Transcript: Why Is It Hard to Eat Healthy in the U.S? The good news is ... you control what you put into your body What is a calorie??? Cars Computers Escalator T.V. Clicker Our Society Today... Grocery Stores Drive-Thru video games BUSY: Eat out more often Processed food is cheap & everywhere! Tempting Bombarded with advertising Increases Energy for the day Fueling your body with the right foods... Improves your ability to play sports Athletes don't fill up on this... improves memory and concentration Not Brain Foods Improves your mood Healthy food helps you get full quicker and feel full longer Stay fit & maintain a healthy weight Prevent serious diseases Helps with proper growth & development Builds immune system to fight off germs Focus on fueling up by eating from the 5 food groups!! Rule to live by.... What else makes it hard to eat healthy? Portion Distortion Changes over 20 years... Combined with... How can we stop this trend? How do you feel after eating a bag of chips?
Transcript: Something you should know.... Source of Protein Fun Fact: High strength alloys High temperature steels Aircraft parts Missile parts Daily Recommended Intake Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) and Recommended Dietarty Intake (RDI) In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin but, for unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively. The disease typically occurs, in cells comprising muscle and other tissues become resistant to insulin's action, especially among the obese. Insulin permits the entry of glucose into most cells, where this sugar is used for energy, stored in the liver and muscles (as glycogen), and converted to fat when present in excess. Insulin resistance leads to higher than normal levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia). In the 1960s, chromium was found to correct glucose intolerance and insulin resistance in deficient animals, two indicators that the body is failing to properly control blood-sugar levels and which are precursors of type 2 diabetes. reports of actual chromium deficiency in humans are rare. Three hospitalized patients who were fed intravenously showed signs of diabetes (including weight loss, neuropathy, and impaired glucose tolerance) until chromium was added to their feeding solution. The chromium, added at doses of 150 to 250 mcg/day for up to two weeks, corrected their diabetes symptoms. Chromium is now routinely added to intravenous solutions. Research Shows… Body Weight and Composition Chromium Deficiency Knowledge of molybdenum dates back to the Middle Ages. Pure molybdenum was first produced in 1893. In 2003, researchers did a small study on people with advanced kidney cancer. Researchers gave tetrathiomolybdate (a form of molybdenum) to 15 patients to reduce the copper levels in their bodies. Even though no one had their cancer go away, 4 people's tumors stopped growing for 6 months. But some patients had anemia (low red blood cell counts) or low white blood cell counts due to the lack of copper and had to have their molybdenum doses reduced. The researchers noted that this approach might be useful if used along with other cancer treatments. They recommended large, well-controlled studies to look at tetrathiomolybdate more closely. However, a small 2006 study did not show a reduction in growth of advanced prostate cancer. Chromium supplements are sometimes claimed to reduce body fat and increase lean (muscle) mass. Yet a recent review of 24 studies that examined the effects of 200 to 1,000 mcg/day of chromium (in the form of chromium picolinate) on body mass or composition found no significant benefits. Another recent review of randomized, controlled clinical trials did find supplements of chromium picolinate to help with weight loss when compared to placebos, but the differences were small and of debatable clinical relevance. In several studies, chromium's effects on body weight and composition may be called into question because the researchers failed to adequately control for the participants' food intakes. Furthermore, most studies included only a small number of subjects and were of short duration The effects of chromium supplementation on blood lipid levels in humans are also inconclusive. In some studies, 150 to 1,000 mcg/day has decreased total and low-density-lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol and triglyceride levels and increased concentrations of apolipoprotein A (a component of high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol known as HDL or "good" cholesterol) in subjects with atherosclerosis or elevated cholesterol or among those taking a beta-blocker drug. These findings are consistent with the results of earlier studies. chromium supplements have shown no favorable effects on blood lipids in other studies. The mixed research findings may be due to difficulties in determining the chromium status of subjects at the start of the trials and the researchers' failure to control for dietary factors that influence blood lipid levels. Sources of it are mainly food, like legumes (beans, peas, and lentils; grains; leafy vegetables; liver; and nuts Molybdenum is a trace mineral that is necessary for the conversion of purines in foods to uric acid It is also essential for the function and repair of healthy cells It is also sold as a supplement. It is usually seen as sodium molybdate or ammonium molybdate and combined understood. The DRI for molybdenum is about 80 mcg, but according to Any Vitamins website, dosages of up to 250 mcg, or 0.25 mg, are considered safe. Larger doses may lead to gout, which is a painful condition that affects the joints. Some Effects of Molybdenum Chromium is widely distributed in the food supply, but most foods provide only a small amounts. meats and whole-grain products, some fruits, vegetables, and spices are relatively good sources however, foods in simply sugars (like sucrose and fructose) are low in chromium There are reports of significant age-related decreases in the chromium concentrations of
Transcript: Protein Proteins are compounds in the body made up of amino acids, oxygen, hydrogen,carbon and nitrogen that not only give your body energy because of it's high calorie count, but have 6 other main functions. before we get into that however we should learn the two kinds of protein... •Meat •Fish •Poultry •Cheese •Eggs •Yogurt •Milk Food Sources -Protein also affects the responsiveness of the immune system by allowing the creation of antibodies, substances that destroy harmful pathogens. Complete Protein Incomplete Protein Incomplete proteins are just what they sound like, they're proteins that lack one or more amino acid or lacks the correct proportion. Even if all of the amino acids are in the protein they must be in the right amount to be seen as "complete". These proteins are also called partial proteins. These proteins need other sources provide adequate protein. Complete protein is protein which contains an adequate amount of the amino acids required by the body. A complete protein must contain the correct amount of all necessary amino acids to be considered complete. Complete proteins contain all of the amino acids required to build new proteins. - One of the main functions of protein is movement without protein we would be unable to move because protein builds our muscles, tendons and ligaments. •Grains •Nuts •Beans •Seeds •Peas •Corn Functions Enzymes are substances that speed up chemical reactions. if not for these enzymes your body would have chemical reactions slowly causing you to die. Hormones regulate the release of these enzymes. Most of these hormones and enzymes are proteins. Food Sources
Transcript: Indian crops are of two types; Indian food crops and Indian cash crops. Food crops are used for consumption, while the cash crops are used for business or commercial purposes. Some of the food crops are rice, wheat, pulses, while cash crops are Jute, cotton, sugar cane and many others. Crop growth in India is an essential factor for the survival and growth of the nation. The cash crops and food crops both play a major role in the lives of the Indians. Food Basics Roti and Rice are staple foods of India. Staple food is defined as the main food. Other foods may accompany the staple foods. In India, the accompaniments are: dairy products, legumes, vegetables, and meats. Accompaniments revolve around the staples of cooked rice, or Roti. In North India, they mainly consume wheat Roti along with accompaniments. The poor of India may have Roti just with ground onions garlic and hot chili peppers. The Roti is a flat un-leavened bread made on stove-top over a hot iron griddle . The flour for Roti may be made by grinding wheat, Millet. Wheat is the largest crop of North India and Kashmir. In East India, North eastern states , and South Indian States the staple is cooked Rice. Rice may be piled up in the center of a platter and served with accompaniments. Rice is the largest crop in South India and East India. Flavour Principles Tomato, garlic, cumin, coriander/cilantro and hot peppers are all basic components of many Indian dishes Food Beliefs and Practices In Hinduism, food has been linked to spiritual and physical health. According to the ancient texts, of all things created, food is the most important since it enables people to use all their faculties and frees them from ignorance and bondage. Purity of the thought depends on the purity of the food," said the ancient sages, or as we would say today, "You are what you eat" Hinduism is the dominant religion in India (83%) so most customs and beliefs are based on a Hindu perspective. Taboos are attached to all religions in India. For Hindus, one must be aware of the sacredness of the cow and the avoidance of cowhide products (such as shoes and bags), and for Muslims, there is a taboo regarding pork and pigskin products. Indian cuisine is very diverse, and there are hundreds of tastes and flavours to be tried. Indians are often very pleased with foreigners who are open to trying and tasting Indian food offered to them which they have not experienced before. Do not refuse refreshment in India without good reason as refusal is seen as an insult. Remember to always wash your hands before and after a meal, and that it is seen as unclean to eat with your left. It is not safe to drink unsterilized water in India so if possible drink water from a sealed bottle or drink water which has been boiled first. Chai is one of India’s specialties, it is a sweet tea and will be offered to you at all times, everywhere you go in India. Components of Cuisines Traditionally, Indian food is served on a rug on the floor and people are supposed to sit in a circle. In case you are using a table, let the eldest person sit first. The host is supposed to sit in a direction from where he can see everyone around him. DO eat with your hands. Forks and knives are not traditionally used in India for eating. DO carefully wash your hands before eating and keep your fingernails short for the sake of cleanliness. DON'T sit down for a meal until told by the host where to sit, when you visit someone's home. DO use your bread, such as naan or roti, to scoop up your food. DO use a spoon for food such as soups. You may also be given a spoon to eat rice, depending on the region. DO use your right hand while eating and receiving food, and not your left. The left hand is considered unclean. DO understand the order in which people are served at a meal. First the guest of honor is served, then the men, and then the children. The women often spend the entire time cooking and serving and will eat later. This is less common in more modern homes in larger cities. DO be aware of the following common dietary restrictions in India: Hindus do not eat beef. Many are also vegetarians. Muslims don't eat pork or drink alcohol. Meal Breakfast Idli - steamed rice cakes with various condiments such as chutneys, sesame oil + spices, etc. Uttapam - a large pancake-like thing made from a batter of fermented rice and lentils, and sprinkled with finely chopped vegetables and spices. Pongal - mushy rice dish cooked with spices, nuts and other things Tea or coffee Fruits 1) Starters are not eaten every day but popadoms or a Salad can be served. 2) One main dish with gravy (not dry). This could be a Lamb, Chicken or a Fish curry. 3) One dry vegetable dish (without gravy). If you do not want to make a meat curry and serve a dal or bean curry as the main gravy dish, meat dish could be Meat Kabab or Tandoori chicken or Fish kebabs or similar. 4) One yoghurt dish, either natural yoghurt or a Raita. 5) Salad, if not served as a starter. 6)
Transcript: The process by which substances in food are transformed into body tissues and provide energy for the full range of physical and mental activities that make up human life. Vitamins are organic components in food that are needed in very small amounts for growth and for maintaining good health. Vitamins Vitamin A bone growth helps lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) fight infections more effectively Vitamin ◦Niacin (Vitamin B3) meat, yeast, milk, enriched bread & breakfast cereals. liver, egg yolks, corn (maize) Vitamin B12 liver, eggs, milk synthesis of purines and pyrimidines. Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) Vitamin D Vitamin E (Tocopherol) Vitamin K Carbohydrates provide the bulk of the calories (4 kcal/gram) in most diets and starches provide the bulk of that. Age, sex, size, health, and the intensity of physical activity strongly affect the daily need for calories. Moderately active females (19–30 years old) need 1500–2500 kcal/day, while males of the same age need 2500–3300 kcal/day. Human Dietary Needs The human diet must provide the following: •calories; enough to meet our daily energy needs. •amino acids. There are nine, or so, "essential" amino acids that we need for protein synthesis and that we cannot synthesize from other precursors. •fatty acids. There are three "essential" fatty acids that we cannot synthesize from other precursors. •minerals. Inorganic ions. We probably need 18 different ones: a few like calcium in relatively large amounts; most, like zinc, in "trace" amounts. •vitamins. A dozen, or so, small organic molecules that we cannot synthesize from other precursors in our diet. cream, butter, fish liver oils, egg, carrots & some other vegetables provide beta-carotene, which the liver can convert into vitamin absorption of calcium from the intestine and bone formation. found in foods like Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Human nutrition vision Zinc Zinc is incorporated in many: •enzymes and •transcription factors [Link to view of a steroid receptor with "zinc fingers"] Zinc supplements are popular for their supposed antioxidant properties and to hasten the recovery from colds. Excessive intake of zinc causes a brief illness. Its most frequent cause is from ingested acidic food or drink that has been stored in galvanized (zinc-coated) containers. [ found in foods like citrus fruits, green peppers, tomatoes Protein Humans must include adequate amounts of 9 amino acids in their diet. These "essential" amino acids cannot be synthesized from other precursors. However, cysteine can partially meet the need for methionine (they both contain sulfur), and tyrosine can partially substitute for phenylalanine. The Essential Amino Acids Histidine Isoleucine Leucine Lysine Methionine (and/or cysteine) Phenylalanine (and/or tyrosine) Threonine Tryptophan Valine found in foods like found in foods like: ◦Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) needed for DNA synthesis. Found in foods like Ashley Vincent found in foods like Reproduction Human Nutrition prosthetic group of flavoprotein enzymes, e.g., flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) used in cellular respiration. vegetable oils, nuts, spinach. (cell differentiation) Minerals Calcium Calcium is essential to almost every function in the body. For most of these, such as •blood clotting, •intracellular signaling, •muscle contraction, only trace amounts are needed. However, large amounts of calcium are needed to make bone (which is 18% calcium), So substantial amounts are needed in the diet, especially during infancy, childhood, and pregnancy. Three hormones: •parathyroid hormone (PTH) •calcitonin, and •calciferol (vitamin D) work together to regulate how much calcium •is absorbed from your food •is taken from, or added to, bone •is excreted in the urine. A temporary deficit in the amount of calcium in the diet can be compensated for by its removal from the huge reserves in bone. by making white blood cells that destroy harmful bacteria & viruses B Folic acid (Folacin) acts as an antioxidant agent in cells. Iron (Fe) Iron is incorporated in a number of body constituents, notably •cytochromes •myoglobin, and •hemoglobin. Not surprisingly, an iron deficiency shows up first as anemia. In developed countries like the U.S., iron deficiency is the most common mineral deficiency. It is particularly common among women because of the loss of blood during menstruation and the need for extra iron during pregnancy and breast feeding. Marginal iron intake is so widespread that some nutritionists want to have iron added to common foods like bread and cereals, just as some vitamins now are. However, excess iron in the body also leads to problems, and this has made the proposal controversial. Even iron supplement tablets pose risks: thousands of children in the U.S. are accidentally poisoned each year by swallowing too many iron tablets. In fact, iron is the most frequent cause of poisoning deaths among children in the U.S. ◦Biotin (Vitamin B7) cell differentiation ◦synthesized when ultraviolet light
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: The main functions of Vitamin K It is fat soluble Men 19 & up--120 mcg Females 19& up--90 mcg Pregnant and breast feeding women the same as listed above. 0-6 months--2 mcg 7-12 months--2.5 mcg 1-3 years--30 mcg 4-8 years--55 mcg 9-13 years--60 mcg 14-18 years--75 mcg Recommended amounts and how how to get it Recommended amounts Vitamin K Vitamin K deficiencies are rare because bacteria in the intestines can make it and it's found in leafy green foods. Vitamin K deficiencies may result in excessive bleeding and osteoporosis. That means that it doesn't need constant replacement in the body. It is stored mainly in the liver and the adipose tissue Vitamin K Deficiencies By Caroline Hack Is it fat or water soluble? Excellent sources of Vitamin K are leafy greens and green tea. Chlorophyll the substance that makes plants green also supplies it with Vitamin K Vitamin K is necessary in the liver to aid in blood clotting Vitamin K also helps support bone density Vitamin K is important for women nearing menopause who are at risk of osteoporosis.
Transcript: Food and Nutrition -Most people lived on a diet of bread, butter, potatoes, pork, and bacon -Bacon and pork were the only meats most could afford Chocolate Fruits and Veggies By: Brooke and Summer Sites used: -The first chocolate bar was made in 1847 -Milk chocolate wasn't invented until 1875 http://www.historycentral.com/NN/America/food.html http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodpioneer.html http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/booksforcooks/1800s/1800sfood.html -Small farmers in New England grew vegetables in their gardens -While New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania produced fruits like apples, peaches, pears and figs -Fruits were generally dried for preservation Because of the limited refrigeration, meat was considered a luxury. Diets
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