Transcript: The Harlem Renaissance was originally called the Negro Movement and was a literary and intellectual exposure that established a new black identity of culture between 1920s and 30s. Any form of expression in that age was very limited for African Americans, but creative expression was offered, even due to the extensive racism and depressing economic factors. Specifically literary, and in some form jazz was a direct explosion. The Harlem renaissance came about in a time period between the first World War and Great Depression. This was a great time where the economy is growing and cities were over populating, mainly in the North. Southern blacks migrated to the Northern urban cities; speficically Harlem in Manahattan attracting almost two hundred thousand blacks, instantly becomign the largest conencentration of African-Americans in the world. Much literature was racial pride that grew from the idea of the new image of a Negro. This "New Negro" believed that intelligent writing and producing of literature would challenge the racist and stereoptes applied to them and advertise improvement or social politics that could promote the African Americans. Many literature were influenced by: Slave experiences the formation of stereotypes effects of politically installed racism the difficulties of writing for and recieve approval from white audiences. and the overall challenge of explaining the life of a typical black in urban North. Folk roots and culture materialized as well. Folk materials and spirtiatuals gave a good source for the artistic and intelligent imagination, as well as free blacks from the mental and physical reminence of past conditions. In Jazz and the blues, the structure were used to express sorrow and pain. The challenges and difficulties of life for African Americans was more than just a great source of inspiration for literary works like articles, newspapers, etc. THey were huge writing topics that were spawned into books and weekly articles. Stereotypical characters in these literary novels had much reality to them, forming many stories people could relate too. Inspirational writings, with relaxed tones, were spoken in poetry on one side. On the other, hard, political, realist newspaper and novel writings filled the streets and America, as a whole, concious of real life stakes. Magazines and Newspapers that were African American owned skyrocketed. This gave blacks a mainstream voice, one that was always masked and over shadowed by the constant and still present caucassion influences. Charles Johnson's magazine named Opportunity was the leading voice of black culture, he published a new promising black writer in every issue. W.E.B. DuBois's, The Crisis, also edited by Redmon Fauset, was a platform for the eventual great works of Langsot Hughes and Countee Cullen. The after effects, specifically music, are as real today as ever. Music wise, The Blues, then Soul/Gospel music, and eventually to today's rap music, all achieved their roots from jazz. Music from artists like Kanye West, Jay-z, and B.o.B. sample jazz like beats, as well as A Tribe Called Quest and other ninetys artists. Arts and Literature ways, isn't the same as prior but it is still living. Zorea Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891- January 23, 1960) "Once you wake up thought in a man, you can never put it to sleep again." Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902-May 22, 1967) "An artist must be free to choose what he does certainly, but he must also never be afraid to do what he might choose." Marcus Garvey (August 1887- June 1940) "There has been a movement where the leader has not suffered for the cause and not received the ingratitude of the people. I like the rest am prepared for the consequences." As the renaissance headed towards its closure, so did mainstreams thirst for Harlem's art and litterature. With the end of the need, so did the boosts from the "Roaring 20s" went with. The depression came fast and African Americnas were hit the hardest. Many were laid of and their homes foreclosed. Political black figures changed their perspective from arts and intelligence to social and fiscal problems. The temporary "truce" in racial tensions between both Whites and Blacks ended. Quotes The Harlem Renaissance Thank you More Information Another Visual for an Idea Common Themes Styles and Genre's Background Information The Soul of African American Literature Historical Effects Visiuals for an Idea Effects Ending of the Renaissance
Transcript: Lift ev'ry voice and sing, Till earth and heaven ring, Ring with the harmonies of Liberty; Let our rejoicing rise High as the list'ning skies, Let it resound loud as the rolling sea. Sing a song full of the faith that the dark past has taught us, Sing a song full of the hope that the present has brought us; Facing the rising sun of our new day begun, Let us march on till victory is won. doodles •Secretary of the NAACP; first African American man to ever hold the position •First African American to be admitted to the bar since the end of Reconstruction •Founded the Daily American a newspaper with information pertinent to the black community •Wrote the song “Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing” which was adopted by the NAACP as the “Negro National Hymn” Interesting things about the Author One of the newspapers he was involved, The Daily American, in is still in print Just weeks after the earthquake hit Haiti, there was an exhibition of photographs taken entitled Self-Determining Haiti to show the destruction Lift Ev'ry Voice And Sing (performed by Ray Charles) The importance of education on how you are perceived The impact that youth has on the future of a nation notes What social issue does the author explore? Notes God of our weary years, God of our silent tears, Thou who hast brought us thus far on the way; Thou who hast by Thy might, Led us into the light, Keep us forever in the path, we pray. Lest our feet stray from the places, our God, where we met Thee, Lest our hearts, drunk with the wine of the world, we forget Thee; Shadowed beneath Thy hand, May we forever stand, True to our God, True to our native land. Poetry collections To a Friend (1892) A Brand (1893) The Color Sergeant (1898) Lift Every Voice and Sing (1899) Sense You Went Away (1900) The Black Mammy (1900) O Black and Unknown Bards (1908) Brothers (1916) My City (1923) Go Down, Death (1926) The Glory of the Day was in Her Face(1917) Fifty Years and Other Poems (1917) God's Trombones: Seven Negro Sermons in Verse (1927) Saint Peter Relates an Incident (1935) Selected Poems (1936) Self-Determining Haiti (1920) The Selected Writings of James Weldon Johnson (1995) The Book of American Negro Poetry (1922) James Weldon Johnson Political: Self-Determining Haiti Dery Anti-Lynching Bill of 1921 Economic: Racial Inequality as an "economic necessity" Unjust use of taxes Advancement of African Americans (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Double click to crop it if necessary What was the author's stance on political, economic, and social issues? The Works of James Weldon Johnson •Racial identity •Presevation of Ethnic Culture and History •Education of Minorities •Civil Rights •Racial injustice •Advancement of the black community What have you learned personally from this author? outlook Additional Information about the Author The Life of James Weldon Johnson Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing •Born in 1871 in Jacksonville, Florida (the optimism of the Reconstruction period) •Attended Atlanta University; graduated in 1894 •Principal of Stanton School in Jacksonville; largest school in Jacksonville, black or white •In 1895, Johnson founded the Daily American, a newspaper devoted to reporting on issues pertinent to the black community •In 1900, he wrote the song "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing" on the occasion of Lincoln's birthday - - coined the negro national anthem •Johnson moved to New York in 1901 to collaborate with his brother Rosamond, a composer, and attained some success as a songwriter for Broadway •In 1904 he accepted a position as the treasurer of the Colored Republican Club started by Charles W. Anderson, the next year he became the president of the club •U.S. Consul to Venezuela in 1906 While employed by the diplomatic corps, Johnson had poems published in the Century Magazine and The Independent (this proved is good standing with the current administration) •In 1912, Johnson published The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man under a pseudonym •In 1914 Johnson became editor of the New York Age •1920 he became the national organizer for the NAACP •In December 1930, he resigned from the leadership of the NAACP and accepted the Spence Chair of Creative Literature at Fisk University in Nashville where he lectured on literature and a wide range of social issues. •Died in 1938 in Maine. His car was hit by a train photo frame How can the authors writings and beliefs be relevant to modern society? Other works and collections The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man (1912) Second Book of Negro Spirituals(1926) Black Manhattan(1930) Negro Americans, What Now?(1934) Along This Way(1933) The Selected Writings of James Weldon Johnson(1995) Place your own picture behind this frame! (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Stony the road we trod, Bitter the chast'ning rod, Felt in the days when hope unborn had died; Yet with a steady beat, Have not our weary feet Come to the place for which our fathers sighed? We have come over a way that with tears has been watered. We have come,
Transcript: She was an essantial author is the harlem raniassance Her work was greatly despised of at the time The other great authors of the Harlem Renaissance felt she made a mockery of a serious time. She was a folklorist (Folkloristic is the term preferred by academic folklorists for the formal, academic discipline devoted to the study of folklore.) Jean was born in washington D.C. as a mixed child of black and white. Most famous for writing a poem entitled "Storm Ending" but what i'm sure you dont know of is his well know book entitled "Cane". Edgar lee masters was a poet in the Harlem Renaissance that redefined the world of poetry with his works. He was deeply interested in a folk-based culture, which he considered most authentic. His poetic work was so inspiring that most jass artist used it when creating thier beautiful music. One of Edgar's well known quotes was, "Harlem has ruined more niggers than bad liquor." "Cane" Quote Analysis Richard Wright What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore— And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over— like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? Langston Hughes "Harlem" by Langston Huges Jean Toomer "Harlem has ruined more niggers than bad liquor." It is surely safe to say that harlem was not a great place to live due to recial tensions and other great problems. What hurt the "niggers" of harlem also empowered them to reach out intellectually. Even though no where in his quote does he say it empowered them its safe to assume he surely meant it. "Black Boy" Authors and Poets of the Harlem Renaissace "It costs you something to do good!" Zora meant in this quote that you will always have to sacrifice or put something at risk to do any type of good. Zora died unnoticed for many years not getting the attention she hopefully strived for (Her cost), The good that came out was the realization of her work to the modern day authors and the magnitude of which it prosper against many other Harlem Renaissance authors at the time Quote Anaylsis Langston Hughes was a leading poet of the Harlem renaissance. Langston was known for being a well writen novelist, a phenominal short story author and amazing poet of the Harlem Renaissance. One of his most praised poems would be the poem entitled “Harlem”. Richard Wright was an african american author in the harlem renaissance. Most of his writings were highly controversial about the subject of racism. His work helped redefine racism in america. One of his most notable works was "Black Boy" Explanation What he’s trying to say is that having to postpone a deep dream or desire will surely lead to destruction. Black Boy was a highly controversial novel that talked about the oppression and neglect that african americans were forced to deal with. This novel broke the line between what people at the time thought about slavery and the what the reality of it was. This novel is crucial to the Harlem Renaissance in terms of giving the new perspective on what racism, prejudice and discrimination African Americans were going through. Cane was an 1923 novel writen by Jean Toomer.The novel contained various descriptive episodes of African American events in the Harlem Renaissance. The novel used accounts of events an poetry to gain the much needed reputation it has today. Zora Neale Hurston Edgar Lee Masters
Transcript: Langston Hughes The Harlem Renaissance http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance These people are... Quiz By Kris whitehead & Femi Aboye The mass movement of African Americans is called the Great Migration. Louis Armstrong Claude McKay http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_harlem.html The Harlem Renaissance began in the 1920's and ended in the mid 1930's. During this time period a new form of literature, music and technology have emerged. 1: When did the Harlem Renaissance begin? 2: What is another name for the Harlem Renaissance? 3: Name two famous African Americans during this time period. 4: What is it called when most of the African American population moves north? 5:Why did most African Americans move north? http://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance Some African Americans became famous for their achievements. This was also called the Negro Movement Many African Americans moved north to find jobs and a better lifestyle. Bibliography Zora Neale Hurston This is related to the Great Gatsby because the book is set during the roaring 20's which is caused by the Harlem Renaissance. 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c
Transcript: These are influential Jazz musicians. The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance successfully redefined how America looked at African Americans. The Harlem Renaissance gave way to the popularity of jazz music, which led to blues and spirtituals. Liveliness and creativity was an important factor in jazz. This is a video about the Harlem Renaissance and important people that took part in it. The African Americans became unified as they became motivated to change how America viewed them. Self-determination came over the African Americans living in Harlem, and they greatly contributed to America both socially and intellectually. The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that took place in the 1920s and 1930s. It was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. The Harlem Renaissance began out of the changes that were taking place in America after slavery was abolished. "New Negro Movement"
Transcript: January Harry Pace founds the Black Swan Phonograph Corporation and begins production of the "race records" that will help to bring jazz and blues music to a wider audience. The musical revue Shuffle Along opens on Broadway, providing a spark that ignites the Harlem Renaissance. Langston Hughes's great poem "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" is published in Crisis. The first major book of the Harlem Renaissance appears when Claude McKay's novel Harlem Shadows is published by Harcourt, Brace. 28th-1922 Did you know? The National Urban League (NUL) came into being in the early 20th century Febuary Bessie Smith records "Downhearted Blues" and "Gulf Coast Blues," soon becoming the most famous blues singer in both the northern and southern states. The National Urban League establishes Opportunity magazine, which will not only publish the work of Harlem Renaissance writers and artists but will help to support them through an annual contest. Roland Hayes makes his New York debut, singing a program of classical music as well as African American spirituals. Joe "King" Oliver's Creole Jazz Band makes a series of recordings with trumpet player Louis Armstrong. The National Ethiopian Art Players produce Willis Richardson's The Chip Woman, the first drama by a black playwright to appear on the Broadway stage. Did you know? The great Louis Armstrong's favorite artist was Joe "King" Oliver and close friend as a child. March 2011 calender 23rd-1922 19th-1921 Meta Warrick Fuller's sculpture Ethiopia Awakening is shown at the "Making of America" exhibition in New York. 2nd-1923 8th- 1921 Who founded (NUL)? 14th-1923 What was he known as the founding father of? Bibliography 21th-1923 Louie Armstrong www.redhotjazz.com/louie.html Harlem Renaissance Timeline http://www.bookrags.com 9th-1923 17th-1923 15th-1921
Transcript: Member Member copy paste branches if you need more.... Member The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance occured between 1920 & 1940. It occured in Harlem, a neighborhood in New York City. Backround Member Member Member Member (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Group (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Group
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