Transcript: A Class ‘C’ licensee shall be authorized to operate an HF fixed radio station with an output power not to exceed 100 watts on CW or 200 watts PEP on SSB, and 100 watts on VHF fixed, mobile or portable station. Class C license holders are issued the call prefix DW, and are able to legally operate at SOME bands prescribed by the National Telecommunications Commission. The applicant is required to pass Elements 2, 3, 4 of the written exam. A Class ‘A’ licensee shall be authorized to operate an HF fixed, portable or mobile radio station with an output power not to exceed 1 kilowatt on CW or 2 kilowatts PEP on SSB, and “state of the art” on VHF/UHF fixed, mobile or portable station has the highest privileges of all amateur licenses in the Philippines. Class A license holders are issued the call prefixes 4F or DU, and are able to legally operate at ALL bands prescribed by the National Telecommunications Commission. The applicant is required to pass a five word per minute (5WPM) morse code test, and Elements 8, 9, 10 of the written exam. Class B (General Class) Definition of Terms Element I - International Morse Code, currently set at 5wpm receiving and sending (Class A only) Element II - Rules and Regulations Element III - Fundamentals of Electronics and Electricity Element IV - Amateur Radio Practice Element V - Signals, Frequencies and Emission Element VI - Circuit Components Element VII - Operating Procedures Element VIII - Practical Circuits Element IX - Antennas and Transmission Lines Element X - Radio Wave Propagation SECTION 24. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building. Conclusion A Class ‘B’ licensee shall be authorized to operate an HF fixed radio station with an output power not to exceed 500 watts on CW or 1 kilowatts PEP on SSB, and “state of the art” on VHF/UHF fixed, mobile or portable station. - has the second highest privileges of all amateur licenses in the Philippines. Class B license holders are issued the call prefix DV, and are able to legally operate at MOST bands prescribed by the National Telecommunications Commission. The applicant is required to pass Elements 5, 6, 7 of the written exam. An applicant for an amateur license must possess the following general qualifications: • Be a citizen of the Philippines or a citizen of another country which provides the same privilege extended to Filipino nationals as far as the examination is concerned. • Be at least 9 years old for Class D, and 12 years old for C, B and A. • Be of good moral character • Be able to transmit and receive messages either in Filipino or any of the Filipino dialects, English, Spanish or Arabic. Amatuer Radio Service Class C (Technician Class) An Amateur Radio License shall be issued to a person who has passed the appropriate NTC examination. Licenses are effective for up to 3 years. At the age of 60 years, a licensed amateur may avail of the Lifetime License. This is conditional on having had at least 15 years as a licensed Class A amateur prior to the application. Class A (Extra Class) Section 1. No person, firm, company, association or corporation shall construct, install, establish, or operate a radio station within the Philippine Islands without having first obtained a franchise therefor from the Philippine Legislature; Provided however, That no franchise from the Legislature shall be necessary for the construction, installation, establishment or operation of a broadcasting station, an amateur station, an experimental station, a training station, a station on board a mobile vessel, train, or aircraft, or a private station in a place without any means of communication Amateur radio (also called ham radio) describes the use of frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radio sport, contesting, and emergency communication. Peak Envelope Power (PEP) is the highest envelope power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter Single Side Band (SSB) Single sideband modulation is a form of amplitude modulation. As the name implies, single sideband, SSB uses only one sideband for a given audio path to provide the final signal. Continuous Wave (CW) is a sinusoidal waveform with a constant amplitude and frequency Class A, B, and C Operators & Authorized Class of Station to operate The examinations cover the rules, procedures and technical materials that an operator will need in order to operate his station properly. The examination for amateur operators shall cover the following subjects: REPUBLIC ACT No. 3846 AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE REGULATION OF RADIO STATIONS AND RADIO COMMUNICATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES ARTICLE II Company Logo
Transcript: Operating The use of the Amateur Radio Service requires the user to have a license We have many materials to self-study If there is interest we can run a class during meetings or after school Any other ideas? Amateur Radio Club First Meeting Off-Center Dipole Tuning Preparation for continued rennovation Licensing Class Maintenance of Antenna If you have any other ideas shoot me an email (lkuprenas[at]gmail.com) or send an email through our mailing list (hamradio[at]lists.tjhsst.edu) We have a very nice Software Defined Radio (SDR) that we bought a little over a year ago Can be operated over the internet Plans for the Year
Transcript: 1 m Y 2 p g b X A Amateur Radio Service Laws MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 03-01-95 MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 03-01-95 Amateur Radio - Radio communications equipment purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical experimentation’s legitimate amateurs Amateur Radio - Radio communications equipme... Expandable Amateur - operating frequency channel/range can be programmed, tuned or modified from its original frequency range specifications Non-Expandable Radio - operating frequency/channel range cannot be programmed, tuned or modified from its original frequency range specifications TYPES TYPES 1. Sale and Importation non-expandable amateur radio equipment within the amateur services only 2. Operation of amateur radio equipment only within the amateur radio frequency channel/bands. 3. Sale, importation and use of expandable amateur radio equipment shall not be allowed ... Guidelines Guidelines OFFICE ORDER NO. 75-05-16 OFFICE ORDER NO. 75-05-16 Amateur Radio Examination and Issuance of Amateur Radio Station License (ARSL)/ Radio Amateur Certificate (RAOC) Amateur Radio Examination and Issuance of Amateur Radio Station Licen... CITIZEN OF THE PHILIPPINES OR OF OTHER COUNTRIES AT LEAST (12) YEARS OLD FOR CLASSES A, B AND C. FOR CLASS D THE MINIMUM AGE SHALL BE 9 YEARS OLD ABILITY TO TRANSMIT AND/OR RECEIVE MESSAGES EITHER IN FILIPINO , ENGLISH OR ANY PHILIPPINE DIALECTS APPLICANTS FOR THE FIRST TIME MUST SHOW PROOF OF ATTENDED AMATEUR RADIO ORIENTATION SEMINAR General Guidelines General Guidelines CLASS A (EXTRA CLASS) highest previlege of all amateur licenses... 4F or DU (5WPM) and Elements 8,9,10 of the written exam CLASS B (GENERAL CLASS) second highest previlege of all amateur licenses... DV Elements 5,6 and 7 CLASS C (TECHINICIAN CLASS) DW Elements 2,3 and 4 CLASS D (FOUNDATION CLASS) DY Element 2 LICENSE CLASS LICENSE CLASS Z Thank you!
Transcript: Amateur Radio Purpose?! You've got to have a license! FCC Classes 1. Technician 2. General 3. Extra Very useful in EMERGENCY cases. Amateurs have ((26)) bands [ 1.8MHZ - 275GHZ ] 2,000,000 Amateur Radio Clubs worldwide! It's just a hobby! :)
Transcript: Frequencies are organized on a voluntary basis in a band plan. The Test Amateur Radio Getting on the air Monitoring On the side Full quieting Break Copy CQ QSO Mayday 73 Frequency Modulation Radio tips Scratchy sound Longer distances Lower power SIMPLEX What is Rad o? Vast distances Lower power Complex FM Repeater Who wants a free radio? Some basic rules Only licensed operators in control Call sign every 10 mins and last transmission No secret codes No commercial traffic Simplex Ham lingo Line of sight Power = distance Simple hamstudy.org - practice tests and flash cards arrl.org - national ham club avarc.av.org - local ham club Clearer sound Shorter distances More bandwidth Don't be afraid! Hold the mic 3 fingers from your mouth Press and hold the PTT button a moment before speaking Speak loudly and clearly Be polite and take turns Follow the rules How does radio work? Amplitude modulation Web resources 35 questions FCC rules Radio use Safety Radio basics Basic electronics 70% to pass Every question is online Why use radio? 144MHz = 2m 220MHz = 1.25m 440MHz = 70cm I'm listening and happy to talk I'm listening and happy to talk Your signal is clear and easy to understand I would have something to say Understood Calling all stations Conversation I have an emergency Have a great day! Federal Communications Commission AM Wireless transmission Beeps Voice (phone) Video Data Internets KI6IED US call sign (K, N or W) Region issued (6 is CA) Sequential What is radio? How does it work? How do I get on the air? It's all about waves Distance between two crests in a wave. Expressed in meters. Number of crests passing in a second. Expressed in hertz. How tall a wave is. Wavelength= Frequency Speed of light Microphone Transmitter Antenna Antenna Receiver Speaker 30MHz and up! Licenses Part 97 rulebook Technician, General and Amateur Extra Test & small license fee Volunteer Examiners Call sign KI6IED Broadcast Microphone Speaker Transceiver Antenna Microphone Speaker Transceiver Antenna Wavelength- Frequency- Amplitude- Local DX Two way
Transcript: What is Amateur Radio? What are some innovations since the original invention? When the radio was first invented it was only capable of carrying only Morse code. And since then has evolved into almost every form of wireless communication. from your AM/FM broadcast radio to police radios and scanners. By: Riley Lemley & Josh Fraser Not many people used it because only the military used it for communication, and was considered treason to posses it. The creation of the radio was in 1914, by Edmund B. Durham. When was this created, and what was it used for ? Amateur Radio is the use of designated radio frequency spectrum for purposes of Private Recreation Non-commercial exchange of messages wireless experimentation Emergency communication Amateur Radio is the use of designated radio frequency spectrum for purposes of Private recreation Non-commercial exchange of messages Amateur Radio Today it is used as a hobby in emergencies such as hurricanes when power lines were down and military soldiers use it to communicate
Transcript: REQUIREMENT(S)/PRESCRIPTION(S): 1. that the frequency bands/channels to be allocated for this Service shall be strictly on a sharing basis for authorized license of this Service 2. that the frequency bands/channels to be allocated for this Service shall be strictly on a non-interference basis for authorized license of this Service 3. that Personal Radio Service Radio communications system shall operate in the NHF band on simplex mode or on such appropriate band/mode as the Commission may determine. 4. that the system shall be allowed only a maximum of one (1) base, two (2) mobiles and two (2) portable stations. 5. that an applicant shall have to apply for a regular commercial radio station license if the entity has more than five station 6. that licensees shall operate on a frequency sharing basis in the bands/channels allocated 7. that licensees shall operate in the specific frequency assignment 8. that licensees shall operate within the specific service area coverage indicated in the license issued by the National Telecommunications Commission. (See Annex A) SECTION 1A, RA 3846 AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE REGULATION OF PUBLIC AND RADIO COMMUNICATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINE AND FOR THE OTHER PURPOSES. “No person, firm, company, association or corporation shall construct, install, establish, or operate a radio station within the Philippine Islands without having first obtained a franchise therefor from the Philippine Legislature; Provided however, That no franchise from the Legislature shall be necessary for the construction, installation, establishment or operation of a broadcasting station, an amateur station, an experimental station, a training station, a station on board a mobile vessel, train, or aircraft, or a private station in a place without any means of communication.” According to Article 2 Sec. 24 of the Philippine Constitution: ARTICLE II DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES PRINCIPLES Section 24. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building. INTRODUCTION 2. Conditions for the Grant of Amateur Licenses 2.1 An applicant for amateur license must qualify under the provisions of Section IV (2) and a holder of an appropriate amateur radio operator certificate. 2.2 An amateur radio license shall be issued to a person who has passed the appropriate NTC examination. 2.3 A complete set of applications for an amateur license shall have been filed with the NTC. 3. Classes of Amateurs A – Advanced Class B – General Class C – Technician Class D – Novice Class INTRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS/PRESCRIPTIONS 1. Installation of Public Repeater Network in any part of the country by a person, corporation, association or entity shall not be allowed without first obtaining a valid franchise from the Congress of the Philippines and the corresponding Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity issued by the Commission after due notice and hearing. 2. Operation of Public Repeater Network in any part of the country by a person, corporation, association or entity shall not be allowed without first obtaining a valid franchise from the Congress of the Philippines and the corresponding Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity issued by the Commission after due notice and hearing. Section 1.4, Article 25, Chapter 6, International Radio Regulation (IRR) “The maximum power of amateur stations shall be fixed by the administrations concerned” Section 9. LICENSING OF FOREIGN AMATEURS “The NTC may authorize a person who is a resident and citizen of the foreign country to operate his amateur Station while temporarily in the Philippines provided he is the holder of an appropriate amateur station license and an operator’s license or certificate issued by the government of the country of which he is a citizen, and provided that same country has a formal or an informal reciprocal agreement with the Philippines. He should be encouraged to affiliate with a local amateur club for better camaraderie and fellowship.” DOTC Department Circular No. 87-188, SECTION 8 Pursuant to the provisions of the 1986 Constitution which fully recognized the vital role of communications in nation building and in order to ensure that the country is provided with universal essential services at reasonable rates, to foster innovation, particularly in advanced information services, to encourage the participation of private enterprise in a regulated, fair and competitive environment, and to accelerate the development and expansion of an efficient and adequate telecommunications infrastructure as a catalyst for socioeconomic upliftment and political stability, under a system of free enterprise, the following Department policies are hereby enunciated; The development/installation of all government transmission networks shall be rationalized to avoid fragmentation of facilities and waste of limited resources According to DEPARTMENT ORDER NO. 6 (Series of 1949) Section 6 “Operator’s Authority. - The holder of a
Transcript: PPT BY ADITYA VARDHAN CLASS:ECE HISTORY HARDWARE ORBITS OPERATIONS LAUNCHES FACTS INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES REFERENCES EXTERNAL LINKS CONTENTS AMATEUR RADIO SATELLITE HISTORY Subtopic 1 Text Text Picture Picture Subtopic 2 Subtopic 2 Other programs besides OSCAR have included Iskra (Soviet Union) circa 1982, JAS-1 (Fuji-OSCAR 12) (Japan) in 1986, RS (Soviet Union and Russia), and CubeSats. (There is a list of major amateur satellites in Japanese . OSCAR 1 OTHER SATELLITES The first amateur satellites contained telemetry beacons. Since 1965, most OSCARs carry a linear transponder for two-way communications in real time. Some satellites have a bulletin board for store-and-forward digital communications, or a digipeater for direct packet radio connections. "ham" amateurs were considered a nuisance. The use of "ham" meaning "amateurish or unskilled" survives today in other disciplines ("ham actor"). HARDWARE Topic 3 Topic 3 Topic 4 Topic 4
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