Transcript: There are three approaches for treating Coronary Artery Disease: Medication Interventional Cardiology Cardiovascular Surgery It is important to note that none of these approaches provides a cure. CAD is typically due to a subintimal deposition of atheromas in large and medium-sized coronary arteries (atherosclerosis). Rarely, CAD is due to causes such as a coronary spasm, a coronary artery embolism, a dissection, an aneurysm, or a vasculitis. Eat right and don't do drugs! Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath Sweating or “cold sweat” Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like “heartburn”) Nausea or vomiting Light-headedness, dizziness, extreme weakness or anxiety Rapid or irregular heart beats Etiology The End And one more thing... Signs & Symptoms Coronary Artery Disease Prognosis Since high cholesterol is a risk factor for CAD, doctors will look for evidence of elevated cholesterol, such as a collection of fatty tissue near the eyes. Your doctor will also listen for extra sounds in the heart, known as murmurs or gallops, which may suggest heart disease. By Alyssa And Anastasiya Everyone recovers differently. Some people can maintain a healthy life by changing their diet, stopping smoking, and taking medications exactly as the doctor prescribes. Others may need medical procedures such as angioplasty or surgery. Although everyone is different, early detection of CHD generally results in a better outcome. :) Treatment Diagnosis
Transcript: Heart disease is the leading cause of death and a major cause of disability in the United States. More than 600,000 Americans die of heart disease annually. This represents almost 25% of all U.S. deaths. To raise awareness of this disease, February has been recognized as “American Heart Month” since 1963. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) The prevalence of CHD in men is an estimated 8.8 million. Among men age 20 and older, 8.5% of non-Hispanic whites, 7.9% of non-Hispanic blacks and 6.3% of Mexican Americans have CHD. One in three women over the age of 20 has some form of cardiovascular disease. It strikes women at younger ages than most people think, and the risk rises in middle age. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, heart disease is the third most common cause of death among women ages 25 to 44 years old and two-thirds of women who have heart attacks never fully recover. In "Fasting and Eating for Health", A medical doctor's program for conquering disease by Neal D. Barnard, M.D., Mr. Barnard states that modern research has confirmed the folk adage that eating less, and especially eating less fats and high-protein animal foods, prolongs life. range of distribution Heart Failure Heart failure doesn't mean your heart stops working. It means the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Over time, the heart gets bigger to hold more blood, it pumps faster to increase the amount of blood moving out of it, and the blood vessels narrow. The heart muscle may also weaken, reducing the blood supply even more. Most cases of heart failure are the result of coronary artery disease and heart attacks. Heart Attack Animated Stent Animation Stent Animation If your a smoker, you've heart this a million times STOP! You increase your chances of cancer 4 more times than average! treatment Stents are small expandable tubes used to treat narrowed or weakened arteries in the body. In patients with coronary heart disease, caused by the buildup of plaque, stents are used to open narrowed arteries and help reduce symptoms such as chest pain (angina), or to help treat a heart attack. Age-adjusted mortality rates for coronary heart disease (CHD) have declined steadily in the United States since the 1960s (1). Multiple factors likely have contributed to this decline in CHD deaths, including greater control of risk factors, resulting in declining incidence of CHD, and improved treatment (2). Greater control of risk factors and declining incidence can reduce CHD prevalence, whereas improved treatment that results in lower mortality rates and more persons living with CHD can increase prevalence. An epidemic of coronary heart disease began during the 20th century in most industrialized countries, where CHD is a leading cause of mortality among adults. Inside Coronary Artery Disease HEART FAILURE Inside a Heart Attack The number one key to a healthy heart is to eat right and excercise! morbidity
Transcript: Symptoms: To prevent this disease it is important to quit smoking, stay physically active, maintain a healthy weight, and reduce and manage stress. There are two ways to treat this disease. One is by making changes toa persons lifestyle and another is by taking medications. Lifestyle changes - quit smoking, eat healthy foods, exercise daily, lose excess weight, and reduce stress. Drugs - aspirin, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers Description: Coronary artery disease happens when a persons coronary arteries become damaged. Plaque builds up in your arteries which narrow the arteries and this causes the heart to receive less blood than it needs. Symptoms include such things as chest pain, shortness of breath, and heart attack How Many People Does It Affect in U.S./World? #1 killer in the US it affects more than 13 million people about one in five men and one in eight women die from this disease every year in the UK Risk Factors: The causes of this disease includes smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and radiation due to therapy. age gender family history smoking high blood pressure high blood cholesterol levels diabetes obesity physical inactivity stress Coronary Artery Disease Causes: lifestyle changes medications medical procedures Cures: Preventions: Treatments:
Transcript: - coronary angiography - echocardiogram - electrocardiogram (ECG) - heart CT scan - blood test By, Abine, Charanga and Mathushaa Common Name - Heart Disease Scientific Name - Coronary Artery Disease Other Names - Ischemic Heart Disease Prevention Coronary Heart Disease - Smoking - High levels of blood pressure, sugar and cholesterol - Being overweight - Not doing physical activities - Genetics - Blood vessel inflammation - Excessive alcohol use - Age; risk increases with age - Gender; men have a higher risk than women ; for women, risk rises after menopause Diagnosis Symptoms Treatment Interesting Facts What is Coronary Heart Disease? - quit smoking - control blood pressure, cholesterol, and sugar levels - maintain healthy weight - limit alcohol - manage stress - eat healthy - excerise regularly - Most common type of heart disease - In the U.S., CHD is the #1 cause of death for both men and women - CT scans of mummies reveal that heart disease was frequent in ancient Egypt but now, we say different causes - Happier people are less likely to develop heart disease - Develops in half of all heart transplants - People with poor oral health may be more likely to get CHD - Second hand smoke increases the risk by 25% - might have no symptoms until disease is severe - angina - arrhythmia - heart attack - heart failure - Coronary Angioplasty - Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) - Cardiac Rehabilitation - Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Scientific and Common Names Causes - Circulatory system - Plaque builds in arteries, blocking oxygen and blood flow to heart
Transcript: They Help Fight Infections Too! -Arteries are the ONLY part of the body which supplies the tissues and organs with blood -Without arteries, the many parts of the body would not recieve blood, and without blood the body would die -Essentially, the arteries sustain the life of a human being Why Are Arteries Important? -they carry nutrient rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body -transport oxygen from your lungs to the rest of the organs -they work in conjunction with the heart, as the heart contracts, the blood that is contracted goes through the arteries These are all the places the arteries supply blood to! The arteries are a vital part of the human body, and the only part of the body that can transport oxygen rich blood and nutrients to the organs. If you want to live, keep your arteries. Or...live. -the arteries are part of the circulatory system, but also play a big role in other systems as well -they work with the respiratory system; they transport the oxygen from the lungs (through the blood) to the body -the arteries also work with the nervous system, the nerves make the arterioles enlarge as the body is put through exercise, giving the muscles more blood Eat -in order to have healthy arteries, one has to live a healthy lifestyle. This means.... -daily exercise -healthy foods -not smoking -maintaining stress -maintaining a healthy body weight -and being happy What Systems Do They Interact With? What is an Artery? Keeping Healthy In Conclusion...... -Along with blood and nutrients, the arteries also transport white blood cells; important cells which fight off infections and foreign materials -With the help of the arteries, the white blood cells can effectively be transported all over the body and to wherever they are needed -The arteries are blood vessels that transport blood away from the heart -Arteries can be thought of as the supply train of the body Exercise Without Arteries we Cannot..... The Arteries What Do the Arteries Do?
Transcript: Coronary Artery Disease Eating a healthy, balanced diet Regular exercises Maintain a healthy weight Quit smoking Reduce alcohol consumption Control blood pressure, cholesterol level and diabetes Reduce and manage stress Anatomy of the Human heart Prevention -Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body including the arms, left shoulder, back, neck, jaw, or stomach -Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath -Sweating or “cold sweat” -Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like “heartburn”) -Nausea or vomiting -Light-headedness, dizziness, extreme weakness or anxiety -Rapid or irregular heart beats Causes hypertension Blood clotting in coronary arteries Damage the lining of coronary arteries High level of cholesterol carried by LDL Symptoms of CAD High blood pressure (hypertension) Smoking Thrombosis CAD is a term that describes when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque,. This buildup is called atherosclerosis. As it grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. What is Coronary Artery Disease ? Causes of CAD
Transcript: Coronary Artery Disease Narrowing of the blood vessels Causes Atherosclerosis- arteries become clogged and narrowed, restricting blood flow Angina Shortness of breath Palpitations A faster heartbeat Weakness or dizziness Nausea Sweating symptoms medical history risk factors. Performing a physical exam. Performing diagnostic tests Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)- records electrical activity in the heart electron beam (ultrafast) CT scans, to look for calcium in the lining of the arteries Treatment reducing your risk factors taking medications smoke quit Maintaining rightful diet (cholesterol, blood pressure) Surgery and other procedures Angioplasty and stent placement opens narrow or blocked coronary arteries small, metal mesh tube that expands inside a coronary artery Minimally invasive heart surgery creates a new route, bypass Prognosis Everyone fares differently do to their own factors, but some complications include heart attack heart failure unstable angina -unstable chest pains which may progress to heart attck sudden death Risk Factors Gender Heredity- African Americans Mexican Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians and some Asian Americans. Age Diabetes Smokers Alcohol abuse Stress High blood cholesterol High blood pressure Physical inactivity Obesity and overweight Diabetes Preventions See your health care provider regularly Avoid or reduce stress Don't smoke Eat well-balanced meals Exercise Keep your blood pressure low Keep your cholesterol and blood sugar under control Don not drink (I you do drink, Moderate amounts!!!) Symptoms Diagnosis
Transcript: There are many ways to get CAD, let's start with the uncontrollable risk factors. As one gets older, the chance for developing CAD increases Men have a greater risk for developing CAD than women who are pre-menopausal. After menopause, women have an increased risk closer to that of men. If one's parents or other close relatives had CAD, they are at a higher risk of developing it themselves Some races have higher chances of developing CAD than others. The races more at risk for developing CAD are African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, Hawaiians, and some Asian Americans. Treatment varies depending on how severe the CAD is. Some treatment includes: Diuretics to lower blood pressure and for heart failure treatment Aspirin to prevent blood clots ACE inhibitors to lower blood pressure and to protect the heart and kidneys Beta-blockers to decrease heart rate, blood pressure, and the amount of oxygen being used by the heart Calcium channel blockers to relax arteries, lower blood pressure, and for reduction of the strain on the heart Nitrates to stop chest pain and to improve blood flow to the heart Statins to lower cholesterol Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when plaque builds up in arteries causing the slow down or ceasing of blood flow to the heart. By: Michael Bennett Quit Smoking (after fifteen years the risk will be the same of someone who has never smoked) and avoid secondhand smoke Exercise often--at least 30 minutes daily Start eating a heart-healthy diet Control cholesterol Manage Blood Pressure Taking aspirin daily reduces the risk of blood clots Manage stress and get help for depression if necessary How has CAD affected me? What is it? WebMD~ http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/tc/coronary-artery-disease-prevention National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)~ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004449/ Your race. My mother had a couple partially blocked arteries not too long ago, but it doing well now. Treatment. Well, CAD is the leading cause of death among men and women in the United States, so it affects numerous households. Your gender. Sources. Prevention. stress. End. substance abuse. Your age. (CAD) kindey disease. Coronary Artery Disease How can I get it? My father had a blocked artery too, but is doing well now also. lack of exercise. cholesterol. diabetes. smoking. Your genes. Controllable Factors. obesity. blood pressure. narrowed arteries.
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