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Gothic Novel

Transcript: Symbolism: Often, supernatural elements convey hidden terrors contained in human nature. The A is the supernatural symbol that appears out of nowhere. "On a field, sable, the letter A, gules." *Gules~Tincture with the color red. *Tincture~Plant/Animal extract dissolved in ethanol. By Harli, Amber, and Timothy The Elements How His Life Affected His Work About Nathaniel The Scarlet Letter is a Gothic Novel written by Nathaniel Hawthorne Emphasis on Doomed Romance: Romantic themes used in Gothic Novels are lined by passion, sorrow, and tragedy. "We have wronged each other." The Elements Hawthorne grew up in an extremely religious environment. Several of his ancestors were involved in the Salem Witch Trials. He loved writing on Puritan Society, sin, and religious issues of the time. The Elements Gothic Novel Fascination With the Past: The Scarlet Letter was written during the Romantic Era of American History. Hawthorne created the setting 200 years earlier during the Puritan era. He blended the theme of the current era so that the book is classified as an American Romantic literature "With his own ghostly had, the obscurely seen but magestic figure had imparted to me the scarlet symbol, and the litter roll of explanatory manuscript. The Gothic Hero: Gothic literature popularized the anti-hero, a flawed protagonist who incorporates dark or monstrous elements. For example, Dimmesdale is the Gothic Hero. "May God forgive thee,' said the minister. 'Thou, too, hast deeply sinned!" The Elements Repeated Use Of Motifs: Many examples of gothic literature contain similar motifs, or devices that convey a thematic impact. The motif Doppelganger, characters that reflect the duality of human nature, appears notably in Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The dream motif, in which dream sequences can convey the subconcious, also features in gothic literature. "As if there were a withering spell in the sad letter, her beauty, the warmth and richness of her womanhood, departed, like fading sunshine; and a gray shadow seemed to fall across here." "Love.....must always create sunshine, filling the heart so full of radiance, that it overflows upon the outward world." The Scarlet Letter is the seven year long adultery story of Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, and Pearl Prynne. Born in 1804, Nathaniel Hawthorne was an American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer. He was the son of Nathaniel Hathorne, and Elizabeth Clarke Manning Hathorne. Hawthorne added the "W" to his name after college to no associate with his ancestors wrong doings. He grew up in the company of women which sparked his interest in reading books, especially by William Shakespeare. He went on to write several books including the Scarlet Letter, The House of the Seven Gables, and many more. Analysis Project Horror: Horror in a gothic novel is termed by Gothic Horror which is one of the oldest horror genres. This element is heavily symbolic and almost dream-like. Considered the parent of all modern genre fiction. "A writhing horror twisted itself across his features like a snake gliding swiftly over them, and making one little pause, with all its wreathed intervolutions in open sight." The Elements Psychological Portraits: Gothic literature is a darker branch of Romanticism. Themes of madness/insanity appealed to writers. Madness tends to be connected with the moral failings of the antagonist, which would be Dimmesdale. "People of New England! Ye that have loved me!-ye that have deemed me holy!-behold me here, the one sinner of the world!" ~ and the rest of his speech. Exotic Locals: The location can sometimes tie into another story that has some gothic elements. "The founders of a new colony, whatever Utopia of human virtue and happiness they might originally project, have invariably recognized it among their earliest practical necessities to allot a portion of the virgin soil as a cemetery, and another portion as the site of a prison. In accordance with this rule, it may safely be assumed that the forefathers of Boston had built the first prison house, somewhere in the vicinity of Cornhill, almost as seasonably as they marked out the first burial ground, on Isaac Johnson's lot, and round about his grave, which subsequently became the nucleus of all congregated sepulchres in the old church yard of King's Chapel." A Gothic Novel is an an English genre of fiction popular in the 18th to early 19th centuries, characterized by an atmosphere of mystery and horror. f The Supernatural: During the 18th and 19th centuries was a time of great discovery in science, math, and industry. People questioned the existence of God or a higher power. Ghosts, death and decay, madness, cursses, and things that "go bump in the night" provide ways to explore the fear of the unknown. "There was witchcraft in little Pearl's eyes, and her face, as she glanced upward at the minister, wore that naughty smile which made its expression frequently so elvish." Experimental Techniques:

Gothic Novel

Transcript: Gothic Novel Tom Stevenson's The Creature From Below is one of the best gothic novels of all time. The idea came to Tom one rainy summer night while he was reading about the Loch Ness monster in his home in Louisiana Blurb ''Gives a whole new look to the classic swamp monster story'' Rotten Tomato Biographie Statements ''Best book of the year, a must read'' The Herbert Biographie Blurb Blurb Tom Wait For It Stevenson's At first, Jim Bob and his family think nothing of it. But when a local fisherman's wife mysteriously disappears and Jhonny says he hears strange noises at night, the family soon start to wonder what could be lurking in the water below. Tom Wait For It Stevenson's was born in the small town of Gattorsburg Louisiana. He was a very well known essayist, author and short story writer in his time. His father was the best alligator trapper in all off Louisiana Jim Lincoln Stevenson's and his mother was the local mayor Phillis White Stevenson's Jim Bob and his son Jhonny are simple fisherman living in the town of Red Creek Louisiana. Nothing interesting ever happens here, but all that changes, when one day police discover that the local sewage plant has been dumping their waste in the bayou, and that the effects on the wildlife could be devastating. Biographie This was to be Tom's finale work. He died at the age of 53 from a heart attack after just finishing his book. The book is still praised today as one of the best gothic novels of all time. As a young child his life was full of grief. His father mysteriously went missing while out alligator trapping. His body was never to be found. This event in Tom's life was going to be one off the main influences for his interest in the macabre, the mysterious and would eventually be incorporated into the Creature From Below. At the age of 20 Tom married to a beautiful young woman named Mary Jane and they had a daughter named Jessica. Biographie Tom spent the next few years of his life with his family writting his gothic stories such as Dark Matters, The mysterious Man and the famous Monster the street. It was at this moment on a rainy summer night that Tom conceived the idea of The Creature From Below ''You wont want to put it down'' The Strand


Transcript: Director: Stuart Beattie 2014 terror – physical and psychological, - mystery, - secrets, - darkness, - death, - madness ,- curses - the setting - is full of haunted houses, castles, ruins, monasteries, labyrinths, dungeons, trap doors, hidden passages, secret rooms and forbidden wings. - all that filled with supernatural creatures. the supernatural, incest, mistaken identity GOTHIC NOVEL Sources The Castle of Otranto Shelley uses diction to replace all joy with pain Dracula (1897) Verland: The Transformation evil tyrant, virtuous maiden, noble peasant The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) Plan -What is the Gothic? -Gothic elements and features -Gothic Novels -Conclusion the role of women in Victorian culture immigration, colonialism, postcolonialism and folklore Conclusion The Gothic novel took shape mostly in England from 1790 to 1830 and falls the category of romantic literature and it could be seen as a description of a fallen world. Director: Kenneth Branagh 1994 The strange story of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” (1886) of Stevenson The most typical features of Gothic fiction are perceptions of humanity The Goths, one of the many Germanic tribes 1894: George du Maurier. Trilby 1898:Henry James. The Turn of the Screw 1794: Ann Radcliffe. The Mysteries of Udolpho 1794: William Godwin. Caleb Williams 1796: Mathew Lewis. The Monk 1798: Regina Maria Roche. Clermont The Body the tyrant of Otranto, Manfred, his wife Hippolyta, his son Conrad and the fiancée of Conrad, Isabella. the Medieval Romance Joyce Carol Oates: Bellefleur Henry Farrell: Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? Robert Dunbar: Willy Ronald Malfi: The Floating Staircase Anne Rice: Interview with the Vampire The Auld Mither by William Meikle Elements of Gothic Fiction - setting - ruined castles, abbey, moasteries, dungeons, extreme landscapes, labyrinths, dark corridors, areas are far away from civilization - an atmosphere of dreary, mystery, horror - gloomy - supernatural beings - often ghosts, unexplained manifestations - women in distress - ancient prophecy - visions and omens - it can be a disturbing dream or a vision of a character - women threaten by tyrannical male - a male is the king and has power; women are demanded to commit a crime or marry somebody they do not love - emotions - emotional speeches, anger, surprise, terror - vocabulary - words connected to the atmosphere of the Gothic. 1818: Mary Shelly. Frankenstein The typical character in Gothic fiction tyrants, - villains, - maniacs, - bandits, - femmes fatales, - mad people, - magicians, - demons, - werewolves, - monsters, - vampires, - ghosts, - skeletons, - the Wandering Jew - the Devil.

Gothic novel

Transcript: panic attacks, crying fits, screaming and emotional speeches are common Virginal Maiden - Clergy - THE GOTHIC NOVEL The Gothic hero becomes a sort of archetype as we find that there is a pattern to their characterization. there is always the protagonist, usually isolated either voluntarily or involuntarily. then there is the villain, who is the epitome of evil, either by his (usually a man in classic) own fall from grace, or by some implicit malevolence. The "Wanderer" that's found in many Gothic tales, is the epitome of isolation as he wanders the earth in perpetual exile, usually a form of divine punishment Women in distress unsuspected sounds, wind, rain young, beautiful, sensitive and innocent Characters are often overcome by their feelings Metonymy of Gloom Its origin is attributed to the English author Horace Walpole, with his 1763 novel ' The Castle of Otranto. Gothic Literature originated in England in the second half of the 18th century and had much success in the 19th as witnessed by Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" and the works of such as Edgar Allen Poe. Another of the well known novels in this genre, dating from late Victorian era, is Bram Stoker's Dracula. The end of the 18th century brought the so-called “Gothic novel” to popularity in England. The interest in such novels was extraordinary and common to all social classes also thanks to circulating libraries. The Gothic influence, however, didn't cease after this period: today's ghost and horror novels, which are so keenly read all over the world, come from the 18th century Gothic novel. either weak or evil By Sara Guolo - Howling Wind - Blowing Rain - Lights in abandoned rooms - Sighs, Moans, howls, eerie sounds - Doors suddenly slamming - Thunder and lightning - Crazed laughter - Baying of Distant dogs (or wolves) - Ruins of building - Footsteps approaching Characters castle, monastery, country mansion Historical Context Horace Walpole published what is generally recognised as the first gothic novel almost two and a half centuries ago. The Castle of Otranto (1765) created a confluence of terror that has mutated and endured ever since. The book was inspired by his reconstruction of his home and that of a nightmare that he'd had. the end ... origins Setting / Atmosphere The Castle of Otranto graveyard, ruins, lost places mysterious or suspenseful atmosphere Gothic Literature The main metonymy of Gothic horror is the one of gloom and terror. Metonymy is a subtype of metaphor, in which something (like rain for example) is used to stand for something else (like sorrow or misery). Both literary and the film industry likes to use metonymys as a quick shorthand, so for example, we often notice that it is raining in a funeral scene. Stupid Servant / Clown - The term “gothic” came to be applied to the literary genre precisely because the genre dealt with such emotional extremes and dark themes, and because it found its most natural settings in the buildings of this style -castles, mansions, and monasteries, often remote, crumbling, and ruined. It was a fascination with this architecture and its related art, poetry, and even landscape gardening that inspired the first wave of gothic novelists. More example of Metonymys Tyrant/ Villain - Women threatened by a powerful, impulsive, tyrannical male breaks the tension, used as a transition between scenes or is a messenger of news to move the plot forward Hero - courageous, brave, self-sacrificial Frankenstein is a novel written by British author Mary Shelley about the eccentric scientist Victor Frankenstein, who creates a grotesque creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Frankenstein is infused with some elements of the Gothic novel and the Romantic movement and is also considered to be one of the earliest examples of science fiction. power to control others (especially females), often rich and/or aristocratic Frankenstein by Mary Shelley The End... dark, gloomy, unsafe Archetypal Characters dense forests, countryside,isolated places Gothic had become synonymous with the Middle Ages, a period which was in disfavor because it was perceived as chaotic, unenlightened and superstitious.

Gothic novel

Transcript: Gothic novel The Goths were an East Germanic tribe, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the emergence of Medieval Europe. Referred to at times as “barbarians,” they are famous for sacking the city of Rome in A.D. 410. Ironically, however, they are often credited with helping preserve Roman culture. After the sacking of Rome, a group of Goths moved to Gaul and Iberia and formed the Visigothic Kingdom. This kingdom would eventually incorporate Catholic Christianity, Roman artistic traditions and other aspects of Roman culture. In the late Middle Ages, a style of architecture arose, characterized by large, imposing cathedrals and castles. The term "Gothic" was applied to the style as a critique, the word even at that time being a synonym for "barbaric." Giorgio Vasari used the term "barbarous German style" in his Lives of the Artists to describe what is now considered the Gothic style, and in the introduction to the Lives he attributes various architectural features to "the Goths" whom he holds responsible for destroying the ancient buildings after they conquered Rome, and erecting new ones in this style. Gothic novel, European Romantic, pseudomedieval fiction having a prevailing atmosphere of mystery and terror. Its heyday was the 1790s, but it underwent frequent revivals in subsequent centuries. Called Gothic because its imaginative impulse was drawn from medieval buildings and ruins, such novels commonly used such settings as castles or monasteries equipped with subterranean passages, dark battlements, hidden panels, and trapdoors. The vogue was initiated in England by Horace Walpole’s immensely successful Castle of Otranto (1765) elements of the gothic novel: 1. Setting in a castle 2. An atmosphere of mystery and suspense. 3. An ancient prophecy is connected with the castle or its inhabitants (either former or present). The prophecy is usually obscure, partial, or confusing. 4. Omens and visions 5. Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events 6. High, even overwrought emotion 7. Women in distress 9. The metonymy of gloom and horror. Metonymy is a subtype of metaphor, in which something (like rain) is used to stand for something else (like sorrow). For example, the film industry likes to use metonymy as a quick shorthand, so we often notice that it is raining in funeral scenes. By the 1960s, television series such as The Addams Family and The Munsters used Gothic-derived stereotypes for comedy. Dracula's iconic portrayal by Bela Lugosi appealed powerfully to early goths. They were attracted by Lugosi's elegance and mystique. Though many prior arthouse movements influenced gothic fashion and style, the illustrations and paintings of Swiss artist H. R. Giger were one of the earliest the term was used by Joy Division's manager in an interview for BBC: He described Joy Division as "gothic" compared to the pop mainstream, right before a live performance of the band. The term was later applied to "newer bands such as Bauhaus who had arrived in the wake of Joy Division and Siouxsie and the Banshees". Bauhaus's first single issued in 1979, "Bela Lugosi's Dead", is generally credited as the starting point of the gothic rock genre Tim Burton created a storybook atmosphere filled with darkness and shadow in some of his films like Beetlejuice (1988), Batman (1989), Edward Scissorhands (1990), and the stop motion films Nightmare Before Christmas (1993), and Corpse Bride (2005). As the subculture became well-established, the connection between goth and horror fiction became almost a cliché, with goths quite likely to appear as characters in horror novels and film. & its influence Some of the early gothic rock artists adopted traditional horror film images and drew on horror film soundtracks for inspiration. Their audiences responded by adopting appropriate dress and props. Use of standard horror film props like swirling smoke, rubber bats, and cobwebs featured as gothic club décor from the beginning in The Batcave. Such references in bands' music and images were originally tongue-in-cheek, but as time went on, bands and members of the subculture took the connection more seriously. As a result, morbid, supernatural and occult themes became more noticeably serious in the subculture. Today, “gothic” is used to describe a subculture based largely on a certain style of art, literature, and music. Historians of modern gothic subculture generally agree that its beginnings were in the late nineteen-seventies, developing as an offshoot of the punk rock movement The goth subculture has survived much longer than others of the same era, and has continued to diversify. Its imagery and cultural proclivities indicate influences from gothic literature along with horror films. The glue which holds the gothic community together is an affinity for the macabre, a longing for romance, and an appreciation of darker aesthetics. The ruins of Gothic

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