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Transcript: The adsorption of contaminant molecules by catalysis The improvement of light absorption The improvement of charge separation and transportation ZnS QDs by precipitation method ( Zinc acetate, Sodium sulphide) ( T= 90º, t= 2h) (NaOH was used as a surfactant) (Low crystalyity) ZnS NPs by hydrothermal method ( Zinc chloride, Thioacetamide) (T=140º, t=5h) ZnS microspheres by hydrothermal method (Zinc chloride, Sodium thiosulfate) (T=180º, t=12h) The strongest material ever Optical Properties Synthesis of pure ZnS Secondary, the use of certain organic acids as additives (Formic acid) , in order to inhibit the growth of moulds, bacteria and yeasts. Graphite : narrow peak (2θ = 26.8º)(d=0.33 nm) ZnO nanorod : high intensity peak (002) (2θ = 34.331º) (JCPDS 00-001-1136) ZnS : sphalerite (111), (200), (220), (311) (JCPDS 00-001-0792) Graphite The mechanical and wear-resistance performance of the coating. 1 Morphology PL : The excessive of rGO can act a center for the recombination of electron-hole pairs instead of providing an electron pathway Solar cell device Synthesis of ZnS-based organic (graphene and polypyrrole) composite The intensity of the absorption peak of MB at 663 nm decreases with the increase of irradiation time D(%) = [(A(MB)0 - A(MB)t)/ A(MB)0] × 100 ZG-0 = 0.27% , ZG-1 = 59%, ZG-2 = 68%, ZG-3 = 79%, ZG-4 = 63% UV-vis absorbtion spectra Na2S + 2H2O 2NaOH + H2S (1) ZnO + H2S ZnS + H2O (2) Hummer's method Research Main Points The rule of graphene 300 times stronger than steel and much harder than diamond! Examples for nanomaterial that already used as a reinforcement in the coating XRD Pure ZnS QDs Publications Nanotechnology solutions hexagonal arrangement of carbon in layer stacked to each other One-pot synthesis Multi-step syntheis one-pot synthesis Multi-step synthesis synthesis of Graphene oxide nanosheets. ( Hummer's method) Graphene nanosheets (GNS) - Titanium dioxide composite Graphene Graphene : (2θ = 25.63º) PPy : amorphous (2θ = 26º) ZnS : Sphalerite ( 111), (220), (311) Insertion for a desired properties ZG-0 ( 0% GO), ZG-1 (0.5% GO), ZG-2 (1% GO), ZG-3 (1.5% GO), ZG-4 (2% GO) Synthesis of ZnS-based inorganic (ZnO-ZnS core-shell) composite Absorption XRD Characterization Morphology Synthesis of pure ZnS ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanostructure By Khaled El Sayed Mustafa The morphology of the core-shell structure is a mixture of round and rectangular shape Uv-vis absorption of ZnO-ZnS core-shell Photocatalytic measurement: Mild steel substrate XRD Characterization Improvement of high-surface area of catalysis (BET) Selective adsorption of the aromatic dye on the catalyst ( π electrons ) qe = ( Ci – Ce )V/m GO Intense and sharp peak ( 2θ = 10.6º ) (001) (d=0.83 nm) rGO very broad ( 2θ = 24.31º ) (002) ( d= 0.36 nm) very weak peak ( 2θ = 42.53º ) (100) ( d= 0.21 nm) ZG-0 Zinc blend ( 2θ = 28.609º, 33.153º, 47.591º, 56.473º, 59.227º, 69.583º, 76.894º ) (1 1 1), (2 0 0), (2 2 0), (3 1 1), (2 2 2), (4 0 0) and (3 3 1) ZG-0 Wurtzite ( 2θ = 27.081 ) Graphene : ideal ohmic ZnS nanoparticles : two fold light response, resistance of 3.23 × 10 23 Ωcm2 ZP : resistance of 2.81 × 10 23 Ωcm2 GZP : 1.35 × 10 23 Ω cm2 Hexagonal ZnO ZnS (111) Experimental XRD Characterization One-pot synthesis of ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanostructure Electrodeposition of rGO by Mg(NO3)2 Electrodeposition of ZnO nanorod arrays (ZnCl2, KOH, 1mM) anealing on the high purify Argon gas Sulfidation process ( thioacetamide) Photocatalytic Silo Corrosion failure The Anticorrosion Effect of Ni- RGO -TiO2 Nanocomposite Coating on Mild Steel in Neutral Environment The ZnS shell with an estimated tickness of 18 nm is observed Cathodic Protection synthesis of graphene nanosheets ( microwave assisted t=5min, 15 micro liter Hydrazine) PPy nanotube ( Pyrrol monomer, Fecl3, Methylene orange as a template) A red shift and increase in absorption edge of the UV-Vis spectra of ZnS were observed in the presence of graphene. The PL emission of ZnS-graphene decreased compared to the pure ZnS due to the presence of graphene the PL emission of the ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanostructure decreased due to the presense of ZnS shell and formation of type-II band alignment structure in the hetero-interface which is beneficial for solar cell devices. The presence of rGO in ZnS-rGO composite gives significant improvement in the degradation of methylene blue under visible light irradiation compared to pure ZnS, due to the increased adsorption of the dye, decrease in the band gap and stepwise structure of the energy levels in the composite. The presence of graphene and PPy in the GZP turnary composite lead to higher photocurrent response due to the creation of an interfacial separation between the graphene and the PPy by ZnS nanoparticles, which act as a bridge, and due to enhanced charge transport by graphene. ZnS microsphere-rGO composite Corrosion Inhibitors Crystal structure Bridging effect Charge separation Research Assistant Environmental Modifications Pt foil a counter

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Transcript: - proactive PREPARATORY actions done when there is no immediate typhoon threat - necessary to carry-out actions when an Advisory or Alert is issued by PAGASA. - as required by law and good practices from LGU experiences. EARLY PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS A. CREATE Local Systems and Structures Issue Exec Order - LDRRMC, LDRRMO, ICS, CDVs PREPARE Plans - LDRRMPLCCAP, IAP, Evacuation Plan, CONDUCT Infra Audit DESIGNATE Emergency Op Center ALPHA Conduct trainings for: - info and awareness personnel - DRRMO and admin personnel - humanitarian personnel - security, lifeline and SRR personnel - post disaster response personnel checklist of minimum EARLY and CRITICAL PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS during typhoons for City and Municipal Mayors B. INSTITUTIONALIZE Policies and Plans Create LDRRMO position and staff Assign ICS key posts Assign specific tasks to local functionaries and Punong Barangays e.g. identification of evac centers by ME, identification of repacking centers by MSWDO, creation of BDRRMC by PBs Create MOA with supermarkets, pharmacies, etc CRITICAL PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS supplies, equipment EARLY PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS EARLY PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS Thank You! series of progressive minimum response actions depends on the intensity and possible impact of the typhoon. triggered by the advisory from NDRRMC and DILG –CODIX conveyed to the LGUs by the DILG . LISTO MANUALS BRAVO Guides/References: C. BUILD Competencies CHARLIE D. ACQUIRE Security, Search and Rescue, Medical and Clearing Resources EARLY PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS Hazard, Risk, Flush Points Maps Family /Community Guide to Preparedness Updated CLUP Infra Audit Baseline Data RA 10121 Local DRR Communication Protocol EARLY PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS

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Transcript: Importance of the 3 levels of Govt. It is beneficial for a country to have 3 different levels of government because various different situations and problems can be handled with different levels as each one has its own set of responsibilities and commitments. For example, public transit issues would be handled by the Municipal Government, whereas property and civil rights would fall under the Provincial/Territorial Government, and finally citizenship or insurance would be handled by the Federal Government. Going up every level, the responsibility grows more importance, and with 3 levels of government it is far more easy to organize these responsibilities. General Responsibilities: defense criminal law employment* insurance postal service census* copyrights trade regulation external relations* money and banking transportation* citizenship Indian affairs General Responsibilities: property and civil rights* administration of justice natural resources and the environment* education healthcare* welfare* General Responsibilities: water* sewage* waste collection/management* public transit* land use planning* libraries emergency services* animal control economic development* Caused by: Failure of pumps at Point Lepreau Coolants stopped working because of a power outage caused by a storm which caused malfunctions Lack of maintenance for their back up generators which meant that all systems stopped working Responding to Death Strike The Federal Government would respond by: Employing volunteers to help cleanse the area of nuclear pollutants Ask for assistance with allied countries Assist Municipal governments with transportation issues Execute the Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan (FNEP) Dealing with water leakage issues Municipal Government Reaction The Municipal Government would respond by: closing up their sewage areas to keep radioactive water from entering Doing an emergency evacuation either in the city or even out of it Transporting people out during evacuations Assisting in traffic control emergency shelters Federal Government Reaction The meltdown from the reactor released huge amounts of radiation within the proximity, killing people with these rays. In addition to this, radioactive material was released into the water not only affecting many of the waters from the tsunami in Japan but also it entered the pacific ocean. That harmed the wildlife but also would travel east to the United States and Canada In the case of our disaster, we wouldn’t really be facing a tsunami, but a defective cooling pump that is backing up causing unnecessary harm to the nuclear plant and other damage. Provincial/Territorial Government The Provincial/Territorial Government would respond by: They would help in major scale evacuations. For instance, they may order evacuations provincial wide and get all the southern areas in NB to areas like the northern part of the province Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec or even the United States They would aid in traffic control for major roads to make sure the people or buses are evacuating properly They may also need to be there to provide larger shelters They might need to cut schooling during this predicament. Along with the federal government, surrounding provinces may need to bring their environmental policies to their citizens to make sure certain ares wouldn't go outside at the time In addition to the shelters, they might have to provide rations and help the ones who were evacuated with gathering for Health Units along with the Federal government. The Levels of Government Nuclear Breakdown Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Blast Radius Provincial/Territorial Government Reaction Relief Plan: The aspects of administration involved and required for the relief plan would obviously consist of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as stated before to help with dealing with the nuclear waste radiating from the leakage. Also, because of the fact that this is Canada's first ever nuclear disaster, aid and support from allied countries such as Japan would be extremely beneficial as they would provide updated instructions and coordinations from their previous encounters with nuclear disasters. (Fukushima) What are the levels of government? Federal Government INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY Death Strike; What caused it? Chernobyl Blast Radius Municipal Government Area of Pointe Lepreau and Possible Evacuation Areas Death Strike Havoc Report Sites in and around Point Lepreau that have a potential risk of being exposed to radiation

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