Transcript: Past 100 years Scientist research It is used to hide yourself and your Hide yourself In the past 100 years camouflage has played a crucial role in most countries' military operations (Harris). It comes from the natural adaptations that let animals blend in with their enviroment (Harris). Work cited How Military Camouflage Works equipment from your enemy. Hides Humans Harris, Tom. "How Military Camouflage Works." How Stuff Works . How Stuff Works , n.d. Web. 24 Oct 2013. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/military-camouflage.htm>. The basic idea of camouflage predates humans entirely (Harris) Animal Camouflage Scientist are researching ways to make a soldier blend in to the battlefield by making them virtually invisible to the eye (Harris).
Transcript: By Travis Wentz My choice for the military is the Marine Corps. reasons why You can join right after High School They have great benefits to give You get a great amount of salary to have You get to chose what role you want to do like Ground Combat Infantry Tank Crewmen Scout Sniper Engineer and more History Facts Military Choice 1 Sources Final Choice http://thecampuscareercoach.com/2013/01/25/how-should-i-address-my-military-experience-on-my-resumes/ http://und.edu/admissions/military/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Navy http://www.mclpikespeak.org/ Comaring The Payment Marine Corps: You have to be at least 17 to join with parent approval. The Marine Corps is a challenge to be in. You have to go to training before you do anything else. Military PowerPoint by Travis Wentz Military Choices The Navy was founded in October 13, 1798 The Marine Corps was founded November 10, 1775 The Marine Corps was in the Pacific Campaign during ww2 Military Choice 2 Navy Have to be 17 to 34 years old to join the navy. You will receive training, payment, and insurance. Have a high school degree to join. You have to run a mile in a serten amount of time Have a 20/20 vision
Transcript: Battlefield Technology Augmented reality: The use of computer displays that add virtual information to a person's sensory perceptions, supplementing rather than replacing (as in virtual reality) the world the user sees. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Unmanned aircraft (UA) or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV): Are remotely piloted or self-piloted aircraft that can carry cameras, sensors, communications equipment, or other payloads. Battlefield network: Are large scale network gathering information from soldiers, vehicles, and maps to provide an overall view of the battlefield. Precession guided weapons, Smart bombs: Use a variety of techniques including lasers, infrared cameras, and radar to guide to a missile or bomb to its target with greater accuracy Cyber-warfare: Software that attacks against countries' computer systems controlling defense and other strategic operations Malware software: Designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the user's informed consent Denial of Service: An attack that attempts to consume network resources so that the network or its devices cannot respond to legitimate requests. Cyber terrorism: Politically motivated attacks on information systems Military Use of IT Gray, Stuart. Information Technology in a Global Society for the IB. N.p.: n.p., 2011-2012. Print. "Technology and Modern Warfare | Globalization101." Technology and Modern Warfare | Globalization101. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.globalization101.org/modern-warfare/>. "Technology and Modern Warfare | Globalization101." Technology and Modern Warfare | Globalization101. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.globalization101.org/modern-warfare/>. Smart Weapons Simulators Military Robots Cyber-Warfare/ Cyber-Terrorism Terms Defined Terms Defined (Cont.) Simulators: A device that duplicates the functions of a real system to allow controlled experiments to be performed Virtual Environment: A synthetic world that may be experienced haptically by operation of an electromechanical device that delivers forces to the hand of the user Virtual reality: A hypothetical three-dimensional visual world created by a computer Virtual reality headset: The Primary output device used by a virtual reality system. Tactile feedback Output: in the form of movement or vibrations Mixed reality Systems: as their name suggests, use a combination of physical training environments and technology. Future Warrior systems, or "Wired soldiers"Use information technology to increase an army's tactical advantage over the enemy by improving communication between individual soldiers, units, and commanders. BigDog: These robots are being developed to transport heavy loads Bomb disposal robots- Remote controlled by soldiers, reduce the dangers soldiers face SWORD robot: High-speed robot equipped with weapons Simulators Battlefield Technology Smart Weapons Robots Cyber-Terrorism and Cyber-Warfare Simulators are mostly used for exposing soldiers to the battle field before they are deployed. Examples of simulators include, but are not limited to: Flying Aircraft Piloting A Ship Virtual Reality Environments (Similar to a computer game) Mixed Reality (Combining both virtual reality aspects as well as physical objects) A huge advantage of simulators is the ability to both test soldiers ability on preforming tasks with expensive equipment or in dangerous areas, as well as the ability to review the recorded mission. The soldiers are able to check their performance and work on their skills. In special cases simulators are used to treat PTSD. Scenes are recreated that allow for the soldiers to immerse themselves in the environment. Bibliography The biggest use of IT in battlefield technology is the future warrior systems. These systems are a revolutionary form of tactical aid. They provide: Soldiers Health Stats Allies' Positions Possible Attack Routes Objectives and Paths to Objectives All this information would appear on a soldiers HUD Currently this is not up to par for what the military requires and is still in prototype stages. An alternative to regular warfare Common targets of cyber attacks Infrastructure Viruses, Trojan horses, DOS, or other malware all part of attacks Once a system is infected, it cold be under foreign surveillance for extended periods of time Smart Weapons in this text mostly revolve around the UAV or predator drone. The UAV or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle is used to monitor the battle field from a birds eye view without putting any lives in harms way. The Predator drone is "loaded for bear" or equipped to deal with any violent situations. Predator missiles are very common in taking out buildings or specified targets. UAVs are very expensive, most cost $10 million + UAVs are also used to patrol the US-Mexico border The less talked about smart weapon are the precision guided missiles. Used by lazing a target and then calling in an airstrike to that GPS location.
Transcript: In this 2nd Grade unit, the students will learn all about camouflage. For two weeks, they will engage in fun activities that pertain to all different kinds of animals who learn to blend into their environment. They will learn new vocabulary pertaining to the topic. They will also have the chance to be creative based on what they learned throughout the unit. Objectives 1 The students will watch the introductory video (Leopard stealth) and through group discussion, find 3 key points about the leopard in the video to type a short Power Point summary. 2 As a class, students will watch a portion of “Kings of Camouflage” and discuss what they observed the cuttlefish do, taking notes of all the key points the teacher mentions (which will also be displayed on the whiteboard). The students will then get into pairs to use Microsoft Word to create a Venn Diagram that compare and contrast the animals listing at least four differences and one similarity between the animals in regards to their environment and food source. 3 After the teacher has read 3-D Close Up: Animal Camouflage, the students will search online in groups for different kinds of camouflaged animals through child-friendly sites. The students will individually create “Inspiration” maps based on 2 different camouflage animals they choose and include 2 descriptions of each (one of their habitat and one of how they camouflage). 4 Individually, the students will create a camouflaged animal of their own on Kidpix using the lesson vocabulary to 1) describe what kind of animal it is, 2) how it camouflages, and 3) what kind of environment it lives in. 5 Individually, students will create a habitat that corresponds to the animals that they had previously created with KidPix and should include 2 things- food source, shelter/hiding place. What's Required? Materials Hardware Computers Printers DVD/VCR Resources Print outs coloring pages word puzzles student work 3-D Close Up: Animal Camouflage by Daniel Gilpin Software Microsoft Word Microsft PowerPoint Mozilla FireFox Inspiration KidPix Accomodations Resource Students Be aware of students IEP when teaching lesson Allow for more visual/ hands on material for student Allow for more time for completion Allow for other students to act as peer assistants OR allow for outside helpers/volunteers to come in for assistance Follow the students strong suits and incorporate them in the lesson English Language Learners (ELL) Provide vocabulary lists in English and Spanish if needed Provide extra time to complete assignments Provide after school tutoring lab Partner up with a peer assistant (try a bilingual student first) Gifted Students Provide material (coloring pages, puzzles, etc) that will expand their level of thinking Allow for them to act as peer assistants for students who need extra help Provide resources for more in depth research on an idea related to the lesson topic THE END miscellaneous craft material: pipe cleaners ribbons glitter sand/sandpaper cotton balls, etc Sheets of Plastic Material Subject Areas Include: English Reading Writing Science Technology Art Camouflage Unit notebook paper pencils glue markers/crayons construction paper child scissors cardboard boxes poster board whiteboard and dry-erase markers.
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Contents Matte surfaces viewing angle does not matter Glossy surfaces viewing angle matters. Illusory contours: and edge appears to be between light and dark http://cns-alumni.bu.edu/~slehar/ConstructiveAspect/ConstructiveAspect.html Acoustical avoidance incurs cost Binocular stereo vision Other borders (not object borders) Strategies of making your body less detectable If the 2d symmetry does not resemble 3d symmetry then the object might not be correctly identified. Objects and Shape http://aoki2.si.gunma-u.ac.jp/youtyuu/HTMLs/tobimonooedashaku.html 2 dimensional symmetric coloration Disrupting edge detection process Akino et al. 2004 Strong edges perpendicular to the true border Make your boundaries hard to detect from the immediate background Camouflage and Visual Perception Recognizing 3d shape from 2d info Minimize motion itself Fringe lipped bat vs a frog chemical mimicry: Biston Robustum Shohet, A. J., Baddeley, R. J., Anderson, J. C., Kelman, E. J., & Osorio, D. (2006). Cuttlefish responses to visual orientation of substrates, water flow and a model of motion camouflage. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209(23), 4717–4723. doi:10.1242/jeb.02580 Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus Strong line stimulus can make weaker stimulus invisible Olfaction How to make object recognition difficult? Minimize motion signal created http://www.flightnetwork.com/blog/2010/06/how-to-survive-attacks-from-the-worlds-10-deadliest-animals-3/ Behavior of light http://animaltracks.today.com/_news/2011/09/28/8012376-little-dog-casts-a-big-shadow?lite Reconstructing a 3D shape Electricity Mimic the movement (or its absence) of the immediate surroundings http://www.david.element.ukgateway.net/phasmida1stickinsects1.htm Internal texture Neurons prefer sharp edges - gradient pigmentation along the outline Other types of camouflage Motion signal minimization http://www.goodfon.com/wallpaper/302059.html Edge detection: Looking for sudden changes in intensity Thank you Optic flow mimicry Intensity borders - Objects and illumination - Strategies of making oneself less detectable - Motion detection and camouflage - Recognizing 3d shape from 2d info - Other types of camouflage http://salimramirez.blogspot.jp/2010/05/animal-drawing-2010_29.html Razzle-Dazzle Motion disruption Provide false evidence of boundaries Sound Show high contrast internal detail http://forum.xcitefun.net/camouflage-animals-sophisticated-hiders-t12000.html Adaptively silent when or where predation risk is higher Effect still up for debate 2D shape and symmetry Motion camouflage Laboratory experiments suggest that the output of some fish might have evolved so that low-frequency parts of produced electric fields cancel each other out at a distance of more than couple of centimeters (Stoddard & Markham 2008) http://paisley-and-patterns.blogspot.jp/2011/06/camouflage-four-kinds-of-camouflage-in.html Motion Spectral composition and intensity of reflected light Material properties Fish that use electricity for navigation, prey detection and sexual signaling may also be attracting predators Shadows Illumination and objects http://photo-africa.blogspot.jp/2008_12_01_archive.html
Transcript: Camouflage SSSSS&M SHAPE SHADOW SILHOUETTE SPACING SHINE MOVEMENT SHAPE: MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND THE HUMAN BODY ARE FAMILIAR OUTLINES TO ALL SOLDIERS. THEY ARE INSTANTLY RECOGNISED wHEN IN CONTRAST WITH THE SURROUNDINGS. AN OBJECT CAN CAST A SHADOW IN SUN OR MOONLIGHT AND SHADOWS ARE EASILY RECOGNISED. SHADOWS CAN BE USED TO CONCEAL OBJECTS BUT IT MUST BE REMEBERED THAT THEY MOVE AS THE SUN OR MOON MOVES. WHAT IS CONCEALED BY MORNING MAY BE EXPOSED IN THE AFTERNOON. ANY OBJECT THAT IS SILHOUETTED AGAINST A CONTRASTING BACKGROUND IS CONSPICUOUS. SMOOTH, FLAT BACKGROUND SUCH AS WATER, SNOW, FEILD AND WORST OF ALL SKY, MUST BE AVOIDED. NATURAL OBJECTS ARE RARELY IF EVER REGULARLY SPACED. REGULAR SPACING DRAWS ATTENTION TO THE FACT THAT SOMETHING OTHER THAN A NATURAL OBJECT IS PRESENT. TO GIVE OFF or GLOW WITH LIGHT. TO BE BRIGHT WITH REFLECTED LIGHT. TO APPEAR BRIGHTLY OR STRONGLY; GLARE. SUDDEN MOVEMENT ATTRACTS THE EYE. SLOW DELIBERATE MOVEMENT IS MUCH LESS LIKELY TO BE DETECTED.
Transcript: Camouflage there are many different types of camouflage and ways to be discreet including,the old, new, and advanced. The basics include Desert Jungle Woodland Urban Then you have the advanced The Ghillie Suit most advanced yet simple design but very effective can you see me? Questions?
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