions, and good GPA and test scores thought out high school specifically their looking for an average GPA of 3.75, and SAT score of about 2400 or higher 22 % admissions rate UC Berkeley aids in the biggest challenges of today by creating different types of robotics,philosophical ideas,medical drugs,and they preserve ancient artifacts . UC Berkeley acquires money from sources like,federal agencies,foundations,and corporations They provide money to students through payed employment,scholarships, loans,and grants UC Berkeley offers an average financial aid rate of $22,000 per student who reserves 24% live on campus, 10% live in a sorority or fraternity ,34% study abroad Clubs and Organizations Research and projects UC Berkeley has the campus colors of blue and gold which, is Representative for California's blue sky's and the golden state. their mascot is a golden bear named Oski. before major sporting events students attend big game rallys to celebrate. School Spirit Engineering Program The End The public research university ,UC Berkeley was founded in 1868 by the private college of California and was named after the philosopher George Berkeley. Sports Division Founding UC BERKELEY PRESENTATION UC Berkeley has over 1200 student organizations meaning ,they have everything your interested in from,volunteering,culture,business,dance,publications,law,engineering and much more. Finances Ways to get in UC Berkeley offers a huge assortment of sports, some being soccer ,basketball ,softball,football, volleyball,tennis, and baseball. The most notable sport is football for they for it gives them the opportunity to hold huge rallys and face off against their rivals Stanford for the ave cup Over 14 colleges and schools 37,581 students are enrolled at UC Berkeley home to some of the worlds brights minds (professors) They have over 130 academic departments ,7,000 courses in some 350 degree programs,and 80 interdisciplinary research units. Diversity in Learning Work Cited

College Presentation- Berkeley

Transcript: The main scholarship that is offered is the Berkeley Undergraduate Scholarship. To be eligible you must: Have a 4.1 GPA Fill out the FASFA Be in a household with less than $80,000 I am interested in a major in computer engineering Minimum ACT (with writing) Score- 25 University of California, Berkeley Out of State and living on campus- $55, 764.00 per year only for out of Tuition Admission deadline is November 30 Mascot is Oski the Bear English AP (Language or Literature) SCORE: 3 UC BERKELEY UNITS: 5.3 units (units will only be awarded for one test) REQUIREMENT FULFILLED: Entry Level Writing Requirement only. SCORE: 4 or 5 UC BERKELEY UNITS: 5.3 units (units will only be awarded for one test) REQUIREMENT FULFILLED: Reading and Composition “A” state- $22, 878 per year At Berkeley, there is no longer an essay question, but to be considered you have to have done the following: 30 or better on the ACT Combined English/Writing test; or 680 or better on the College Board SAT Reasoning Test, Writing section; or 3 or above on either Advanced Placement Examination in English. Located in Berkeley California Minimum SAT score- 580 on critical reading and 580 on math. Berkeley is the college that I am most interested in because it is one of the top colleges for computer engineering. While at Berkeley, I would like to live on campus and experience life in a new state. I believe that after college there will be many more job opportunities for me in California and this is where I would like to live for the rest of my life. Being a computer engineer, I will need to get my master's degree and being in California for my undergraduate will allow me to have a cheaper tuition later on. I would like to work for Google and their headquarters are in Los Angeles. I can see my future in California, therefore I know that is where I want to start my academic career.

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