Transcript: BULDING MATERIALS Foundations: This is a structure (made, mainly, of cement, iron and gravel ) that transfers loads to the earth. The primary design concerns are settlement and bearing capacity Marble Mármol Applications Vidrio plano Slate Pizarra Arcilla, cuarzo, mica y feldespato Crockery Loza Sanitarios Arcilla Feldespato Carbonato de calcio Types Carbonato cálcico Furnaces Fireplaces Clay Derivates Schist Ventanas Puertas Mezcla de yeso, caliza y arcilla Cuarzo, feldespato y mica Arid Aridos Son piedras naturales que se pueden utilizar en forma de bloques, losetas o gránulos Limes Stone Roca Calica Bending-resistant Cold molded Refractory brick Ladrillo refractario Tiling Baldosas Mezcla asfáltica Types For making concrete Floors Recubrimientos Alúmnina y sílice Mortero y grava Windows: These provide a visual link between internal space and the outside world. They are very important to the mental health of the people in the house. A small tie-beam is placed above the window to bear the load of all bricks situated over the window frame. Structure: This is comprised of pillars, beams and tie-beams made of reinforced concrete or iron Cemento, arena y agua Mezcla de materiales de distintas propiedades Applications Tipos Hard Corrosion-resistant Mortero Transparente Resistente a la compresión Resistente a la corrosión Frágil Aislante eléctrico For cobering walls and soils Worktop Heat-resistant Aislante acústico Aislante térmico Vault Bovedillas Roof. Its functions are to protect a building from the weather and to retain the heat generated inside. It is comprised of a wood or iron structure, a thermal material such as fiberglass and the last layer, the tiles or slates. Alquitrán y áridos Arcilla Feldespato Carbonato de calcio Derivado del aljez Glass Derivates Properties Walls For cobering walls and soils Worktop Los materiales empleados en la construcción de viviendas, edificios u obras de ingeniería, se dividen en 5 grupos Granite Granito For making roofs Se obtienen de minerales Walls Fronts Enclosures Lana de vidrio They are obtained from the baking of clay Hormigón Floors and ceiling: Hollow tile are placed between two tie-beams, later it is covered by a layer of concrete. Floors are finished with floor tiles or floorboard. Arenas y gravas Carbonato cálcico Applications Cemento Sands and gravels Internal walls. The primary function of internal wall is to divide the overall space within the house into smaller spaces. They are made of brick, wood or plaster. BINDERS AGLUTINANTES Son productos pulverizados que, cuando se mezclan con agua, sufren un proceso llamado fraguado que consiste en una trasnformación química que provoca su endurecimiento al aire o bajo el agua CERAMIC CERÁMICOS Wall Floors Laminar structure Impermeable Colors black, green,. Properties Properties Arena silícica Carbonato sódico Dolomita Piedra caliza Neferina siderita Sulfato sódico For making cement Brick Ladrillo Road paving Hard Cheap Permeable Soft STONY PETREOS COMPUESTOS Aislante Hard Good finish Types Yeso Easy machining Several colors Hot molded MATERIALES DE CONSTRUCCIÓN METÁLICOS Very hard Several colors Exteriors walls: These are usually made by two brick walls and an insulator layer ( to avoid the heat loss). For making concrete
Transcript: Concrete is made up of; portland cement crushed rocks sand lime Concrete Building Materials Marble/Gra Concrete has many uses as: building columns residential driveways house foundations walls paving & curb gutters patios Alex Arndt Nicole Macko Emily Shygelski Olivia Schmeckenbecher
Transcript: The garage also has a door leading into the back to allow volunteers to exit the garage without going through the rest of the building. The roof will be made of structural steel http://extension.oregonstate.edu/stormwater/lid-infiltration-facility-calculator-aka-rain-garden-calculator Stormwater Planters Permeable Pavement such as porous asphalt Concrete Block Gypsum Wallboard Brick Bamboo Flooring Steel Stone Tile Site Sustainability Most of our windows are on the south side of the building for both visual appearance and for passive solar design. We have clerestory windows to allow more light to get into areas such as the garage ambulance bays, bathrooms, and the lobby area. The walls will be light-gage steel stud walls covered with gypsum board The floor will be concrete slab on grade Some ways we wish to conserve energy are to: install low flow toilet, sink, and shower systems install a solar water heater have dimmer switches for lights Window Placement Door Placement Roof Structure South Facing windows Brick and concrete walls absorb heat and releases it in time Cool roof such as a Modified Bitumen roof Bamboo flooring is a renewable alternative to hardwood Stone flooring is durable and can be reused or recycled We have glass double doors in the entryway, to allow light into the building. The doors are near the center of the building to split the public and more private areas. Andover EMS Building Structure Interior Building Materials Sustainability and Green Building There is a door in the back of the building that heads to the parking lot, and one on the East side to allow volunteers to use the outdoor space off of the lounge. Exterior load bearing walls are reinforced masonry walls Energy Conservation Building Structure Exterior
Transcript: Kevlar is used for protection, e.g bullet proof vests and motorcycle gloves. It is also used in bike wheels and for tires. Stephanie Kwolek first invented kevlar when she was working for DuPont trying to make a stronger tire. Advantages: It is incredibly strong It is light for how strong it is It is roughly of the same strength of glass but is less dense. Disadvantages: The fibres in kevlar make it more environmentally sensitive It is very difficult to cut. Its compressive strength is weak None of the disadvantages have any direct effects on the environment By Joe and Daniel Building Materials Stone Stone is very hard and rough in its natural form which makes it good for building houses with. Stone keeps the warmth in and keeps the heat in. Once stone is heated it stays heated for a long time. It keeps the warm in because it is so solid, which makes it a good insulator, because the heat can't escape through gaps in the wall. Advantages: Durable Unique appearance May be re-polished if scratched Disadvantages: Limited stain and chemical resistance On-going re-sealing is required. This material does not have an effect on the environment. Kevlar
Transcript: Hydraulic cement was introduced after the industrial revolution in 1824 by Joseph Aspidin. As we add H2O to Quicklime, Heat is released and Hydrated lime is the production. LIME CYCLE Air entrained: Facts TYPE OF CONCRETE (comparison) Hydrated lime (Slaked lime ) is a type of dry powder made from limestone. It is created by adding water to quicklime in order to turn oxides into hydroxides. Combined with water and sand or cement. Hydrated lime is most often used to make mortars and plasters. Its chemical name is calcium hydroxide or Ca (OH) Calcium compounds formed during the production of Portland cement Production proses of conctete concrete A promising new alternative to Portland cement has emerged over the past decade in the form of reactive magnesium cements, invented by Australian scientist John Harrison. The naturally occurring magnesium carbonate is heated to just 750 C and, more importantly, sets and hardens by taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. THE VISET Limestone is calcium carbonate (CaCO3) which when turns into calcium oxide (CaO) “Quicklime” while releasing carbon dioxide (CO2). CEMENT Used for aesthetic reasons Used by reducing iron and manganese content More expensive than gray cement Has the same qualities as the grey cement Cement can be hydraulic (undergoes hydration) like Portland cement Or non-hydraulic like gypsum plaster. What happens when you apply water to the quicklime? Quicklime has many uses, Such as: Cement: Calcium oxide is a key ingredient for the process of making cement. Light: When quicklime is heated to 2,400 °C (4,350 °F), it emits an intense glow. This form is known as a limelight, and was used broadly in theatrical productions prior to the invention of electric lighting White Portland cement: Quick lime DR.RAHMA DOHEIM Hydrated Lime Limestone has numerous uses: as a building material, as aggregate for the base of roads, as white pigment or filler in products such as toothpaste or paints, and as a chemical feedstock. More types of cement … LIME Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). High calcium hydrated lime products normally are classified as Type N hydrates due to their poor water retention. Limestone makes up about 10% of the total volume of all sedimentary rocks. DONE BY: Types of Hydrated Lime: Building Materials Normal hydrated lime, products are only partially hydrated and have poor workability. Additional additives and long soak periods are required for these products to perform effectively in masonry applications. At least a 24 hour soak period is required before Type N dolomitic hydrate can be used acceptably for masonry applications. Type N ( normal ) hydrated Lime : Cement is a material that binds together solid bodies by hardening (aggregate) Achieved by air entrained chemicals To prevent expanding in cold or rainy weathers since cement is porous and absorbs water The amount of CO2 emitted by the cement industry is nearly 900 kg of CO2 for every 1000 kg of cement produced. LIME Green cement Type S (Special) hydrated Lime : Manufacturing of Portland cement Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound. It is a white, caustic, alkaline crystalline solid at room temperature. Types of Portland cement cement This new ‘green’ material is still very much at the research and development stage, but recent production trials of concrete blocks in the UK have made it a major step towards commercial reality. What happens when you heat the Limestone? Type S ( Special ) hydrated Lime : Portland cement type I : general purpose Portland cement type II :moderate sulfate resistance & low heat of hydration Portland cement type III: high early strength Portland cement type IV: low heat of hydration Portland cement type V :sulfate resistance Clinker is then mixed with gypsum Portland cement requires 4 main elements: Cement is used in Mortar(for binding blocks) and in concrete Limestone releases carbon dioxide forming quick lime(calcium oxide) then blended with other materials forming Clinker MASHAEL AL JEHANI ROUA BSOOKI Special hydrated lime products, are a combination of calcium and magnesium hydroxides. In building applications, Type S dolomitic hydrated lime products have high hydration levels and controlled plasticity (water retention). This allows for minimal soak periods prior to application. These products cannot entrain over 7% air Alite:Hydrates quickly, for initial set and early strength Belite: hydrates slowly , for later strength Celite: gives off heat , also for early strength Iron: reduce energy consumption and give the grey color Limestone is heated with other raw materials in a kiln at 1450 C (calcination) Carbon capturing cement: Green cement: The top three producers of cement are China India and USA for a combined total of over half the world total by the world's three most populated
Transcript: Building Furniture & Technology Building Materials Characteristics of Aggregates What is an aggregate? Aggregate, in building and construction, material used for mixing with cement, bitumen, lime, gypsum, or other adhesive to form concrete or mortar. The aggregate gives volume, stability, resistance to wear or erosion, and other desired physical properties to the finished product Aggregates Characteristics of Aggregates Characteristics of Aggregates Clean Solid Strong Well-graded Sharp/ Smooth Building Materials Stone based Concrete: this is a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water in specific proportions. Mortar: this is a miture of cement, sand and water in specific Proportions Definitions Batching: this is the proportioning of the ingredients when mixing concrete or mortar. This can be done in two methods: Batching by Volume Batching by Mass Batching Batching Batching by Volume: This method is usually carried out by using an open-bottomed box called a gauge box. For a 1:2:4 mix, the gauge box is filled once with cement, twice with sand and four times with gravel. Batching by Mass: This method involves the use of a scale which gives the exact mass of materials as they are placed on the scale. This is a better methodsince it has a greater accuracy. Mixing Mortar Mixing Concrete Short exercise Short Exercise Complete the following mixtures based on the ratios given. Example to be done together: Mixture of Concrete with 3 buckets (Gauge box) of cement 1. Mixture of concrete with 2 buckets of cement. 2. Mixture of mortar with 6 bucket of sand.
Transcript: First use of concrete by Romans in the town of Cosa after 273 BC. Roman concrete is found in The Roman Circus, The Roman Basilica, amphitheaters, and domes. Found in multi-story apartment blocks called insulaes, lighthouse in the Mediterranean, and temples like the pantheon. Bricks were found in old churches in the Mediterranean, Germany, and based off of their work there were bricks in Spain. Citations: DuTemple, Lesley A. The Pantheon. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 2003. Print. Did You Know That American Law Is Not Based on the Ten Commandments? Digital image.Freedom From Religion Foundation Free FQ. Web. Modern Comparisons: Thomas Jefferson designed Monticello after the Pantheon. Doric columns used in house architecture and on Justice Hall in New York City. Corinthian arches used in New York University and Duveen;s Gallary in New York city. The columns are used on the capitol building in D.C. Amphitheater is used in Michigan State's Football arena. The arch, vault, and the dome were unique features the Romans put into their architecture. Romans made concrete by mixing lime and volcanic rock to form a mortar. Concrete: Aqueducts Ancient Examples Frank Lloyd Wright used Roman brick in his design for the Robie House in Chicago"Frank Lloyd Wright Trust." Frederick C. Robie House. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. <http://www.flwright.org/visit/robiehouse>. Wesly, Ann. "Greek Architecture Influences America's Architecture." Web. 12 Mar. 2015. <https://scholar.vt.edu/access/content/user/tmcasey/Portfolio Resources/Greek and Roman Architectural Influences in America.pdf>. A good example of the Roman vaulting is the Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius in Rome. An example of the dome used by Romans is in ares of large public areas like ceilings for public baths and basilicas. Arches were used in the roman aqueducts all around the cities. Where it is found? Building Materials How was it done? Unique features/ examples of topic: BY: Savannah, Sammie, Nathan Bricks are made by pressing clay into blocks and firing them to the requisite hardnessing a kiln. Brick: The city wals of Constantinople What is the definition of process/element building materials?
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
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