Transcript: news.nationalgeographic.com Better roads building paves way for energy saving www.ecologyandsociety.org Effects of roads on animal abundance how humans alter the balance of ecosystems using road construction: Use Energy saving concrete Don't preform construction on more then one road in a community at one time. These are all examples of road construction They also make an environmental impact because Road Construction causes traffic. And change to the ecosystem. Because it is a either going to have a lot of traffic, stay the same, or have very little traffic, due to the amount of accidents there is. Random Information Positive And Negative effects Negative Effects Examples/pictures MORE RESOURCES Road Construction edited by: Mackenzie Glass Road Construction Positive and Negative effects www.michigan.gov MDOTS major road project www.sbsg.com Concrete FAQS . Humans alter the balance of the ecosystem because they are tearing a part the ecosystem and animal homes and food. For Example-- in the picture above although you cant see it, there are many (biotic)animals in this picture that are dying from these harsh chemicals. This leads to habitat destruction. And to resource depletion. Cement is made up of chemicals Road Construction can lead to extinction for some animals because the harsh chemicals that the animals could eat thinking it was food. and can lead to habitat loss because when the construction workers aretearing apart he road it could take not only the animals/insects homes it could take th animals life. Road construction could also lead to Environmental impact in a negative way because it is putting pollution in the air due to the trucks and equipment. Cement holdsd sand and gravel together in concrete it takes 2-3 hours for concrete to harden(depending on temperature) www.sbsg.com Concrete FAQS Small Birds will not be effected roads will be safer when construction is done. Vocabulary UNIT 2 VOCAB Resource Depletion-slide4 Ecosystem-slide4 Environmental Impact-slide5 and slide4 Extinction-slide5 All of these facts are brought to you by: Takes a lot of time traffic jam during construction Road kill population will increase. The presentation . Information about roads positive effects What can be done so Road Construction doesn't have so many negative effects UNIT 1 VOCAB community- slide7 Biotic-slide 4 Habitat-slide 5 population-slide7 References Education
Transcript: MATERIALS: RULES OF THE ROAD PAGES 66 and 67 DRIVERS ED MANUAL PAGE 79 WATCH FOR THE COLOR ORANGE Photo vans may operate when workers are present Signs indicating photo enforcement are clearly posted Camera radar is triggered if you speed= photo is taken of driver, vehicle and license plate TICKETS are mailed within 14 days, owner of vehicle is required to appear in court and fines apply What is the minimum fine? POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES Average of 24,000 miles of roadway under construction each year 6,500 - 7,000 work zones nationwide Average of $60 Billion each year is spent on "system rehabilitation" 87,606 crashes in 2010 (1.6% total crashes) 37,476 injuries or one work zone injury every 14 minutes 576 fatalities in 2010, however there has been a steady DECREASE by 23% from 2002 to 2010 90% of fatalities are motorists, not workers CRASH FACTORS: No seat belt (53%), Speeding (31%), DUI (16%) MOST COMMON TYPE OF CRASH: Rear-end collision (41%) STATE LAW REMEMBER! STATISTICS: WORK ZONE INJURIES/FATALITIES STATISTICS: WORK ZONE ACTIVITY Illinois state law requires motorists to: slow down discontinue cell phone use (unless hands-free) ALWAYS yield to authorized vehicles and workers change to a lane away from workers proceed with caution all construction zones are NO PASSING ZONES CAMPAIGNS *GIVE 'Em A BRAKE *National Work Zone Awareness Week Roughly 50% of major road systems are congested each year Yearly delay for the average commuter was around 34 hours in 2010, up from 14 hours in 1982 Americans lose 482 Million hours and 1.9 Billion gallons of fuel each year sitting in traffic due to work zones Based on average gas price of around $3.50 per/gal this equates to over $700 million in fuel loss design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi SPEED PHOTO ENFORCEMENT ADDITIONAL WARNINGS TO WATCH FOR: 1) WORKERS: Flagger always follow his/her directions often working very close to traffic lane slow down, be prepared to stop 2) TRUCKS- might turn without signals 3) HEAVY EQUIPMENT WARNING CONES, DRUMS ,BARRICADES Many signs are posted FAR in advance to give you time to adjust Signs = workers may be close to traffic lanes Follow the sign accordingly- adjust speed, stay alert, keep safe distances from barriers STATISTICS: WORK ZONE DELAYS These devices are used to make a path for driver's to follow in construction zones. BE PREPARED! to slow down or stop (45 mph in most work areas) for an obstacle course- narrow lanes and sharp curves loss of traction- sand, mud, gravel STAY ALERT! PAY ATTENTION! TURN HEADLIGHTS ON! DON'T SPEED! NO PHONES! WATCH FOR WORKERS Causing a crash= Suspended License Two Speeding violations= Suspended License Fines: minimum $375 for first offense, $1000 for second offense Hitting a worker could result in: $10,000 fine and up to 14 years in jail Fines cannot be reduced, suspended, or waived Could be charged with: Reckless driving, Vehicular manslaughter, Vehicular homicide Insurance companies drop drivers= more $ in future ROAD CONSTRUCTION & WORK ZONES
Transcript: road construction by: Ernie McNees To work as a highway maintenance worker, you generally need a high school diploma. Depending on the employer, you may be able to do other types of road maintenance without a high school diploma. Road maintenance workers are trained on the job. As they gain experience, they may take on more difficult tasks, including learning to operate heavy equipment. Workers who use heavy equipment usually receive special training in safety procedures. Road maintenance and construction workers maintain and repair existing roads, and create new ones. They are involved in a wide variety of activities, many of which demand physical strength and stamina. For example, a crew repairing a damaged section of highway must re-route traffic, remove old asphalt, grade the land, and use heavy equipment such as pavers to lay new asphalt. Education job desciption related jobs are demolition expert, explosive specialist, miner, heavy equipment operator. Earnings Entry Wage $17.01 $35,380 Median Wage $19.50 $40,550 Experienced Wage $21.66 $45,050 Career Path Highway Maintenance Worker making $22,000 to $45,000 a year next Heavy Equipment Operator making $26,000 to $60,000 a year next Foreperson making $40,000 to $69,000 a year.
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: road construction • road building, widening and re-surfacing • repairing potholes and cracks • laying pavements and kerbs • maintaining roadside verges and central reservations • painting road markings • putting up crash barriers, road signs, traffic lights and street lamps • digging access trenches for cable and pipe laying Gritting roads and clearing snow in winter. You would do some of the work by hand, using picks and shovels. For heavier jobs, you would operate power tools and plant machinery, for example pneumatic drills, 360-degree excavators and road rollers. •You would normally work around 37 hours a week, often starting early. You may have to work overtime, including evenings, nights and weekends, in order to minimize disruption to traffic. •You would work in all weather conditions and the work is noisy, dirty and physically tough. Your employer would provide you with ear protectors, a hard hat and safety boots. •You could be travelling from site to site, which could involve overnight stays away from home. $10 to $55 per hour you need a GED or diploma and one year expertise What I would do... Job Description
Transcript: Not a day of work goes by when I don't hear at least one person complaining about the line of potholes on the road that all of us take to get to our job. Not only us, though, but everyone in this community. This is the main road to get to Hampton Beaches, yet it is still lined with deep and hazardous pot holes. Road Construction What we can do to address this issue is talk to the head of the contstruction corporations and government officials about the immediate need for road work on these back roads rather than repaving busier roads that are in fine condition. Others can help spread the word and speak their mind about what needs to be done. The only real perspective on addressing this problem is speaking to whomever is in charge to make change happen. Thank You & The End! Each possible solution does meet my criteria because the issues of the dangerous roads that are not getting the attention they need will be fixed. The best option out of all possible solutions is to talk to the highest person in charge of major roadway construction and use evidence that will allow them to realize how necessary this issue needs to be fixed. Hanna Gootee Criteria and Possible Solutions Circular Flow - Affects Defining the Problem Analysis At the household level, there are problems that are brought about with family carpooling and getting children to the places they need to be using the safest route and fastest. At the government level the gov. officials are risking being sued and making un-mindful decisions with their construction on the roads. The positive points of this are having the construction companies make more money and the suppliers especially making more money. They will help as well at the product market because there will be more trucks with their company names on them which aren't usually in the area which will help them with business. Again though, with this construction, the businesses in the area are risking less customers because of difficulty getting to their stores. Each possible solution has many options in which the end result could look like but the most basic and most efficient option really only results in the positives in which I have previously mentioned. Driving through my small town, I see road construction going on everywhere I go. There's always a road being paved, or widened, or a new highway being built...but I, like many others, prefer taking the back-roads that are less busy over the big highways. How come, though, do I never see construction taking place on these back roads when they are in the worst condition out of all of them? My focus on this project is to make sure our road construciton is happening on the roads in the worst condition that need it the most. Consider All Possible Solutions or Alternatives This affects local residents and households because in order to get to very popular places around here such as the beach, people must drive these roads and the potholes can severely damage their cars. This affects buisness in the area because it is the main road to many local buisness and it can not only turn people away from going there but it can also cause customers to blame these road conditions on the businesses. This can affect our government at all levels because the government is funding for this road work and when peoples cars become damaged from it they are the rightfully ones who are at blame and could risk getting sued. This affects international trade because if people want to trade with us but come here and could risk ruining their cars just by getting here, they may not even bother to trade with us and begin to fin new business to work with. It affects resources, goods and services, and finances because once this problem does begin to get fixed, it will take a while because the government has put off this road work for so long so the construcion will take a while to get the problem fixed and customers won't be able to get to these businesses. The challenges that are implementing each solution is that it will be a lot harder and longer of a process for the workers because it's not simply just paving the road but also taking care of the damage, too. You might judge possible solutions against each other by weighing out ones costs and benefits such as taking a longer time but improving many hazards. My parents and other people in this community agree that this is a ridiculous problem that is being avoided for less-necessary problems. It's Affect on My Community Continued... Necessary conditions for any possible solution to work is to have the people constructing these roads know what is around them and where vehicles are coming from. The only budget and labor concerns would be the cost of all of the damages that are happening due to these hazardous roads. As for the actual construction though, it won't cost any more than all the construction workers are doing on other roads that aren't in as severe conditions. The public definitely needs to be aware of the solution so they
Transcript: Enhanced Lighting Costs Held Annually by the Safety Dept. Ohio Georgia Conclusion Speeding - $250-$500 fine Always changing Education and Knowledge Distracted Drivers Support Laws & Regulations Consistency Preventative Measures All about convenience Funding and Support Safety Apparel Driver Fatigue Drug/Alcohol use Excessive Speeds April 15-19, 2013 Both workers and drivers Keep everyone aware of their surroundings Know what is going on More officers in the zone Strategic Placement Speeding - Double Fines Tennessee Equipment Watch your surroundings National Work Zone Awareness Week Balloon Lights Head lights and Tail Lights Safety Patrol Drivers The cost to keep workers safe Campaigning for more regulations Work zone safety Know your surroundings at all times Safety Meetings Blind Spots Night shift Organization Regulations High Visibility Slow down Insurance Safety Gear Budgets Worker Risks We want everyone to be safe Cell Phones Speeding - $100-$2,000 fine and/or up to 12 months in jail. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) U.S. Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Transcript: Challenges Faced in Nadi N2 Road Construction Project Topic 1 Overview Mousmin Pritika Ashna Introduction The economic growth of any nation mainly focuses on the construction sector. FRA continues to provides extraordinary service to our Fijian people by: Introduction Improving the safety for pedestrian and motorist Relieving traffic congestion in rural and urban areas Providing capital community programs. Background Established in 2012 More than 7000kms of road, 1200 bridges & jetties. Managed more than $600m programme for maintenance, renewal and capital projects FRA practices the international best practice of Asset Management. Background Their programme includes footpaths, street lighting for safety and security of the communities and pedestrians of Fiji Literature Review Literature Review Article 1 Article 1 Article 2 Article 2 Article 3 Article 3 Article 4 Article 4 Article 5 Article 5 Findings Findings Challenges & Solution Challenges Regulatory Compliance Technical Skills Time Cost External Factors Improper Planning Nadi N2 Road Map Map Challenges Challenges - Nadi- N2 - Road Construction Finance related Technology and Work related constraint Teamwork related constraint Unforeseen circumstances Regulatory or compliance obligations Improper Planning Next Steps Step 4 Step 3 Step 2 Step 1 Conclusion Conclusion This research contributed to the delay factors of inadequate supply and high cost of resources affecting, coordination and collaboration, technology and workforce-related constraints, unforeseen circumstance, regulatory and compliance obligations and improper project planning These relating factors need to be minimize with the following: Obtaining licenses and discover all other options to ensure the efficient delivery of the road project. FRA needs to deliver a work programme for disruption in all level of service FRA added up a new training programme for the local contractors to educate them about new machines. Proper planning needs to done before the construction of road work starts Recommendation Recommendation Proper cost estimation road techniques should be used while preparing for the road construction project. FRA needs to propose for budget allocations for government funding to provide apprenticeship to more local people and sign a memorandum with overseas institutes for training programs for the construction sector in areas of building, earthworks, heavy plant and machinery operations, and road construction. Ensure to maintain road condition and standards with proper signage, zebra crossing and installation of traffic lights on all road intersections. Reliable risk mitigation plan and disaster recovery plan during road constructions. References Reference Khair, K., Mohamed, Z., Mohammad, R., Farouk, H. & Ahmed, M.E. 2018, "A Management Framework to Reduce Delays in Road Construction Projects in Sudan", The Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering.Section B, Engineering, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 1925-1940. Akindradewo Opeoluwa, Aigbavboa Clinton & Oke Ayodeji 2020, "Accuracy of road construction preliminary estimate: examining the influencing factors", . Amoatey, C.T. & Alfred Nii, O.A. 2017, "Exploring critical road project delay factors in Ghana", Journal of Facilities Management, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 110-127. Saeed, H.K., Mbachu, J., Egbelakin, T. & Shahzad, W. 2019, "Improving efficiency in roading projects: a New Zealand study", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 827-849. Sultana, M., Rahman, A. & Chowdhury, S. 2013, "A review of performance based maintenance of road infrastructure by contracting", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 276-292. End Any Question???????
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