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Psych Powerpoint

Transcript: m 1 2 p b Y g X G Kevin Lovaincy Who is more privileged on a college campus? Institutional arrangements on college campuses privilege white fraternity men and constrain black fraternity men, causing opposites experiences for the two groups. Working theory/thesis F E Black Frats on campus are being penalized because they are not privileged. Not being privileged allows: High Visibility & Accountability Negative perceptions/ images Generalization on one group Different rules & regulation Negative experiences What is the problem? D Psychological Lenses perceiving a relationship between variables (typically people, events, or behaviors) even when no such relationship exists. A false association may be formed because rare or novel occurrences are more salient and therefore tend to capture one's attention. Illusory correlations Illusory Correlation Confirmation bias Confirmation Bias The tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmations of one's existing beliefs or theories. leads to searching for evidence to prove it Refers to the risk of confirming negative stereotypes about 1’s identity Puts pressure on black frats to carry the weight of the black community. Burden BLGO Stereotype threat Stereotype threat When our beliefs and expectations influence our behavior at the subconscious level, we are enacting what is known as a self-fulfilling prophecy. you have an expectation of someone & enlist them to have a certain behavior Self-fulfilling prophecy Self-fulfilling prophecy It proposes that people have several underlying needs, which vary from individual to individual, that can be satisfied by the defense and justification of the status quo, even when the system may be disadvantageous to certain people. System justification System Justification C Visibility as a Mechanism of Privilege Predominately white school Blend with greater community Burden by racially marked Existence of black students B Accountability as a mechanism of privilege Talented 10th relationship with university officials Actions publicized by other blacks A Thank you! & Enjoy Raise awareness. Further broaden the research. Clear up misconceptions of black & white culture fraternity lifestyle. Intervention Solution Probates Probates Yard show Yard shows

Free Read PowerPoint

Transcript: Free Read PowerPoint Project Judith Rumelt, better known by her pen name Cassandra Clare, is an American author of young adult fiction. Main Characters Summary Prominent literary item Will Herondale-Will has dark hair and ocean blue eyes. Will is rude and cruel because he believes everyone that loves him will die. He believes this because a demon put a 'curse' on him. Tessa Gray- Tessa has blonde hair and grey eyes. She is very witty and enjoys literature. Recommendation of book Setting Jem Carstairs-Jem has silver hair and eyes, due to the drug he was tortured with before his family was killed. He plays the violin and is very kind, caring, and lovable. The most unique thing in Clockwork Angel is that there are supernatural occurrences such as demons, shape shifters, witches, vampires, and werewolves, etc. I definitely recommend Clockwork Angel by Cassandra Clare. I recommend this book because it uses great figurative language, such as "The machine walked like a man." Also, "There was a boy standing in front of her. He couldn´t have been much older than she was-seventeen or possibly eighteen. He was dressed in what looked like workman´s clothes-a frayed black jacket, trousers, and tough-looking boots. He wore no waistcoat, and thick leather straps crisscrossed his waist and chest. Attached to the straps were weapons-daggers and folding knives and things that looked like blades of ice. In His left hand-slim and long fingered-was bleeding where she had gashed the back of it with her pitcher. But that wasn´t what made her stare. He had the most beautiful face she had ever seen. Tangled black hair and eyes like blue glass. Elegant cheekbones,and long, thick lashes. He looked like every fictional hero she´d ever conjured up in her head. Tessa Gray goes to London to live with her brother. When she arrives Tessa is captured by twin sisters dubbed 'the Dark Sisters'. She was tortured and forced to use her gift of shape shifting for evil until Will Herondale rescues her. He then takes her to the institute, a place for shadowhunters to be cared for. Tessa meets the residents of the institute, Charlotte Branwell, the head of the institute, Henry Branwell, Charlotte's husband and inventor of a many great inventions, Jessamine Lovelace, girly and against all things shadowhunter, Jem Carstairs, a kind but very ill shadowhunter. Presentation Themes Clockwork Angel by Cassandra Clare Most unique thing in the book Presentation by Canaan Hall Clockwork Angel takes place in the institute, and the Dark Sister's home. The institute is an old church with very many rooms for passing visitors. The Dark Sister's house is large but sparsly furnished, in Tessa's room there is a bed with restraints, a mirror, and a nightstand with a few books. The themes for Clockwork angel are; you always need friends that you can trust, don't judge someone by their looks you don't know what they are going through, and even someone you wouldn't expect could be the hero. Cassandra Clare One prominent literary item in the book is personification. Personification is used throughout Clockwork Angel, such as "The machine walked like a man." Another example is, "The door creaked with a noise that sounded like a scream."

Personality Psych Powerpoint

Transcript: Kaley Soto Personality Psychology Nova Southeastern University 4/16/2019 Biological Aspects of Personality Biological forces play an imperative role in the development and display of certain facets of one’s personality. Attributes such as temperament, mental illness, and sexuality are all affected by these biological aspects. Introduction Introduction Temperament Temperament Temperament can be described as “An individual’s characteristic emotional and motivational nature” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 6). Personality psychologists have studied the ways in which biology has an influence over this, many citing the nervous system and neurotransmitters as having imperative significance. Neurotransmitters are “the chemicals nerves use to communicate”, dopamine and serotonin being just two of importance (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 108). If a deficiency, or overabundance, of these transmitters exists within an individual, direct influences on temperament can be viewed. Through individual variations within the nervous system and neurotransmitters, each person’s temperament is affected in different ways, producing unique effects on one’s personality. Neurotransmitters According to Eysenck, “extroverts have a relatively low level of brain arousal, and so they seek stimulation… introverts, on the other hand… have a higher level of central nervous system arousal, and so they tend to shy away from stimulating social environments” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 106). “Sensation seekers”, who “seem to have a strong, nervous system–based, orienting response… [seemingly] biologically primed to seek out and engage their environments” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 108). Examples Examples Mental Illness Mental Illness Of the many different mental disorders known to man, many come to fruition through biological tendencies, specifically Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, and Depression. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), schizophrenia can be characterized by “delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Biologically, “many studies have confirmed that schizophrenia tends to run in families… [meaning] if one has a schizophrenic parent, the odds of schizophrenia rise dramatically” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 114). Researchers also found that “if one has a schizophrenic identical twin, the odds approach 50–50 of developing” the ailment (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 114). Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is described as “swing[ing] regularly from wildly enthusiastic energy to hopelessly dark depression” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 114). In a study conducted between identical twins, it was found that if one twin suffered from Bipolar Disorder, “then the identical twin [was] also very likely to suffer [from] this disorder” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 115). Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Depression, according to the DSM-5, “ affects how you feel, think and behave causing persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities… [and] can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Those with a variation in the, “mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1)... were more sensitive to social rejection... and that this social pain could be seen in the region of the brain that generally processes physical pain”, demonstrating how biology and the environment can bring about mental illness, and ultimately, effect one’s personality (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 115). Depression Depression Sexuality Sexuality Much like studies done in regards to mental illness, analysis was conducted on family members of homosexuals, finding that “homosexuality tends to run in families, and mono-zygotic twins [were] more likely than dizygotic twins to have the same sexual preference” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 116). According to researchers, “part of the brain’s anterior hypothalamus, known to be related to sexual behavior, significantly differs in gay men...and the hypothalamus reacts differently to sexual smells in gay versus straight men...and in lesbian versus straight women” (Friedman, et. al., 2016, p. 116). Conclusion Conclusion Temperament, mental illness, and sexuality are all influential aspects of one’s personality. Through extensive analysis of these components of one’s character, it is evident that biological forces play an imperative role in the ways and proclivity in which they uniquely present themselves, ultimately manipulating personality as a whole. References American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. Friedman, H. S., & Schustack, M. W. (2016). Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research. Boston: Pearson.

Free Prezi Template

Transcript: The adsorption of contaminant molecules by catalysis The improvement of light absorption The improvement of charge separation and transportation ZnS QDs by precipitation method ( Zinc acetate, Sodium sulphide) ( T= 90º, t= 2h) (NaOH was used as a surfactant) (Low crystalyity) ZnS NPs by hydrothermal method ( Zinc chloride, Thioacetamide) (T=140º, t=5h) ZnS microspheres by hydrothermal method (Zinc chloride, Sodium thiosulfate) (T=180º, t=12h) The strongest material ever Optical Properties Synthesis of pure ZnS Secondary, the use of certain organic acids as additives (Formic acid) , in order to inhibit the growth of moulds, bacteria and yeasts. Graphite : narrow peak (2θ = 26.8º)(d=0.33 nm) ZnO nanorod : high intensity peak (002) (2θ = 34.331º) (JCPDS 00-001-1136) ZnS : sphalerite (111), (200), (220), (311) (JCPDS 00-001-0792) Graphite The mechanical and wear-resistance performance of the coating. 1 Morphology PL : The excessive of rGO can act a center for the recombination of electron-hole pairs instead of providing an electron pathway Solar cell device Synthesis of ZnS-based organic (graphene and polypyrrole) composite The intensity of the absorption peak of MB at 663 nm decreases with the increase of irradiation time D(%) = [(A(MB)0 - A(MB)t)/ A(MB)0] × 100 ZG-0 = 0.27% , ZG-1 = 59%, ZG-2 = 68%, ZG-3 = 79%, ZG-4 = 63% UV-vis absorbtion spectra Na2S + 2H2O 2NaOH + H2S (1) ZnO + H2S ZnS + H2O (2) Hummer's method Research Main Points The rule of graphene 300 times stronger than steel and much harder than diamond! Examples for nanomaterial that already used as a reinforcement in the coating XRD Pure ZnS QDs Publications Nanotechnology solutions hexagonal arrangement of carbon in layer stacked to each other One-pot synthesis Multi-step syntheis one-pot synthesis Multi-step synthesis synthesis of Graphene oxide nanosheets. ( Hummer's method) Graphene nanosheets (GNS) - Titanium dioxide composite Graphene Graphene : (2θ = 25.63º) PPy : amorphous (2θ = 26º) ZnS : Sphalerite ( 111), (220), (311) Insertion for a desired properties ZG-0 ( 0% GO), ZG-1 (0.5% GO), ZG-2 (1% GO), ZG-3 (1.5% GO), ZG-4 (2% GO) Synthesis of ZnS-based inorganic (ZnO-ZnS core-shell) composite Absorption XRD Characterization Morphology Synthesis of pure ZnS ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanostructure By Khaled El Sayed Mustafa The morphology of the core-shell structure is a mixture of round and rectangular shape Uv-vis absorption of ZnO-ZnS core-shell Photocatalytic measurement: Mild steel substrate XRD Characterization Improvement of high-surface area of catalysis (BET) Selective adsorption of the aromatic dye on the catalyst ( π electrons ) qe = ( Ci – Ce )V/m GO Intense and sharp peak ( 2θ = 10.6º ) (001) (d=0.83 nm) rGO very broad ( 2θ = 24.31º ) (002) ( d= 0.36 nm) very weak peak ( 2θ = 42.53º ) (100) ( d= 0.21 nm) ZG-0 Zinc blend ( 2θ = 28.609º, 33.153º, 47.591º, 56.473º, 59.227º, 69.583º, 76.894º ) (1 1 1), (2 0 0), (2 2 0), (3 1 1), (2 2 2), (4 0 0) and (3 3 1) ZG-0 Wurtzite ( 2θ = 27.081 ) Graphene : ideal ohmic ZnS nanoparticles : two fold light response, resistance of 3.23 × 10 23 Ωcm2 ZP : resistance of 2.81 × 10 23 Ωcm2 GZP : 1.35 × 10 23 Ω cm2 Hexagonal ZnO ZnS (111) Experimental XRD Characterization One-pot synthesis of ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanostructure Electrodeposition of rGO by Mg(NO3)2 Electrodeposition of ZnO nanorod arrays (ZnCl2, KOH, 1mM) anealing on the high purify Argon gas Sulfidation process ( thioacetamide) Photocatalytic Silo Corrosion failure The Anticorrosion Effect of Ni- RGO -TiO2 Nanocomposite Coating on Mild Steel in Neutral Environment The ZnS shell with an estimated tickness of 18 nm is observed Cathodic Protection synthesis of graphene nanosheets ( microwave assisted t=5min, 15 micro liter Hydrazine) PPy nanotube ( Pyrrol monomer, Fecl3, Methylene orange as a template) A red shift and increase in absorption edge of the UV-Vis spectra of ZnS were observed in the presence of graphene. The PL emission of ZnS-graphene decreased compared to the pure ZnS due to the presence of graphene the PL emission of the ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanostructure decreased due to the presense of ZnS shell and formation of type-II band alignment structure in the hetero-interface which is beneficial for solar cell devices. The presence of rGO in ZnS-rGO composite gives significant improvement in the degradation of methylene blue under visible light irradiation compared to pure ZnS, due to the increased adsorption of the dye, decrease in the band gap and stepwise structure of the energy levels in the composite. The presence of graphene and PPy in the GZP turnary composite lead to higher photocurrent response due to the creation of an interfacial separation between the graphene and the PPy by ZnS nanoparticles, which act as a bridge, and due to enhanced charge transport by graphene. ZnS microsphere-rGO composite Corrosion Inhibitors Crystal structure Bridging effect Charge separation Research Assistant Environmental Modifications Pt foil a counter

Psych Powerpoint

Transcript: Leading questions can plant false memories. Stephen Ceci and Maggie Bruck's expiraments on kids and the scenerios the kids created based on cards. Both child psychologists and the children cannot accurately separate the false memories from the true memories. Children can be good eyewitnesses when: questions about their experiences are asked in neutral words when they have not talked with involved adults prior to the interview when their disclosure is made in a first interview with a neutral person who asks nonleading questions. Elizabeth Loftus and John Palmer through expiraments proved that people may remember details incorrectly if asked questions with different suggestive vocab. When asks a question later a person may sometimes reconstruct a memory. Misinformation effect: incorporating misleading information into one’s memory of an event. Info told to us many times we may begin to associate as a memory of our own and implant false vivid memories. Our imagination can cause false memories as well Imagination inflation. University students and the childhood memories. Those who believe they have recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse likewise tend to have vivid imaginations and to score high on false memory tests. Richard Wiseman Expirament: People's memories went so far as to believe they saw a levitating table. 7A.4.1 Misinformation and Imagination Effects MEMORY 7A.4.4 Children’s Eyewitness Recall source amnesia: attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined. (Also called source misattribution.) Source amnesia, along with the misinformation effect, is at the heart of many false memories. Debra Poole and Stephen Lindsay's expirament with preschoolers and Mr. Science They later believed after being told about expiraments they did not do, believed that they had actually done them. 7A.4.2 Source Amnesia 7A.4.3 Discerning True and False Memories Our assumptions alter our perceptual memories . Research with the faces. Memories we derive from experience have more detail than memories we derive from imagination. Memories of imagined experiences are more restricted to the gist of the supposed event. Gist memories are more durable. Remember words you didn't actually see As you mature you forget certain details of your childhood and past (9th grader interviews). Cognitive interview techniques increase accurate recall P.285-290 SARAH LEARY

Psych Culture Powerpoint

Transcript: - Help the elderly. - The Smurfs - Women can do anything. - Don't trust strangers. - Scooby Doo - The importance of teamwork: Superman and his friends Early on we are in our prime developmental stages of our life. If cartoons can teach us proper morals through life while still entertaining us as kids an ideal balance is achieved. Over-Idolization Created by: Branden Wyss Emma Matthews Megan Kizer Cartoons, Comics, Movies: Culture Shock Positive Connotations Sexism Morals - Cartoons will always hold a nostalgic value to a lot of us and will truly remain one of the more effective communicators. - Cartoons will forever remain relevant and important as we move on throughout our lives. Introduction Ethnocentrism: American Superiority - Disney teaches that everything, absolutely everything has a happy ending. - Disobeying your parents yields fabulous results. - Incredibly rich, hot guys are husband materials. - You can do something reckless and end up perfectly fine. (10-17 points) You are Taz: You are wild and crazy, know how to have fun, but you may take it to extremes. You are in control of your own life. (18-26 points) You are Bugs Bunny: You are fun, friendly, and popular. You are a real crowd pleaser. Don't let the people you please influence you to stray. (27-34 points) You are Tweety: You are cute, and everyone loves you. You are witty, and calm most of the time. (35-42 points) You are Peppe Le Pew You are a lover. romantic, flowers, and wine are all you need to enjoy yourself. You are serious about all commitments. (43-50 points) You are Speedy Gonzales: You are smart, a real thinker. Every situation is approached with a plan. You are very healthy in mind and body. You teach strong family values. - Cartoons from the World War 11 era expressed patriotism and elitism. - Many major studios supported the war by being put in the situation of many major war events. - Present cartoons focus more on pop culture references. - More recent cartoons satire recent events, not promote them. Vocabulary - Kids learned to speak new words from TV programs with constant exposure to new language present in "pop culture" influenced cartoons. Simple learning - Any cartoons that hold subtle moral values teach kids subconciously while entertaining the child. Wider Knowledge - Education programs such as Magic School Bus showed kids wonders that can only be seen to believe while still providing an entertaining experience. Figure 1. Betty Boop depicted negatively in Europe ----> Questions? - "Bad guys" in cartoons have always had politcal undertones due to the many events in past and present history. - In Russia, Germans are depicted as the bad guys in most forms of media due to the ever-present issues they've held with Russians. (aka World War 11) - In Russia we are considered idiots in common culture while in Japan we are portrayed as drunken idiots. - Cultural interaction takes place in influences. :) - Lady and the Tramp: Lady was prim and proper, Tramp was dirty and homeless. - Mulan: Girls were expected to be done up and beautiful, while men needed to be strong and war-oriented. - Disney Princesses were "damsels in disstress". Seen as naive/in need of a man to save them. - Older cartoons showed women as more dependent on men because of the different culture. Ethnocentrism: Who Is the Bad Guy? Conclusions - The propaganda usually used in past cartoons portrayed Japanese and German characters in a negative fashion. - Germans recieved a political stereotype being portrayed as Nazi's in almost every depiction. - Asians normally recieved the general squinty eyed stereotypes, buck teeth and awful English accents. - Popeye is a prime example with one of their episode being given the title "Scrap the Japs" Negative Connotations Past vs Present

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