Transcript: On this auspicious festival of lights, May the glow of joy, Prosperity and happiness Illuminate you life and and your home. Wishing you a Happy Diwali The Battle -Govardhan Puja is performed (a spiritual harvest festival) -The fourth day is celebrated in various forms all across India -Most of the village stores and buildings remain closed on this day Worshiped Deity: Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity, beauty, wealth, and success Purpose: Symbolize the Triumph of Good Over Evil -Belief that homes should be clean, lit and beautifully decorated -Children light sparklers on the streets at night -Small clay oil lamps (Diyas) , placed on thresholds -Brightly covered rangolis on the door steps -Windows and doors left open -Gambling card games Exiled from: Kingdom of Ayodhya Length of Exile: Fourteen Years Reason for Being Exiled: Wise Kingdom appeased one of his wives request Exiled with: Loving his wife Sita, and loyal brother Lakshmana King Ravana was furious-->Promised revenge Distracted Rama and Lakshmana with a demon that transformed into a golden deer Lord Ravana captured Sita Rama and Lakshmana desperately searched for Sita Intercounted an army of bears and monkey during their pursuit Hanuman: incredible warrior, finally found Sita King Ravana & The Army of Bears and Monkeys During the exile of Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana: Reason for Varying Dates: Lunar Cycles The Five Days Of Diwali Duration of Time: Normally Celebrated for Five Day Observed on a single evening but accompanied by several days of festivities The army of monkeys, bears, and men marched--> killed all the demons, expect Ravana Battle: Rama and Ravana (Rama gave Ravana an opportunity to apologize, he refused) Fought fiercely-Ravana appeared indestructible BUT Ravanas younger brother described his Ravanas weakness (his navel) Rama killed Ravan in the navel with a god-given arrow Rama and Rama and Sita were finally reunited Diwali Presentation By Laura And Yvonne The Diwali -Called Bhai Dooj -Brothers visit their sisters and sisters celebrate by preparing sweets in honour of their brother(s) Times Of Diwali - Called Dhanyantari Triodasi -Believed to be the day Lord Dhanwantari came out of the ocean with Ayurveda, the science of medicine, to help benefit mankind -Buying of gold and silver stones, ornaments, new clothes and utensils occurs on this day Day 5 Date of Celebration (2014): Thursday, October 23 -Called Narak Chatur -Lord Krishna destroyed the demon Narakasur,freeing the world from fear -Believed that people should massage their body in oil to relieve it from tiredness, bathe and rest, so the rest of Diwali can be celebrated with devotion -People are expected to remain inside and not light their Diyas Day 2 Food Prayers/Chants Celebration: Lord Rama’s Return Day 3 This is why every year on Diwali you see the nation of India and other Hindu cultures transform into the festival of lights like the city of Ayodhya Diwali: The Hindu festival of lights that takes place at the end of October or the beginning of November; celebrates goodness Day 1 General Dates: The End of October or the Beginning of November The Meaning of “Festival of Lights”: The everlasting light of guidance from Brahman, the one supreme “God” of Hindu Origins A evil monster Surpankha fell in love with Rama She asked Rama to marry her --> He refused BUT told Surpanka to ask Lakshmana to marry her-->He also refused In anger she revealed her true monstrous self--> Lakshmana cut her ear and nose off Surpankha ran to her brother, evil King Ravana Diwali Symbolizes: The triumph of good over evil, righteousness over injustice, and light over darkness -Women begin the preparations of snacks for Diwali around a month before the festival -Snack/food preparation is a community building social activity and a way to keep traditions strong -Traditional Diwali snacks include Burfi Doodh Peda Jalebi Day 4 Rituals End of Exile Completion of their fourteen year exile Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana returned to the Kingdom of Ayodhya Entire Kingdom prepared for their arrival--> filled with flowers and lamps -Lakshmi Puji -Known as the actual day of Diwali and the Hindu New Year -The day of festivities, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshiped -People light diyas and candles in their homes, and the streets all across India light up with millions of sparklers, crackers and fairy lights -After worshiping Lakshmi, families visit temples and even churches to light more candles
Transcript: Your name Diwali By: Hannah and Ruth Most people think that only Hindus celebrate Diwali but this is incorrect. Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains are the religions or cultures that celebrate the festival Diwali. Millions of people that are part of this religion take 5 days out of the year to focus on the celebration of Diwali. Who Celebrates Diwali? What is Diwali? Diwali is a festival that takes place over 5 days and consists of feasts, gifts, fireworks, shopping, lights, and sweets. This festival represents knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, and the symbolic victory of light over darkness. Diwali is celebrated all over the world. It is celebrated throughout India, Nepal, Sir Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Canada etc. Where is Diwali celebrated? When do Hindus celebrate Diwali? TOPIC 4 The days that Hindus celebrate Diwali depend on the Hindu lunar calendar. Diwali lands on the 15th day of the Hindu month of Kartika, which is based around the new moon. Diwali lasts 5 days and always falls on October or November. This year, it is said to land on October 27th, 2019 Why Diwali is celebrated? Diwali is celebrated to honour the seventh avatar, Rama-chandra. He is the reincarnation of the god Vishnu. People who celebrate Diwali believe that on this day, he returned to his people after 14 years of exile. During his exile, he fought and won against the demon king, Ravana and the other demons. How Hindus celebrate Diwali? Diwali is known as the Festival of Lights and it lasts for 5 days. To celebrate, people put lights in and around their houses to celebrate his victory over evil (light over darkness). On each day of the 5 day celebration, people do something different. - On the first day, people clean their homes and shop for gold or kitchen utensils to help bring good fortune. - On the second day, people decorate their homes with clay lamps and create design patterns called rangoli on the floor using colored powders or sand. - On the third day, the main day of the festival, families gather together for Lakshmi puja, a prayer to Goddess Lakshmi, followed by mouth-watering feasts and firework festivities. - On the fourth day, the first day of the new year, when friends and relatives visit with gifts and best wishes for the season. - On the fifth and last day, brothers visit their married sisters, who welcome them with love and a lavish meal. Diwali - festival of lights video TOPIC 4 - “All about Diwali - the Festival of Lights! CBC Kids.” CBCnews, CBC/Radio Canada, www.cbc.ca/kidscbc2/the-feed/whats-the-story-diwali. - “Diwali.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Sept. 2019, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwali. Nath, Murali. - “Diwali - Festival of Lights.” Diwali-Festival of Lights, 14 June 2019, kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/diwali/. - “What Is Diwali, the Festival of Lights, and How Is It Celebrated?” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 19 Oct. 2017, www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2017/10/19/what-diwali-festival-lights-and-how-celebrated/779643001/. - “Diwali/Deepavali.” Timeanddate.com, www.timeanddate.com/holidays/common/diwali. - Rush, James. “Diwali: What Is the Festival of Lights – and How Is It Celebrated.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 7 Nov. 2018, www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/diwali-2014-what-is-the-festival-of-lights-and-how-is-it-celebrated-9810212.html. Work's Cited TOPIC 4
Transcript: Diwali is the day on which Lord Rama returned to his home, Ayodhya. He had been banished by his father into the forest for fourteen years. That's a long time! Then, an evil king named Ravan took his Queen Sita. Lord Rama went after him and defeated him and then returned home. What do people wear on Diwali? Give out Gifts Hindus follow a religion called Hinduism and believe in many Gods like Lord Krishna Boys wear...... Diwali is celebrated by Hindus or Salwar Kameezs There are over one billion people in India! Wow, that's a lot of people!! Diwali Is Celebrated in India What is Diwali? Diwali is an Indian Festival Called the Festival of Lights It is celebrated for 5 days every year. On the 3rd day, a puja or prayer is performed in honor of the Goddess Lakshmi, the Godess of Wealth. The 3rd day is the main day of the Festival. Fun Facts About India Lord Rama is a human representation of Lord Krishna, one of the Hindu Gods India is shaped kind of like a sharp tooth! Where is Diwali Celebrated? Diwali is celebrated in the Hindu month of Ashwin. Ashwin falls around October or November. Diwali: The Festival of Lights India is Right Here! or Traditional Lungis When is Diwali Celebrated? Lighting Diyas (Indian Lamps) Saris What Activities do People Do on Diwali? Girls Wear... The End! Who Celebrates Diwali? Fireworks Churidars Kurta Pajamas
Transcript: Hindus which is know as diwali is based upon were they live: In northern India are they celebrate the story of King Rama's return to Ayodhya after he defeated Ravana by lighting rows of clay lamps. Ssouthern Iindia celebrates it as the day that Lord Krishna defeated the demon Naraksura. Diwali Diwali is Inidia's biggest and most important holiday of the year. The fesival gets its name from the row (Avali) of clay lamps that Indians ight outside their homes to symbolizethe inner light that protects from spiritual darkness. The festival is as imortant to Hidus as the Christmas holdiday it to christians Orgin of Diwali Orgin of Diwali Diwali across the world is celebrated in honor of Lord Rama, Wife Sita, brother Lakashmana and lord Hanuman to Ayodhya from exile of 14 years after Rama defeated Ravana. ... For some, Diwali also celebrates the return of Pandavas after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of "Agyatavas" in Mahabharata. The Diwali festival occurs in late October or early November. It falls on the 15th day of the Hindu month, Kartik, so it varies every year. Each of the four days in the festival of Diwali is separated by a different tradition. What remains true and constant is the celebration of life, its enjoyment, and a great sense of goodness. National celebrations of Diwali National celebrations of Diwali Over the centuries, Diwali has become a national festival that is enjoyed by most Indians regardless of faith: Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs. Hindus interpret the Diwali story based upon where they live: ... Southern India celebrates it as the day that Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakasura. Diwali, the "Festival of Lights" celebrated in India and across South Asia to mark the Hindu new year and which this year falls on Oct. 19, is increasingly celebrated in the United States. Cities such as New York, Chicago, San Diego, San Antonio and others host celebrations of the festival, often featuring performances from dancers and artists and even Bollywood stars, lighting of traditional oil lamps called diyas, and fireworks. The growing popularity comes as estimates say there are more than 2.2 million Hindus of Indian origin living in the U.S., according to the Hindu American Association. Bollywood-style dancers perform during the Diwali at a Times Square celebration Saturday, Oct. 7, 2017, in New York. In addition to dance and music performances, Indian foods and clothing were on offer during the event. Traditions of Diwali Traditions of Diwali Tthe traditions of Diwali in India has a long history. It is celebrated all over India as a festival symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness. In North Indian traditions of diwali, it is celebrated to honor the victory of Lord Rama over King Ravana and his return back home after an exile of 14 years. During the holiday indians dress up n fancy clothing an dance to special tradition, as they light candles in fancy creations to honor there king who defeated the evil. Citations Citations .by Tapas1978, Dreamstime Photograph, et al. “Diwali - Festival of Lights.” Kids' Games, Animals, Photos, Stories, and More, 23 Oct. 2014, kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/diwali/#diwali_candles.jpg. .Society for the Confluence of Festivals in India. “Diwali in History.” Diwali, www.diwalifestival.org/diwali-in-history.html. .Das, Subhamoy. “Diwali: The Biggest and Brightest Hindu Festival.” ThoughtCo, www.thoughtco.com/diwali-festival-of-lights-1770151.
Transcript: Vali means string Deepa means Lamp or light Narakasura And Ravana vada HAPPY DIWALI దీపావళి శుభాకాంక్షలు Diwali Celebrations of Diwali in India People wear new clothes decorate their houses with diyas made of clay and light rangoli patterns and burn crackers in the night Diwali is also known as deepavali. It is a major Indian festivalcelebrated by Hindus Happy Diwali Diwali is celebrated as the return of the mythological king Rama to Ayodhya after a 14 years exile in the forest (vanavasam) LAKSHMI POOJA Krishna and sathyabama शुभ दीपावली The light signifies the victory of God over evil Celebrations of Diwali in India HAPPY CHILDREN’S DAY Celebrations of Diwali in India
Transcript: Where is Diwali Celebrated? Diwali was originally Celebrated in India India is Right Here! Fun Facts About India India is shaped kind of like a sharp tooth! There are over one billion people in India! Wow, that's a lot of people!! What is Diwali? Diwali is an Indian Festival Called the Festival of Lights Diwali is the day on which Lord Rama returned to his home, Ayodhya. He had been banished by his father into the forest for fourteen years. That's a long time! Then, an evil king named Ravan took his Queen Sita. Lord Rama went after him and defeated him and then returned home. Lord Rama is a human representation of Lord Krishna, one of the Hindu Gods Who Celebrates Diwali? When is Diwali Celebrated? Diwali is celebrated in the Hindu month of Ashwin. Ashwin falls around October or November. It is celebrated for 5 days every year. On the 3rd day, a puja or prayer is performed in honor of the Goddess Lakshmi, the Godess of Wealth. The 3rd day is the main day of the Festival. What do people wear on Diwali? Girls Wear... Churidars Saris or Salwar Kameezs Boys wear...... Kurta Pajamas or Traditional Lungis What Activities do People Do on Diwali? Fireworks Give out Gifts Lighting Diyas (Indian Lamps) Diwali: The Festival of Lights Hindus follow a religion called Hinduism and believe in many Gods like Lord Krishna Diwali is celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs
Transcript: Diwali The Hindu Festival of Lights Each year it is usually celebrated in October or November depending upon the movement of the sun and the moon and their relative positions in space and time. Diwali celebrations may last about 5 days. This year Diwali will be celebrated on Wednesday, November 7th, 2018 (Date may vary). When does it usually occur? How is the festival celebrated? First Day Dhan means wealth, and Trayodashi means 13th day. This day stands on the 13th day of the first lunar month. On this day people purchase valuables, lightlamps using oil filled clay cups and worship the Goddess of Wealth and also they worship Yama, the lord of death. First Day - Dhantrayodashi Second Day Second Day - Narak Chaturdasi Narak means the purgatory or hell, and Chaturdasi means the 14th day. This day stands on the of the first half of the lunar month. People usually take a ritual bath before sunrise, using traditional herbs and materials. They then spend the rest of the day restfully in the company of friends and family. The actual Diwali is celebrated on the third day of the festival, when the moon completely wanes and total darkness sets in the night sky. On this day people worship Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and express their gratitude for previous favors. Usually, the Pooja is performed both in the morninng and again in the evening when the sun is ready to set. Third Day - Diwali Third Day The fourth day is variously known as Padwa, Varshapratipada and Kartika Shudda Padyami. People continue the tradition of worshipping Govardhan. This is an act of invocation to appease the forces of nature to prvent the occurance of floods and cyclonic storms. In the temples of Mathura and Nathdwara priests give a special bath to the principal deities on this occasion and decorate them with glittering robes and eye cathcing jewelry. They also heap a mountain load of food infront of the dieties in a symbolic way and later distribute it to the devotes asprasedam. In traditional households, women worship their husbands and receive gifts and blessings in return. Business people open new account books to begin the new financial year and offer prayers for luck and prosperity. Fourth Day - Padwa Fourth Day On this day brothers and sisters get together to strengthen their bonds of love and affection and celebrate the occasion. Sisters put a ceremonial mark, usually with vermilion on their brothers foreheads and wish them long lives. The tradition began when Yamuna, the sister of Lord Yama honored her brother with a tilak on his forehead and wished him long life. Fifth Day - Bhai Duj Fifth Day What is the purpose of the festival? Diwali celebrates new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness. It is also a time to reflect on life and make changes for the upcoming year. It is called the Festival of Lights and is celebrated to honor Rama-Chandra, the seventh avatar (incarnation of the god Vishnu). It is believed that on these days Rama returned to his people after fourteen years of exile during which he fought and won a battle against the demons and the demon king Ravana. Diwali celebrates the goddess of wealth and prosperity, Lakshmi. Some believe it falls on her birthday and the day she married Lord Vishnu, another Hindu god. Which god(s) is associated with this festival? Aliyah Ulisha Jacob Chapter Taysean Group Members
Transcript: DIWALI & ANNAKUT ORIGINS THE ORIGINS OF DIWALI Shri Ramchandra Bhagwan Vs. Ravan (ten days) Ram fired a powerful arrow which hit Ravan --> Ravan died Ram, Sitaji and Lakshman then returned to Ayodhya (fourteen year exile ended) Ram Bhagwan arrived --> everyone was overjoyed--> they welcomed him by decorating the whole village with divas and flowers The day when Shri Ramchandra Bhagwan was crowned king is celebrated as Diwali (Good Vs. Evil) 5 DAYS THE 5 DAYS DAY 1 Lakshmi Pujan/Dhan Teras DAY 3 Diwali DAY 4 Annkut/New Years DAY 5 Bhai Beej DAY 2 Kali Chaudas
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