Transcript: Point-Has position but no dimension Line-Has only length dimension Color-Described by hue, gradient, and saturation Value- How light or dark a object is Shape-2D area enclosed by lines or curves Form-3D area with dimensions of height, length, and width Space- The dimensions of height, length, and width Texture-The feel of a surface Principles- It has vertical lines to represent stability It has a rough texture near the handlebar to help grip the object Elements- It has economy with its small minimalistic design and not using much in its construction It has proportion between the end areas of the dumbell and the central handlebar of the dumbell Elements- It has proportion between the head of the toothbrush and the handle of the toothbrush It has emphasis with its red button, making it a prominent feature Engineering Principles By Rahul Raghu Elements- It has contrast unity between the lid and the bottom It has economy and helps people save money while saving cracked lip skin Engineering Elements and Principles Elements- Curved lines to represent freedom, and to give the exerciser the feeling of breaking free from obesity It has a soft texture, for ergonomic use Principles- It has a very smooth texture to facilitate easy handling It has form and takes up all dimensions of space Elements- It has a economy with a very minimalistic design that takes up very little resources It has contrast to the black panel to make it be seen as two different parts It has a very chrome-plastic texture Engineering Elements Balance-A condition when a object is balanced and/or in proportion Emphasis-Giving prominence, and importance, to a feature Contrast-Being noticeably different to something else when put together Texture-The feel of a surface Proportion-Relation between 1 thing to another in size Unity-State of being united and whole Economy-The efficiency of a design Principles- It has form It has curved lines to represent soothingness and to calm a person feeling harmed by the cracked skin on their lip It has color to make it bright It has a smooth texture Principles- It is balanced on each side It has unity because it is 2 pieces that are made whole into 1 piece The warning label has emphasis with its color and makes it show up Principles- It uses curved lines to contribute to a soothing design that also represents freedom from the battery conglomerates It has a grey color, making it blend into the background and seem out of the way when you go on with your daily activities It has shapes on the panel with length and depth, and points on the panel, both to help guide you It has a very medium value It takes up all dimensions of space
Transcript: Chemical Engineering What Chemcial engineers do? Chemical engineers develop and design chemical manufacturing processes. Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and mathematics to solve problems that involve the production or use of chemicals, fuel, drugs, food, and many other products. What Chemcial engineers do? More info on what they do What do chemical engineers do? Within these industries, chemical engineers rely on their knowledge of mathematics and science—particularly chemistry— to overcome technical problems safely and economically. And, of course, they draw upon and apply their engineering knowledge to solve any technical challenges they encounter. Specifically, chemical engineers improve food processing techniques, and methods of producing fertilizers, to increase the quantity and quality of available food. They also construct the synthetic fibers that make our clothes more comfortable and water resistant; they develop methods to mass-produce drugs, making them more affordable; and they create safer, more efficient methods of refining petroleum products, making energy and chemical sources more productive and cost effective. Chemical engineers also develop solutions to environmental problems, such as pollution control and remediation. They process chemicals, which are used to make or improve just about everything you see around you. Pictures How to be come one? Step 1: Research Career Duties and Education Step 2: Earn a Bachelor's Degree in Chemical Engineering Step 3: Complete an Internship or Cooperative Education Experience Step 4: Join a Professional Organization Step 5: Consider Earning a Master's Degree in Chemical Engineering How to become a chemical engineer Specific Major Requirements-Any student in the chemical and biomolecular engineering program whose grade point average in required chemical and biomolecular engineering courses is less than 2.4 will be admitted to the required courses of the following year only with the special permission of the department. Total Credit Hours Required 131-132. As noted, chemical engineering jobs require a minimum of a bachelor's degree. Non-engineering requirements include extensive chemistry courses and labs, such as analytical, organic and physical chemistry. Other non-engineering requirements include sequences in calculus and physics. The engineering portion includes coursework and labs in chemical processes, transport, and reactions. Students might prefer programs accredited by ABET, Inc., which has accredited more than 100 chemical engineering programs. Accreditation by ABET demonstrates the school adheres to a set of academic principles and teaches its students a core set of industry-required skills. Accreditation is required by many graduate schools and licensing boards. Schooling Schooling Degree Overviews Bachelor's Degree: A baccalaureate degree in chemical engineering can prepare you for a career in the field. The degree focuses on understanding the properties of substances and methods of synthesizing those substances for medical, electronic, mechanical, and other commercial purposes. Despite its name, a chemical engineering education includes not just chemistry, but also biology, physics, and mathematics. The fundamentals of a chemical engineering degree are covered in core courses on chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, and transport processes. After those courses, students can specialize their studies in a specific area of chemical engineering. Master's Degree: A master's degree in chemical engineering is designed either for chemical engineers who want to do more advanced work or for students interested in a career as a chemical engineer, but who hold a bachelor's degree in a different field. Like the bachelor's degree, a master's program covers the core areas of thermodynamics, kinetics, and transport processes. A master's degree program will typically include research or field study in areas such as energy, biotechnology, or product development. Ph.D.: A Ph.D. program, the most advanced option for study in chemical engineering, requires you to have taken the core courses of bachelor's and master's programs. Curricula typically includes further study in general engineering and more focused chemical engineering courses. Most programs require original research and written and oral exams. Further coursework in chemical engineering for a Ph.D. may cover numerical methods in chemical engineering, chemical engineering thermodynamics, analysis of transport phenomena, and chemical reactor engineering. Degrees Degrees Average Chemical Engineer Hourly Wage in the United States Chemical Engineers earn a median hourly wage of $46.81. Hourly wages typically start from $28.59 and go up to $75.56. Average Chemical Engineer Yearly Salary in the United States Chemical Engineers earn a median salary of $97,360 per year. Salaries typically start from $59,470 and go up to $157,160. Salary Whats their salary? 1.Massachusetts
Transcript: Natural Gas Industry VNG vs. LNG “Vast new supplies of natural gas thanks to U.S. shale plays mean that there is enough natural gas available at lower prices to power and heat our homes and businesses and run our vehicles for generations to come.” There is estimated to be more than 2,000 trillion cubic feet of gas. Shale gas can be extracted from 20 different states. By 2035, the production of shale gas will be up 50% compared to the 1% in 2000. This sector involves storing, marketing, and transporting natural gas and natural gas liquids. Midstream operations are often synonymous with the downstream sector. Downstream Natural Gas Transportation Chemically – primarily contains methane, also butane, pentane, propane, ethane. The role of natural gas is likely to grow, and it’s importance is likely to increase even more as greenhouse gas emissions are reduced. In the United States Works Cited "Abundant." - America's Natural Gas Alliance. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.anga.us/why-natural-gas/abundant>. "NaturalGas.org." NaturalGas.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://naturalgas.org/overview/resources.asp>. "What Is Natural Gas?" Www.aga.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.aga.org/Kc/aboutnaturalgas/consumerinfo/Pages/whatisng.aspx>. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=natural+gas+industry&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1137&bih=713&tbm=isch&tbnid=sKRonMGYreq1SM:&imgrefurl=http://seekingalpha.com/article/131641-unconventional-natural-gas-just-a-frac-away&docid=2qvNtue4bN2deM&imgurl=http://static.seekingalpha.com/uploads/2009/4/19/saupload_hydraulic_fraccing.jpg&w=475&h=324&ei=RGfBULDvDMeoqgG9koHoAQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=360&sig=103248554588348085427&page=1&tbnh=132&tbnw=194&start=0&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:12,s:0,i:122&tx=124&ty=84 -American Natural Gas Alliance What is Natural Gas? Natural gas could also substitute for coal and boilers and process heaters and provide a cost effective alternative for complying with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Stephen Brooks, Jake Burris, Luke Howard, Courtney Nicoles, and Kelly Weiss Natural Gas typically exists in two different states: Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Vapor Natural Gas (VNG) Natural Gas is often liquified to order to make transportation more efficient, though this process is expensive. Unconventional or shale gas is slowly becoming a major factor as an energy resource. Industry is improving to do the combination of: Horizontal Drilling Hydraulic Fracturing Both have made production more economically viable. New natural gas deposits are being found deeper within the Earth. During complete combustion of natural gas, only carbon dioxide and water are emitted as byproducts which makes our air cleaner and healthier. Over 90% of Natural Gas is produced domestically. There are over one million miles of gas pipelines. In the United States Upstream The Future of Natural Gas More on Natural Gas Chemical Properties Natural Gas Abundance The evolution of global gas markets is unclear. A global “liquid” natural gas market is beneficial to U.S. and global economic interests and, at the time, advances security interests through variation of supply and resilience to disruption. A vital energy source in the world today, 19% of all natural gas is produced by the U.S. Good for the environment when compared to other energies such as oil or coal as it is clean burning and has low emission levels. Similarly to Crude Oil, Natural Gas is found underground and is often transferred through pipelines to reach consumers around the United States. The three major types of pipelines are the known as the gathering system, the interstate system, and the distribution system. The picture above represents a rough diagram of all the interstate pipelines in the United States today. From the Ground to the Consumer Globally Midstream The upstream sector involves the exploration for and extraction of natural gas. This sector is also known as the exploration and production sector (E&P). Uses Today The role of natural gas is likely to grow, and it’s importance is likely to increase even more as greenhouse gas emissions are reduced. In the Economy The downstream sector involves the refining and processing of raw natural gas. It also includes the selling and distribution of processed natural gas.
Transcript: The turret idea was going to be used however the stepper motor was incompatible with the stepper motor driver hence the idea was scrapped and idea 2 went forward as the final project. The secondary idea was a boat controlled by an ultrasonic sensor . When it sensed nothing in the sensors path than it would commence forward . When something was blocking its path it would stop by shutting down the circuit . Darlington Driver :L293D PROGRAMMING The program show on the previous slide is a template of the program used on the ultrasonic sensor in the circuit. The programs main component is in the decision making region , where it can go in the yes direction or the no direction. this is where the system makes the decision to run the motor or stop the motor. IDEA 2 PROBLEM STATEMENT: WHAT WANTED TO ACHIEVE Darlington Driver :L293D ULTRASONIC SENSOR REAL WORLD RELATION BATTERY PACK (9V) 1) to create a sensor guided robot which would have some real world applications to it. 2) the robot is to use an ultrasonic sensor to shut down when it sense an object 10 cm or closer. IDEA 1 PICAXE 18M2 ultrasonic sensor- $5.00 picaxe 18m2 Microconttroler-$4.00 L293D darlington driver-$5.00 battery -$4.00 3k3 resistors-$11.00 10k resistors -$22.00 1k resistors -5.00 motor- $3.00 PICAXE 18M2 problems Idea 1: the initial idea was to make a turret with a stepper motor however an incorrect motor driver halted the efforts. Meaning that a plan B had to be made. problems Idea 2: the secondary idea was a ultrasonic sensor controlled boat. this was the idea which had been used for the final project , and harbored problems such as: fluctuation of the voltage going to the motor ( sometimes alot , sometimes no enough and inconsistent ultrasonic sensor ( doesn't always work). RESISTORS IDEA 2 In the circuit the picaxe 18m2 micro controller was responsible for the programing the ultrasonic sensor ( program used further on in the slide show )and also for the programing of the motor thorught eh L293D. WORKING VIDEO DESIGN BRIEF Idea 2 was ultimately the idea which was the final product due to the fact that idea 1 was haulted due to incorrect motor driver ( the driver was for a bipolar stepper motor whilst the motor was a unipolar motor ). COMPONENTS LIST This is a video of the appliance working which was last tested 15th November 2015 The initial idea was a rotating camera turret, controlled by a LDR . This means that as the LDR senses light ,the motor would have rotated and followed it also moving the camera along with the LDR. saving energy during sea voyages : The device activates the motor when there is nothing in front of it and deactivates when it sense something in front of it . This mechanism can be used for stealth missions by the military. this is one of its real world applications. Another use is when voyaging oceans with many large sea creatures around. the sensor will stop you from potentially injuring the creature. The motor used was connected to pin outs 3 and 6. Resistors in the curcuit were used mainly for the programming part. this is due to the data sheet for picaxe programming requiring 22k resistance for the programing input ( (2x10k resistors)+(2 x1k resistors)). MOTOR The Darlington driver was responsible for driving the motor component of the circuit, this was done through programing of the picaxe 18m2 , then attaching wires from the picaxe to the driver. ULTRASOUND CONTROLLED BOAT ENGINEERING ASSINGMENT POWERPOINT PROGRAMING The battery packs main and only objective was to provide power for the circuit Motor rotates when there is nothing 10cm or less away from ultrasonic sensor and stops when something breeches this zone. IDEA 1
Transcript: HOW aeroplanes helicopters Engineering aerospace machining Sean Osborne requirements Each customer has different requirements on how the part looks, tolerances and packaging What is my job? WHAT My job is to make parts for aeroplanes and helicopters using a lathe or mill. difference between each machine lathe and mill A lathe is a rotating spindle that clamps onto material with the attached chuck and the tool moves to the material. (3 axis) A mill is a rotating spindle that is attached to the tool and the spindle goes towards the table but only in one axis, while the table moves for the rest. (up to 5 axis generally) turn/mill special This is a machine that can do both turning and milling on a lathe style machine Tooling tools We make our own tooling like fixtures, jaws and clamps. location they are all stored on racks and correspond with a spreadsheet. materials I use anything from standard aluminum and steel to beryllium copper.
Transcript: huddle Mrs. Rossi huddle to crowd together crowd huddle separate
Transcript: Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr Financial Stability Introduction High-Paying jobs / Salary. Versatile Environments. Constant intellectual development via Creative Thinking. What is Engineering? The branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures. Engineering has a very large range of sub-classes differentiating from as far as aerospace engineering down to construction. The Engineer Benefits Extremely large career field. Constantly employing. Consistent work hours. Beneficial to Society. Technological & Scientific discovery. Engineering Engineering careers are constantly looking for more workers, and most companies have high paying jobs along with insurance plans. This gives Engineers a feeling of Financial stability and security. Why do you think many engineers are so happy? They love their work and their stable finances!
Transcript: Alternative No. 1... Alternative No. 2... Alternative No. 3... Preferred Alternative Preferred Alternative Design 36 Water Distribution Project Manager: Geotechnical Engineer: 8 26 55 Floor slabs Beams Columns Connections ? ? ` Alternative No. 3 Continued.... Alternative No. 3 Continued.... 11.23 inches/year CONCLUSION Alternative No. 2 Site Plan Alternative No. 2 Continued.... 18 51 Rubric 20 43 Use Pall Aria System Design Elements Benefits 9 Design Cost- Water/Environmental Empty land Neighborhoods nearby Roads Roads: 12 Amphitheater 600 sf Average Elevation: 296' Area residents Farmland owners County of Fresno County of Madera Public Agencies Loss of agriculture land Air Quality Hazards -Excess waste Hydrology -Excess water usage -Increased runoff due to imperviousness Transportation/Traffic Population/Housing Water Resources Needs : How Alt. 2 Solves the Problem: Alternative No. 3 Continued.... Stall Dimensions: 9’x19’ Plan View Daniel Olmedo Transportation Design 2 Each alternative has the availabe land capability Adequate access to transportation facilities Current land uses are agricultural and grazing Nearby canals provide sources for surface water Nearby housing communities Wastewater Treatment Alternative No. 2 25 Theater 10,000 sf 16 55 Structural Needs: 47 Layout and grading of visitor and employee parking Entrance, Exit, & Aisle width: 25' Handicap Stalls Alternative No. 2 Continued.... 17 Expansion of SR 41, 8 miles New divided median roadway Design of left turn pockets from Road 145 & SR 41South into the park Signalization into the park & Ave 15. Design of structural sections for roads Traffic Analysis Transportation/Access Needs: Roads Signalization 15,000 SF Administration, Security, and Clinic building 3 Restaurants capable of seating 200 guests 6 Restrooms 40,000 SF Pavilion 200 Seat Theatre 600 Seat Amphitheater 3 ? Air Quality Hazards - Excess waste Hydrology - Excess water usage - No existing water passage Land use Transportation and Traffic No endangered species 22 Road Design Signalization Structural Design Water Expertise Environmental Knowledge Foundation Design Soil Analysis Average Rainfall -Hydrologic and hydraulic design conveyance facilities -offsite draining onto the site and passing through facilities -Hydrologic, hydraulic, plan and profile design for stormwater collection and disposal -SWPPP Risk level 1 Ana Villalta 44 48 Joey Covey 28 Preferred Alternative Cont. Economics: Creates revenue and jobs in the Central Valley 53 Construction Costs: ? 4 Alternative No. 2 Continued.... Agricultural Cattle grazing Primary Land Uses Environmental Issues: 58 (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Alternative No. 1 Continued.... Three Restaurants 5000 sf each Structural Needs: Pavilion 40,000 sf 13 41 Seven Restrooms 1600 sf Parking 52 Infrastructure Construction Material 6 Amphitheater 700 sf Pavilion 40,000 sf Theater 10,000 sf Three Restaurants 5000 sf-each* Six Restrooms 1600 sf-each* Admin/ Sec & Clinic Bld. 20,000 sf Water/Environmental Engineers: Construction Costs: Transportation/Access Needs: Waste water 40 Preferred Alternative Wastewater treatment plant - Sanitary sewer system Potable water treatment plant - Potable water distribution system Irrigation system Manmade lake Water storage Stormwater collection and disposal Peak water demand for 30000 people is 2.7Mgpcd PVC pipes to deliver water to the system Profile Design Storage tank Six Flags Amusement Company Alternative No. 1 Continued.... 54 Client: 49 Meeting all expected building requirements Selection process is crucial Cost effective Providing adequate reinforcement 1 Aesthetics - Light/glare Loss of agricultural land Air quality Hazards - Excess waste Hydrology - Excess water usage Noise Transportataion/traffic Wetlands/vernal pools, endangered species Groundwater Treatment Our Team Capabilites: Alternative No. 3 Continued.... 5 Transportation Engineers: Wastewater treatment plant - Sanitary sewer system Potable water treatment plant - Potable water distribution system Well - Water source Manmade Lake - Water storage Irrigation system Stormwater collection and disposal On N Oliver Water Resources Needs: 15 39 34 All buildings meet specified requirements Existing Infrastructure: Physical Constraints: Water Resources Needs: 21 Good accessibility Least Environmetal Impact Water Resources Stakeholder support Low in Cost ETT - Engineering Tomorrow Today Alternative No. 1 Continued.... Transportation/Access Needs: Alternative No. 3 Continued.... Signalization Improvements Traffic flow Turning lanes for all intersections Parking ` 24 Alternative No. 3 Continued.... Entrances, Exits , and Aisle Widths: 26’ Conventional Method Climate/Geography: 35 23 Geotechnical Engineering Design Temperature 61 Construction Costs: Park exceeds optimum capacity with 128 acres ? Building Construction Material Wastewater treatment plant - Sanitary sewer system Potable water treatment plant Potable water distribution system Elevated storage
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