Transcript: Orgin of Religion Founder of Confucianism Confucian Beliefs Confucian Teachings Symbols
Transcript: "The Gentleman has 9 concerns: Clarity, Acuity, Warmth, respectful, sincerity, reverence, when he is in doubt he wants to ask questions, angry when wary of pitfalls, integrity" Human Nature Also a name of a disciple of Confucius that also has a book associated with him but did not necessarily write. What the Government should be: Benevolent, Right, someone not fond of killing people, and since he shared it with the people isn't it fitting that they considered it small. The are different kinds of ministers, there are noble ministers related to the ruler, and ministers of other surnames. "There is an instituted ritual and moral principles to such shares thus satisfying peoples desires and supplying their wants. They saw to is that desires and the supply of goods were kept in balance and this is how ritual began." "Sacrifices are concerned with the feelings of devotion and longing. they fulfill loyalty, faith, love, and respect." Book of Documents Confucius lived in 551-479 BCE during the time of the Spring and Autumn of Eastern Zhou dynasty. He was a minister before he began traveling from state to state at a time when China was a great political conflict and confusion. He taught he disciples rituals and the Book of Songs and Book of Documents. A discussion of Heaven Questions? Book of Songs A discussion of Ritual "the gentleman has three transformations. seen from afar he is majestic. upon approaching him you see he is amiable. upon hearing his words you find that he is serious" "practice five things: reverence, generosity, truthfulness, diligence, and kindness" The Gentleman A collection of sayings contributed to Confucius. It was not written down by Confucius himself, but instead written by his followers/disciples . Analects Collection of folk songs, religious hymns, songs of heroes that was edited by Confucius. What do you think should be required for humanity based on the readings? Human Nature is Bad recorded the instructions of the king The five classics: 1) Book of Changes - about divination 2) Book of Rites - social institution, rites institution. 3) Spring and Autumn - historical record of the state of Lu. 4)Books of Songs 5) Book of Documents These were revised by Confucius and not written by him. Historical Background Confucian Teachings By: Caitlyn McGrew, Kathryn McCann, Boya Peng, Yuhao Hu Confucian Canon "Human nature is bad. Good is a human product." Human nature is bad because of Love of Profit, Fear and Hatred, Sensory desires for pleasing sounds and sights. "Since the nature of people is bad, to become corrupted they must be taught by teachers and to be orderly they must acquire ritual and moral principles." "If you do not know the man, observe his friends, if you do not know the Lord, look at his attendance. Influence affects everyone." Government "There are three things he reveres: the gentleman reveres the mandate of heaven, he reveres great people and he reveres the words of the sages." "In his person conduct, he was respectful; in serving his superiors he was reverent; in nourishing to people he was kind; in governing the people, he was righteous." He was a disciple of Confucius and there is a book named after him but he did not necessarily write it. Mencius On Governing "Constant principles underlie Heaven's behavior." "Thus those who can distinguish what is realm of heaven and what is the realm of man are men of the highest order." "When your father is alive observe his intentions. when he is deceased model yourself on the memory of his behavior. If in 3 years after his death you have not deviated from your father's ways then you may be considered a filial child." "Lead them by the means of virtue and regulate them through rituals and they will have a sense of shame and moreover have standards." Xunzi Filial Piety Humanity "let me give an example of what i mean when i say everyone has a heart that is sensitive to the sufferings of others. anyone today who suddenly saw a baby about to fall into a well would feel alarmed and concerned." "Goodness is to human nature like flowing downward is to water." "Although people can be made to be bad under specific circumstances, their natures are not changed."
Transcript: It put a strong emphasis on morality. Confucious taught that immorality came from ignorance. Virtue leads to a very knowledgable life. It deals more with the practical and earthly than with the heavenly aspects of religion. Benevolence Rituals are very important to the Confucian ethical system. They practice different rituals at certain times in their lives, like birth, death, and marriage. He believed in leading by example and being around positive people gives you a positive attitude in life. Self-correction and self-discipline were very important. Fundamental virtues: Confucianism One should do the right thing at the right time. Sincerity It was founded in China by a Chinese philosopher named Confucious around 500 BC. There are six major religious books for this religion. Propriety sincerity benevolence filial piety propiety Filial Piety One should be trustworthy and honest and keep their word. Li-rituals and etiquette Hsiao-love within the family Yi-righteousness Xin-honesty and trustworthiness Jen-benevolence Chung-loyalty to the state helping people in need Parents are superior to children. Children should respect and honor their parents. They should do their best to bring honor to their family. Main ethical teachings:
Transcript: The Four books The Five Classics Continued Confucian Canon "When you have faults, do not fear to abandon them" The Doctrine of the Mean: how to maintain perfect balance and harmony in one's life. One Man: endless virtues "The Five Classics (wujing) and Four Books (si shu) collectively create the foundation of Confucianism." Confucian Canon Book of Changes: contains a system of divination, which is centered largely around the principles of Yin and Yang References Book of Documents: a compilation of 58 chapters detailing the events of ancient China. Book of Odes:comprised of 305 poems dealing with a range of issues, including love and marriage, agricultural concerns, daily lives, and war. Spring and Autumn Annals: A historical chronicle of the State of Lu. "Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles" Mencius: Mencius is a collection of conversations Mencius had with Kongzi. Book of Rites: described the social norms, governmental organization, and the ritual conduct during the Zhou dynasty. http://www.hermetics.org/pdf/Confucian_Canon.PDF Analects: a collection of Kongzi's teachings and discussions with disciples. Quotes from the book of Analects The Great Learning: a guide for moral self-cultivation. The Five Classics http://academics.hamilton.edu/asian_studies/home/CultTemp/sitePages/fiveclassics.html "Fine words and insinuating appearance are seldom associated with true virtue"
Transcript: Self identity is determined by one's status as parent or child, ruler or subject, etc. The Confucian self is thought to be constantly changing The self is not withdrawn form the world, but engaged in it. By: Trysten Flechas, Regine Dais, Alex Heidenreich Self Confucianism: Has a unique understanding of self-hood; of the human condition Regards the self as a center of human relationships Observed in the doctrine of the Five Constant Relationships It is not classified as a religion, but as a system of social and ethical philosophy. Resources - concern in the Confucian tradition: good government. - nation: is thought of as one great family. within the harmony of human relationships, the ruler plays a decisive role; a gentalman who has acquired the necessary moral perfection so he can lead by power. - government offers: ensuring the happiness of the people and the ongoing improvement of society. - there is a harmonious relationship between the nation and individuals. Video Confucianism emerged when the family was already the center of Chinese society, and the Confucian tradition fortified that significance. The primary virtue in relating to one's elders is to act in a way suitable for a son or daughter. model, symbolic of the sorts of social interactions that are present in community as a whole. "The regulation of one's own family depends on his self-development." Heaven is a vital aspect of reality. Analect (a collection of short literary or philosophical extracts) says little about divinity or the after life. The working of the human world are believe to affect heaven. Nation If you offend heaven, you cannot turn to the master. Heaven is the reason people can understand the master. Heaven is the source of everything. "Heaven means to be one with God." Self Continuation www.google.com/images http://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/eoc/eoc09.htm http://www2.kenyon.edu/Depts/Religion/Fac/Adler/Reln270/Berling-Confucianism.htm http://www.handmade.cc/confucian-thought-on-heaven-and-humanity.html%0A Heaven What The Analects says about Heaven Confucian Harmony Family
Transcript: A Confucian Mulan By vondre clark Two women According to Song Ruozhao, the role of a woman was basically "Don't ask, don't tell" or do as their told. Duty of A Woman These beliefs are shown throughout Mulan, especially in the beginning when she is preparing to meet the Matchmaker. Leader Values Mulan also inspired her fellow colleagues in the Disney film. "The Ballad of Mulan" has been passed down from generation to generation and has inspired many women to follow in the protagonists' footsteps. Strength of A Woman The Disney version of the movie shows many examples of Confucianism but in the end, the message of strength and courage is still the same. Song Ruozhao and Ban zhao The original "Ballad of Mulan" tells the story of a woman who shows great bravery and courage when she didn't need to. Thesis The Disney adaptation of the tale shows the same exact amount of courage and bravery that real life Mulan obtained. Proof of this is found when she is commenting on women saying: When walking, don’t turn your head When talking, don’t open your mouth wide When sitting, don’t move your knees When standing, don’t rustle your skirts etc. Ban Zhao, an educated aristocrat had the same logic as Ruozhao saying: "Let a woman retire late to bed, but rise early to her duties; let her not dread tasks by day or by night. Let her not refuse to perform domestic duties whether easy or difficult."
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Transcript: lived at a time when the Zhou Dynasty was in decline Ying and Yang true identities of opposites nothing can be absolute The universe will sustain and support you of you stop flailing and just go with it Confucianism was never a religion but an ethical system based on the acceptance of the principle of right and wrong Confucian Taoist Go with the flow attitude to get yourself in harmony with the way It is transcendent it is also immanent Confucius spread beyond China and influenced civilizations throughout East Asia It rejects all forms of self assertiveness and competition Confucian does not include belief in a dietary or involve a clergy of any kind The way of ultimate reality a practical political thinkers called legalists Seek to be in tune with nature because nature is It is the way things are/ the way of the universe He felt that humans are basically good but need moral teaching wanted to reform chinese society by showing rulers how to govern wisely china most influential scholar he believed that china could be restored around 5 basic relationships ruler and subject,father lived 551-479 BC He said that education could transform a humbly born person into gentleman Rewarded people that carried out their duties well
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