Transcript: Law Enforcement: Does Society Really Need them? By Harry Vu The Sole purpose of Law Enforcement The Sole purpose of Law Enforcement The sole purpose of law enforcement is to protect citizens from harm, enforce the law, keep criminals from harming the public, and keep the region they are in charge of safe for all citizens. Keeping Order in Society Society can be a dangerous place for any person in public; there are a good amount of criminals waiting to attack any unsuspecting citizen. This is where police come in. They are the guards of society. From traffic violations to murders and terror attacks, police are always risking their lives and going out in the world to try and make it as safe as possible. They are willing to make the ultimate sacrafice for their society. They are our protectors and should always be helped for their service to us and risking their own lives every single day. Keeping Order in Society How police treat people Police usually treat people with integrity, fairness, and courage. This is an event that would occur for the majority of the time. However, there are such cases that police needlessly harmed citizens; this is called police brutality. Many groups can be especially vulernable to police brutality, which include the mentally ill, disabled (blind, deaf, etc.). Not only that, but peole can also be harmed by officers of a different race! The communication barriers are usually to blame for the deaths of these people when they confront the police. In conclusion, police treat people fairly most of the time, but there are times that they have harmed or killed someone with unnecessary use of force. How police treat people As mentioned, there are minority groups who are at a raised risk of being a victim of police brutality. Mentally ill Disabled Minority races Major movements, including: political social Federalism Separation of powers Trouble for minority groups Society from the Perspective of the Police Society from the Perspective of the Police The police, however, have a different vantage point in society than the citizens they protect. From what they see, they are supposed to serve and protect the citizens of their region with integrity, justice, and honesty. Every day, they go out in their community risking their lives and serving their community. They deserve the praise and the respect from the people that they serve every day. Police also know that they do occasionally cross the line and attack people in a way that society would think that is wrong. However, especially after several attacks by terrorists and extremism, police need to step up their security and act in the best protective way possible. After all, the goal of the police is to keep society safe while also hurting as little people as possible. The Police Impact on Society The police, once again, go out in society to make the society safer for civilians. They are the ones who keep the crime rate low and controllable, as well as preventing crime. Police are also able to help civilians in need, such as participating in rescue efforts after any disasters or accidents. They can also perform investigations when necessary. However, a small number of officers once in a blue moon cross the line and abuse their privilege against certain suspects, such as using abusive and overreactive strategies to arrest their wanted person, which is called police brutality. In addition, discrimination by police can cause civil disruption and often can result in riots. The Police Impact on Society
Transcript: How hard is it to interpret accurately? Knowledge, skill and ability that is required to produce an accurate interpretation is not the same as used in ordinary conversation The need for a qualified interpreter will depend of the impact of the situation Simultaneous When is each method used? Translator = one that works with written or printed text Side B They do not know the limitations of the role Why not use bilingual officers as interpreters? patience Consecutive Simultaneous Sight translation The need for a qualified interpreter will depend on the impact of the situation Communicating with the Deaf and Hard of Hearing 2. What assistance does the law enforcement officer need to perform his or her official duty? Interpreter = one that works with spoken/sign language from one language into another language Has the lack of qualified interpreting at the law enforcement level ever affected the disposition of a case? SPECIFICS OF INTERPRETING Their language skills are not tested Bilingual personnel without proper training cannot function as an interpreter cognitive skills interrogations interviews question & answer sessions State of Ohio v. Alejandro Ramirez Friends & family are not neutral People v. Mata-Medina Credentials Professional references verified Personal references Side A How can an officer monitor the communication? When do we need a professional interpreter? They are not trained to retain meaning An officers untested and undocumented skills can have a negative impact in court cases Conflict I. WHY & WHEN AN INTERPRETER IS NEEDED? Resolution written documents Individuals may be potential suspects or an interest in case Interpretation is a complex task and needs to be accurate. Time! Don't be in a rush. Who decides whether an interpreter is needed? mental flexibility To communicate information Information to be used for evidence 1. What kind of language assistance does the deaf or hard of hearing person need for effective communication? 3. What is the goal of communication? YES! Do I need a translator or an interpreter? information directions instructions speed Consecutive How does an interpreter do their job? memory How long will the interpreting process take? Can we use someone already at the scene to interpret? Can bilingual personnel serve as an interpreter? Sight Translation People v. Sandoval How to verify an interpreter's competence?
Transcript: My mom and sister work in law enforcement so I choose this job because it's really cool to have family in law enforcement You get lots of hours off in being a police officer Depending on how many hours you work. If you work night shift then you sleep through the mourning. carry a gun, arrest people, and go really fast in the car catching speeders You could get shot. The hours you work could screw up your family life. And one more thing... Subject 3 Introduction Disadvantages The day on the job is diffrent every single day. depending on arresting people for a DUI or just pulling people over for speeding. Subject 1 Conclusion If you dont want the same boring day over and over again just become a police officer. Advantages Subject 2 The benefits from being a police officer are health insurance, dental insurance. Did you ever wonder what the bad side of the world is like? Then you want to become a police officer. Thank you for your attention!
Transcript: Depending on your skill set and areas of interest, police officer salaries are from the $30,000 to well over $100,000 for officers with higher levels of seniority. if u have a special unique skill or you are really good at what you do they will pay you extra for your hard work You must be healthy and fit You must pass a written Test You must be a high school graduate You must also have some sort of experience A day being a police officer a day being a police officer you main concern is to bring justice and help everybody be safe Benefits If you have worked for more than 20 to 25 years on the force u can retire and still get paid every week. you get a paid vacation every year you can take your family with you and ita all completly paid. you get to help out others and help out the community Pros How to get ready •10 paid vacation days a year during the first five years of service. •15 paid vacation days a year during the next 10 years of service. •20 paid vacation days a year after 15 years of service. •4 floating holidays. •13 paid sick days a year and several healthcare plans. •Bilingual pay and special assignment pay. •Retirement Eligibility at Age 50, with a maximum of 90% benefit based on years of service. Salary If your a police officer you will ahve to answer to calls anytime of the day even if it like 4 in the morning you must still take in the call and go anywhere they tell you to go there will some situitons that are life or death sitations like gun fire battles or any kind of dangerous acts who is the boss By Juan Flores Cons there are about 661,000 police officers,Sherrifs,detectives Almost 9 out of 10 work for local government Law Enforcement The main person who is in charge is the sherrif he directs everybody How many jobs are there
Transcript: Enhancement Ideas Monthly Calendar Explanation- A monthly calendar will be created before each month and will include what days practices will be (mandatory and non-mandatory). The area which will be taught will also be recorded (ex. traffic stops). Use- Enables team to work trainings into their schedule by having advance notice. Also promotes productivity by having a plan to ensure everything is being covered effectively within a timely manner. Monthly Calendar Explanation- A box made readily available to explorers team members. Explorers may write a suggestion in regards to the program or concern which will then be put into the box. Use- Allows explorers to express suggestions etc. which do not require. immediate attention and will not take up unnecessary time. Also allows indirect communication for explorers who do not want to speak face to face for whatever reason. To ensure that any anonymous suggestions etc. are addressed, all appropriate ones should be discussed during training or other available times. Suggestion Box Suggestion Box Explanation- A more detailed record of explorers participation and actions. For example, if a explorer wears a uniform properly they can be awarded a point, or if they attend a voluntary meeting (others to be discussed). This point system can also be used for the entire team (ex. everyone attended training or worked together). Use- In regards to individuals, this will make choosing competition teams easier and giving future command staff a record of their actions to help in future interviews. With the entire team, a certain amount of points met could result in team bonding excercises or perhaps a sort of outing. Point System Point System Explanation- A type of notebook each teammember would have to record PT achieved daily (including outside of training). Explorers may also record their weekly goals and if they achieved them. They could also record steps taken per day among other things so that personal excercises and PT are not unreccorded. Use- Gives teammembers motivation and a way to analyze individual progression. Personal Logs Personal Logs Explanation- In order to ensure command staff is utilized, logging point system and attendance could be rotated amongst command staff per training. Command staff can also alternate who leads PT so that nobody is excluded as an instructor which will ensure that all of command staff participates in PT and knows how to leade it in the future. Excercise routines should also be set at a minimum of two separate routines. This can be rotated every other training so that it doesnt get too repetitive and the team gets all neccesary workouts in a timely manner (ex. cardio one training and a game the next). Rotations Rotations
Transcript: President's Crime Commission Wickersham Commission President's Crime Commission Wickersham Commission President's Crime Commission Widely known as the President's Crime Commission Created in 1965 by President Lyndon Johnson Report from the Commission- The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society Wicksham Commission Instead of utilizing the advice from the commission, Congress later passed the 21st Amendment, repealing Prohibition. Although the commission did not lead to stricter laws, it still had a massive impact on police reform. Wickersham Commission What Will be Covered At first, AT&T did not want to do this due to dialing areas and police jurisdictions They later decided to create the number to contact emergency services, 911 The number was announced in 1968, and was widely used just a few years later. Wickersham Commission What is Police Reform? Even though crime rates were increasing, along with police corruption, the commission still states that the 18th amendment should not be appealed Their solution- spend more money and use more effort to crack down on the law Separate Radio Bands for Police Automated Fingerprint Systems Commission also wanted a nationwide emergency telephone number Wickersham Commission President's Commission on Law and Admin. of Justice the change in how the police operate due to certain flaws in the system Transportation Weapons/Defense Style Reform is needed as society changes Wickersham Commission The most anticipated study in this collection dealt with Prohibition The Lawlessness in Law Enforcement contained the studies on the controversial topic. The report endorsed more training, better management, and higher standards for officers. Also dealt with improving the technology that was used in the Criminal Justice System. Stated that technology used by police was behind its time; could've been used years ago President's Commission 14 volume national study on every aspect of the Justice System, from probation and parole to brutality and corruption. August Vollmer was one of the authors- Police Stated that police departments need higher standards for officers. Also know as the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement Commission was appointed by President Hoover in 1929 The name came from the chairperson of the commission, former Attorney General George Wickersham, Roscoe Pound Increasing crime rates Reforming the Police Study was conducted at local, state, and federal levels Stated that there were too many problems with the enforcement of alcohol manufacturing and distributing. Not enough officers Hidden places (Speakeasies) Wickersham Commission Andrew Christian CJ 211 Report on Lawlessness in Law Enforcement shocked many Americans Determined that "the third degree" was widely practiced Beat civilians Threats Held illegally for questioning Held by ankles from 3rd story window
Transcript: What is Law Enforcement? A forensic Scientist gathers and evaluates the scene of a crime. They can prove whether someone is innocent or guilty. Violations include terrorism, cyber crime, kidnapping, corruption, and more. Agencies look for applicants with bachelors that majored in forensic natural or physical science from an accredited college. Agents are in charge of investigating over two hundred violations related to federal law. If the FBI accepts you, the send you into their own training academy to be an Agent. it depends on what the applicant has to offer, most department want either a high school or college graduate. Most agenices look for applicants who have taken a course on math, biology, chemistry and computer skills. Most people in this field work for federal state, or local law enforcement agencies. Its a system of certain people in a society that enforces the law by discovering or punishing those who brake the rules. What is The Purpose? Education The median pay officers get is about $45,210 per year, but it depends in which department you work in Homeland Security Their earning depend on how much education you have, what you do, and where you work. Forensic Science U.S. Marshal Entry Level agents can make around $40,000 annually but agents with more experience earn over $100,000. Custom Agent Education Officer patrol the streeets on foot, squad cars, control traffic or work as detectives investigating crime. Sam Houston State University and University of Houston has one of the best programs for criminal justice that most agents gradated from. Deputy Sheriff you will need a either a bachelors, masters or doctoral degree. FBI They can tell what bullet came from what kind of firearm, fingerprints and etc. They protect the lives and properties of citizens, maintain order, catch law brakers and work to prevent crims. Officers wants applicants with basic training as part of their education which they will recieve in a police academy Forensic Science Law Enforcement By Daniela Benavides Types Of Jobs Education Police Officer FBI Police Officer Agents must have a college degree, most get a bachelors in criminal justice or major in something similiar.
Transcript: Crimes Against Persons: Selected Statutes RECAP What is a vulnerable adult? Vulnerable Adult Abuse A caregiver is someone who watches over or takes care of a person A vulnerable adult is someone who is 18 or older and has some sort of deficiency or disability There are four degrees of Vulnerable Adult Abuse First Degree Caregiver "intentionally" caused "serious" harm Second Degree Caregiver acted recklessly causing a serious physical or mental injury to occur Third Degree Caregiver intentionally harmed Fourth Degree Caregiver caused physical harm to vulnerable adult You want a few examples here you go! This video brings us into our next subject Vulnerable adult Fraud This crime is punishable from a 93 day misdemeanor all the way to a 10 year felony. It all depends on if there are any previous convictions and how much money was taken. For example: If $1,000 - $20,000 is taken it is a 5 year felony Ethnic Intimidation Someone who harasses or intimidates someone else because of their religion, race, gender, or national origin. Question: Why can't the Klu Klux Klan be charged with Ethnic Intimidation? Lets look over the qualifications of ethnic intimidation again. A person is guilty of ethnic intimidation if: Physical contact occurs with another person Property was destroyed or damaged Threats by word or act were made Now who do you picture, when you think of a stalker? Ghostface, maybe? Now what is stalking? Stalking is the repeated harassment of another individual that would cause them to feel terrorized, frightened, or intimidated. There are two types of stalking: Misdemeanor Stalking In order for misdemeanor stalking to occur: The victim must feel harassed or suffer emotional distress The contact between the victim and suspect must be unconsented and The pattern of conduct must consist of 2 or more seperate acts that show the continuity of purpose. Aggravated Stalking Aggravated stalking and misdemeanor stalking have many of the same elements. But whats the difference? The actions that were committed violated a restraining order, probation or parole, and a credible threat was made. A credible threat is threatening to kill another individual or inflict physical injury to that person and cause them to fear for their safety. Aggravated stalking is punishable for up to 5 years in prison and a fine of $10,000 Now on to new material.... Posting a Message Felony What would you define hazing as? When you think of hazing this is what you typically picture.... But do you ever expect it to be more extreme than that? Hazing is the intentional act by a person that is directed against another person that would and can endanger that person, their physical health and safety for the purpose of pledging or being initiated. Hazing includes: Physical brutality Physical Activity Activity that involves the consumption of food, liquids, drugs or other substances Activity that involves the commission of a crime Eavesdropping Eavesdropping is overhearing, recording, or amplifying a private conversation without the permission of the persons engaged in the conversation. It seems that in about every scary movie the killer makes that scary phone call threatening the victims.... Little do they know, their committing a crime. Obscene, Harassing, or Threatening Phone Calls When a person calls someone with the purpose to frighten, terrorize, intimidate, or threaten them they are guilty of a misdemeanor. Some examples of this are: Threatening physical harm Refusing to disengage connection Identity Theft Identity theft is obtaining or attempting to obtain personal information of another person. Personal Information includes: Social Security number Drivers License or State Id Credit Card Debit Card Computer Crimes Felony any crime that involves a computer and a network Some examples are: Harassment Cyber Terrorism Fraud Adulterated Food Placing pins,needles, razor blades, glass, or other harmful objects in food with the intent to harm the consumer. Poisoning Willfully putting a harmful substance in food,a drink,or pharamacuetical product. Telling someone that something has been poisoned but the claim is absolutely false. And you wonder why you should check your Halloween candy before eating it? The End Someone in a relationship of trust that coerces a vulnerable adult in order to obtain money for ones own benefit. I year Misdemeanor Felony felony What is a caregiver? Felony Felony FELONY OR 1 year misdemeanor Felony Vulnerable adult fraud 6 month misdemeanor 2 YEAR MISDEAMENOR
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