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Spiritual and Religious Self

Transcript: References They share in a variety of positive traits. House of worship a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Importance of religious "Spirituality is not a religion, it is a way of life." "Some aspects of spirituality and religion intermingle" Side Note: Religion purifies the heart of a human being and guides him to the right path. It gives a human the emotion to feel the pain of others and distinguish between the right and wrong. It is important for everyone to explore what they believe is their own sense of meaning and purpose. The path to spiritual wellness may involve meditation, prayer, affirmations, or specific spiritual practices that support your connection to a higher power or belief system. References What is Spirituality? "Religion provides a set of rules for admission to heaven, or admonishment to hell." Spirituality Spiritual people believed that spirituality would allow them to overcome health and psychological challenges and that spiritual beliefs were more important than financial indicators of success. Individuals approach the realm of spirituality through religion, meditation, yoga, or even personal reflection. Religion and Spirtiuality are not dependent on eachother. Ritual observances Biblical punishments in the afterlife Many religious passages reflect the fundimental and universal truths in spiritual principals. Importance of spiritual Coyle, A., & Lochner, J. (2011, April). Religion, spirituality and therapeutic practice. In https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk. Retrieved from https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-24/edition-4/religion-spirituality-and-therapeutic-practice Selvam, S. G. (2012). Lecture 10: Religion, Spirituality and Positive Psychology. In http://www.sahayaselvam.org/. Retrieved February 24, 2015, from http://www.sahayaselvam.org/2013/12/23/lecture-9-religion-and-positive-psychology/ Howell Ph.D, D. T. (2013, February 27). Why Be Spiritual? Five Benefits of Spirituality. In https://www.psychologytoday.com. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cant-buy-happiness/201302/why-be-spiritual-five-benefits-spirituality Summary Spiritual and Religious Self By: Alyzza Tayag Anthonette Alvarez Denver Julius Dia HRM I-1 continued What is Religion? Religious people usually do not lose their hope so easily. They always believe that there is a God who is testing them in this world. As a result religious people do not get frustrated easily and stay optimistic about their lives. Beliefs Spirituality highest priority is to be loving to oneself and others A spiritual person knows that we are all one There is no single, widely agreed definition. It's beauty is it's ambiguity Janis, S. (2012, January 1). exploring-the-meaning-of-spirituality. In http://www.dummies.com/. Retrieved February 24, 2015, from http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/exploring-the-meaning-of-spirituality.html Paul, D. (2006, December 31). What Does it Mean to be a Spiritual Person?. In http://www.innerbonding.com/. Retrieved from http://www.innerbonding.com/show-article/1280/what-does-it-mean-to-be-a-spiritual-person.html Fridkis, K. (2010, June 4). Defining Spirituality: What Does It Mean?. In http://www.huffingtonpost.com/. Retrieved February 24, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kate-fridkis/spirituality-definition_b_597062.html Collicutt, J. (2011, April). Special Issue: Psychology, religion and spirituality. In https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk. Retrieved from https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-24/edition-4/special-issue-psychology-religion-and-spirituality Religion Spirituality is a process of personal transformation, either in accordance with traditional religious ideals, or, increasingly, oriented on subjective experience and psychological growth independently of any specific religious context. Moral code governing human affairs

spiritual religious

Transcript: Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba has an official area ( land area ) of 109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi). Its area is 110,860 km2 (42,800 sq mi) including coastal and territorial waters. The main island (Cuba) has 5,746 km (3,570 mi) of coastline and 29 km (18 mi) of land borders Cuba lies west of the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Gulf of Mexico, south of the Straits of Florida, northwest of the Windward Passage, and northeast of the Yucatan Channel. family & social customs Cuban culture is influenced by its melting pot of cultures, primarily those of Spain and Africa. After the 1959 revolution, the government started a national literacy campaign, offered free education to all and established rigorous sports, ballet and music programs. Cuban music is very rich and is the most commonly known expression of culture. The central form of this music is Son, which has been the basis of many other musical styles like salsa, rumba and mambo and an upbeat derivation of the rumba, the cha-cha-cha. Cuba 59% Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 23% unaffiliated, 17% folk religion (such as santería), and the remaining 0.4% consisting of other religions. Cuba is officially a secular state. Religious freedom increased through the 1980s,[220] with the government amending the constitution in 1992 to drop the state's characterization as atheistic. Roman Catholicism is the largest religion, with its origins rooted in Spanish colonization. Despite less than half of the population identifying as Catholics in 2006, it remains the dominant faith. spiritual/religious The Revolution of 1959 sparked the turning point in Cuban family life by promoting women's equality. New laws and policies resulted in women being educated, employed, and also increased their civil/human rights. Cuban revolutionary thought promoted class equality rather than gender equality, but women still benefited indirectly from social changes. food influences project economic factors The economy of Cuba is a centrally planned economy dominated by state-run enterprises overseen by the Cuban government, though there remains significant foreign investment and personal enterprise in Cuba. Most of the means of production are owned and run by the government, and most of the labor force is employed by the state, although in recent years, the formation of cooperatives and self-employment has been encouraged by the Communist Party. Cuban cuisine is a fusion of Spanish and Caribbean cuisines. Cuban recipes share spices and techniques with Spanish cooking, with some Caribbean influence in spice and flavor. Food rationing, which has been the norm in Cuba for the last four decades, restricts the common availability of these dishes. The traditional Cuban meal is not served in courses; all food items are served at the same time. The typical meal could consist of plantains, black beans and rice, ropa vieja (shredded beef), Cuban bread, pork with onions, and tropical fruits. Black beans and rice, referred to as Moros y Cristianos (or moros for short), and plantains are staples of the Cuban diet. Many of the meat dishes are cooked slowly with light sauces. Garlic, cumin, oregano, and bay leaves are the dominant spices. food of cuba cultural environment & geography climate patterns

Religious/Spiritual Beliefs

Transcript: Religious/Spiritual Beliefs Religion plays a prominent role in the public and spiritual life of today's Russia. The majority of believers belong to the Orthodox Christian denomination.Many Russian fairy-tales repeatedly refer to the ancient Slavic myth about three underground levels of kingdoms - the highest level of gold, the middle – silk and the lowest level – copper. In each tale a hero meets Tsarevna, who gives him an egg. Then he rolls up each of the above-mentioned underground kingdoms in an egg. Returning from under the earth the hero throws the eggs on the ground and these kingdoms emerge and form the world as we know it today. Another ancient myth is known as the primitive "Chaos Division" into water and earth. It was done by God and his assistant Satan. According to one legend, mountains, swamps and canyons were Satan's doing. Having made the world, God used two fish as a support system for the earth. Native American beliefs are deeply rooted in their culture. They believe EVERYTHING is sacred from the largest mountain to the smallest plant and animal. A lesson can be found in all things and experiences and everything has a purpose. They also believe that their Elders hold the answers. Their Elders keep their culture alive. American Indian Commandments Sacred Instructions Given By The Creator To Native People At The Time Of Creation Treat the Earth and all that dwell thereon with respect. Remain close to the Great Spirit. Show great respect for your fellow beings. Work together for the benefit of all Mankind. Give assistance and kindness wherever needed. Do what you know to be right. Look after the well being of mind and body. Dedicate a share of your efforts to the greater good. Be truthful and honest at all times. Native American Spiritual Beliefs There is widespread belief in a supreme God, unique and transcendent. Africans have a sense of the sacred and a sense of mystery; there is high reverence for sacred places, persons and objects; sacred times are celebrated. Belief in the afterlife is incorporated in myths and in funeral ceremonies. The invisible world of spirits and ancestors is always present and the intentions of these spirits can be ascertained; care is taken to ascertain the will of the spirit to whom sacrifices may be due or from whom protection may be sought. Religion enfolds the whole of life, there is no dichotomy between life and religion. Rites form an essential part of social life. Ancestors and the dead are invoked by rites. The seasonal cycles and the stages of life are sanctified by ritual action. Ritual attention is given to crisis situations. The whole person, body and soul, is totally involved in worship. In worship and sacrifice there is co-responsibility each person contributes his share in a spirit of participation. Symbols bridge the spheres of the sacred and secular and so make possible a balanced and unified view of reality. Rites of passage, of initiation and of consecration are widespread. There are many rites of purification of individuals and communities. The sick are healed in rites which involve their families and the community. Religious sacredness is preserved in ritual, in dress and the arrangements of the places of worship. Some of the traditional blessings are rich and very meaningful. Russian Spiritual Beliefs By Cassie Tirabassi Mexican Spiritual Beliefs Anthropologists interpret Mexico’s main religious practice as a phenomenon called Popular Religion, consisting of magical-religious rituals in a syncretism of Shamanic and Catholic traditions. Elements from other beliefs have adhered to the Catholic religion, mainly of Prehispanic, African and Asian origin. African Spiritual Beliefs

Spiritual/Religious Beliefs

Transcript: -has one of the largest Protestant populations in Latin America -the first Anglican Church was built in Valaparaíso in the 1850s Church in Santiago Mapuche People Modern Day Catholicism Padre Pedro Other Religions Cathedral in Santiago By: Renée Duthu Indigenous Religious Beliefs Other Religions Padre Pedro Modern Day Practices -72% Christianity, 58% of Chileans belong to the Catholic Church -14% Evangelical or Protestant -4% other -Chile recognizes about 200 spiritual paths -Sikhism was granted legal recognition in the country on January 25, 2016 Catholicism Lutherans first came from Germany in the early 19th century The Church of Latter-Day Saints first came in 1851 -November 14, 1907- February 5, 1991 -Jesuit Priest from Bilbao, Spain -studied medicine before becoming a Jesuit in 1927 -Superior General of the Society of Jesus from 1965 to when he resigned in 1983 due to health issues -was a missionary in Japan for 27 years, and was arrested on suspicion of espionage after the Pearl Harbor Bombing -he had a special relationship with Jesuits in South America -in 1977 the White Warriors Union Death Squad threatened to kill 47 Jesuits in El Salvador unless they abandoned their work and left the country within a month -"They may end up as martyrs, but my priests are not going to leave, because they are with the people" Mapuche -beliefs are not homogenous because of oral stories -influenced by Christianity due to missionaries -spirits coexist with humans and animals -the machi preforms ceremonies for deflecting evil and rain, cure to diseases, and knowledge to medical practices -the creator is the ngenechen Overview -the majority religion in Chile -introduced by Dominican and Franciscan friars in the 16th century -1547, first parish -1561, first diocese 5 archdioceses and 18 dioceses 6 universities Spiritual/Religious Beliefs

Religious and Spiritual Expression

Transcript: "contrary to the beliefs, religions, and religious practices of both them and their children" -Engel Separation of Church and State Mass is offered on every campus to practice the Catholic religion. There are more than 40 student organizations dedicated to religious and religious-cultural interests. Since Rutgers is a public university it is very diverse. It is home to students of Christian, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Quaker, and many other faiths and traditions. Center for Islamic life, Rutgers Buddhist Community, Rutgers Bildner Center for the Study of Jewish Life These things at Rutgers promote inner group understanding and work to stop religious prejudice. For the State of New York: acted properly in providing an optional, nonsectarian prayer for the schools to say. It would be an intrusion into State matters for the Supreme Court to strike down the right of the Regents to compose the prayer and encourage its recitation. Stan the LX bus driver at Rutgers University was forced to resign from his position for putting his hands on a disabled person and praying for her. "I prayed for the lady, I put my hand on her and I prayed. They said 'we don't need your services anymore.' They said 'we don't do that here.'" Students using social media to organize petitions to "bring Stan back" According to the Bus Company, Stan was let go for not following standard safety procedures on the bus. Is this just an excuse? For Engel (the parents): separation of church and state requires that government stays out of the business of prescribing religious activities of any kind. Engel v. Vitale, 1962 Religious Expression "Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our Country." -prayer Rutgers University Separation of church and state is the distance in the relationship between organized religion and the nation state Religious expression has to do with being able to fully practice your desired religion and religious tolerance has to do with how people will react to it and be able to accept that. Separation of church and state excludes expressions of religion in public institutions, extending to state employees such as teachers and bus drivers. December 15, 1791 The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech. Examples- "in God we trust" imprinted on money, "one nation, under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance. What's Offered At Rutgers

Religious/ Spiritual Practices

Transcript: Huguenots Salem Witch Hunt Roman Catholics vs. Protestants in Northern Ireland Biblical Figure The Huguenots were French Protestants most of whom eventually came to follow the teachings of John Calvin due to religious persecution they were forced to flee France to other countries in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but some remained practicing their faith in secret. August 24, 1572, soldiers and organized mobs fell upon the Huguenots, and thousands of them were slaughtered. In 1598, the newly crowned Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes, which granted to the Huguenots toleration and liberty to worship in their own way, for a time, at least, there was more freedom for the Huguenots Troubled times began with two girls Elizabeth Paris (9) and Abigail Williams (11) the daughter and niece of Revered Paris. The two girls were being "effected" from which-craft diagnosed by the doctor, and many more people followed behind. On June 10 the first to be executed was Bridget bishop of Salem. She was sentenced to being hanged. Most witches were determined by behavior. They "witches" were non-compliant because they were not following the ways of the Church Of England. Paul is a very well know biblical figure. In his early life, he was a proud jew. Later in his adulthood, while he was persecuting christians, he revised and started living a christian lifestyle. He did practices such as praying, worshiping with music, went to church, and much more. During Paul's christian life, he never conformed to the worldly ways. Doing so, he faced many trials. He was regularly in prison, beaten and was killed because of his beliefs. Although he faced all of these horrible things, he never stopped living his christian life. Religious/ Spiritual Practices Symbols Ireland is a Catholic Country. Most people were catholic although many people had ancestors that migrated from England or Scotland to Ireland. Most that migrated were not Catholic. Ireland became part of the UK in 1801. Catholics were mistreated through unfair laws and regulations, they started many uprisings. After a small war an agreement was made and six countries remained in the union with Great Britain. Catholics demanded for for civil rights and equal treatment. Catholics were discriminated, hurt, and even sometimes killed by British soldiers. Both sides were tired of violence, more than 3,500 people had been killed so they began the Good Friday peace agreement.

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