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Transcript: Cognitive Development Touch: newborn's sense of touch is highly developed, particularly around the mouth, where he/she is sensitive to temperature, pressure, and pain. Hearing: babies are responsive to high-pitched and loud sounds, they also recognizes and prefers the mother's voice. Smell: newborn's like sweet smells, and they are also tuned into the smell of the mother and can recognize her scent within the first few days of life. Taste: newborn's prefer sweet tastes; they generally avoid sour, bitter, and salty tastes. Sight: newborn's can see color, by 3 months they can look directly at and follow objects. they are also attracted to the human face. children with normal vision usually develop 20/20 or 20/40 eyesight by 3 years of age. Birth to 1 year Large Motor Skills: in infancy, crawling, lifting one's head, rolling over, and sitting up are examples of gross motor development. Small Motor Skills: infants reach and grasp objects and put them into their mouths, they drop and pick up toys, bang two objects together, bite and chew toys, pick up things with pincer grasp, and put objects into larger containers with large openings. Infancy Infants cry to express anger or pain. Easily excited or upset. They need to be cradled or comforted. By 4 months, they smile broadly, laugh when pleased, and learn to recognize faces and voices of parents. They respond when you say their name, and begin to learn what is and is not allowed and eye contact also begins Sensory Motor Skills Babies begin to learn about the world through their senses. At first, learning relies on reflexes but more purposeful movement later enhances learning Motor Skills Babies learn about trust from their caregivers who meet their needs, including food, attention, physical contact, interaction, and safety. When needs are not met, they perceive the world as an unpredictable place Psychosocial Development Trust Versus Mistrust Social & Emotional Development

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Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

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Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity


Transcript: Beginning with birth, it is the steady progression of verbal cognition, developing the ability to process information and communication with the environment by the means of a spoken language first vocalizations related to actual words "ba" "da" "ga" "here" overextension: one word that can have numerous meanings the ability to use words verbally Holophrastic Speech 6 months cooing becomes more defined (vowel sounds) laughing Nurture- vocal noises that express an infant's excitement and happiness "oohs" and "ahs" 8 months "doggy" can imply any animal "baba" can mean 'my bottle' 3 months babbling- expressive vocabulary- Reinforcement: birth The inborn tendency to learn grammer Universal, genetic prewired ability to construct sentences according to the rules of grammer (Boeree, 2003) (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (Hubpages, 2012) Language production (Rathus, 2012) (Rathus, 2012) "more" 5 months (Rathus, 2012) Reference List Eoeree, C. G. (2003). Language Development. Retrieved from Hubpages. (2012). Babies: Language and Cognitive Development. Retrieved from Jimutal (2007 March 31). Larken Baby's First Wrods Baby Babbling Babble Talk. Retrieved from National Institute of Health. (2011). Speech and Language Developmental Milestones. Retrieved from Rathus, A. Spencer. (2012). HDEV. Wadsworth, CA: Cengage Learning Stihlguy (2006 November 12). Baby Cooing. Retrieved from (National Institute, 2011) Growth of Sentences 12 months Nature- Parents or older people serve as the "role model" for infants through the process of observation and imitation (Hubpages, 2012) (Rathus, 2012) "mine" Telegraphic Speech (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr What is Language Development? (Hubpages, 2012) (Rathus, 2012) Language comprehenstion Psycholinguistic Theory (Hubpages, 2012) A parent's reaction to their child's babbling can cause an increase in that behavior Reinforcing accuracy in the child's understanding of their surroundings Stages of Development Language Development In Infancy "gimme ball" (Rathus, 2012) receptive vocabulary- (National Institute, 2011) vocabulary of at least 50 words clear communication efforts two word sentences "see doggy" "all done" Wernicke's area: (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (Rathus, 2012) Imitation: smiles cooing begins realization of voice recognition and voice pitch single-syllable babbling with alternating consonant sounds learning the concept of 'conversation' the understanding of words spoken by others development according to genetic codes Two word sentences to express ideas and emotions; usually occuring between 18 to 24 months "mommy sock" (National Institute, 2011) (Rathus, 2012) Nature vs. Nurture speech-like babbling occurs "gaga" "dada" "baba" "mama" utterances signaling emphasis and emotion increased growth in vocabulary understand more than 80 words when spoken to (Boeree, 2003) sounds are imitated from others sounds of play gurgling, blowing bubbles "more cookie" the first word is spoken ability to comprehend numerous words nonverbal communications nodding and pointing Infancy: Single words to express complete thoughts and understandings 10 months (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr "no bed" development influenced by environmental influences crying reflexes such as Rooting, Moro, and Babinski (Rathus, 2012) Areas in the brain allow us to process information we see and hear. Then translate it into a vocalized standard that can be understood by our outward environment Broca's area: 4 months (Rathus, 2011) (Boeree, 2003) responds more definitely to changes in tone understanding patterns such as bottle feedings and naps (Boeree, 2003) "you" Noam Chomsky, 1988 24 months 18 months cooing- underextension: a general word used for a specific item


Transcript: Infancy 2. The second phase is focusing on one or more figures (3 to 6 months) which is when an infant directs a signal to the person they spend the most time with (Boyd, Johnson, Bee, 2009). Develpmental theory Freud believed that in the symbiotic relationship between the mother and the young infant the infant would attach to the mother, through strong emotional needs, is if they were one. Erikson believed that there was more to this stage than just mother and child being one person. He believed that this stage went on till the child was about two years old and that they would learn from this relationship how to trust the world around them, act within it, and learn how things happen in society. Low socioeconomic status is a negative environmental factor that can cause a poor emotional attachment between the parent(s) and infant. Parent(s) may be so focused on the economic problem and forget to meet the emotional needs of their child. Parent(s) in these circumstances will most likely focus on only providing physical needs of the infant ( feeding, grooming, clothing etc.), but not give the time to bond with the infant and have an emotional relationship. This can cause insecure attachment and long term consequences to the infant such as; poor social relationships, poor behavior , and being emotionally immature. Prevention #1 -The easiest way a baby feels attached their mother is through eye contact. -Mary Ayers says, “She suggests that the mother’s eye is the body part that creates an attachment” (Powell, 2004, p. 1). -Maintaining eye contact is an easy way to help your baby feel loved, happy, and secure in relationships (Powell, 2004, p. 1). Prevention # 2 A good way to ensure a baby has a secure and healthy attachment to his mother is breastfeeding. “When mothers hold their nude infants against their chests in direct skin-to-skin contact, increases in maternal responsivity and bonding are observed”. Breastfeeding is known to have positive effects on infant health and nutrition and has been associated with enhancement of later cognitive ability and educational achievement (Britton, Britton, & Gronwaldt, 2006, para. 5). Physically abused infants appear to respond adversely to maltreatment and begin to adapt to their enviroment. Intervention measures: Therapist works toward providing abused or neglected children with skills or understanding so that they are better equipped with interacting successfully with others such as with their family, friends and teachers. Teams of health care workers, doctors, child protective services, and law enforcement aid to establish assesssments to assist the child. The End The second hand smoke caused from smoking cigarettes around the house can pose as an environmental hazard for infants. Intervention measures; Smoking outside of the house Washing your hands when returning from smoking Most importantly, to not smoke near infants. (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr 1. The first phase being nonfocused orienting and signaling (birth to 3 months) which are signals that draw attention (Boyd, Johnson, Bee, 2009). Two interventions measures Preventative A type of developmental growth that occurs in young infants is called Psychoanalytic Perspectives. One negative enviromental factor Negative Enviromental Factor (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr One developmental theory Intervention Measures One developmental activity Two preventative measures 4 Phases in Infant Attachment: Overview Measures 4. The fourth phase is called internal model (24 months and beyond), which enables children older than 2 years of age to imagine how an action might affect a bond they share with a caregiver (Boyd, Johnson, Bee, 2009). Infancy is a time in a baby’s life that they are busy. The period of infancy is a period when great physical changes occur. The brain and nervous system of an infant grow very rapidly in the first 2 years of life and neuron development is very crucial. Even though infants cannot talk or respond verbally, they are still developing perceptions and are aware of what is going on around them (Boyd, Johnson,Bee, 2009). Studies show that a newborn can tell his or her mother’s voice from another female voice. (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Overview 3. The third phase is secure base behavior (6 to 24 months) which is clinging to a caregiver who is the infant’s “safe base” when they are in need of food or are injured (Boyd, Johnson, Bee, 2009). Our Presentation...

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