Transcript: Hurricanes Presented by Oliver Jones and Sebastian Linares Intro Intro Hurricanes are the #1 natural disaster Hurricanes are powerful burst of winds and rains. The most powerful hurricane ever recorded was Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Katrina was a categorize 5. Hurricanes are the 8th most common natural disaster and only happen next to ocean side places like Florida, and North Carolina Source: Horrible Hurricanes Pictures Pictures Video Video How do Hurricanes Happen? Hurricanes form near the equator by warm parts of the ocean. The Hurricanes do not take long to get to the coasts. Hurricanes get to land moving around 500 mph. Hurricanes form for about a week by the equator and get moving quick. When a Hurricane hits land the Hurricane dims out and weakens. Source: Oliver's brain How? Pictures Pictures What to do If you see strong winds, dark clouds, blowing debris, and the sea level rising. You are about to experience a hurricane. Before the hurricane you should have a first aid kit and a plan with your family. Local news will usually tell you what category the hurricanes is ranging from a 1 to a 5. During the hurricane you should go to high ground. After the hurricane you should make sure it is over and use extreme caution. Source: What to do after a Hurricane! Hurricane safety tips: Learn what to do before, during and after a hurricane. What to do Hurricane Maps Hurricane maps Fun Facts Fun Facts A Hurricane is an intense tropical storm with powerful winds and heavy rain. Other names for a hurricane include cyclone, typhoon and tropical storm. Hurricanes lose strength as they move over land. Weather in the eye of the Hurricane is usually calm. Hurricanes have led to the death of around 2 million people over the last 200 years. Source: Weather Facts What To Do After a Hurricane https://abcnews.go.com/Health/Weather/story?id=118188&page=1 Horrible Hurricanes: https://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/eliot/technology/student_projects/archives/07_08/wythe_weather/kolby_hurricane/kolby_hurricane.html Hurricane safety tips: Learn what to do before, during and after a hurricane: https://www.fema.gov/disaster/4068/updates/hurricane-safety-tips-learn-what-do-during-and-after-hurricane Weather Facts: http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/weather/hurricane.html Sources Sources
Transcript: Hurricanes By: Gabriela, Sehaj, Mantej, and Simarveer What are hurricanes? a hurricane - a large, strong, high speeds of winds average wind - 74 mph warm areas First Topic By: Gaby How do hurricanes occur? Hurricanes occur when air rises and is replaced by warm air when the air rotates it's called storm clouds Read me!! Parts of the hurricanes The center of the hurricane is called the eye The rainbands are the outer part of the hurricane The heavy clouds is between the eye and the rainbands And me!!!! Video Can we predict Hurricanes? What Data do we have to analyze? Second Topic Can we predict Hurricanes? Yes, we can. Hurricanes are one of the only natural disasters we can predict. Cold air and Hot air developing over the ocean Satellite Imagery Instruments Can we predict them? Instruments used to predict Satellites, reconnaissance aircraft, Ships, buoys, radar, and other land-based platforms are important tools used in hurricane tracking and prediction. While a tropical cyclone is over the open ocean, remote measurements of the storm's intensity and track are made primarily via satellites. Instruments What data do we have to analyze? Data Hurricanes are quite predictable. Hurricanes usually hit at the same place at the same time of year. For example, Tornado Valley, a region in the Central US which contains states like Kansas and Texas, is a prone region for hurricanes, Usually this region is well prepared for this. How can Hurricanes be classified Third Topic Hurricanes can be classified by using Saffir Simpson hurricane scale What technology we have for Hurricanes? We have satellites reconnaissance aircraft, ships, buoys, and other land based platforms Which technology we have for hurricanes Fun Facts Hurricanes occur were regions have low atmospheric pressure Fun Facts Hurricanes lose strength as they move over land. Hurricanes could produce tornadoes witch last only a few minutes Slow moving hurricanes cause lot of rainfall which causes more damage Fourth Topic How do people respond to hurricanes Listen to officials Avoid affected areas Stay away from water -Destroys forests -Change forests -Animals could be hurt -Aquatic animals -Floods -Fresh and saltwater What do hurricanes do to the ecosystem Works Cited https://www.ducksters.com/science/earth_science/hurricanes.php “Hurricane Response and Recovery.” AAP.org, www.aap.org/en-us/advocacy-and-policy/aap-health-initiatives/Children-and-Disasters/Pages/Hurricane-Response-and-Recovery.aspx. “How Do Hurricanes Affect the Environment?” Reference, IAC Publishing, www.reference.com/science/hurricanes-affect-environment-e0dd3c9ce8fd7b88. Samson, Marc. “The Effects of Hurricanes in Marine Ecosystems - AquaViews.” Aquaviews - SCUBA Blog, 2 July 2013, www.leisurepro.com/blog/ocean-news/effects-hurricanes-marine-ecosystems/. Just Copy and Paste on diff. Tab. https://create.kahoot.it/details/hurricanes/0e926a4b-61e3-4dfd-9ee2-40abc3bb3e92 Kahoot
Transcript: By: Maesam Brate Hurricane Harvey What is a Hurricane? Topic 1 Hurricanes are large swirling storms that produce winds over 119 kilometers per hour or more. The winds of hurricanes can damage buildings and trees These hurricanes form over warm ocean waters, and they strike over land These hurricanes have 5 catogories and is called Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale Hurricanes can produce more than 2.4 trillion galloons of rain a day How is a hurricane formed? Subtopic 1 A hurricane starts as a lowly topical disturbance Sometimes if scientists think a tropical disturbance may develop further, they will invetiagate that area For a tropical cyclone or depression to form the coditions have to be just right Hurricane forming (Part 2) Part 2 When the pressure from the middle of the hurricane drops, and then air drops in and makes more strong winds It relies on islands and buoys and also aircrafts to tract the windspeeds of the storm The system gets rounder and often forms a clearly defined eye Pictures Pictures Video Video Where did Hurricane Harvey hit? Subtopic 2 Texas Louisiana Honduras Belize Nicaragua Cayman Islands Texas, America Texas Texas is a very large state in the southern U.S. It's the second largest state in the United States by popullation and area It's has lots of desserts, pine forest, and the Rio grande, a river that forms its borders with Mexico less than 10% of Texas's area is dessert Most of the popullation centers are around praries, grasslands, forests, and coastline Problem Topic 2 So whats the problem of hurricanes and specifically mine (Hurricane Harvey) Hurricane's alone do a lot of damage to landfalls and can cause high waves of water from the ocean to hit the shores Hurricanes also do lots of destruction to cities and countries Hurricanes can not even be compared to any other type of natural diaster Power Plant accident Power Plant accident Problem (Environmentally) Topic 3 The flood events raised short and long term environmental and public concerns such as bacteria, oil, and chemicals in floodwaters The movements of water like this affects animals in Texas The environemnt also changes the storm to make it worse Fire ants had to move from the underground homes to protect their Queen How might this affect or change the way the Earth is shaped and how animals live? Question This could change the Earth's physical features because as the storm makes lots of floods and hurricanes with strong winds which could cause dramatic changes in structures in wooded ecosystems Animals could be killed or impacted indirectly through changes in habiat and food by the strong winds produced by hurricanes Possible Answers Possible Answer Problem (socially) Topic 4 Some of the problems that Hurricane Harvey caused to people is a virus called West Nile Virus People in texas are warned to make sure their vaccines are up to date Harvey has affected lots of people and weren't able to reach families People also suffered mental and physical to those who went through the storm and it's aftermath How might the Hurricane change the people's perspective of living in Texas? Question This hurricane could change the perspecticve of Texans because of this incident and could cause loss of popullation to Texas It would lose popullation because Texans would not want to go thorugh the same incident again so they would want to move Possible Answers Possible Answer Two million barrels of refining have been lost It will take months or years to clean homes and buisnesses and make it proper again to the proper standards Insurance bill's will most likely hit more than 10 billion dollars Problem (Economically) Topic 5 How might have governments treated this if it had happened a long time ago without the proper resources we have today? Question If this same incident happened years ago, i think that they would have suffered a lot because of the lack of suppilies I think that the government would have treated this the same way they do today but i think they wouldn't be able to save as much lives Possible Answers Possible Answer Governments poor planning led to the flooding in Houston Some organizations before the Hurricane were on stand by ready and with suppilies Federal agencies assigned personal support to the State of Texas Local, State, and Federal resucued 122,331 people and 5,234 pets A adminstration loaned 367 million dollars to 4,340 bussinesses in Texas Problem (politically) Topic 6 What might be the government's next steps to helping the families who lost everything? Question The next steps i think that the government would take would be to hold lots of shelters and places where people could stay safe If i was in the place of the government i would give back to lots of families and get loans from different countries to help and support Possible Answers Possible Answer
Transcript: Syd Tombari and Tony Seidl Hurricane Song Lyrics Background Information Background Information - From the musical Hamilton - Song 13 of Act 2 - Aka "The part of the musical where everything goes wrong. - What all did he do? (Trust me, it's a lot). He is a composer, lyricist, playwright, singer, and actor. He stars in the musicals In The Heights and of course Hamilton. Who's This Guy? Lin-Manuel Miranda Act 1 - The Part With The War - TLDR; Eliza. Act 2 - Who's Reynolds and why do they matter? - TLDR; Alex really should've taken that break. The Quickest Summary I can Manage Everything up to this point Lyrical Devices Lyrical devices In the eye of a hurricane There is quiet For just a moment A yellow sky Repetition Repetition I wrote my way out Wrote everything down far as I could see I wrote my way out I looked up and the town had its eyes on me Chorus Chorus I didn’t drown I couldn’t seem to die Alliteration Alliteration Literary Devices Literary devices Double click to edit Hyperbole Hyperbole I wrote Eliza love letters until she fell I wrote Eliza love letters until she fell Write everything down, far as I can see Write everything down, far as I can see I wrote my way out of hell I wrote my way out of hell Personification Personification I looked up and the town had its eyes on me I looked up and the town had its eyes on me History has its eyes on you History has its eyes on you Situational Irony Situational Irony I couldn't drown, I couldn't seem to die I coundn't drown, I couldn’t seem to die Responses Responses Inferences Inferences Hamilton is lonely Hamilton is lonely Hamilton is morning the loss of his mom Hamilton is morning the loss of his mom Hamilton is one of the only survivers in his village Hamilton is one of the only survivers in his village Prediction Prediction Hamilton will be killed soon after this song Hamilton will be killed soon after. Something bad will happen to Hamilton. Something bad will happen to Hamilton. This song goes form not the saddest to depression This song goes form not the saddest to depression Double click to edit SOAPSTone SOAPSTone Speaker S Occasion O Audience A Purpose P Subject S Tone Tone
Transcript: Evacuate the area Take shelter When flooding happens, get to high ground/go on top of houses Follow all evacuation procedures http://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2014/jul/03/tropical-storm-arthur-seen-space-video Hurricane Preparations Locations Most at Risk Bibliography Hurricanes When wind speeds increase to more than 74 mph, it is called a tropical cyclone or hurricane.Hurricanes absorb energy from the warm ocean water, making them stronger. The storm will feed off of warm, moist air is mostly from warm tropical ocean waters. Hurricane Arthur Tropical Depression Two Hurricane Bertha1 Hurricane Cristobal Tropical Storm Dolly Hurricane Edouard Hurricane Fay Hurricane Gonzalo Tropical Storm Hanna Hurricanes typically hit between the months of August and September but hurricane season is from June 1st to November 30th. http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/101-videos/hurricanes-101 The most recent hurricane was Hurricane Arthur and it occurred from July 3-4 2014 Agency's Held Responsible for warning humans/ areas in hurricane area(s) Hurricane warnings National Hurricane Center Forecast Process South Carolina Emergency Management Division Florida International University National Weather Service Atlantic hurricane season National Oceanic and Atmospheric Central Pacific Hurricane Center Weather Prediction Center The top 10 cities in the U.S. that are most often hit by hurricanes are all located within Florida, Louisiana, and North Carolina. These cities get hit most often due to the warming of the ocean and the wind gusts that come in from the eastern hemisphere Disaster Occurrences Most Recent Hurricane By: Lauren & Crissi http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Hurricane_Center http://www.travelinsurancereview.net/hurricane-travel-resource-center/hurricane-zone/ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/index.php?season=2014&basin=atl http://www.weather.gov/mhx/Arthur Physical Scenario Damage Cause damage to almost all of human creation Causes extensive damage from heavy rainfall for several hundred miles. Floods and flying debris destroys building and land Kills millions of humans, if lucky severly injured http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Atmosphere/hurricane/formation.html
Transcript: landfall- 1) Stay Informed- use trusted websites for information about natural disasters and emergency preparedness (Ex: http://www.erh.noaa.gov/er/phi/). 2) Make a Plan- create a communication plan with your family, write all important phone numbers, and designate a meeting place in case of evacuation. 3) Build a Hurricane Kit- store a portable kit full of basics, important documents, clean-up and repair items, and a 2-week supply of necessities in a safe place and a smaller version in your car. June 1st-Nov. 30 McNeill, Aislinn. "Annual Disaster/Death Statistics for US Storms." Texas Tech University. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.depts.ttu.edu/weweb/Research/DebrisImpact/Reports/DDS.pdf>. 2) There must be ocean water that is warm enough at the surface to put enough heat and moisture into the overlying atmosphere to provide potential fuel for the hurricane (80°F or greater). Likely to Occur in Summer Because... Season Hurricanes Facts Anonymous. "Hurricanes . . . Important Terms to Know." Hurricanes . . . Important Terms to Know. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cityofchesapeake.net/Government/City-Departments/Departments/fire/emergman/em-all_hazards_preparedness/em-prepare-hurricanes_tropical_storms/em-hurr-terms.htm?PageMode=Print>. 17 nationwide possible hurricane threat to area within 24-36 hours 3) Water evaporates and condenses, forming clouds. Latent heat is released when water vapor condenses, which evaporates more water. The water rises and condenses, creating a chain. (NJ Emergency Survival Guide) 4) Was a Category 4 hurricane during land fall. rooster tails- 1) Development triggered by weather disturbance in tropical circulation. Average Number of Deaths & Injuries in U.S. (per year) Survival Tips wall clouds- hurricane conditions expected within 12-24 hours Important Terms Safety Precautions How They Form 4) Due to the Coriolis Effect, the hurricane spins counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. 1) Deadliest weather disaster in U.S. history. 2) Caused 6,000- 12,000 deaths. Wall clouds 60 nationwide Anonymous. "Glossary." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C003603/english/hurricanes/glossary.shtml>. hurricane watch- Likely to Occur on the East Coast Because... calm column of low-pressure air in center of hurricane 1) The direct summer rays heat the ocean water more and faster than steep winter sun rays. 2) Hurricanes are more likely to occur in late summer, since water takes a while to absorb heat. Historical Event Route of the Galveston Hurricane Netting, Ruth. "How Are Hurricanes Created?" How Are Hurricanes Created? NASA, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/archive/hurricane/creation.html>. A tropical storm with winds that have reached a constant speed of 74 miles per hour or more. State of New Jersey. "1921 Hurricane Survival Guide for New Jersey." The Official Website for The State of New Jersey. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2013. <http://www.state.nj.us/njoem/plan/pdf/081412_hurricane_surviveguide.pdf>. long, thin clouds curving up from the horizon that tell where a hurricane is coming from heavy clouds that form around the eye of a hurricane Location and Timing 1) hurricanes in the Atlantic tend to form at tropical/subtropical latitudes & move west 2) east coast water temperature is warm, due to the Gulf Stream (80°F), west coast water not as warm (70°F) in midsummer Average Number of Injuries by Hurricane Important Categorizations of Hurricanes 3) 8-15 foot storm tides flooded Galveston Island and the west coast of Texas. 5) Property damage was estimated at $30 million. Samantha Moy Period 4 3/4/13 when the eye intersects the surface of the coastline Galveston Hurricane, Texas (Galveston Island), 1900 4) Pets- establish and assemble safe places, kits, carriers, and any documents for you pets. 5) Extras- keep your car gas tank full and store extra gasoline in proper, certified containers. Replace stored water every 6 months, replace batteries and update extra clothing. *Print a copy of your state's emergency survival guide, review thoroughly and follow during a state emergency. Landsea, Chris W. "Why Do Hurricanes Hit the East Coast of the U.S. but Never the West Coast?" AccuWeather.com. N.p., 27 Aug. 2012. Web. 25 Feb. 2013. <http://www.accuweather.com/en/features/winter-break/why-do-hurricanes-hit-the-east-1/54241>. hurricane warning- Eye eye- storm surge- Average Number of Deaths by Hurricane extremely large volumes of water driven on land by a storm, may cause extensive flooding Anonymous. "Why Do Hurricanes Happen?" Why Do Hurricanes Happen? N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://science.yourdictionary.com/articles/why-do-hurricanes-happen.html>. Bibliography Coastal Reconstructiong Group. "Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale." Coastal Reconstruction Group. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://www.coastalreconstruction.com/2011/08/saffir-simpson-wind-scale/>. 5) Wind
Transcript: What is a hurricane? A hurricane is a violent, tropical storm, carrying wind speeds ≥ 74 mph. Where do they form? Hurricanes form over the Atlantic Ocean or the eastern Pacific. How are they measured? Hurricanes are measured using the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane scale. You use the wind speeds and storm surge to classify/measure it. ex: wind speeds are 131-155 mph, storm surge is 13-18 feet- making it a category 4. Hurricane Florence, satellite image Hurricane Classification What's the difference between a hurricane watch and warning? A hurricane watch means that hurricane-like conditions are expected within a certain area. A hurricane warning means that hurricane-like conditions are confirmed within a certain area. How are meteorologists studying hurricanes? Meteorologists are studying hurricanes by using different types of tools, like satellites, aircraft, and computer modeling programs. What are some notable hurricanes in recent history? Hurricane Katrina, LA, 2005- death toll of 1,836 and caused about $125 billion dollars in damages. Hurricane Sandy, NJ/NY, 2017- death toll of 233 and caused about $68.7 billion dollars in damages. Hurricane Michael, FL 2018- death toll of 60 and caused about $11.28 billion dollars in damages. How are hurricane paths predicted? Many different computer models are used to predict the projected paths. Measurements are taken every few hours and are put into the computer models. How are hurricanes named? The WMO (World Meteorological Organization) comes up with a list of names, and later assigns them when a tropical storm forms. Names can be included in a 6 year cycle, but some names that were given to severe hurricanes have been retired. Kailey S. Tuesday, October 30, 2018 Are They Dangerous? What Are Hurricanes? Hurricane Harvey, 2017. Why are hurricanes potentially dangerous to coastal areas? Hurricanes are potentially dangerous to coastlines/coast areas because of the storm surge, caused from the high wind speeds pushing the water inland. What can people living in coastal areas do to prepare for hurricanes? People can prepare for an incoming hurricane by evacuating if necessary- or if they choose to stay, they can stockpile emergency supplies + food, board up their windows (prevents debris flying in), and block off all low lying entrances (door cracks, garage) with sandbags. Hurricane History Vol XCIII, No. 311 HURRICANES
Transcript: Hurricanes Created By: Nancy Guzman What is a hurricane? "A hurricane is an intense, rotating oceanic weather system that possesses maximum sustained winds exceeding 119km or 74 mph. It forms and intensifies over tropical oceanic regions." Hurricanes release more than 2.4 trillion gallons of rain a day. About Hurricanes "When air heats up, its molecules move farther apart, making it less dense. This air then rises to higher altitudes where air molecules are less compressed by gravity." "When warm, low-pressure air rises, cool, high-pressure air seizes the opportunity to move in underneath it." "Hurricanes are not very common in California like in Florida & Louisiana but they have hit Southern California. Yet it is unlikely that a hurricane will strike." Hurricane Damage Hurricanes cause strong winds, storm surges, flooding, and tornadoes. These can also cause houses to knocked down, cars to flip over, rising of sea level, and many more dangerous and deadly after effects. This is what a Hurricane actually looks like. http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/environment/environment-natural-disasters/hurricanes/hurricane-montage/ How to prepare for a hurricane if it ever happens and you need to know how to prepare..just in case Gather food and water Have a handy dandy first aid kit Stay on top of the news to know whats going on Decide whether or not you will evacuate If you evacuate pack your car Make sure you have some cha-ching Go somewhere safe Stay there until the hurricane is over photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Can Hurricanes hit California? I'm out
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