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Coffee Beans

Transcript: The Garden: Return Coffee grounds help fertilize soil in the most natural way possible. From the garden to the grounds back to the garden The Grounds: Part 1 *Video: Pulling a Shot The coffee bean is the seed of the coffee fruit Coffee beans can be roasted anywhere from a light roast to an extra dark roast. *Video: Local Gardener Colombia is a very popular place for coffee farmers, due to the perfect climate. The Garden: Part 4 Selective Picking: picking only the ripe berries Before coffee beans can be used, they need to be roasted. The Garden: Part 1 Many local coffee shops save their used grounds for local farmers and gardeners. Coffee beans grow in many places. The best places to grow the beans are in subtropical regions at high altitudes. It takes almost 2 years before the coffee bean can be harvested. Chemists extract oils from plants and combine them to get a flavorful combination of oils. The Grounds: Part 2 Strip Picking: picking all coffee beans off at one time The Garden: Part 3 Contrary to popular belief, light roast coffee has more caffeine than dark roast coffee. The beans are then coated for 24 hours in the mixture, after they have been properly cleaned, dried, roasted, and cooled. *FUN FACT* one cup of decaffeinated coffee still contains about 7 mg of caffeine. Most coffee shops save their coffee grounds so that local farmers and gardeners can put the used coffee grounds back into the earth. Used coffee beans, called grounds, have many uses. There are 2 types of coffee bean picking: Natural oils are used to get certain flavors in the coffee bean. Grab Life By The Beans The Garden: Part 2 The Grounds: Final

Coffee Beans

Transcript: Coffee is one of the most valuable products for its benefits towards global trade and the economies of developing countries. An estimated $17 billion is created by the production and the imports between countries every year. There is also more than 25 million people employed in the coffee industry. •Payments against letter of credits •Payment net cash against documents (NCAD or CAD) on first presentation •Payments against document in trust •Payment net cash against documents upon arrival •Futures Contracts PRICE Terms of Payments The beans are packaged in bags and are ready to be exported. Top Coffee Producers Interesting facts Made by Zaira, Brenda, Lauren and Sara Conditions: SEVERAL ADVANTAGES Top Importers Cargo handling Discharging bulk cargo from a bulk body (Hamburg) Harvesting Dry method Right Advantages: Prices shall relate to: Processing the Cherries 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed in the world every day 90% of coffee production takes place in developing countries 25 million small producers rely on coffee for a living (a) ex-dock quotations for prompt shipment in the physicals market (b) trading in the late afternoon (c) sales from origin Shipped in 20 foot and 40 foot ‘dry containers’ 2 types of containers: The distribution of the top ten producers of coffee are primarily located near the equator. This is due to the country's warm climate which is required for growing the best coffee beans. Brazil is the highest producer of coffee as it makes 20 millions bags per year, followed by countries surrounding it and parts of Southeast Asia and Central Africa. The beans are sorted according to size and density it gives a different taste Container transport References Shippers save on the cost of bags 21-24 tons per bulk (17% over the bagged coffee) Time and labour savings Coffee in bulk arrives in a better condition than coffee in bags (air) No baggy smell, no weight losses due to handling Means of transport : ship, truck, railroad. General cargo. Container transport. Wrong Disadvantages: the second most popular beverage in the world (after water). This world wide beverage has caused a 'coffee culture' in many countries and can be served in numerous ways. It's caffeine and sugar content is known to keep the body awake and more alert. PRODUCT It takes approximately 3 to 5 years before a coffee tree bears coffee cherries which turns bright red when it is ripe and to be ready. Coffee... Fairtrade International, 2014. Coffee. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 25 June 2014]. Interrnational Coffee Organization, 2013. Historical Data. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 24 June 2014]. Leslie, P., 2014. Starbucks Raises Prices as Arabica Coffee Costs Increase. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 24 June 2014]. National Coffee Association USA, 2013. Coffee from Around the World. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 21 June 2014]. National Coffee Association USA, 2013. Ten Steps to Coffee. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 21 June 2014]. Robinson, P., 2012. Small Farmers. Big Change.. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 24 June 2014]. The top importers/consumers of coffee are mainly located in the northern hemispheres such as Germany and the United States, followed by Canada, Japan, Spain, Belgium and Italy. The import coming from these countries are worth over $1000-2000 million a year. The top importers of coffee are consists of developed nations which tend to have a large coffee culture. Ventilation channels largely blocked Greater distance to hot roof Easier to cover top with cardboard Fewer bags touching walls average weighted price: 104.70 USD per pound TRANSPORTATION Sorting Exporting the Beans Wet method SUPPLIERS Ventilation channels are opened High loading weights Most bags touch walls 2. Ventilated containers ("coffee containers") 1. Standard containers Stowed below the deck

Coffee Beans

Transcript: Codex Alimentarius Commission: international organization created by Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations and the World Trade Organization "Aid inspection by regulatory authorities and promote international trade by increasing confidence in food safety" Creates guidelines/standards based on scientific research and assessment Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Established maximum limits for over ten pesticide residues in coffee beans Collaborated with International Coffee Organization (ICO) to educate about OTA and recommendations for preventing contamination Ahramjian, Lisa and Ann H. Baier. "Organic Certification of Farms and Businesses Producing Agricultural Products." USDA Organic. USDA, Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. The Coffee Exporter's Guide. Geneva: International Trade Centre, 2011. Print. "Food Safety." International Coffee Organization. International Coffee Organization. Web. 10 Nov. 2016. "Food Safety Legislation Key Facts." Food and Drug Administration. Web. 10 November 2016. "Food Safety through HACCP-The FAO Approach" Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Agriculture and Consumer Protection. Web. 11 Nov. 2016. “H.R. 2751 — 111th Congress: FDA Food Safety Modernization Act.” 2009. Web. 13 November 2016. "Harvesting and Processing" Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Web. 11 Nov. 2016. "Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) System and Its Guidelines for Its Application." Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Agriculture and Consumer Protection. Web. 11 Nov. 2016. Iseki, Noriko. "Codex Work Related to Food Safety of Coffee." International Coffee Organization. International Coffee Organization, 22 June 2007. Web. 9 Nov. 2016. Mabbett, Terry. "Quality Control for Stored Coffee and Cocoa." World Cocoa Foundation. World Cocoa Foundation. Web. 5 Nov. 2016. "National Coffee Association USA." NCA USA. Web. 5 November 2016. Nelson, Robert F. "RE: Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0920." Message submitted via eRulemaking Portal to the FDA. 31 July 2013. E-mail. Organic Trade Association. Benchmark Study Yields Key Insights into Global Organic Food Trade. Organic Trade Association. 15 Apr. 2015. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. "Processing" Coffee Review. 2016. Web. 7 Nov. 2016. Tozlovanu, Mariana, and Annie Pfohl-Leszkowicz. “Ochratoxin A in Roasted Coffee from French Supermarkets and Transfer in Coffee Beverages: Comparison of Analysis Methods.” Toxins 2.8 (2010): 1928–1942. PMC. Web. 10 Nov. 2016. Understanding the Codex Alimentarius. 3rd ed. Rome: World Health Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2006. Print. United States. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Final Rule on Produce Safety. Food and Drug Administration, 13 Nov. 2015. Web. 15 Nov. 2016. Shifted focus of food safety from responding to preventing Implemented seven preventive control rules Foreign Supplier Verification Program Requires importers to perform certain risk-based activities FDA has power to reject importation of coffee beans from producers that do not acquire the necessary certification or that fail to meet safety standards Hazards during Production Utilize HACCP to identify physical, chemical, and biological hazards Physical hazards Rocks, sticks, broken equipment Chemical hazards Pesticide or chemical residues Biological hazards Insect pests Coffee Bean Weevil Mold formation Molds can produce mycotoxin called Ochratoxin A Coffee Beans Originally proposed rule Coffee beans were not included in the exemption list for this rule National Coffee Association Voiced opinions of its organization and other coffee organizations during comment period for rule Coffee beans meet requirements for exemption "rarely consumed raw" "subject to kill step" Final Produce Safety Rule includes coffee beans under its exemption list prevents unnecessary and costly testing and verification procedures References Coffee Background Planting Growing Harvesting By hand or machine Processing Dry or wet method Removal of residues, debris, undesirable beans Sorting and packaging FSMA Coffee Bean Production USDA Jennifer Parent Future of Coffee International Organizations Produce Safety Rule One of the most popular beverages in the world United States' largest import and second most valuable import after oil Grows best in warm, moist climates Found along equator in area called "The Coffee Belt" U.S. imports almost all of its coffee from this region Current and upcoming issues that will need to be addressed Climate change, deforestation, fair trade coffee Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act Power to inspect coffee for unapproved residues, insect infestation, and chemical/biological contamination Imported coffee beans are held to same standards as food made and consumed in U.S. Facilities are required to register with FDA or at

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