Transcript: Lifts Head: 5 weeks Chest Up & Arm Support: 3 mo Rolls Over: 2 mo Sits w/o Support: 6 mo Stands Holding on: 7 mo Walks Holding on: 8 mo Stands Well Alone: 10 mo Walks Well Alone: 11 mo Walks Up Stairs: 14-15 mo Ruffles are not your friend... I still do this to my hair... Stands Holding on: 6 mo Walks, Holding on: 9 mo Stands Well Alone: 11-12 mo Walks Well Alone: 12 mo Walks Up Steps: 17 mo by: Mary Bean My Infant Development Lifts Head: 6 weeks Chest Up & Arm Support: 3 mo Rolls Over: 2-3 mo Sits w/o support: 5-6 mo The End :) Average Infant Developmental Milestones My Infancy Developmental Milestones ----> Just Ted & I.... Tis the Season...
Transcript: Infant Infant: -the transition period intervening between birth and 2 weeks of life. Newborn Newborn or Neonate: -an infant who is within hours, days, or up to a few weeks from birth -came from the Latin word "Neonatus" means Newborn Newborns up to 2 daysare typically unattractive and extremely feeble. Unable to distinguish their surroundings but still they can sense and be affected by their environment from the time they are born. More often they are asleep or drowsy, cries and gets excited easily. Behavior of the newborn consists of reflexes. Florijell Fulgar Neonate and Neonatal Scale - the first 4 weeks of a child's life - measured at one minute after birth and 5 minutes after. (represents a time when changes are very rapid, and many critical events can occur.) -is a benign, flat, congenital birth mark with wavy borders and irregular shape. -most common color is blue, although they can be blue-gray, blue-black or even deep brown -head circumference is 34-35 cms. at birth and enlarges, averaging 44cms by 6 mos and 47 cms, by thefirst yearof life. Reflexes -Lack of these reflexes responses in infants and their failure to disappear as the baby matures are signs of a disorder in the nervous system. Physical Growth -height of the infant at birth is around 50cms in length. -boys are taller than girls at age 2. -there is no dominance of either sex in terms oh height at age 5-10. -taller boys are surpassed by girls at age 11-13 -males demostrate their height dominance at 14 Mnemonics -certain mnemonics have been utilized to facilitate rapid computation of the weights and heights of infants and children. -at birth, the approximate weight of the infants is 6lbs, -10 days after birth weight is replenish. -the process of skeletal development occurs eventually in prenatal period. -Muscle growth of infants is small in length, breadth and thicknessand is therefore not sufficient for energy regulation. Lucille Eramis Perceptual Skills *sensitive to brightness *visual images are blurred *visual acuity is poor *intrasensory coordination of sounds and sights is likely to be present *sensitive to sounds and can also determine where the location of the sound is *develop basic taste preferences *capable of determining tastes *sense odor is innate *capable of differentiating odors *sensitive to a variety of tactile stimuli *body heat is actively responsive to a suddendrop in room temperature *high tolerance of and insensitive to pain Motor Development Cognitive Function Sarena Del Mundo Emotional Development Language Development Social and Moral Development The Newborn and the Infancy Period *he responds with "primary circular reaction" on those things around his body. *the process is established by repeating organized and coordinated actions. -grows on fetuses as -a normal part of gestation, but is usually shed and replaced by vellus hair at about 33 to 36 weeks of gestational age Mongolian-Spot *Accomodation: -slowly brings out the potential or skills and knowledge that characterize the process of human development *eye-hand coordination is essential. Cephalocaudal Law: -motor development starts from head to foot -head, neck and upper extremities, legs and lower extremities The Newborn and the Infancy Period *infant's 1st distinct motor activity is marked by the REACHING-PREHENSIL pattern. *voluntary and permanent motor process involving: visual, factual, kinesthetic stimuli (reflex) *by the end of there is fairly rapid movement in their motor ability. *there are now mature enough to reach, which marks the beginning of motor development *helpless *incapable of moving on their own *later stage, they develop the thinking that an object exist through imagination even when it is not being perceived These responses serve as “signals” which attract adults to be near the newborn. Milia A full range of emotions can develop from sad to happy to angry feelings. Emotional development start in early childhood and go up to adulth *objects and events seen for the "first time" are vividly remembred *This shows you that you have good emotional development. *final stage, happens w/in the 2nd year of life. *he acquires a full realization of "object permanence" and can search for objects in different places. -is the waxy or cheese-like white substance found coating the skin of newborn human babies. -a whitish pinpoint spot most found the surface of the nose. -mottling of skin is present exposure to cold. -The features mentioned above disappearas the baby grows older. *immediate experience is derived through the senses, interaction and environment Emotional development is a way of learning to deal with your emotion in a proper way. The neonate’s discovery of people may be supported by his crying, smiling and vocalizing Tonic neck reflex -Emotional development comes about with maturity. Proximodistal Law: -development from center to the extremities -trunk or torso, shoulders, hands and fingers Neonate Thank you for listening... Neck righting
Transcript: Physical Development What can you do? Milestones: Social Development Milestones What can you do? Emotional Development What can you do? Milestones Intellectual Development What can you do? Milestones The Developing Child rolls from tummy to back - 4 months -understand cause and effect 11-12 months: understands simple phrases puts object to mouth with hand - 6 months cuddle with caregiver cuddle make up signs for common words 7-8 months: beings to understand cause and effect 7-8 months: enjoys other children massage 3 patterns: play silly songs and dance read to baby stretch its arms and legs 4-6 months: laughs, squeal, babbles -remember experiences near to far sing gazing into the eyes of their caregivers use noisy toys -process of learning how to interact and express oneself with others 11-12 months: shows stronger likes and dislikes simple to complex 5-6 months: recognizes own name and basic sounds Babies learn to: 1-2 months: prefers faces to objects -closely linked to emotional development feed it correctly -process of learning to recognize and express feelings and to establish a personal identity 2-3 months: can tell a smile from a frown follow the baby's example offer a toy TALK track caregivers' movements head to foot help it start walking -pay attention pulls self up to standing - 8 months provide positive feedback walks a few steps alone - 12 months Glencoe -make associations crawl or walk to their caregivers
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: 7-9 months The age When infants are on the move! -All-fours position -Voluntary release -Some form of mobility -Clear babbling sounds: Mama or Dada -Object permanence -Separation anxiety Early stage Emotional Psychological Development 10-12 months Sharronda James Denise Morgan Andrea Daniels Christopher Barker Lakasia Smith Renee' Edwards Starla Williams Gross Motor Skills •Fine Motor Skills •Oral Motor Skills •Cognitive -Language Skills • Personal Social Skills 4-6 months When you sound happy, they smile; when you speak sharply to them, they might become distressed or cry. By 6 months, most babies enjoy the response they elicit from their caregiver, and they come to understand that they can communicate through means other than crying, such as smiling, laughing and gesturing. Areas of Occupation (cont..) The term infancy is used to describe the period of birth through twelve months of age. It is a time of rapid physical and developmental maturation. The development of infants for the first twelve months is divided into four time frames, each consisting of three months. Theories relating to infancy : Piaget Erikson •Infancy transition Areas of Occupation for Infants •Middle infancy Stages of infancy Babies show their first real smiles around 2 months Laugh as early as 4 months. Infants as young as 3 months display behavioral reactions that suggest emotional states such as surprise, distress, relaxation and excitement. In the 1st year, babies develop more emotions, such as anger, sadness and fear. Infants' emotional lives are centered on their interactions with caregivers. Gross Motor: Lifting the head from 45 degrees to 90 degrees. Fine Motor: grasping reflexes and upper extremities. Oral Motor: phasic reflexes, sucking and feeding. Cognitive- language: secondary circular reactions. Behavior acts on the environment such as coos, cries and chuckles Personal-Social: shows attachment styles such as caregiver attachments or stranger anxiety. babies are becoming more interactive with the people around them and their environment. -Support themselves on their elbows -Labyrinthine righting -Transfer objects from hand to hand and reaching -Disyllabic utterances -Roll from tummy to back and vice versa -Learning to sit supported Through the examples they see during these interactions, they learn to love, trust and depend on other human beings. By observing your tone of voice and expression when you speak, they learn to understand how you feel and what you're thinking, and they start to react accordingly around 4 or 5 months. Late Infancy Infancy This stage is where babies become toddlers. -Grasp is secure and infant can pick up the smallest object -Independent finger feeding and drinking from a sippy cup -Usually starts walking -Displays clear maternal/caregiver attachment Psychological Development Relevance to Occupational Therapy and the development in the 1st year of life Birth – 6 months. Usually weighs 6-9 pounds at birth Usually 20 inches long(51 cm) Usually 13- 14 inches in circumference Cannot control their own body movements Most movements are reflexes Can see objects about 10 in away Nervous system not fully developed Physical Development QUESTIONS????? Work Psychological Development 6 months – 1 year. Usually weighs around 20 pounds(up to 3x the weight at birth) Usually 26-30 inches long. Usually 16-19 inches in circumference.. Takes naps in the morning and afternoon Start to eat and sleep at regular times Start to grab and hold objects Vision becomes more clearer (20/20 vision) Activities of daily living As an infant they are limited to what areas of occupations they can perform on their own. Eating Sleep/Rest Functional mobility Inabilities Bathing and showering Dressing Personal hygiene and grooming Toilet hygiene Recognition & Memory Emotional cont.... Introduction Babies are learning the world around them by.. -Communicating -Gaining head control -Demonstrating fine motor skills and suck-swallow pattern -Differentiating between their mother and strangers -Smiling Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Infants lack the ability to meticulously perform, let alone comprehend the ability of IADLs. Education Work Play Leisure Social participation Newborns are capable of recognizing certain visual patterns, including the human face, and can recognize their parents when they see them soon after birth. Equipped with a predilection for certain sounds, including the human voice. Between 4 and 7 months, babies can recognize the difference between strangers and people they know, and many begin to feel stranger anxiety. birth-3 months Con't...
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Infancy Physical Development Most dramatic and rapid development occurs during infancy Weight normally triples in the first year. Babies normally can lift their head at 2-4 months, crawl 8-10 months, and walk around 12 months. Mental Development Newborns begin to respond to discomfort. They begin to make basic sounds. By 12 months infants use single words in their vocabulary, Emotional Development By 4-6 months, distress, delight, anger, disgust, and fear are often seen. By 12 months affection for adults is evident. Social Development They progress gradually from the self-centered concept of the new born to the recognition of others. By 6 months of age infants watch the activities of others. By 12 months infants socialize with familiar people. Health Concerns Car Safety Sudden Infant Death Second hand smoking Non development By: Anna and Carlee New born Pregnancy
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
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