Transcript: What is Halloween? and What do people do on Halloween? Origins of Halloween Why we (as Ahmadi Muslims) should avoid celebrating halloween? What is Shirk? Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural things? What is Halloween? Celebrated on the night of October 31st Traditional activities include: Trick-or-treating Carving jack-o-lanterns Costume parties Visiting "haunted houses" Origin of Halloween celebration of the end of the harvest season Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them. Why we should avoid celebrating Halloween? Halloween is a harmful innovation among Christians which takes one closer to shirk. The Bible forbids witches, satanic practices etc. but Halloween is generally regarded as fun. Hudhur said it should always be remembered that any ‘fun’ that is based on shirk or any harmful way is to be avoided. We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Faith Matters These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” Agenda Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 ... small Conclusion Even a hint of shirk is unacceptable to God What is Shirk? Associate anyone in the name, action, or worship of Allah constitutes shirk Condition of Baiat number 6 says that we “shall refrain from following ______________ Ahmadi muslims do not believe in ghosts and other supernatural things (witches, goblins...) Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural being? Heaven is a better reward than the candy get from you get from trick or treat QUESTIONS? “Badness attracts and leads man to adopt it with intensity, while forgetting traditions and beliefs. Some Ahmadis, considering such matters trivial, also get inclined in this way, resulting in very bad consequences” Shirk causes man to sink morally and spiritually. Belief in Divine Unity is a seed out of which grows all virtues, and lack of which lies at the root of all sins Halloween and what do people do on halloween? What other holidays do we not celebrate? Originated from the ancient celtic festival known as Samhain It is extremely wrong to believe in things that are supernatural even if it is for fun We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Halloween is a tradition when many people celebrate it with extravagant parties, elaborate costumes and spending more $$$ Hudhur’s Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 Why should Ahmadi Muslims avoid celebrating Halloween? Bringing of dead spirits is WRONG and it goes against what we believe as Muslims
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Transcript: For 23 cities, minimum distance is 1798.7 FUTURE WORK A number of genetic algorithm techniques have been analyzed and surveyed for solving TSP The research work can be extended for different hybrid selection, crossover and mutation operators Applications of GA include for advanced network models like logistic network, task scheduling models, vehicle navigation routing models etc. seed for the random number generator. Fixed - duplicate previous results CONCLUSIONS import city lists from XML files Special features: - Emphasizes combining information from good parents (crossover) - Many variants eg. reproduction models, operators Crossover Selects genes from parent chromosomes and generates new offspring Crossover point is chosen randomly On Solving Traveling Salesman Problems by Genetic Algorithms by Heinrich Braun no. of cities close by which greedy GA uses to link cities Chromosomes Representation (Encoding) of solution http://www-public.it-sudparis.eu/~gibson/Teaching/CSC4504/ReadingMaterial/Braun91.pdf percentage that each child after crossover will undergo mutation A Genetic Algorithm for solving Travelling Salesman Problem by Adewole Philip, Akinwale Adio Taofiki and Otunbanowo Kehinde Parameters: A search technique used in computing to find approximate solutions to optimization and search problems. - Global search heuristics - Uses crossover and mutation operators using the principle GA Approach Good solutions for various problem sizes; depends on: For a good solution, a trade-off must be made between run-time and the solution quality initial number of random tours GA OPERATORS - the way the problem is encoded - which crossover and mutation methods are used EXPERIMENTAL RESULT http://www.theprojectspot.com/tutorial-post/pplying a-genetic-algorithm-to-the-travelling-salesman-problem/5 Presented by, Sumithra Pandiaraj Yamini Papudesi Shubhalakshmi Shetty Hariharan Jayaraman Replace repeated city with nearest city Example Parent 1: F A B E C G D Developed: USA in the 1970s Typically applied to: Discrete optimization Attributed features: Good heuristic for combinatorial problems the no. of crossovers run before the algorithm is terminated GA Overview ECE 602 Performs a number of iterations, then the process is terminated and the best optimal tour is chosen. PROBLEM : You've got a number of cities to visit GIVEN : Distances between cities CONSTRAINTS : Visit every place exactly once Return to where you started OPTIMAL SOLUTION: Work out the shortest route HOW? GENETIC ALGORITHM EXAMPLE CASE percent chance the initial population will link to a nearby city Crossover Problem Parameters: Mutation Operation makes random, but small, changes to an encoded solution - all solutions into a local optimum - extends the search space of the algorithm Traveling Salesman Problem(TSP) using Genetic Algorithm http://thesai.org/Downloads/Volume2No1/Paper%204-A%20Genetic%20Algorithm%20for%20Solving%20Travelling%20Salesman%20Problem.pdf Number of cities = 23 Applying Genatic Algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem Choose initial population Evaluate the fitness of each individual in the population Repeat Select best-ranking individuals to reproduce Breed new generation through cross over and mutation (Genetic Operation) and give birth to offspring Evaluate the individual fitness of the offspring Replace worst ranked part of population with offspring Until <terminating conditions> “Survival of the fittest” Optimal solution for different number of cities randomly placed “Traveling salesman is a busy man. So many places to go, so little time” REFERENCES GA Pseudo-Code GENETIC ALGORITHM To account that tour "A B C D E F G" is the same as "G F E D C B A", We can store the links in both directions for each tour. Population Size Mutation % Group Size Maximum Generations # Nearby cities Nearby city odds % Random Seed City list each generation, no. of tours randomly chosen from the population
Transcript: DNA is a fragile molecule. About a thousand times a day, something happens to it to cause errors. This could include errors during transcription, damage from ultraviolet light, or any of a host of other activities. There are many repair mechanisms, but some damage isn't repaired. This means you carry mutations! Some of the mutations cause no harm, a few are helpful, while others can cause diseases, such as cancer. X chromosome HTTP://PREZIWORLD.COM Every human being shares 99% of their DNA with every other human. Even though it codes for all the information that makes up an organism, DNA is built using only four building blocks, the nucleotides adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine. Scientists at Cambridge University believe humans have DNA in common with the mud worm and that it is the closest invertebrate genetic relative to us. In other words, you have more in common, genetically speaking, with a mud worm than you do with a spider or octopus or cockroach. If you could type 60 words per minute, eight hours a day, it would take approximately 50 years to type the human genome. Y GET THIS TEMPLATE You have 98% of your DNA in common with a chimpanzee. chromosome A parent and child share 99.5% of the same DNA. If you put all the DNA molecules in your body end to end, the DNA would reach from the Earth to the Sun and back over 600 times (100 trillion times six feet divided by 92 million miles). Humans and cabbage share about 40-50% common DNA.
Transcript: Title Name of Presenters Date PLACE YOUR LOGO HERE Agenda Agenda 1. 2. 3. Introductory materials Facts Data Graphs Heading #1 Heading #1 Subheading Going into details here Introduce detailed information Insert images, data, etc subheading More related detailed information Heading #2 Deliverables? Heading #2 Graph/Dataset 1 Deliverable #1 1. 2. 3. Insert Data and Graphs here Graph/Data set #2 Deliverable #2 Insert link to website Analysis Reminders Heading #3 Summary Summary A B C Questions Questions
Transcript: Assessment and management of stroke in the pre-hospital setting Sam, Sam, Shawn, Andy, Charlie & Owen WHAT There are three types of stroke: Transiant ischaemic attack (TIA) - Ischemic stroke and Hemorrhagic stroke (Stroke Association, 2017). The World Health Organisation,( 2017) deffines a stroke as, the interruption of the blood supply to the brain, usually because a blood vessel bursts or is blocked by a clot. This cuts off the supply of oxygen and nutrients, causing damage to the brain tissue. what is a stroke? Stroke classification what comorbidities or health risk factors lead to strokes or increase the risk of strokes? why do people experience strokes? why treatment how do we assess and treat stroke? FAST campaign and treatment pre-hospital / hospital epidemiology What are the UK and international statistics on stroke death and survival chart? bla bla bla! how can we as studet paramedics increase the quality of treatment for stroke patients? how References WHO. (2017). WHO | Stroke, Cerebrovascular accident. Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/cerebrovascular_accident/en/ [Accessed 2 Oct. 2017]. Stroke Association. (2017). Types of stroke. Available at: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-stroke/types-stroke [Accessed 2 Oct. 2017]. Sibson, L. (2017). Stroke assessment and management in pre-hospital settings. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 9(8), pp.354-361. References
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