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Capacity Planning

Transcript: Schedule It Future... Example UCS \ VMware What have we got? Where are we using it? How fast are we using it? Do we need more? When will we need it? How much will it cost? Whats Capacity Management? Data Manipulation “The prime objective is to produce a plan that documents the current levels of resource utilisation and service performance, and after consideration of the business strategy and plans, forecasts the future requirements for resource to support IT services that underpin business activities. The plan should indicate clearly any assumptions made. It should also include any recommendations quantified in terms of resource required, cost, benefits, impact etc.” PowerCli What's available? What's useful? How often should we report? What presentation types? Who is the audience? What happens when the goalposts change? Beginnings Export Scripts: 30+ PoSH Export -> CSV Format Data Files Import Scripts: 30+ PoSH Import -> Microsoft Access / SQL Database: 30+ Tables / 40+ Queries Spreadsheets: 20+ DB Linked MSQuery / Charts / Trends Capacity Report: Overview & Management Summary Core Application Analysis Microsoft SQL Microsoft Lync Microsoft Exchange PARIS Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Quite A Bit... Presentation PowerTool Automate Everything So What Have You Actually Done? Database Import PowerShell ITIL Defines 4 Sub-Processes Business Capacity Management Service Capacity Management Component Capacity Management Capacity Management Reporting VDI Licencing Storage Network Applications Dashboard Trends Refinement PowerShell Example UCS \ VMware \ VDI Core Infrastructure Analysis Datacentre Resources Compute Resources Storage Resources Network Resources Whats Capacity Management? Extraction Make It Repeatable Example Datacenter What's In Scope? Capacity Management Translates To Extract Present Manipulate Import

Capacity Planning

Transcript: Capacity Planning -refers to an upper limit or ceiling on the load that an operating unit can handle. The load might be in terms of the number of physical units produced or the number of services performed Efficiency = actual input effective capacity Design capacity - maximum output rate or service capacity an operation, process, or facility is designed for. 8. Because capacity decisions often involve substantial financial and other resources, it is necessary to plan for them far in advance. 1. IMPACT ON THE ABILITY OF THE ORGANIZATION TO MEET FUTURE DEMANDS . Capacity essentially limits the rate of output possible. Having capacity to satisfy demand can often allow a company to take advantage of tremendous benefits. Measuring the capacity also shows its efficiency and utilization. Capacity utilization is the ratio of actual output to design capacity. 4. INVOLVE MENT ON THE LONG-TERM COMMITMENT OF RESOURCES . The fact that, once they are implemented, those decisions may be difficult or impossible to modify without incurring major costs. DEFINING AND MEASURING CAPACITY Reasons why capacity decisions are among the most fundamental of all the design decisions High capacity utilization means a high amount of effective capacity that can be achieved by correcting quality problems, maintaining equipment in good operating condition, fully training employees, and fully utilizing bottleneck equipment. There are benefits of having high utilization only in instance where there is demand for the output. When demand is not there, focusing exclusively on utilization can be counterproductive, because the excess output not only results in additional variable costs but also generates the costs of having to carry the output as inventory. CAPACITY DECISIONS ARE STRATEGIC 2. CAPACITY DECISIONS AFFECT OPERATING COSTS. Ideally, capacity and demand requirements will be matched, which will tend to minimize operating costs. Capacity Actual output - rate of output actually achieved--cannot exceed effective capacity. 7. GLOBALIZATION HAS INCREASED THE IMPORTANCE AND THE COMPLEXITY OF CAPACITY DECISIONS. Far-flung supply chains and distant markets add to the uncertainty about capacity needs 6. CAPACITY AFFECTS THE EASE OF MANAGEMENT - having appropriate capacity makes management easier than when capacity is mismatched. Capacity often refers to an upper limit on the rate of output. Even though this seems simple enough, there are subtle difficulties in actually measuring capacity in certain cases. These difficulties arise because of different interpretations of the term capacity and problems with identifying suitable measures for a specific situation. In selecting a measure of capacity, it is important to choose one that does not require updating. Utilization = actual input design capacity Efficiency is the ratio of actual output to effective capacity. 5. CAPACITY DECISIONS CAN AFFECT COMPETITIVENESS. - If a firm has excess capacity, or can quickly add capacity, that fact may serve as a barrier to entry by other firms. Then too, capacity can affect delivery speed, which can be a competitive advantage. Formula 3.CAPACITY IS USUALLY A MAJOR DETERMINANT OF INITIAL COST. Typically, the greater the capacity of a productive unit, the greater its cost. Effective capacity - Design capacity minus allowances such as personal time, maintenance, and scrap.

capacity planning

Transcript: CAPACITY PLANNING Capacity Planning WHAT IS CAPACITY PLANNING Capacity is defined as the ability to achieve, store or produce. For an organization, capacity would be the ability of a given system to produce output within the specific time period. In operations, management capacity is referred as an amount of the input resources available to produce relative output over period of time. Goal of Capacity Planning The ultimate goal of capacity planning is to meet the current and future level of the requirement at a minimal wastage. The three types of capacity planning based on goal are lead capacity planning, lag strategy planning and match strategy planning. Factors Affecting Capacity Planning * production facility (layout, design, and location) *product line or matrix *production technology *human capital (job design, compensation) *operational structure (scheduling, quality assurance) *external structure ( policy, safety regulations) Strategic Capacity Planning STRATEGIC CAPACITY PLANNING A technique used to identify and measure overall capacity of production is referred to as strategic capacity planning. Strategic capacity planning is utilized for capital intensive resource like plant, machinery, labor, etc. Capacity planning based on the timeline is classified into three main categories long range, medium range and short range. Capacity Planning Classification Capacity Planning Classification Long range capacity of an organization is dependent on various other capacities like design capacity, production capacity, sustainable capacity and effective capacity. Design capacity is the maximum output possible as indicated by equipment manufacturer under ideal working condition Long Term Capacity Long Term Capacity The strategic capacity planning undertaken by organization for 2 to 3 years of a time frame is referred to as medium term capacity planning. Medium Term Capacity Medium Term Capacity The strategic planning undertaken by organization for a daily weekly or quarterly time frame is referred to as short term capacity planning. Short Term Capacity Short Term Capacity Three Basic Strategies Three Basic Strategies Capacity is expanded in anticipation of demand growth. This aggressive strategy is used to lure customers from competitors who are capacity constrained or to gain a foothold in a rapidly expanding market. It also allows companies to respond to unexpected surges in demand and to provide superior levels of service during peak demand periods. Capacity lead strategy Capacity lead strategy Capacity is expanded to coincide with average expected demand. This is a moderate strategy in which managers are certain they will be able to sell at least some portion of expanded output, and endure some periods of unmet demand. Approximately half of the time capacity leads demand, and half of the time capacity lags demand. Average capacity strategy Average capacity strategy Capacity is increased after an increase in demand has been documented. This conservative strategy produces a higher return on investment but may lose customers in the process. It is used in industries with standard products and cost-based or weak competition. The strategy assumes that lost customers will return from competitors after capacity has expanded. Capacity lag strategy Capacity lag strategy As demand grows, a lead, lag, or average capacity strategy can be applied. As demand grows, a lead, lag, or average capacity strategy can be applied. Click to edit text Capacity Expansion Strategies Consider higher education's strategy in preparing for a tripling of the state's college-bound population in the next decade. An established university, guaranteed applicants even lean years, may follow a capacity lag strategy. A young university might lead capacity expansion in hopes of capturing students not admitted to the more established universities. A community college may choose the average capacity strategy to fulfill its mission of educating the state's youth but with little risk. How much to increase capacity depends on : Capacity can be increased incrementally or in large steps. (1) the volume and certainty of anticipated demand (2) strategic objectives in terms of growth (3) the costs of expansion and operation. Best Operating Level for a Hotel • Fixed costs can be spread over a larger number of units, • Production or operating costs do not increase linearly with output levels, • Quantity discounts are available for material purchases, and • Operating efficiency increases as workers gain experience. Capacity Planning Decision Capacity Planning Decision Three Steps of Capacity Planning Three Steps of Capacity Planning Determine Service Level Requirements Analyze Current Capacity Planning for future What are the models and techniques that are useful for capacity planning? Models and Techniques Used for Capacity Planning

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