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Conceptual Model

Transcript: Valuing the Use of Marine Grazers as aTool for Facilitating Coral Reef Restoration in the Florida Keys Conceptual Framework and Preliminary Cost Model Brandon Sosa1, Mahadev Bhat, Mark Butler IV Background Background Benthic Cover Benthic Cover Reef benthos (bottom) is made up of: Coral Branching and bouldering Macroalgae Turf algae Sponges Free space Coral Cover Branching Bouldering Encrusting Coral Macroalgae Direct competitor for space on reefs Phase shifts occur from complex coral dominated reefs to flat macroalgae dominated reefs Macroalgae 2017 and 2019 Turf algae Traps sediment Impedes coral recruitment Compete for space Turf algae Free Space, Sponges, Octocorals Other Can compete for space Does provide other reef benefits Complexity vs Cover Reef Complexity overexploitation collapse Healthy Reefs, Healthy Fish Reef Fisheries Reef fish create nutrient hotspots for coral Fish use coral reefs has habitat, protection and nurseries Fish are attracted to complexity more than actual coral cover Predictor of Biomass Marine Grazers To combat the overgrowth of algae Revert coral-algal phase shift Eat algae and not coral Planned to be reared and stocked on restored reefs Marine Grazers FKNMS Mission: Iconic Reefs FL Keys Restoration 20-year plan to restore corals and enhance grazer populations to manage algae Multi-million dollar plan No BCA or in depth economic anaylsis Costs *Grazer costs is an estimate and based soley on urchins **exploring alternative means of productions for grazers and will be surveying the mariculture labs for both crabs and urchins Conceptual Framework Framework Linking coral restoration to economic benefits Create a stochasitc BCA based on bioeconomic modeling Bioeconomic Model Preliminary Cost Model Literature on coral-algal models All parameters were estimated using empirical studies, with the exception of grazing, which may vary based on, for example, local fishing practices. coral-algal models Blackwood et al. 2018, models interpreted from Mumby et al. 2007 alternative stable state models shift from high to low coral cover F = 1 - C - M - T Mumby et al. 2007, Fung et al. 2011, and Blackwood et al. 2018 (1) (2) coral-fisheries models Fish models for the FL Reef Tract Commercial, recreational, grazers and aqaurium fishes Biomass related to coral and fishing impacts coral-fisheries models Zuercher et al. 2023 (TFEL FIU) Habitat Influence on Fish Stock Management Scenarios Mission: Iconic Reefs NOAA's Coral Restoration Plan Structure Addition Fish Closures Management scenarios Zuercher et al. 2023 (TFEL FIU) Will need to account for ecological lag of benefits and capture economic uncertainties algal-grazer relationships algal-grazer relationships Models for grazing fish *need to modify for urchins and crabs grazing of Macro and turf algaes coral-grazer relationships coral-grazer relationships # of urchins Cano et al. 2021 Model Parameters Step 1 | Step 2 | Step 3 model parameters Coral Restoration with and without grazer addition Grazer addition Mortality will be lower for bouldering coral and intial branching outplants with the addition of grazers Linking reef complexity to grazer additions may require coral-algal models if direction relationships are missing Change of macro algae due to grazers with addition of coral restoration should experience higher reef complexity after 1-5 years depending on ssp. restored. Coral Restoration Model Same parameters Model change in Coral Cover and Complexity over 20 years Coral-restoration model Biomass predictive model Zuercher et al. 2023 relates reef complexity to fish biomass for FL Keys Reef Fisheries Examine change in biomass from coral restoration with grazer additions and without grazer additions Can extend Zuercher et al 2023 to include an economic breakdown of benfits of other management alternatives (fish closures and artificial structure) Coral-fisheries

Conceptual model

Transcript: Questions on campus itself Conceptual model Research Questions for recommendations Questions on concepts Included dimensions: Satisfaction&Importance Which kind of leisure are they enjoying / used to do? (provisions proposal) How often are they going out / enjoying leisure provision ? (times) What leisure they enjoy most / the less? Do they feel unsatisfied by the leisure activities offered? Are they well informed of events offered on campus? Are there enough possibilities / offers / provided? Are there enough places for everybody? Attractions are not too busy? Are leisure activities easily accessible? Is it available for everybody (prices for everyone)? How old are you? What is your gender? What is your marital status? What do you do for fun? (Hobbies/Interest) How often do you spend time on campus? What kind of activities would you wish were on campus? (i.e. movie theater, shops, restaurants) Hoe accessible do you think, the leisure activities/facilities are? (Disability) What is your monthly income/budget? How much time per week do you have available for leisure activities? Will you recommend the university to others based on its leisure provision? Why not? What can be the problems around leisure provision? (criminal activity, excessive) How they feel about it? What do you wish they had on campus that they do not already (shops, pool, etc.)? Following all these ideas, is leisure provision linked with the campus satisfaction? Student satisfaction at the UCF campus

Conceptual Model

Transcript: Conceptual Model Chad Johnson University of Phoenix NSG/416 Theoretical Development and Conceptual Framework Mary McGill August 7, 2017 Nursing Theory Nursing Theory Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food ~Hipocrates The practice of providing care of ones self in a effort to maintin a functional, healthy life, where you are able to continue to develop personaly (Alligood &, 2014a). Self-Care Self-Care An individual with little training or someone who is experience is able to provide basic care for themselves. As potential disease processes affect the person, additional training and understanding is required. Application Application Family and friends provide care to a person who is unable to care for self Dependent-care Dependent-care Dependent care can be something simple like getting a glass of water that any novice could accomplish to changing a colostomy bag that require some training. Application Application Nursing is required due to a deficit on the part of the patient being unable to provide adequate care for themselves (Alligood, 2014b) Self-Care Deficit Self-Care Deficit The nursing application with regards to self-care deficit is varied from novice to expert depending on the task that needs to be accomplished. A novice nurse would be able to insert an indwelling catheter and empty it regularly. A novice nurse may not be able to complete a complex dressing change if it is a task that they have not had much exposure to. An expert nurse would be required for placement of a Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC). Application Application Awareness of tasks that are essential to human function and growth (Alligood &, 2014a). Self-care requisites Self-care requisites The patient's ability or lack of ability, to provide self-care dictates the level of care that is required by the nurse. Level of care provided Level of care provided Values and beliefs Values and beliefs All patients deserve to be treated with respect and given the highest level of care possible. Care provided Care provided The patient must take responsibility for themselves and their dependents in basic areas of health promotion. Patient responsibility Patient responsibility Educating patients in areas where they lack knowledge will allow them to provide better self-care and potentially keep them from requiring outside care as often. Education Education Nursing Health Environment Human Beings / Persons Metaparadigms Metaparadigms An intervention to assist a person with a self-care deficit meet their needs (Punjani, 2013). Nursing Nursing A person’s health is dependent on a person receiving the care required to attain and remain in good health (Punjani, 2013). Health Health The surrounding environment of the patient that can be a benefit to the person or can adversely influence a person’s ability to heal and provide self-care (Punjani, 2013). Environment Environment Using a holistic approach, looking at the patient as a whole, not just a disease process as well as their support system. Human Beings / Persons Human Beings / Persons References References Alligood, M. R. (2014a). (Alligood &, 2014a) Nursing theorists and their work (8 ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database Alligood, M. R. (2014a). (Alligood &, 2014a) Nursi... Alligood, M. R. (2014b). Nursing theory: Utilization & application (5 ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database Alligood, M. R. (2014b). Nursing theory: Utilization... Punjani, N. S. (2013). Comparison and contrast of Orems Self Care theory and Roys Adaptation model. i-Manager's Journal on Nursing, 3(1), 1-5. Retrieved from Punjani, N. S. (2013). Comparison and contrast ...

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