Transcript: Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr https://docs.google.com/document/d/1bMFEDdH-40fDNCKequQJ8ZHJp-_Lh3YFZ60UZNHtXNA/edit Work Cited Countee Cullen https://docs.google.com/document/d/1fhQOikZLwAYH_0wfvQsvQLfP2FYI_toDTDJVMRPJhdk/edit https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Fr_qeY6FnAo5jPyuGteAzWfqnttZYHFsTXWlRKe9Gdc/edit Harlem Renaissance https://docs.google.com/document/d/1bMFEDdH-40fDNCKequQJ8ZHJp-_Lh3YFZ60UZNHtXNA/edit Gwendolyn Brooks Claude Mckay Langston Hughes https://docs.google.com/document/d/1T1cdM2FZYakb6WYX9K-GHJ8RmRspQrCy8kTa8-RTrcY/edit
Transcript: The Harlem Renaissance Harlem, a neighborhood in New York City, was the center of the African American political, cultural, and artistic movement in the 1920's and early 1930's. "Take The A Train" You must take the A train To go to Sugar Hill way up in Harlem If you miss the A train You'll find you missed the quickest way to Harlem Hurry, get on, now it's coming Listen to those rails a-humming All aboard, get on the A train Soon you will be on Sugar Hill in Harlem Geography You know, New York City: bright lights, big city; the big apple -- take a look! New York City is made up of 5 buroughs (think like Denver, Englewood, Aurora, etc.). Brooklyn Queens The Bronx Staten Island Manhattan When you think about New York City, you most likely are thinking about Manhattan Located on the far north side of Manhattan, Harlem is the birthplace of the Harlem Renaissance History 1865 13th Amendment Freedom for all slaves! Slavery is officially abolished. 1876 Jim Crow Laws The Jim Crow Laws are established throughout the South. The laws legalize and encourage segregation. 1890 - 1920 The Great Migration Between 1890 and 1920, over two million African Americans migrate from the rural South to the industrial North, in hopes of a better life with less discrimination. The largest migration in American history was caused by the 'push' of hardships prevalent in the South–such as segregation, lynching and the economic hopelessness of the sharecropping system–and the 'pull' of opportunity in the North. Plentiful industrial jobs, although sometimes menial, often offered wages three times higher than did jobs in the South. Glowing reports from friends and family already in the North inspired increased migration. While racism, housing shortages and crime often greeted the new arrivals, they also found organizations such as the National Urban League and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) dedicated to improving the lives of black Americans. 1910 NAACP sets up National Office in NYC The NAACP established its national office in New York City in 1910 and began publishing the official journal of the NAACP, The Crisis. 1917 United Negro Improvement Association Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican native, founds the United Negro Improvement Association, an organization that urges blacks to form their own nation. Impact? A growing African American middle class developed as a result of improved educational and employment opportunities for African Americans. Political Figures Founded NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Authored Several Books The Philidelphia Negro (1899) The Souls of Black Folk (1903) Black Reconstruction (1835) Black Folk, Then & Now (1939) "One ever feels his two-ness,--an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder" "Either America will destroy ignorance or ignorance will destroy the United States." Believed that artistic and literary work could be used as a form of propaganda to help combat racial stereotypes and gain new respect for the race Advocated for the "talented tenth" This was the idea that a small percentage of the African American population who were exceptionally skilled should be designated and educated as artistic and cultural leaders. He proposed absolute equality for the "talented tenth" and technical training for the black masses. Founded UNIA Universal Negro Improvement Association "Unite all people of African ancestry of the world to one great body to establish a country and absolute government of their own. " Advocated for the "Back to Africa" movement Because of widespread racism and violence toward African Americans, Garvey believed that the only true solution to the problems was to reclaim their African heritage and go back to their homeland. The intent of the movement was for those of African ancestry to "redeem" Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave it. Culture Hughes was the first African American author to support himself through his writing; he produced more than sixty books. He earned critical attention for his portrayal of realistic black characters and he became one of the dominant voices speaking out on issues concerning black culture. He wrote in many genres; starting and continuing with poetry, he turned to fiction, autobiographies, and children's books. His most famous fictional character is Jesse B. Semple, nicknamed Simple, who uses humor to protest and satirize the existing injustices. "We Negro writers, just by being black, have been on the blacklist all our lives. Censorship for us begins at the color line." "I swear to the Lord, I still can't see, why Democracy means, everybody but me." 've known rivers: I've known rivers ancient as the world and older than the flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. I bathed in the Euphrates when dawns were young. I built my
Transcript: Harlem Renaissance harlem dance team important activist in the harlem renaissance more of the basketball team Harlem orignal basketball team Louis Armstrong The club where alot of music artist preformed
Transcript: Realy Quick Fact: THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE was a cultural movement that occured between 1920s and 1930s. It was when the African American population boomed in America. They used music and art to celebrate during that time, lots of them now being famous. Jessie R. Fauset Jessie Redmon Fauset, known as the “Midwife of the Harlem Renaissance,” was born in Fredericksville, Camden County, New Jersey on April 27, 1882 At a very early age Fauset lost her mother, and was raised by her father. Fauset’s father made sure his daughter had a well-rounded childhood and education. In 1900, Jessie Fauset graduated with honors from the renowned Philadelphia High School for Girls and was the only African American in her graduating class. Following her graduation, Fauset received a scholarship to attend Cornell University, and in 1905 made history again by becoming the first black woman accepted into the university. Twenty years later she received a Master of Arts Degree in French from the University of Pennsylvania. Fauset was an essayist, novelist, and poet as well. Her published works include There is Confusion (1924), Plum Bun (1928), The Chinaberry Tree (1931), and Comedy: American Style (1933). All of these writings focus on African American culture and economic struggles during that period. Jessie R. Faucet was important during the Harlem Renaissance because: Her Writings inspired the African Americans to rally behind their cultural views and they also touched the hearts of many people involved or even not involved with the Harlem Renaissance. Famous Writings She Wrote Novels There Is Confusion (novel, 1924) Plum Bun: A Novel Without a Moral (novel, 1928) The Chinaberry Tree: A Novel of American Life (novel, 1931) Comedy, American Style (novel, 1933) Poems "Rondeau." The Crisis. April 1912 "La Vie C’est La Vie." The Crisis. July 1922 "‘Courage!’ He Said." The Crisis. November 1929 ]Short Stories "Emmy," The Crisis. December 1912 - January 1913 "My House and a Glimpse of My Life Therein," The Crisis. July 1914 "Double Trouble," The Crisis. August 1923 - September 1923 Essays "Impressions of the Second Pan-African Congress", The Crisis. November 1921 "What Europe Thought of the Pan-African Congress." The Crisis. December 1921 ALMOST FINISHED...>>> THE END FACTS ABOUT Jessie R. Fauset
Transcript: Langston Hughes The Harlem Renaissance http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance These people are... Quiz By Kris whitehead & Femi Aboye The mass movement of African Americans is called the Great Migration. Louis Armstrong Claude McKay http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_harlem.html The Harlem Renaissance began in the 1920's and ended in the mid 1930's. During this time period a new form of literature, music and technology have emerged. 1: When did the Harlem Renaissance begin? 2: What is another name for the Harlem Renaissance? 3: Name two famous African Americans during this time period. 4: What is it called when most of the African American population moves north? 5:Why did most African Americans move north? http://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance Some African Americans became famous for their achievements. This was also called the Negro Movement Many African Americans moved north to find jobs and a better lifestyle. Bibliography Zora Neale Hurston This is related to the Great Gatsby because the book is set during the roaring 20's which is caused by the Harlem Renaissance. 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c
Transcript: by Caitlin, Dave, and Matt Increased job opportunities for African-Americans created a Black middle class What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? Centered in the neighborhood of Harlem in New York City Duke Ellington Most of Hughes' works addressed black culture, urban class working life, politics, and racial pride. Received 13 Grammy Awards, the Pulitzer prize, the Medal of Freedom, and gave American music its own sound for the first time However, racism was still prevalent Composed 3000 songs and had 20,000 performances numerous ones at the Cotton Club which was a famous club in New York The Harlem Renaissance Harlem Renaissance helped Hughes get some of his works published by mainstream houses African-American art, music, and literature were the main focal points of the Harlem Renaissance Decided to leave successful career in Washington behind to move to Harlem, becoming a important figure in the Harlem Renaissance Went to Columbia University in New York. He left soon after he arrived to go to Harlem His first Novel "Not Without Laughter" was published in 1930 "My men and my race are the inspiration of my work, I try to catch the character and mood and feeling of my people" (Duke Ellington) Born on April 29th, 1899 in Washington DC Works Cited “46e. The Harlem Renaissance.” U.S. History. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/46e.asp>. “Duke Ellington Biography.” The Official Site of Duke Ellington. N.p., 2008. Web. 11 Sept. 2012. <http://dukeellington.com/ellingtonbio.html>. Williams, Andrea N. “Hughes, Langston.” World Book Advanced. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2012. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar266060&st=langston+hughes>. African-American poet/ writer The Great Migration This racism and discrimination caused a migration of African-Americans to the North. Particularly in the neighborhood of Harlem Overview The Harlem Renaissance (New Negro Movement) was a culteral movement spanning from the 1910's to the 1930's Born February 1st, 1902 Began playing the piano at age 7, and professionally at 17 Langston Hughes
Transcript: The Harlem Rennaissance To convey the experience of black men in the United States while uncovering the relationships among the events in his own life. People of all ages; Adults & Children. Midsummer Night In Harlem Palmer Hayden (1927) Jeunesse; Watercolor on paper; 14"x17" The Palmer Hayden Collection Curator's Statement www.encore-editions.com/ www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/art/hayden.html http://imagesvr.library.upenn.edu/ www.negrosrtist.com Fetiche et Fleurs This painting shows a gathering at the track during the end of the Harlem Renaissance. The women are gathered on one side of the tracks while admiring the working men on the opposite side. This collection will shoe a declaration of the unheroic, ordinary aspects of the black experience. This picture shows the nightlife for Blacks during the Harlem Renaissance. Couples dancing enjoying themselves with the sounds of a live jazz band blaring in the background. The collection will be visable through a hanging display of paintings hung on the wall There will be lighting above every hanging picture to make color of the walls and the vibrant paintings blend together. Jeunesse Ashley C. Harris Kendall-Page Balknight Each painting will be hung separately in a black frame Installation Palmer Hayden (1938) Midsummer Night In Harlem; oil on canvas; 163cm x 76xm The Mint Museum -- Charlotte, NC This Christmas scene was painted in 1939, it is the image of a poor man acting out the true meaning of Christmas. This poor man shares love with his newborn child during the Christmas holiday. Looking at the clothes hanging in the house and the few presents under the tree it is easy to see that he is a poor man, but he is also thankfuul. Hammer In His Hand Let's Interact Descriptions of each painting will be arranged to the right of each picture. We do this so there will be no need for brochures. There will be a digital display halfwat through the exhibit that will teach the visitors about Palmer Hayden Following his return from Paris in 1932, Hayden worked on the United States Treasury Art Project and the W.P.A. Art Project from 1934 to 1940, and painted scenes of the New York waterfront and other local subjects. During the late 1930s Hayden developed a consciously naive style, which represented various aspects of African-American life. One of the first paintings that heralded Hayden’s new style was Midsummer Night in Harlem, 1938, in which he effectively evoked the mood of Harlem’s residents congregating outside to escape the heat inside the tenements. Despite the flat forms and stylized figures, the compositional arrangement and treatment of perspective reveal Hayden’s academic training. African-American art historian James Porter apparently misunderstood Hayden’s objectives when he criticized Midsummer Night in Harlem as a talent gone astray,” and compared the painting to “one of those billboards that once were plastered on public buildings to advertise black face minstrels.” Sources The visitors will be able to walk through the exhibit freely with no problems These four black men in this pub are the epitome of a night out. In a pub laying cards sipping coffee, although they seem distracted. The exaggerated facial features are often seen in paintings during the Harlem Renaissance. A scene like this was familiar to Hayden, who took odd jobs and custodian work while pursuing his artistic career. This painting was centered in Harlem and is known as Hayden's "protest painting" Palmer Hayden was born on January 15th 1890 under the name Peyton Cole Hedgeman. He later changed his name during World War I, the name was given to him by his commanding sergeant. He was inspired by the environment around him, and he focused on the African American experience. He gained recognition in 1926 when he won the first place prize and a gold medal in paiting at the First Harmon Foundation exhibition of black artists. Palmer Hayden (1939) Christmas; Painting; 57"x34" Nous Quatre a Paris The Janitor Who Paints Location Theme Target Audience Meaning of Collection A colorful exhibit was chosen to represent the vibrant colors and powerful pieces of art that were established during the Harlem Renaissance. This exhibit is shown in a local museum in Charlotte, NC. We hope to move this exhibit closer up north, New York to be exact, where the Harlem Renaissance originated. We chose to dedicate this exhibit to Palmer Hayden because he was a prominent leader in this era and also he was the first African American artis to use African subjects and designs in his paintings. We chose this theme because it was something that we had always been interested in and wanted to learn more about and there is no better way to learn and experience something other than researching and conducting a presentation. Our choice to make this a traditional viewing for this exhibit was a good choice so that spectators could stand and and experience the paintings for as long as they would like. Christmas Palmer Hayden The walls
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