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Halloween Presentation

Transcript: During the Middle Ages (about 600 years ago), the Roman Catholic Church at that time, decided to make the change-over from pagan religion to Christianity a bit easier, and therefore allowed the new converts to maintain some of their pagan feasts. It was agreed, however, that from now on they would be celebrated as "Christian" feats. So instead of praying to thwir heathen gods, they would now pray to, and remember the deaths of saints. For this reason the church decided to call November 1 the "Day of All Saints," and the mass to be celebrated on that day "Alhallowmass." In consequence of this, the evening prior to this day was named, "All Hallowed Evening" which subsequently was abbreviated as "Halloween." In spite of this effort to make October 31 a "holy evening," all the old customs continued to be practiced, and made this evening anything BUT a holy evening! Today, Halloween is once again being celebrated as an adult holiday or masquerade, like Mardi Gras. Men and women in every disguise imaginable are now participating in parades. Many parents decorate their homes and yards, dress in costume, hand out candy at their door or go with their children as they collect candy. And despite its origins, today it has nothing to do with evil, devil worship, satanic forces, etc. It's just good clean fun! Meanwhile, back in the new world, the settlers were all Protestant and Halloween was technically a Catholic holiday. The original colonists in this country found ANY celebration immoral, especially a Catholic one. In fact, celebrating Christmas in the Massachusetts colony was once illegal, punishable by banishment or death. After the American Revolution, Halloween still never really caught on in America. Most of the country was farmland, and the people too far spread out to share different celebrations from Europe. Any chance to get together was looked forward to - barn raisings, quilting bees, taffy pulls. Eventually, a fall holiday called the Autumn Play Party developed. People would gather and tell ghost stories, dance and sing and feast and light bonfires. The children would stage a school pageant where they paraded in costumes. Trick-or-Treating The Autumn Play Parties lasted until the Industrial revolution. After that, the majority of Americans lived in cities and had no need for such get togethers. By the end of the Civil War, only Episcopalians and Catholics celebrated All Saints' Day and Halloween, and the two religions combined made up less than 5% of the population. Concerned about letting a part of their heritage fade away, the the two religions began an aggressive campaign to put those two holidays on all public calendars. In the late 1800's there was a move in America to mold Halloween into a holiday more about community and neighborhood "get-togethers," than about the supernatural. .At the turn of the century, Halloween parties for both children and adults became the most common way to celebrate. The first year All Saints' Day and Halloween showed up on the calendars, the newspapers and magazines made a big deal about it. Suddenly, everyone knew about Halloween and began celebrating it by lighting bonfires and having masquerade parties. The first official citywide Halloween celebration in the United States, occurred in Anoka, Minn., in 1921. In the 1920's and 30's Halloween became a secular but community centered holiday which was celebrated with parades and town wide parties. By the 1950's vandalism had to be brought under control and by this time Halloween was more of a child's celebration. Treats were handed out in order to prevent tricks like lawn rolling at each home. Those traditions have made Halloween the country's second largest commercial holiday to the tune of more than $2 billion spent on candy each year. n ancient Ireland, one story says that on Samhain the disembodied spirits of all those who had died throughout the preceding year would come back in search of living bodies to possess for the next year. It was believed to be their only hope for the afterlife. The Celts believed all laws of space and time were suspended during this time, allowing the spirit world to intermingle with the living. Naturally, the still-living did not want to be possessed. So on the night of October 31, villagers would extinguish the fires in their homes, to make them cold and undesirable. They would then dress up in all manner of ghoulish outfits (similar to today's Halloween Costumes, and noisily parade around the neighborhood, being as destructive as possible in order to frighten away spirits looking for bodies to possess. All Souls' Day Halloween The many customs we have today in relation to Halloween have their origins in the religious practices of the Romans and the Druids, therefore dating back many centuries. The Romans worshiped various gods and on October 31, a special feast was held in honor of Pomona, goddess of the fruit trees. Later, the Druids, an ancient

Halloween Presentation

Transcript: By Leo, Gladwin, Nene, Matthew, Sevilla, and Ryan. Everybody loves and celebrates halloween. 52% of kids said that halloween is their favourite festival. Lots of people like halloween, but not much people know about the stories behind halloween. This led to another famous culture that I'm sure that everybody knows. Trick or treat! You might want to ask, who came up with the idea of Trick or Treating? It originated from Britain and Ireland and slowly spread around the United States of America. It is now a common event to do in Halloween. So, in conclusion, halloween is indeed a very special festival and everybody likes it. Hope that this festival gets better and better! Thank you! :) So to scare the spirits away, people decided to impersonate themselves as supernatural figures like ghosts and skeletons. As this culture spreads out, the purpose of costumes started to vanish, so people made themselves cartoon characters which are more casual. Every year on Halloween people decorate the front doors of their houses with banners and pumpkins. The Pumpkins are usually hand cut faces on the pumpkins with candles inside. Some people enjoy Halloween so much that they decorate their windows and their walls so it looks like a haunted house. Traditionally people do all these things to scare away the bad spirits but mainly for fun these days. In some compounds around Hong Kong on Halloween they do house decorating competition to see which house is best decorated. They believe that on october 31st, the worlds of the dead and the living would overlap so the dead would come to the living world and cause diseases. Live On halloween, families eat special meals together. Big ones. And this is not just any old special feast. People eat things like eyeballs, hands, skulls, brains, and all kinds of strange stuff (of course, they're edible). People also eat candy apples. Halloween was named after a celtic festival called "Samhian" (strange name, that is) in the Gaelic culture. Halloween This actually looks delicious! What do kids do at night on halloween? They trick or treat. Trick or treat is when kids dress in scary figures at night time on halloween and go out asking adults to give them candy by saying: "Trick or treat!" And... of course, the adults give them candy. Then they take the candy back home and share it with other people. Dead

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