Transcript: One of the important symbols of Bastille day is the French flag which symbolizes France's freedom. Another important symbol of Bastille day in the Eiffel Tower. As said previously, it illuminates with the colors of the French flag on Bastille Day. Bastille itself is also a symbol of Bastille Day. This is because when the people overtook the prison, it showed that the people had the power to overthrow the king. On July 14, 1789, an angry Parisian mob stormed the Bastille, a fortress prison, and freed a handful of prisoners. This event was a powerful system that showed the people's power to free themselves from the power of the hated king. Bastille Day marks the start of the French Revolution. Bastille Day Origin Indian Independence Day Indian Independence Day Symbols On this holiday, The French have an assortment or traditional French food. This includes picnic foods like quiche, fruits, vegetable and some champagne, to more traditionally French spreads of rillettes or pot au feu (InternationalbusinessTimes). The Eiffel Tower also lights up during a firework display to celebrate Bastille Day. Another tradition is the Bastille Day Military Parade that is held every year to showcase the French military. Indian Independence Day vs. Bastille Day One of the symbols of Indian Independence Day is the sport of kite flying. They symbolize India's free spirit. The Red Fort in Dehli is also an important Independence Day symbol. One other symbol of India's independence is their flag which is horizontal tricolor of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion(timaanddate). Bastille Day Indian Independence day was sole national festival until India declared itself a republic in 1950. India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, read out the decisive speech, proclaiming India's independence from the British Empire on August 15, 1947. India's independence was the end of struggle for freedom, battles, betrayals and sacrifices. Indian Independence Day Traditions Vs. Indian Independence Day & Bastille Day Indian Independence day is a national holiday that is held on August 15. The President of India gives a speech every year in order to “Address to the Nation” on the evening of the day before the Indian Independence Day. On the 15th of August where the prime minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the Red Fort, Delhi. After the flag hoisting, National Anthem song is sung and twenty-one gun shots are fired to salute and honor the Indian flag and solemn occasion Historical origin of Indian Independence Day Bastille Day Traditions Indian independence day and Bastille Day are both significant to their populations because they symbolize freedom. Although they symbolize freedom for two different countries, they are very similar. For example, both of these country's flags are a symbol of their holiday. One of the differences of these holiday's is that France has a monument that's a symbol but India does not. India also does not emphasize on their traditional food on this holiday like France does. However, they are both extremely important holidays. Bastille Day Symbols
Transcript: - Religious text is the Quran - Religious text is the Bhagavad Gita WHERE DID IT COME FROM? - Hindus believe in many Gods JANA GANA MANA separation of india and pakistan The holiday is celebrated in India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. Indians celebrate the day by displaying the national flag on their clothes, homes and cars; by listening to Indian songs, watching Indian movies; and spending time with family and friends. Independence Day, celebrated every year on 15th August, is a National Holiday in India honouring the country's independence from the British Empire on 15 August 1947. - 15 AUGUST- Hindus hindus Every year, the Indian Prime Minister raises the national flag and gives a speech at Red Fort in Delhi. The Indian national anthem, Jana Gana Mana, is also played. The flag-hoisting ceremony Muslims THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! Red Fort, New Dehil - Muslims believe in one God. Indian independence day - Eat cows muslims What is it? RELIGION Because of cultural differences, the Muslims and Hindus experienced racial problems. HOW IS IT CELEBRATED? PARADES - Worship cows
Transcript: Indian Independence Day Ashley & Ketil 27-08-2019 The Indian independence movement began in 1857. Mahatma Gandhi pushed for non-violent struggle and believed in civil rights. This led to him becoming the leader of the Indian independence movement from the 1920s and onwards. When Britain’s empire was weakened after the Second World War, they finally gave into the demands and let India be free. British India was officially freed from colonial rule after the event of Partition. India's constitution came into force in 1950, and Pakistan's constitution came into force in 1956. Independence from Britain Britain Jawaharlal Nehru 1889-1964 Prime Minister of India Important Leaders Leaders Mahatma Gandhi 1869-1948 Leader of Independence Movement Partition Partition Partition was the splitting of British India into India and Pakistan. It happened at midnight on August 14 1947. Partition created a mass migration as 15 million Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs swapped countries in fear of discrimination. More than a million lives were lost in the chaos of the journey. People erected tents and huddled together to keep their belongings safe. Violence broke out as some people tried looting others for food and items due to the shortages of supplies. Kashmir Kashmir Conflict Kashmir is a disputed territory between India and Pakistan. The disputed border there is known as the “Line of Control” (LoC). Two out of three of the wars between India and Pakistan so far have been over the control of Kashmir. Both of the countries are trying to claim the territory for themselves, but neither can agree who gets what. Parts of Kashmir are currently occupied by both sides, and tensions remain high between them. Pictures Kashmir Celebration Celebrating Independence A colourful flag ceremony is staged every day as the sun sets over the Wagah border post that lies midway between Amritsar and Lahore, reenacting the hostilities of the carnage of Kashmir in ritual form. Thousands from each country come to see the parade of patriotism by the border guards showing a mock confrontation. Giant flags and firework shows are used to celebrate Independence Day in both countries. Pictures India Pakistan Pictures Timeline Timeline 1500s – Spice trade started 1600 – Britain created the East India Company 1674 – Maratha Empire was established 1767-1799 – Anglo-Mysore Wars were fought 1818 – End of Maratha Empire; Britain colonized India 1885 – Indian National Congress was formed 1947 – India gained independence from Britain and underwent Partition 1965 – India-Pakistan War
Transcript: By Emmelie and Natasha Indian Independence Day Timeline Timeline In 1885, The Indian National Congress was founded. In 1857, the independence movement started to unfold, and the first militant uprisings against British rule had started. In 1920, Mahatma Grandhi was established as the leader of the Indian independence movement. In 1942, 2.5 million Indian troops helped Britain in Second World War, and in return they would get an Independent India. In 1947, the division between Pakistan and India came into force. In Aug. 14, 1947 and the following months, 15 million Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs, was swapping countries, because of discrimination. In 1950, the constitution was created. In 1956, the constitution was employed. When India got independent When India got independent At first India was under British rule, but India had a big demand about being independent. After second world war, was Britain weakened and they couldn't resist the demand any longer. Every year on August 14th, Pakistan celebrate independence day. However India celebrates it on August 15th. The reason is , that the viceroy of Britain India, had to be a part of both celebrations, and therefor India had to wait for him, and then celebrate. Pictures Pictures About the war About the war The war started in 1947. And there has been 3 wars since that time. 2 of the 3 wars was about getting control over the area Kashmir. Today both countries administer part of it, and China also have control over a little part of it. The creation of Pakistan The creation of Pakistan The leader of the Muslim League, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, wanted the Muslims to have their own state, and India got split up in two countries, and the new muslim country Pakistan was created. The huge problem that followed, was that there was millions of muslims that lived on the Hindu-majority India, and the other way around in Muslim-majority Pakistan. That led to cost many million lives
Transcript: The Fight for Freedom of Being Under British Control A militant Hindu organization was created and they began to spread hatred towards Muslims Muslims created a Muslim League that fought for separation from India Muslims were the minorities of India “The Muslims and Hindus belong to two different religious philosophies… they neither intermarry nor interdine [eat] together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations” British Raj What was created? Thesis Statement The British were impressed with India’s raw materials, large amount of land, and the millions of people who resided there. Independence Day Mr. Pahl. 25.4 The British Take Over India. Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 6 May 2013. Web. James, Lawrence. Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India. New York: St. Martin's, 1998. Print. 30 Independence Day - Celebration and Significance. India Parenting. http://www.indiaparenting.com/indian-culture/70_4083/independence-day-celebration-and-significance.html. Indian Rebellion Railroads Telegraph lines Postal services Administrative networks Newspapers Schools The British Parliament made more money when they added on to westernizing India The day Britain decided to rule India is when the lives of Indian people changed. The road to independence was not easy and brought division between Muslims and Hindus, but the struggle to gain freedom was all worth it in the end. Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. 890 Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. 1095 Wolpert, Stanley A. A New History of India. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. 331 Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. 1093 Powerful company in India ran by the British Goal was to make a lot of money They wanted to westernize India Built roads & buildings Because of the British changing their traditional ways Indians grew irate & revolted against them They hoped that the rebellion would restore the Mogul Empire but it did not “The tremendous rebellion... against the British power, with a view to re-establish the old Mogul dynasty instead” Starts in 1858 after the Indian Rebellion Indian National Congress Muslims vs. Hindus Embree, Ainslie Thomas. 1857 in India: Mutiny or War of Independence?. Boston: Heath,1963. Print. 14 Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. 1094 Why Did the British Takeover India? East Indian Company The British Parliament decided to end the British East India Company rule in order to prevent another rebellion Indian Independence Gandhi Leader of the Indian Independence Movement Because of the British violent behaviors Mohandas Gandhi stepped in in 1869 Believed in using nonviolence to make a change Wanted Hindus & Muslims to come together as one to fight for Independence “Bengal was the richest, most fertile and densely populated region of India… the total population of Bengal as about forty million, over four times that of Great Britain” “The British declared their intention to leave India after World War II” India gained Independence on August 15, 1947 On Independence Day people celebrate and give thanks to the leaders and fighters who fought for India’s freedom It is popular to fly kites on this day because the flying of the kite represents freedom from the British rule Started in 1885 Elite organization Made up of men from prominent high-caste Hindu families Did not want to revolt against the British Main goal was to be more involved in the political, military, & business life of British India Felt that they can protect Indians more than the British would Rulers lost their power Landlords were deprived of their estates Poor farmers were overtaxed Weavers were replaced by machines which caused many to become unemployed Trying to convert them to Christianity Started in 1857 & Ended in 1858 Began when the British equipped Indian soldiers with riffles that required them to bite off bullets that had animal fat from cows & pigs Cows & Pigs were seen as unclean
Transcript: Why/How 1858: India is put under direct rule of Britain after a failed Indian mutiny Gandhi Assassination- NEW Details When and Where 1947: India gained independence 1945: WW2 ends 1882: Salt act begins 1885:Indian National Congress founded to support emerging nationalist feelings Indian Independence Who NNC Special Report January 31, 1948 Mark Shanahan The British had occupied India for hundreds of years before the people decided to become an independent country. The British had begun to impose on the citizens of India. Gandhi, the Indian National Congress, and other freedom leaders began their non-violent disobedience campaign. Many citizens were encouraged and took a stand, On August 15, 1947 India was finally free of British rule. 1920-1922: Mahatma Gandhi begins his anti-British disobedience campaign
Transcript: The British started out trading with India through the East India Company. As they came to India they started conquering kingdoms. Slowly, they continued conquering kingdoms and by 1850, the British had taken control over the entire country of India. As India began to gain independence a new country was forming. The national anthem, the flag, and the government were formed. Indian Independence The Indian flag was originally created by Gandhi However Pingali Venkayya created a new meaning for India's flag. Orange/ Saffron: Courage and Sacrifice White: Peace and Truth Green: Bravery Chakra: Movement Jahawarlal Nehru India gained its independence from Britain on August 15, 1947. Gandhi lead the Salt March from March-April 1930. As a result of this, 60,000 people, including Gandhi, were arrested. The Salt March was a nonviolent protest against the British's high taxes and monopoly over salt. Gandhi's beliefs in non-violence have inspired many people including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. Split of Countries Right before independence was declared, a Muslim ruler Jinnah, asked for a separate Muslim country and Pakistan was formed. All the Muslims went to Pakistan and the Hindus stayed in India. By: Ameya Rao India Flag Along with Gandhi, Nehru was one of the leaders for the fight for independence. As a result of participating in many non-violent movements, Nehru was sentenced to jail for a total of 9 years in 2 1/2 decades. Despite this, Nehru continued fighting for freedom. Mahatma Gandhi and Jahawarlal Nehru were two leaders who helped gain India's Independence. The national anthem was officially adopted on January 24th, 1950. The anthem "Jana Gana Mana" was composed by Rabindranath Tagore and was first sung in front of the congress on the 27th of December 1911. India's Independence and Formation of the Country The National Anthem Main Leaders Gandhi British Control Forming the Country
Transcript: What happen in South Africa when indians tried to get independence. Best one The struggle in South Africa lasted for seven years,but under Gandhi's rule a small minority of indian's aided for the end of segregation. Mahatma Gandhi impacted India mostly for gaining freedom to the country from the british rule. In 1942 How did Gandhi finally impact India and South Africa? That Mahatma Gandhi said. Why did Gandhi visit England? Quotes Extra Details Birth-1869 Death-1938 Gandhi was coming out of his house to go to the store to get groceries,and on his way back he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse - a former hindu- shot Gandhi at close range through the skull with a pistol. He went to England to "brush-up" on his on his Latin and he joined a vegeterian society.When Gandi came back to India his mom sadly died. Indian Independence Mahatma Gandhi was the Prime minister of India and he hosted protest against violence and the british rule. How did Mahatma Gandhi die? Who was the leader of India & what did he stand for?
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