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Transcript: Wisdom does not flow like water Plato’s Critique of Pederasty Pederasty Background Symposium Pederasty My Project Pausanias' Speech Pausanias' Speech Two Aphrodites Uranian Heavenly Pandemos Common Text Text Pictures Pictures "Here, Socrates, lie down alongside me, so that by my touching you, I too may enjoy the piece of wisdom that just occurred to you while you were in the porch. It is plain that you found it and have it, for otherwise you would not have come away beforehand." Agathon and Socrates “It would be a good thing, Agathon, if wisdom were the sort of thing that flows from the fuller of us into the emptier, just by our touching one another, as the water in wine cups flows through a wool thread from the fuller to the emptier. For if wisdom too is like that, then I set a high price on my being placed alongside you, for I believe I shall be filled from you with much fair wisdom. My own may turn out to be a sorry sort of wisdom, or disputable like a dream; but your own is brilliant and capable of much development, since it has flashed out so intensely from you while you are young; and yesterday it became conspicuous among more than thirty thousand Greek witnesses." "You are outrageous, Socrates," Agathon said. "A little later you and I will go to court about our wisdom, with Dionysus as judge, but now first attend to dinner." how water flows Principle at play When they do engage in a contest about love Timeline YEAR Alcibiades' Speech Socrates, he claims, is like “those silenuses that sit in the shops of herm sculptors, the ones that craftsman make holding reed pipes or flutes; and if they are split in two and opened up they show they have images of gods within.” (215b) Alcibiades' Speech You, in my opinion,' I said, 'have proved to be the only deserving lover of mine; and it seems to me that you hesitate to mention it to me. Now I am in this state: I believe it is very foolish not to gratify you in this or anything else of mine—my wealth or my friends—that you need; for nothing is more important to d me than that I become the best possible; and I believe that, as far as I am concerned, there is no one more competent than you to be a fellow helper to me in this. So I should be far more ashamed before men of good sense for not gratifying a man like you than I should be before the many and senseless for gratifying you.' Seduction Scene 'Really, my dear Alcibiades, you're no sucker if what you say about me is really true and there is some power in me e through which you could become better. You must see, you know, an impossible beauty in me, a beauty very different from the fairness of form in yourself. So if, in observing my beauty, you are trying to get a share in it and to exchange beauty for beauty, you are intending to get far the better deal. For you are trying to acquire the truth of beautiful things in exchange for the seeming and opinion of beautiful things; and you really have in mind to exchange "gold for bronze." But blessed one do consider better: Without your being aware of it—I may be nothing. Thought, you know, begins to have keen eyesight when the sight of the eyes starts to decline from its peak; and you are still far from that.' Conclusion conclusion If Socrates were to have sex with Alcibiades, he would perpetuate: 1) the idea that people can make each other wise. impact: prevent Alcibiades from realizing his ignorance about wisdom 2) Alcibiades belief that his physical attractiveness is the most important thing about him impact: the belief could harm Alcibiades as he begins to decline from his physical peak, when “Thought begins to have keen eyesight.” (219a) 3) Socrates would be no better than the sophists who cannot acknowledge the ways in which they are ignorant, and thus, risk self-deception. Advantages Advantages to my account: -Fits with the well-known picture of a Socrates who: 1) proclaims his own ignorance. 2) critiques the Sophists for i. both not acknowledging what they do not know ii. exchanging money for wisdom -Makes explicit the way Plato critiques the customs of his time -Throws into question a vision of Socrates as someone who consistently denies bodily urges -Makes clear that the container model is supposed to function in opposition to the image of pregnancy and birth. Accounts of “Plato’s Appropriation of Reproduction” run these two images together.

Jefferson Presentation

Transcript: Thomas Jefferson's Life Early Life Early Life Childhood Childhood Born on April 13, 1743, in Shadwell, VA. Raised by his father, a successful planter, and his mother, who came from a respected Virginia family. Grew up with six sisters and a brother, and he was the eldest son in the family. (2) Education Education He studied mathematics and political philosophy and later graduated from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1762. He went on to study law while in a tutelage under George Wyhte, the former Attorney General of Virginia. (3) Adulthood Adulthood "Jefferson began working as a lawyer in 1767, and was appointed as a member of colonial Virginia’s House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775." (3) In 1784, Jefferson went to Paris with John Adams and Benjamin Franklin to discuss commercial agreements with European powers. (3) Jefferson married Martha Wayles Skelton, a young widow on January 1, 1772 and later had 6 children. (2) When Martha died, Jefferson was very upset but it was believed that he had two more children later on with her sister. (2) Revolutionary Era Revolutionary Era Thomas Jefferson was selected to be a part of the Second Continental Congress during the Revolutionary War. (2) He later collaborated with John Adams and Benjamin Franklin while writing the inital draft of the Declaration of Independence, detailing the colonists' list of reason why they wanted freedom from Great Britain. (2) Jefferson later resigned from the Continental Congress in 1776 and instead was re-elected to the House of Burgesses, where he made history by authoring the Virginia Statue for Religious Freedoms. (2) Virginia lawmakers later passed the law in 1786, "It was a forerunner to the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which protects people’s right to worship as they choose" (2) The first amendment harbored freedom of speech and the right to worship freely. Presidency World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted Presidency George Washington appointed Jefferson as the first secretary of state of the newly-formed nation in 1789. (2) During this time, Jefferson began to have disagreements with Hamilton over foreign affairs, as well as the fact that they had contrasting expositions pertaining to the Constitution. (2) In the presidential election of 1796, Thomas Jefferson ran against John Adams, earning the second-highest amount of votes, which granted him the vice-president spot. (1) He later ran against Adams again in 1800 and won. (1) Impact Impact Jefferson, a talented author, was assigned to write the Declaration of Independence when he was 33 years old. He was considered a "silent member" of Congress. In the years that followed, he put a lot of effort into making his words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he drafted a law that guaranteed religious freedom in 1786. Thomas Jefferson formulated and upheld the American ideals of press freedom, freedom of speech, and freedom of conscience. (2)

Jefferson Presentation

Transcript: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Thomas Jefferson's ideas and beliefs were the foundation to the structure of our government today. Life Stats Through 1784 to 1789 Thomas Jefferson succeeded Benjamin Franklin as a Minister to France, and witnessed the downfall of the French evolution. Thomas Jefferson's Role in American Revolution -served Continental Congress -served as a legislator for Virginia and as a secretary of state Who Was Jefferson? The man who gave birth to the nascent (new) nation still searching for its name... Why Did Thomas Jefferson Deserve a Monument? President Franklin Roosevelt believed that a person of such magnitude deserved a memorial. -1943 Roosevelt asked commissions of Fine Arts about the possibility of erecting memorial of Jefferson The Memorial After Congress approved 3 million dollars for the memorial a design by John Russell Pope was chosen for the memorial in 1936. Jefferson's importance demanded the memorial site to be a place of prominence in the Capitol City, equal to the Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial. The placement of the memorial is in Tidal Basin, a man made inlet. Dedication of this memorial was on April 13, 1943, the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birth. The memorial stands at 129ft with a dome thickness of 4ft. Design of the Monument Adorning the interior of the memorial are five quotations taken from Jefferson's writting to illustarte the way he dedicated himself to living his life. Monument Intention The intent of the monument was to integrate Thomas Jefferson's contribution as an architect, President, statesman, drafter of the Declaration of Independence, advisor of the Constitution, and founder of the University of Virginia, among other things. The Japanese cherry trees outside of the memorial were presented as a gift from Toyo, Japanto, to the City of Washington, DC in 1912. On the triangular pendant featured on the statue, is Adolph Weinman's portrait of the five members of the Declaration of Independance drafting committee, submitting in a report to congress. Thomas Jefferson died on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independance in 1826; just a few hours before John Adams died, that same day. American Identity This memorial has a great importance to the American Identity because it symbolizes all that Thomas Jefferson did for his country and how he helped shape it. Without the memorial, the concept of how important Jefferson’s contributions were would not be fully grasped. Jefferson is part of our history; without the Louisiana Purchase America would be smaller. The new land helped extend America’s economic independence. His beliefs contributed to some of America’s freedoms. For example, the United States practices separation of church and state; the country maintains a balance of power between the federal government and states rights; and Jefferson’s ideals made education available to all. -freedom of religion, with seperation of church and state -barely escaped capture by British in 1781 -democracy The bronze statue of Thomas Jeferson, sculpted by Rudolph Evans stands 19ft tall and weighs five tons. It was first created out of plaster because metal was being rationed for WWII. After it was replaced with the bronze replica. Vice President under John Adams from 1797 till 1801. -supported state rights -opposed Alien and Sedition Acts 1779-1781 War time Governor of Virginia -sponsored Lewis and Clark expedition to mouth of Columbia River Thomas Jefferson was also a politician, architect, writer, musician, scientist, and inventor Born- April 13, 1743 at Shadwell hospital in Albemarle County, Virginia Roman Pantheon -equal rights -education aviable to all -negotiated Louisiana Purchase The outside of the memorial is created out of Vermont marble. Inside the memorials walls are lined with white Georgia marble. The statue rests on Minnesota marble surrounded by pink marble from Tennessee. The monument was designed after the Roman Pantheon because Jefferson was the one to introduce this classic style into America. John Russel Pope opted for a neoclassical dome and portico base due to Jefferson's support of this classic Greek architecture Jefferson Memorial THE END Cool Facts 1801 to 1809 Jefferson was president A firm beleiver in:

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