Transcript: From the Greek kruptos ,"hidden or secret"; and graphein , "writing, or study" , is the study and use of methods to secure communication from third parties. The main ciphers used in this time were simple encryption that would jumble the order of letters by assigning a numerical number to them and shifting the order a head by any some of number. That type of cypher was called the Caesar cypher. Cryptography and the World eucuzqjvfvjb Security systems are never 100% secure. Because of this people are usually hired to test out active security system to see if they can break them. That also means that someone who happens to be smarter than the person who created the security system could possibly break the cipher or discover the key granting them access. A look back on the history of Cryptography You're probably thinking, " Hey if people can just get a few computers together they can easily access encrypted data", well no. When data is encrypted it requires a lot less CPU and memory to create than to break. Which makes cryptanalysis a very inefficient method of breaking ciphers. It would take a lot of programming and p flops of data execution to be able to crack a cipher. WWII One incidence out of many involves Gary Mckinnon, a Scotish systems adminstrator and hacker. He hacked over 97 United States military and NASA computers. Deleted important operating system files off a 2000 computers rendering them in operable for 24hrs (until the issue was resolved) and he left some insults including "US foreign policy is akin to Government-sponsored terrorism these days … It was not a mistake that there was a huge security stand down on September 11 last year … I am SOLO. I will continue to disrupt at the highest levels …" Hacking Cryptography vs Cryptanalysis Public Key Some of these include Affine, Keyed Caesar, Gronsfeld, and Morse Code. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FLOPS#Measuring_performance Whybgltizksb Cryptography can be as simple as reversing the order of the alphabet to rooms filled with computers running complex algorithms. However many people in that time did not know how to read so the encryption were more of a just in case. This was called cryptanalysis. The art of breaking an encryption without having the key. This was crucial in the war because the speed at which they could break the ciphers means that they could plan their attacks more efficiently and get their men is position faster and ultimately be ahead of the enemy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public-key_cryptography Their are many of these simple types of crytohraphy techniques all over the internet and are therefore easy for anyone to learn. Public Key Cryptography is a method of ensuring that only a certain group of people have access to information that you put out into the world. The plain text you put out is encrypted with your public key and is decrypted by the recipients private key. Cryptography and Computers Cryptography sole use was to encrypt messages. The use of computers gave way to more complex algorithms and made it possible to encrypt data that could be presented in binary form. Woops didn't notice this was here. Back then they only needed to ensure that anybody that had possession of the message before it go to its destination were not able to read it. Classic Cryptography -.-. .-. -.-- .--. - --- --. .-. .- .--. .... -.-- With computers now heavily involved in decryption it was only a matter of time before they were used in encryption With encryption there is decryption and with the advent of computers it became faster to break encryptions. Cryptography is also utilized in the Kama Sutra for lovers to communicate without discovery.
Transcript: CRYPTO Crypto: Part 1 by Support Team History 31st of October 2008 Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System by Satoshi Nakamoto A Bit of History Idea: deflationary currency To create a currency which can't lose its value by the will of central authority. When the system stops issuing coins, the value increases. 21st of January 2009 The first Bitcoin Transaction 100 BTC by Satoshi Nakamoto New Cryptocurrencies Namecoin, Litecoin, PPCoin, Novacoin, Ripple and many others Crypto Digital money protected by cryptographic technology Цифровая валюта, защищенная с помощью криптографических технологий Each unit is changing the encrypted code What is Crypto? Note: Fiat Money is a currency established as money by government regulation or law. Most currencies were based on physical commodities such as gold or silver, but fiat money is based solely on the faith and credit of the economy. Blockchain BLOCKCHAIN Crypto currency was based on the blockchain technology. It is a database which is stored on many computers connected with each other online. If a computer adds its info >>> all other participants of the chain also reflect the changes How transactions usually work 100 RUB 97 RUB In order to store the information all transactions are merged into units. These units are cryptographically and chronologically between each other into a chain through special mathematical mechanisms. A new unit is always joined the end of the line and it automatilly embeded in in the existing database of all other computers. It helps to get the information about all transactions made before. Blockchain idea It's impossible to change a unit without changing the data of all other units. Software continuously issues some new coins. They are just digital addresses and balances stored in the public database of transacitons - Blockchain. You will find the details here http://lurkmore.so/images/a/a8/Bitcoin_Transactions_Explained_Wide_PEREVOD.jpg Transaction sample Advantages of Blockchain 1. Transparent and publicly accessible ledger that allows us to securely transfer the ownership of units of value using public key encryption and proof of work methods. 2. No third party. The technology uses decentralized consensus to maintain the network, which means it is not centrally controlled by a bank, corporation, or government If you send cryptocurrency\info through blockchain, the proof of the transaction cannot be changed or falsified, because it is confirmed by thousands of computers all over the world. 3. The information is available for every user at any time. 4. The process is faster and cheaper. 5. Mathematical guarantee So... why is it so good? Blockchain can be used to transform financial systems in the crypto encryption. Wire transfers can be performed through blockchain. Blockchain may make the process safer and more reliable. Russian Experts: cryptocurrency help to overcome economic sanctions. Why are the banks so interested in blockchain? Mining Where do crypto coins come from? The process of creating of new units mentioned before is MINING. Mining helps the system work well and it helps miners earn money. "To mine crypto" means to confirm transactions in blockchain and gets a reward from the system and participants. 1. In order to add a new unit to the chain, we should generate a special cryptographic signature for it. 2. A user provides his computing power (вычислительная мощность) for the generation 3. He gets a reward which is cryptocurrency. Reward: 1 unit = 12,5 BTC ($ 48 812) 1 unit = 5 ETH ($ 1530) Maximum volume is usually stated by the developers from the very begining. Limited Issue of cryprocurrencies сontrols their inflation and gradually increases their value. Some coins (for example, PPCoin, Novacoin, Sifcoin etc) do not have fixed maximum. In this case inflation depends on the production rate and current turnover of the monetary units. Currency issue The issue of cryptocurrency is not infinite. Let's say there are special lids. Limited edition. It's impossible to fake them and you cannot go to a shop and buy lemonade, because it isn't produced any more. So you can just wander about, watch your step and hope you will see a lid. The edition was limited. So... demand is growing, price is rising. Cooperation. It was easy to find the lids at first, but the process is becoming more and more dificult. People have to сooperate, work in groups and spend much time and resources to find a lid. Lids can be exchanged for different needed things. Some people lay in a stock, because they are waiting for the price increase. Let's talk about lemonade Lids 1. Choose crypto 2. Choose equipment (software, internet with a good ping level, server) 3. Choose a wallet where the currency is going to be stored 4. Do the rest and get the coins :) Success of mining depends on the computation power of the computer. The higher it is, the more likely you will get a reward How to mine? Yes, you can But there are too many big competitors these days.
Transcript: Presented by Jaxson Benningfield Investing In Cryptocurrency My Research Question How has cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin, affected the lives and money allocation of American investors since its creation in 2009? I reccomend Investing in Cryptocurrencies because of the high chance to make money and to learn about new technology and currency. My Research Question Prices That is the increase of the Price of Bitcoin from the lowest point, to the highest. The prices of Cryptocurrency have been trailing back recently after their peak in late December and Early January. 25000000% Link Link https://coinmarketcap.com/ Allocation This visualization shows the total money allocation, of all cryptocurrency. The spread of cryptocurrency https://coin360.io/ Link Link History Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency made by Satoshi Nakamoto, on January 3, 2009. Market Cap The Market Cap of Cryptocurrency has soared above the biggest U.S. companies in the world. The Market cap has fallen from that peak, around 50%. Now there are only a couple of compnies still bigger than the cryptocurrency market. Market Capitalization https://coinmarketcap.com/charts/ Link Link Only a couple cents could get you a Bitcoin back when it was created now it takes thousands of dollars. Regret Regret http://fortune.com/2017/12/12/bitcoin-historical-investment-values/ Link Link At its Birth, Bitcoin was $0.08 and if you only put in $100, which is what someone would put in to a very risky investment, you could have bought 1250 Bitcoins. At the peak, Those Bitcoins would be worth around ... $$$ $$$ $31.25 Billion $31.25 Billion And that is only one cryptocurrency. ... Conclusion Investing in Cryptocurrency is a great opportunity to make money, learn, and understand one of the newest technologies. Investors have poured more into cryptocurrencies than almost the top American companies. The gains have been more than 25,000,000%. And I have an idea that the gains are not over yet! Conclusion Works Cited Coinmarketcap, coinmarketcap.com/charts “Cryptocurrency Market State Visualization.” Cryptocurrency Market State Visualization, cryptomaps.org/. Desjardins, Jeff. “All the World's Money and Markets in One Visualization.” The Money Project, 26 Oct. 2017, money.visualcapitalist.com/worlds-money-markets-one-visualization-2017/. “Bitcoin Regrets: How Much $100 Would Be Worth Today If You Invested Earlier.” Fortune, fortune.com/2017/12/12/bitcoin-historical-investment-values/. “Stock Screener.” Stock Screener - Search and Filter Stocks on TradingView, www.tradingview.com/screener/. Works Cited
Transcript: Cryptocurrency Cryptocurrency Intro Why is this cool? New world order The path to a new world order Unification of the whole of mankind is the hall-mark of the stage which human society is now approaching. Unity of family, of tribe, of city-state, and nation have been successively attempted and fully established. World unity is the goal towards which a harassed humanity is striving. Author: Shoghi Effendi Old world is collapsing Old world is collapsing These are momentous times. The institutions of the old world order are crumbling and in disarray. Materialism, greed, corruption and conflict are infecting the social order with a grave malaise from which it is helpless to extricate itself. With every passing day it becomes more and more evident that no time must be lost in applying the remedy prescribed by Bahá’u’lláh, and it is to this task that Bahá’ís everywhere must bend their energies and commit their resources. Author: Universal House of Justice Examples Examples What is happening? How to solve things? What is needed? School: Community college in The Netherlands Banks: Financial crisis, trust problems, rising debt Banking Banking To big to fail Fractional banking Transaction costs Centralized / Greed / Risk Crisis and...... Victory 07;04 - 10;06 Features of new world order Features Two fold change Two fold change Systems People What is the view? What is the view? "The unity of the human race, as envisaged by Bahá’u’lláh, implies the establishment of a world commonwealth in which all nations, races, creeds and classes are closely and permanently united, and in which the autonomy of its state members and the personal freedom and initiative of the individuals that compose them are definitely and completely safeguarded…" Shoghi Effendi Features Features a mechanism of world inter-communication. a world language, a world script, and a world literature. a uniform and universal system of currency, weights and measures. destitution on the one hand, and gross accumulation of ownership on the other, will disappear. national rivalries, hatreds, and intrigues will cease. will simplify and facilitate intercourse and understanding among the nations and races of mankind Cryptocurrency Cryptocurrency Solving Problems Solving Problems Instant transactions No fees Decentralized Secure Global neutral currency Trusted third party Possible deflation and decrease of debt Use cases Use cases Buy prayer books Transfer money and make micro payments Lend people money with smart contract Pay parking fees automatically (Gas, charge an electric car) Decentralised supply chain certification Prove your identity Let your household appliances pay for things Prove ownership of an asset Register music copyright Vote Register land rights Execute a legal contract Manage healthcare records Certify students + Verify your work history Tax records Conclusion Conclusion It's cool!
Transcript: Facts I asked him what medicine I would need to take and he said that most people didn't need medicine but some responded to certain antibiotics. Crypto The symptoms for crypto are: frequent watery diarrhea, Fatigue,Fever,Nausea, and Vomiting. Post sickness The biggest known outbreak of Crypto was in Milwaukee in 1993. I am sick, the doctor said I had cryptosporiousis. The doctor made me give him a stool sample also known as a feces sample and he then diagnosed me with crypto. To get the stool sample he made me poop in a cup like a bucket. I asked him how to prevent my friends and family getting it. He told me that the way I could avoid it was to boil all drinking water before drinking it. Facts Continued I new that I was sick when I had frequent watery diarrhea, I was really tired, and I was frequently dehydrated. The risk factors are; backpackers, swimmers, people who drink dirty water. Treatment The way that it is spread is through a parasite in dirty water. It goes into your intestines and reproduces, so that your intestines cant absorb food/water. The complications are; malnutrition severe dehydration, wasting inflammation of bile duct, and inflammation in the liver or pancreas. The risk factor is, children parents of infected kids, child care workers, animal handlers, and those who engage in anal-to-oral sexual activities. How to get it Bye Immunity If you have an immune compromising disease then you need to wash hands frequently, avoid cattle,avoid untreated water, and thoroughly wash anything going into your mouth. The only known cure for it is that some people will respond to certain antibiotics. so I asked my doctor if there was a way to gain immunity, He said no. How to prevent Now after a week my doctor told me that I was not sick anymore. my doctor told me that I was no longer sick after a week of care. facts AGAIN I asked him how I got it and he asked me if I went swimming in the lake this weekend. I told him that I had. He then announced that was why I was sick. He told me that it was a waterborne parasite.
Transcript: History History of Bitcoin Created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009 Result of the financial crisis Trust in banks were lost and people were in a place to adopt a new technology Built on a peer-to-peer consensus Algorithm Algorithm Peer to Peer consensus Foundation Public Ledger/ Transparency Foundation of Digital Assets Why were Crypto Currencies created? What exactly are Crypto Currencies? Difference between Fiat and Crypto Why Use Cryptocurrency? Why use Cryptocurrency? Fast Cheap Transactions are simple Free to hold Decentralized Central government can’t take it away Privacy and Security No barriers to transact Transparency Reduced fraud Major Cryptocurrencies Major Cryptocurrencies Bitcoin XRP Litecoin Dash Neo IOTA Omisego Coin Market Cap Coin Market Cap How to track Prices, Trends and the biggest gainers and losers of the hour, day, week, and even the year. Coinmarketcap.com Technology Technology (DLT) Distributed ledger technology (DLT) Distributed ledger technology is essentially a database that is shared amongst computers spread around the globe, creating a decentralized environment rather than a centralized one. Distributed ledger technology (DLT) When you go to Facebook and log in, the user authentication process is all done on Facebook’s, centralized database. Their database stores users’ names and usernames. Alternatively, if Facebook was decentralized, then the user authentication process would be completed by the distributed ledger shared amongst users around the globe. So, instead of username information being stored at Facebook’s headquarters, it is stored by everyone who is part of the shared, distributed ecosystem. The goal of DLT is to offer a trustless and safer alternative to centralized services. For Example Mining Mining With the coin's current production rate of 1,800 BTC per day until May 2020, and the projection this will halve every 210,000 blocks, it'll be the year 2140 by the time we get close to Bitcoin's 21 million coins limit. Mining Hardware Mining Hardware Mining Software Mining Software Blockchain Blockchain Wallets Wallets A cryptocurrency wallet is an app that allows cryptocurrency users to store and retrieve their digital assets When a user acquires cryptocurrency, such as bitcoins, she can store it in a cryptocurrency wallet and from there use it to make transactions. Wallets Cryptocurrencies are stored in wallet with digital credentials for your bitcoin holdings and allows you to access them. Wallet uses public-key cryptography, in which two keys, one public and one private are generated. Public key can be thought of as an account number or name and the private key, ownership credentials. Cryptocurrencies are transferred to the next owner when the next owner gives a public key and previous owner uses his private key to publish a record into system announcing that the ownership has changed to the new public key. Bitcoin First decentralized peer to peer payment network powered by its users (no central authority) Bitcoin Payments recorded in public ledger 21 million Bitcoins will be created or mined until 2140 (anti-inflation) Bitcoin doesn’t charge fees for either national or international transfers. Bitcoin is not the first private money, not the first digital currency, and not the first currency based on cryptography, but it has been the first to rely on peer to peer network decentralization to avoid double spending. Bitcoin protects against double spending by verifying each transaction added to the block chain to ensure that the inputs for the transaction had not previously already been spent. Foundation Banks are pro crypto Have Private Trading floors specifically for the crypto market United States has shown some hesitancy in adoption Tax Code and IRS Government Regulation and Taxation The Mainstream Crypto Currencies and the Mainstream Winklevoss Twins Zuckerburg Libra/Gemini FANG “Crypto Cities” Malacca, Malaysia Slovenia/Croatia AKoin Liber Stad Active investor How to be an active investor in this market… Our Discord chat Ecosystem Provide information daily news articles, market analysis, weekly trades for the week. 7.99 a month. News Articles pertaining to the whole crypto market. Curated for accuracy and relevance. Possible Trades that can be taken. Market Analysis for specific coins that are “hot” and buzzing, as well as new coins poised to disrupt the market. Government Regulation Engage with community, ask questions, encourage conversation and interaction within the ecosystem
Transcript: What, How & Why CRYPTOCURRENCY Workshop Money 101 Money 101 Commodity Money Commodity Money Value is defined by the intrinsic value of the commodity itself value from a government order (i.e. fiat) Fiat Money depends for its value on the confidence that it will be generally accepted as a medium of exchange Fiduciary Money claims against financial institutions that can be used to purchase goods or services Commercial Bank Money Cryptocurrency Crypto(graphy) + currency Cryptocurrency To secure the system (e.g. to prevent, hacks, double payments, etc.) they use cryptography. Miners 21 - 22 m. BTC: limit Supply you can only find the input value corresponding to an output value by random trials a small change to a message should change the hash value so extensively that the new hash value appears uncorrelated with the old hash value you cannot find two inputs with the same output value easily cryptographic secure hash function Hashrate Bitcoin fee and transaction time oddity Is it another 'bubble'? Help Immediate Settlement Lower fees Identity theft Help Access to Everyone Decentralisation Recognition at universal level Help Distributing Aid Identity Remittances Help Long way to go
Transcript: CryptoCurrency Crypto History Crypto History Brief History from 1983 to 2020 1980's 1983 David Chaum conceived electronic money called Ecash 1980's 1990's 1990's 1995 Chaum implements Ecash through Digicash Digicash is an early form of cryptographic electronic payments 1996 NSA How to Make a Mint: the Cryptography of Anonymous Electronic Cash is published 1998 Wei Dai published a description of "B-Money" shortley after Nick Szabo described "Bit Gold" 2000 to 2009 2009 Bitcoin created by "Satoshi Nakamoto" 2000 2010 to Present 2010's April 2011 Namecoin Creation October 2011 Litecoin released August 2014 United Kiingdom announced UK Treasury commissioned Crypto Study March 2018 Cryptocurrency added to Merriam-Webster Dictionary 2020 Crypto-Currency act of 2020 Clarification of Federal Agency in charge of regulation of Digital Assets Defined Digital Categories Crypto-Commodity (CFTC) Crypto-Security (SEC) Crypto-Currency (FinCEN) BlockChain Technology BlockChain Technology Multiple Global uses Multiple uses for Blockchain What is Blockchain What is Blockchain Blockchain Uses Uses for Blockchain Blockchain will change interpersonal interaction How Blockchain will change Human interactions How it Works The Nuts and Bolts Where can I use my tokens How can I use My Coins Coins will become a new form of currency that will be accepted at business outlets throughout the world. Uses Click for a map of where Digital coins are accepted https://coinmap.org/view/#/world/44.46907122/-92.86743164/8 Acceptance A security token offering How about Security Coins A security token offering (STO) / tokenized IPO is a type of public offering in which tokenized digital securities, known as security tokens, are sold in cryptocurrency exchanges, or security token exchanges. Tokens can be used to trade real financial assets such as equities and fixed income, and use a blockchain virtual ledger system to store and validate token transactions. Due to tokens being classified as securities, STOs are more susceptible to regulation and thus represent a more secure investment alternative than ICOs, which have been subject to numerous fraudulent schemes. Furthermore, since ICOs are not held in traditional exchanges, they can be a less expensive funding source for small and medium-sized companies when compared to an IPO. An STO on a regulated stock exchange (referred to as a tokenized IPO) has the potential to deliver significant efficiencies and cost savings, however. Security token offering, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Security_token_offering&oldid=991369731 (last visited Jan. 9, 2021) Trading Coins How TO Trade Coins Ten Blockchain Platforms 1. eToro 2. Coinbase 3. Robinhood 4. Gemini 5. BlockFi 6. Bitfinex.com 7. Hitbtc.com 8. Binance 9. Kraken.com 10. Coinmama.com Platforms What is a digital wallet Digital wallets are a digital version of your banking accounts which are easy to access through your computer, smartphone or smart device. This means that you don't have to carry around that bulky wallet. Some examples of digital wallets are ApplePay, Google Pay, Samsung Pay, Facebook Pay, Amazon Pay, Zelle, WeChat Pay, AliPay, PayPal and Venmo. Some even let you directly send money to retailers, relatives and friends by using your mobile device. Digital Wallets How-to Videos on Trading Introduction to Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies Simple Video on Security Transactions SEC Regulations The Details CryptoCurrency Act 2020 A proposed House of Representatives bill that was introduced in March 2020 and includes the following definitions: Crypto Commodity Crypto Commodity - CFTC In the description of a crypto-commodity, the definition is: Economic goods or services that: a) have full or substantial fungibility, b) the markets treat with no regard for who produced the goods or services, and c) rest on a blockchain or decentralized cryptographic ledger. Crypto Commodities are regulated through the Commodities and Future Trading Commission. Crypto Security Crypto Security - SEC Crypto-security means: All debt, equity, and derivative (a contract that gets its value from another source) instruments that rest on a blockchain or decentralized cryptographic ledger, with an exception. A synthetic derivative that is operated and registered with the Department of the Treasury as a money-services business and is operated in compliance with all Bank Secrecy Act and all other Federal anti-money laundering, anti-terrorism, and screening requirements of the Office of Foreign Assets Control and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. Regulation of the Crypto Security is by the Securities and Exchange Commission Crypto Currency Crypto Currency - FinCEN Crypto-currency is defined as: Representations of United States currency or synthetic derivatives resting on a blockchain or decentralized cryptographic ledger. The types of crypto-currencies that are included in this definition are: (1) representations or synthetic derivatives that are reserve-backed
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